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Encyclopedia > Royal Mile
Much of the Royal Mile is cobbled, as seen in this view looking east down the High Street past the old Tron Kirk.
Much of the Royal Mile is cobbled, as seen in this view looking east down the High Street past the old Tron Kirk.

The Royal Mile is the popular name for the succession of streets which form the main thoroughfare of Edinburgh's Old Town. Download high resolution version (480x640, 50 KB)Royal Mile, Edinburgh, where it bisects North and South Bridge. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 50 KB)Royal Mile, Edinburgh, where it bisects North and South Bridge. ... A cobblestone-covered street Cobblestones are stones used in the pavement of early streets. ... The Tron Kirk is a former church in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ...


As the name suggests, the Royal mile is an approximately one Scottish mile long, and runs between two foci of history in Scotland, from Edinburgh Castle at the top of the Castle Rock down to Holyrood Abbey. It is said to be referred to by locals as "High Street", but properly, this is the name of only one stretch. The streets which make up the Royal Mile are (west to east) Castle Esplanade, Castlehill, Lawnmarket, High Street, Canongate and Abbey Strand. The Royal Mile is Edinburgh Old Town's busiest tourist street, rivalled only by Princes Street in the New Town. The Royal Mile in Edinburgh was used as the standard for a Scottish mile A Scottish mile was the same length as the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, i. ... Stirling Castle has stood for centuries atop a volcanic crag defending the lowest ford of the River Forth. ... This article is about the country. ... The castle dominates the Edinburgh skyline as seen here from Princes Street Gardens Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress which, from its position atop Castle Rock, dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh, and is Scotlands second most visited tourist attraction, after the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and... Edinburgh Castle is an ancient stronghold which from its lofty position dominates views of the City of Edinburgh and is Scotlands most famous landmark. ... Image:Holrodab. ... The ruins of Melrose Abbey, Scottish Borders Scotland is a well-developed tourist destination, with tourism generally being responsible for sustaining 200,000 jobs mainly in the service sector, with tourist spending averaging at £4bn per year [1]. Tourists from the United Kingdom make up the bulk of visitors to... Princes Street, as viewed facing west from the Scott Monument Princes Street and the Castle at twilight Princes Street is the main shopping street in Edinburgh city centre, although it was originally designed to be a residential street. ... The Edinburgh New Town is a neo-classical masterpiece. ...

Contents

Geography

Retreating ice sheets, about a millennium ago, deposited their glacial debris behind the hard volcanic plug that is Castle Rock (which Edinburgh Castle sits upon), resulting in a distinctive crag and tail feature. Extending in an eastwards direction, the Royal Mile sits upon the spine of this crag and tail trailing gently down from the Castle to the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Steep closes (or alleyways) run between the many tall lands (or tenement buildings) off the main thoroughfare, many of which give way to large courtyards. Moraine is the general term for debris of all sorts originally transported by glaciers or ice sheets that have since melted away. ... Volcanic plug near Rhumsiki, Far North Province, Cameroon A volcanic plug, also called a volcanic neck or lava neck, is a volcanic landform created when lava hardens within a vent on an active volcano. ... The castle dominates the Edinburgh skyline as seen here from Princes Street Gardens Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress which, from its position atop Castle Rock, dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh, and is Scotlands second most visited tourist attraction, after the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and... The Abbey Craig, a crag with tail near The University of Stirling. ... Holyrood Palace The Palace of Holyroodhouse, more commonly known as Holyrood Palace, originally founded as a monastery by David I of Scotland in 1128, has served as the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scotland since the 15th century. ... Categories: Stub | House types ...


Castle Esplanade and Castlehill

The Castle Esplanade was laid out in the 19th century primarily as a parade ground for troops. It is the venue of the annual Edinburgh Military Tattoo. Cannonball House is notable for a cannonball lodged in the wall, said to have been accidentally fired from the Castle. The 2005 Edinburgh Military Tattoo celebrated Trafalgar 200 The Edinburgh Military Tattoo is a show given by military bands and display teams in the Scottish capital Edinburgh. ...


From the Castle Esplanade, the short Castlehill is dominated by the former Tolbooth Highland St John's Church (on the right), now the headquarters of the Edinburgh International Festival society - The Hub. The Assembly Hall of the Church of Scotland and New College are on the left - the Scottish Parliament met in the Assembly Hall between 1999 and 2004. The Edinburgh International Festival is a festival of performing arts that takes place in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, over three weeks from around the middle of August. ... Silhouette of the spire of the building The Hub, at the top of Edinburghs Royal Mile, is the home of the Edinburgh International Festival, and a central source of information on all the Edinburgh Festivals. ... The Assembly Hall is located between the Lawnmarket and the Mound in Edinburgh. ... The Church of Scotland (CofS; Scottish Gaelic: ), known informally by its pre-Union Scots name, The Kirk, is the national church of Scotland. ... New College, Edinburgh was founded in 1846 as a college of the Free Church of Scotland, later of the United Free Church of Scotland, and currently the School of Divinity of the University of Edinburgh and a Divinity college of the Church of Scotland. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ...


