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Encyclopedia > Royal Marines Reserve
Naval Service
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Royal Navy
Royal Marines
  • (includes Royal Marines Reserve)
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The role of the Royal Marines Reserve (RMR) [1] of the United Kingdom is to support the regular Royal Marines[2]in times of war or national crisis. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... The Naval Service is the maritime branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... HMS Illustrious (R06), an Invincible class aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy, and current flagship of the First Sea Lord. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the branch of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... The Royal Navy Submarine Service - sometimes known as the Silent Service, on account of a submarine being required to operate quietly in order to remain undetected by enemy SONAR (or ASDIC as it was known in the RN pre-1948) - is the collective name given to the submarine element of... The Royal Navy Regulating Branch is the military police branch of the British Royal Navy. ... Blue Ensign flown by merchant vessels commanded by officers in the RNR. The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. ... Queen Alexandras Royal Naval Nursing Service, known as QARNNS, is a part of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom responsible for providing nursing support to the Royal Navy. ... The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ... The British Royal Navy does not have a well-defined moment of formation; it started out as a motley assortment of Kings ships during the Middle Ages, assembled only as needed and then dispersed, began to take shape as a standing navy during the 16th century, and became a... At the beginning of the 1990s, the Royal Navy was a force designed for the Cold War - with its three ASW aircraft carriers and a force of small, though numerous, frigates and destroyers, its main purpose was to search for and destroy Soviet submarines in the North Atlantic. ... This is a list of active Royal Navy ships, complete and correct as of 2006. ... Although the majority of the Royal Navy fleet, unless required, remains training and exercising in and around Home Waters, the Navy has a number of standing commitments, including those held for contingent operations, to provide ships for various missions around the world: // Fleet Flagship and R2 Carrier Normally two aircraft... The following is a list of Royal Navy ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... Flag of the Lord High Admiral The Admiralty was formerly the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ... This is a list of senior officers of the Royal Navy. ... The uniforms of the Royal Navy have gradually evolved over the last three centuries, since the first uniform regulations for officers were issued by Lord Anson in 1748. ... History Insignia for officers was first introduced in 1748, with differences in rank being seen in the cut of the lapels and the cuffs. ... For Chief Petty Officer both the shoulder tab insignia and the sleeve insignia from the No. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is the service that keeps the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom running around the world. ... Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service ensign The Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service is a British Government agency which runs a variety of small support vessels for the Royal Navy. ... The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ...

All the volunteers within the RMR pass through the same rigorous commando course as the regulars. The former may be civilians with no previous military experience or men who transfer from the Territorial Army (the reserve component of the British Army) or are former regular Royal Marines. The Territorial Army (TA) is the principal reserve force of the British Army, the land armed forces of the United Kingdom, and composed mostly of part-time soldiers paid at the same rate, while engaged on military activities, as their Regular equivalents. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ...

The RMR consists of some 600-1000 trained ranks distributed among the five RMR Centres within the UK. About 10 percent of the RMR are working with the Regular Corps on long-term attachments in all of the Royal Marines regular units.



The mission of the RMR is to act as a general reserve to the Royal Marines command and to promote a nationwide link between the military and civilian community. Specifically it is to:

  • Reinforce the Royal Marines when required, with individuals and sub-units worldwide.
  • Promote a nationwide link between the Royal Marines and civilian communities.
  • Provide a nationwide infrastructure for strengthening and replacing the regular forces in times of national emergency.

The History of the RMR

The RMR can trace their roots back to the Royal Marines Forces Volunteer Reserve (RMFVR) formed in the City of London under the Royal Marines Act 1948. The RMFVR were officially formed on the 5th November 1948 at a ceremonial parade on the Artillery Ground, the same place the Royal Marines were formed on 28th October 1664. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The earliest definite cricket match at the Artillery Ground took place on 31 August 1730 between teams styled London and Surrey. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ...

In the beginning, Reservists were chiefly former hostilities only (HO) personnel. They were mainly, but not solely, Royal Marines who had gained experience in WWII and trained in order to support the Corps against the threat from the Soviet Bloc. However, today the majority of Reservists have no previous military experience. Their transition from civilian to Marine, is therefore more challenging. Moreover, 21st century threats compel the training to be more comprehensive to equip the Marine with an arsenal of skills to face any eventuality. The RMR have adapted to these changes and remains flexible, continuing to train in order to support properly the Corps that Sir Winston Churchill described as "The finest in the world". [citation needed] A map of the Eastern Bloc 1948-1989. ... Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS, PC (Can) (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. ...

What happens during RMR recruit training?

RMR recruit Training and the Commando Course are not for the fainthearted. It requires real commitment and determination, as it puts great demands on the recruits spare time and dedication. In order to complete RMR Basic Training and prepare for the Commando Course. Over a period of 8 - 10 months, recruits are required to attend training at their RMR Units, one evening a week and usually two weekends a month. In addition when not training with the RMR they must work on their physical fitness in their own time.

To undergo and complete RMR Basic Training a recruit must remain self-motivated and dedicated, while balancing this with the support, co-operation and understanding of families, girlfriends, wives and employers.