Lawnmarket

The Lawnmarket, which was the linen market, is dominated by tourist-oriented shops. On the left is the preserved 17th century townhouse Gladstone's Land owned by the National Trust for Scotland. The bottom of the Lawnmarket is marked by a major intersection with George IV Bridge on the right (south) and Bank Street on the left, leading to The Mound and the New Town. The view down Bank Street is dominated by the baroque headquarters of the Bank of Scotland. Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant. ... Gladstones Land with its six storeys clearly in view Gladstones Land is a surviving 17th century high-tenement house situated on the Old Town of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The standard of the NTS The National Trust for Scotland, or NTS, describes itself as The conservation charity that protects and promotes Scotlands natural and cultural heritage for present and future generations to enjoy. ... The George IV Bridge is an elevated street in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The Mound is an artificial hill in central Edinburgh, Scotland, which connects Edinburghs New Town and its Old Town. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... -1...


High Street

During the annual Edinburgh Festival, the High Street becomes the city's central focus, and is crowded with tourists, entertainers and buskers. On the left is the High Court of Justiciary, Scotland's supreme criminal court. On the right, about one-third of the way down from the Castle toward the Palace is Parliament Square, named after the old Parliament House which housed both the law courts and the old Parliament of Scotland between the 1630s and 1707 (when it was adjourned by the Act of Union) Parliament House is now the home of the Court of Session, Scotland's supreme civil court. St Giles Cathedral, the High Kirk of Edinburgh, also stands in Parliament Square. There is no one Edinburgh Festival but those using the term are usually referring to the collection of various festivals in August and early September of each year in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... A street musician with accordion in Bremen A performance comprises an event in which generally one group of people (the performer or performers) behave in a particular way for the benefit of another group of people (the viewer or viewers, or audience). ... Seal of the High Court of Justiciary © Crown Copyright The High Court of Justiciary is Scotlands supreme criminal court. ... The supreme court functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged, in some countries, provinces and states. ... The Robert Reid designed facade to Parliament Square Parliament House in Edinburgh, Scotland was home to the Scottish Parliament, and is now used by the High Court of Justiciary and the Court of Session. ... The parliament of Scotland, officially the Estates of Parliament, was the legislature of the independent Kingdom of Scotland. ... The Acts of Union were twin Acts of Parliament passed in 1707 (taking effect on 26 March) by the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. ... The Court of Session is the supreme civil court in Scotland. ... St Giles Cathedral A prominent feature of the Edinburgh skyline, St Giles Cathedral decorates the midpoint of the Royal Mile with its rounded hollow-crown tower. ...

By the West Door of St Giles is the Heart of Midlothian, a heart-shaped mosaic built into the pavement marking the site of the former Tolbooth (prison). Tolbooth prisoners used to spit as they entered the prison, and this tradition is maintained by some people, who spit on the Heart for good luck as they walk past. On the left, opposite St Giles', is Edinburgh City Chambers, where the City of Edinburgh Council meets. On the right, just past the High Kirk, is the Mercat Cross from which royal proclamations are read, and election results announced. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (720x788, 248 KB)This is an image I took myself using an Olympus C8080W digital camera. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (720x788, 248 KB)This is an image I took myself using an Olympus C8080W digital camera. ... For other uses of Heart of Midlothian, see Heart of Midlothian (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Heart of Midlothian, see Heart of Midlothian (disambiguation). ... Tolbooth or tollbooth may mean several things: Historical Scottish terms for prisons. ... City of Edinburgh (Mòr-bhaile Dhùn Èideann in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland. ... The mercat cross in Cockburnspath A mercat cross is a market cross found in Scottish cities and towns where trade and commerce was a part of economic life. ... Scotland has elections to several bodies: the Scottish Parliament, the United Kingdom Parliament, the European Parliament, local councils and community councils. ...


The central focus of the Royal Mile is a major intersection with The Bridges. North Bridge runs left (north) to the New Town's Princes Street across Waverley station. To the right South Bridge (which appears from above to be simply a road with shops on either side: and even from below, only one arch is visible) spans across the Cowgate, a street many storeys below, and continues as Nicolson Street past the Old College building of the University of Edinburgh. The Bridges is a shopping centre based in the city centre of Sunderland, England. ... Waverley railway station- the principal mainline station in Edinburgh viewed from Edinburgh Castle. ... The Cowgate, viewed from George IV Bridge The Cowgate is a street in Edinburgh located about 5 minutes walk from Edinburgh Castle. ... The east facade of the University of Edinburgh facing onto South Bridge / Nicholson Street, as built in 1827. ... The University of Edinburgh (Scottish Gaelic: ), founded in 1582,[4] is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ...