However, it is these very challenges that attract the calibre of recruit the RMR are looking for. The fact they are willing to undergo one of the toughest courses any Reservist can attempt, to have the pride of wearing the coveted Green Beret that signifies their achievement.

Outline of RMR Basic Training Basic Training for RMR recruits is divided into three parts: Phase 1 - Individual Skills Training Phase 2 - Tactics Training & Commando Course Phase 3 - Advanced & Commando Skills Training

Phase 1 - Individual Skills Training Phase 1A lasts for approximately four to five months and is the beginning of RMR Basic Training. It is designed to introduce recruits to the rudiments of Individual Skills and Fieldcraft. Recruits must complete 6 Weekend training periods in addition to training for two hours for one evening a week. On completion of their Phase 1A training, recruits are required to attend a 2-week course at the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM).

Phase 1 - The Blue Beret Phase 1A Recruits wear the blue beret with red badge backing issued to RM personnel who have not passed the Commando Course.

Basic Fieldcraft Instruction on how to fend for themselves under field conditions. This covers the construction of different types of shelters ("bivvies"), the use of the different types of ration pack, how to maintain themselves and their standards of hygiene under arduous conditions. Camouflage and concealment.

Navigation Theoretical and practical aspects of finding their way over all types of terrain by day and night.

Weapon Training Instruction on how to handle, maintain, strip and clean their 5.56mm Rifle correctly.

Physical Training - is important from the outset, it is progressive and prepares recruits for Battle Physical Training (BPT) in Phase 1B. Physical Training periods concentrate on introducing and developing the techniques required for rope climbing, regains, fireman's carry and obstacle courses with an introduction to speed marching and load carries. However, it is necessary for recruits to continue fitness training in their own time in order to build their strength and endurance to the required level.

Field Exercises - recruits are taught and tested on how they fend for themselves under field conditions, they soon learn that their comfort and survival in the field and on operations begins with good personal organisation and preparedness. To bring these points home there is usually an inspection every morning - the NCOs have an eagle eye for detail.

PHASE 1 Course at CTCRM The two-week course is designed as a confirmation of the recruit's individual and physical skills. Also the recruit's abilities are tested over an extended period to ensure that they are capable of proceeding on to Phase 1B. The course also introduces the recruits to CTCRM and provides an insight into the conduct of the Commando Tests. Phase 1A Recruit Weapon Training Camouflage & Concealment Assault Course at CTCRM The Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM) is the principle military training centre for the Royal Marines. ...

Phase 2 - Tactics Training & Commando Course Phase 1B lasts for approximately four to five months and is designed to equip recruits with the skills and knowledge required to act as a Rifleman in a Commando Unit. In addition to preparing them for the rigours of the Reserve Forces Commando Course. Recruits must complete 8 Weekend training periods in addition to training for two hours for one evening a week. On completion of their Phase 1B training, recruits are required to attend the 2 week Reserve Forces Commando Course at CTCRM.

Phase 2 - The Cap Comforter On the successful completion of Phase 1A, Phase 1B Recruits are entitled to wear The Cap Comforter. Since WW II, this headgear has traditionally been worn by those ranks undergoing Commando Training.

Battle Physical Training - BPT - is designed to develop physical military skills, strength and endurance, whilst preparing recruits to withstand mental pressure. The BPT is designed to prepare Recruits for their BPT Pass Out and the Commando Course.

Physical Training is now undertaken wearing personal load carrying equipment (PLCE/Fighting Order/Webbing). Throughout Phase 1B training, weight is gradually added to the Recruit's Fighting Order until it weighs the 22lbs required during the Commando Course. In addition the Recruits will carry their 5.56mm Rifle (a further 10lbs).

Fieldcraft and Tactics - The development and practise of the recruit's Individual and Fieldcraft skills continues. Tactical instruction begins with Basic Patrolling Techniques before moving onto Recce Patrols, Observation Posts and finally Fighting Patrols and Ambushes.

RESERVE FORCES COMMANDO COURSE at CTCRM The two week Reserve Forces Commando Course (RFCC) at CTCRM is the culmination of the Recruit's Basic Training. The course is designed to test whether the Recruits professional and physical abilities are of the standard required by a Commando.

On successful completion of the RFCC, RMR Recruits are awarded the coveted Green Beret. As new Marines in the RMR they continue to learn Commando Skills during their Phase 2 Training.

Phase 3 - Advanced & Commando Skills Training Phase 2 is designed to equip Marines who have recently passed the Reserve Forces Commando Course with the remaining skills and knowledge they required to possess if they are to serve with the Royal Marines on Exercise or Deployment. The Phase 2 Course is normally conducted over a period of 2 weeks, usually divided into two separate weeklong packages based at CTCRM.

Live Field Firing Exercise (FFX) - Marines are introduced to realistic live firing exercises conducted on field firing areas. Exercises progress from individual shooting on a simple range through to a live firing troop attack involving 30 Marines. At first this can be somewhat nerve-racking, but Marines quickly learn that they must trust the men around them and act responsibly and professionally themselves to earn the trust of others. In addition to firing small arms, Marines are given the opportunity to throw live grenades and fire the 94mm Light Anti-Tank Weapon (LAW).