Between The Bridges and John Knox House is one of the only remaining buildings on the Royal Mile that is still used for the same purpose for which it was built - Carrubbers Christian Centre. Built in 1883 to house the Carrubbers Close Mission, the building at the heart of the Royal Mile is home to a lively church. Lufe God abufe al and yi nychtbour as yi self: an example older Scots on John Knox House, Edinburgh The John Knox House is a historic house in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, reputed to have been owned and lived in by Protestant Reformer John Knox during the 16th century. ... Carrubbers Christian Centre Carrubbers Christian Centre is a church on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. Carrubbers Close Mission was founded in 1858 and its members originally met in a former Atheist Meeting House in Carrubbers Close. ... Carrubbers Christian Centre Carrubbers Christian Centre is a church on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. Carrubbers Close Mission was founded in 1858 and its members originally met in a former Atheist Meeting House in Carrubbers Close. ...


After John Knox's House the High Street reaches the former limits of the city, at its crossroads with St Mary's Street (north) and Jeffrey Street (south). At this point formerly stood the old Netherbow, a fortified gateway to Edinburgh (long since demolished). The recently rebuiltNetherbow Theatre is owned by the Church of Scotland and houses the Scottish Storytelling Centre. Following the English victory over the Scots at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, a city wall was built around Edinburgh known as the Flodden Wall, some parts of which still survive. The old Netherbow was a gateway in this wall and brass studs in the road mark where it use to stand. On the corner of St Mary's street is the World's End Pub, so named because this was formerly the boundary of the burgh - beyond was the land controlled by Holyrood Abbey (hence the name of the next section: Canongate. For other persons named John Knox, see John Knox (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... The Church of Scotland (CofS; Scottish Gaelic: ), known informally by its pre-Union Scots name, The Kirk, is the national church of Scotland. ... The Scottish Storytelling Centre was formally opened on 1st June 2006 by Patricia Ferguson MSP, Minister for Culture in the Scottish Executive. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Battle of Flodden or Flodden Field was fought in northern England on September 9, 1513, between an invading Scots army under King James IV and an English army commanded by Thomas Howard. ... The Flodden Wall was a defensive structure built around Edinburgh, Scotland, after the disastrous Battle of Flodden (1513), in which King James IV was killed. ... “Brazen” redirects here. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ...


Canongate

Beyond the crossroads, the Royal Mile continues on Canongate, meaning the canon's gait or monk's walk. It continues downhill past Moray House (now the School of Education of the University of Edinburgh), the old Canongate Tolbooth (now a museum of social history called The People's Story), the Kirk of the Canongate (the Canongate's parish church) and the new Scottish Parliament Building to the Palace of Holyroodhouse and the ruined Holyrood Abbey. Until 1856 the Canongate was not merely a street, but the name of the surrounding burgh, separate from Edinburgh and not enclosed by the Flodden Wall. The Canongate is a small district at the heart of Scotlands capital city. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The University of Edinburgh (Scottish Gaelic: ), founded in 1582,[4] is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The Kirk of the Canongate serves the Parish of Canongate in Edinburghs Old Town. ... The new Scottish Parliament Building at Holyrood designed by the Catalan architect Enric Miralles and opened in October 2004. ... Holyrood Palace The Palace of Holyroodhouse, more commonly known as Holyrood Palace, originally founded as a monastery by David I of Scotland in 1128, has served as the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scotland since the 15th century. ... Image:Holrodab. ... The Canongate is a small district at the heart of Scotlands capital city. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ...


Abbey Strand

The short approach to the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Holyrood Palace The Palace of Holyroodhouse, more commonly known as Holyrood Palace, originally founded as a monastery by David I of Scotland in 1128, has served as the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scotland since the 15th century. ...


Royal Mile today

Today, the Royal Mile is an eclectic mix of tourist shops and eateries as well as pubs and historical attractions. It also serves as the heart of Scotland's legal system, being the home of both the High Court of Justiciary and the Court of Session.


See also

The Old Town of Edinburgh, Scotland, consisted originally of the Royal Mile, and the small streets and courtyards that led of it to the North and South. ... The Museum of Childhood is a collection of items relating to childrens toys and playthings, situated in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Outlook Tower is a building in Edinburgh, Scotland, purchased and refurbished by Patrick Geddes in 1892 to transform into a place of outlook and a type-museum as a key to a better understanding of Edinburgh and its region, but also to help people get a clear idea of its... The camera obscura (Lat. ...

External links

  • Edinburgh Architecture - The Royal Mile
  • City of Edinburgh Council
  • National Trust for Scotland

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