Amphibious Exercise - Marines are taught the theory and drills associated with Amphibious Warfare. Practical training then takes place using Rigid Raiding Craft (RRC) during an Amphibious Exercise, where the Marines conduct Landing Raids from the sea.

Helicopter Drills - Marines are taught the theory and drills associated with the Operational use of Helicopters. Practical training then takes place, using Helicopters.

Quarry Day - The purpose of this day is to teach the Marines roping skills. The Marines practise abseiling and other Cliff Assault techniques.

Further Training and Specialist Qualification Training On completion of their Phase 2 Training, Marines are considered fully trained Riflemen capable of serving with the Regular Corps. Marines are now able to embark on Further Training e.g. Mountain & Cold Weather Warfare Training. In time Marines will also have the opportunity to attend Specialist Courses and gain Specialist Qualifications (SQ) e.g. Assault Engineer.

Special Qualifications

After gaining experience as a General Duties Rifleman (GD) within their RMR Units Marines, subject to suitability, will then be given the opportunity to attend Specialist Courses and gain a Specialist Qualification (SQ).

RMR Units have the responsibility of providing a pool of suitably trained volunteers for certain specialisations in order to augment the regular Corps if required. These specialisations are Landing Craft Coxswains, Assault Engineers, Heavy Weapons (Mortars) and Swimmer Canoeists. In addition here are many other specialisations open to RMR ranks.

Additional Qualifications

In addition to the Specialist Qualifications on offer, ranks are able to attend specific courses to gain a number of Additional Qualifications (AdQuals) to increase their employability with the Corps. Having gained certain AdQuals, ranks can join specialist organisations within the RMR. For example, a rank qualified as a Recce Leader would be in a position to join the RMR Brigade Patrol Troop.

The majority of courses are abridged versions of those undertaken by regulars, courses usually last two to four weeks. Four-week courses are divided up into separate two-week packages. As reservists progress through the ranks in the RMR, they can attend further courses in their chosen specialisation that are of a more advanced nature (e.g.. LC3 - Marine; LC2 - Corporal; LC1 - Sergeant). However, many reservists are given the opportunity to attend the full courses undertaken by regulars if they are able to make the time available.

Reservists continue to develop and practise their chosen specialisation or AdQual within their RMR Units. In addition members of the RMR are encouraged to work, exercise and operate with their specialist counterparts within the regular Corps whenever possible. There are constant opportunities for Full Time Reserve Service (FTRS) for specialists within the Regular Corps.

Life as a Reservist

On earning their Green Beret following completion of Phase 2 Training, Marines join 'Commando Company' within their RMR units. Only on completion of Phase 3 of Basic Training are Marines considered fully trained General Duties (GD) Riflemen, capable of serving with the Regular Corps on Exercise or Deployment.

Commando Company Training

The purpose of Commando Company is to continue to expand and build on the Marine's individual and team skills through further training, in order to develop Marines capable of deploying with and in aid of the Royal Marines Command (RMC).

Within their RMR Units Marines will train so as to consolidate their basic soldiering skills such as Weapon Training, First Aid, Signals, Nuclear Biological Chemical (NBC) Warfare, Physical Fitness, etc. In addition to learning and developing more advanced skills such as conducting amphibious raids and learning how to conduct Operations in Built Up Areas (OBUA).

Throughout each year Commando Company conduct a number of weekend exercises where they are given the opportunity to learn and develop new skills. For example - a unit live field firing exercise, where they would employ and practise weapon drills, marksmanship and troop tactics using live ammunition. During the lead up to any exercise the Marines would normally use the week night training periods to revise or learn the skills required during the forthcoming exercise.

In addition to participating in Commando Company Training within their own RMR Units, Marines have the opportunity to attend a wide variety of training courses. For example - military parachute course, combat medic course, recce leader etc. They assist with the annual charitable fund raising event the Dartmoor Beast. [3] A charitable organization (also known as a charity) is a trust, company or unincorporated association established for charitable purposes only. ... The Dartmoor Beast is an annual charitable fundraising challenge run in aid of the charity Cancer Climber Association (CCA) UK. The challenge takes the form of a daytime navigation exercise held in the Dartmoor National Park in the county of Devon, United Kingdom. ...

Serving with the Corps

All trained ranks within the Royal Marines Reserve have the opportunity to serve with the regular Corps anywhere in the world, on exercise or operations, whenever their time and circumstances permit. These periods can vary from 2 weeks up to 6 months and provide RMR ranks with excellent scope to learn and develop new skills. These opportunities normally occur on a regular basis and are advertised within the RMR Units.

Further Training

The Royal Marines are trained to fight in many places where the environment is as hostile as the enemy. Members of the RMR also have the opportunity to train in these environments, either with RMR Units or the Corps.


  • Rum Ration - The unofficial site for the Royal Marines and Royal Navy
  • The All Party Parliamentary Reserve Forces Group

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