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Encyclopedia > Royal Marines
Naval Service
Flag of the United Kingdom
Components
Royal Navy
Royal Marines
History
History of the Royal Navy
History of the Royal Marines
Future of the Royal Navy
Ships
Current Fleet
Current deployments
Historic ships
Personnel
The Admiralty
Senior Officers
Uniforms
Officer rank insignia
Enlisted rate insignia
Related Civilian Agencies of the MOD
Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service
Corps of Royal Marines

Cap Badge of the Royal Marines
Active 28 October 1664-
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
Type Marine (Naval) Infantry
Role Commando Infantry
Size circa 6000 men[1]
Part of Naval Service
Garrison/HQ HQRM - Portsmouth
40 Commando - Taunton
42 Commando - Plymouth
45 Commando - Arbroath
Fleet Protection Group - HMNB Clyde
Commando Logistic Regiment - Chivenor
1 Assault Group - Poole
Commando Training Centre - Lympstone
Nickname The Royals, HM Jollies, Bootnecks, The Royal Machines
Motto Per Mare Per Terram (By Sea By Land) (Latin)
March Quick - A Life on the Ocean Wave
Slow - Preobrajensky
Commanders
Captain-General HRH The Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, GBE
Commandant-General Major General Garry Robison RM
Insignia
Commando Flash

The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdom's amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. A core component of the country's Rapid Deployment Force, the Corps is able to operate independently in all types of terrain and is highly-trained as a commando force. It is a force designed to be able to quickly deploy and fight in any terrain in the world. The Naval Service is the maritime branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... HMS Illustrious (R06), an Invincible class aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy, and current flagship of the First Sea Lord. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the branch of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... The Royal Navy Submarine Service - sometimes known as the Silent Service, on account of a submarine being required to operate quietly in order to remain undetected by enemy SONAR (or ASDIC as it was known in the RN pre-1948) - is the collective name given to the submarine element of... The Royal Navy Regulating Branch is the military police branch of the British Royal Navy. ... “RNR” redirects here. ... Queen Alexandras Royal Naval Nursing Service, known as QARNNS, is a part of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom responsible for providing nursing support to the Royal Navy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The British Royal Navy does not have a well-defined moment of formation; it started out as a motley assortment of Kings ships during the Middle Ages, assembled only as needed and then dispersed, began to take shape as a standing navy during the 16th century, and became a... The Corps of Royal Marines, the land fighting element of the Royal Navy, was formed as part of the naval service in 1755. ... At the beginning of the 1990s, the Royal Navy was a force designed for the Cold War - with its three small aircraft carriers and a force of ASW frigates and destroyers, its main purpose was to search for and destroy Soviet submarines in the North Atlantic. ... This is a list of active Royal Navy ships, complete and correct as of 2006. ... Although the majority of the Royal Navy fleet, unless required, remains training and exercising in and around Home Waters, the Navy has a number of standing commitments, including those held for contingent operations, to provide ships for various missions around the world: // Fleet Flagship and R2 Carrier Normally two aircraft... The following is a list of Royal Navy ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... Flag of the Lord High Admiral The Admiralty was formerly the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ... This is a list of senior officers of the Royal Navy. ... The uniforms of the Royal Navy have gradually evolved over the last three centuries, since the first uniform regulations for officers were issued by Lord Anson in 1748. ... History Insignia for officers was first introduced in 1748, with differences in rank being seen in the cut of the lapels and the cuffs. ... For Chief Petty Officer both the shoulder tab insignia and the sleeve insignia from the No. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is the service that keeps the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom running around the world. ... Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service ensign The Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service is a British Government agency which runs a variety of small support vessels for the Royal Navy. ... Badge of the Royal Marines This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The Naval Service is the maritime branch of the British Armed Forces. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... Taunton is the county town of Somerset, England. ... , Plymouth (Cornish: ) is a city of 243,795 inhabitants (2001 census) in the south-west of England, or alternatively the West Country, and is situated within the traditional and ceremonial county of Devon at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar and at the head of one of the... Arbroath from the south Arbroath or Aberbrothock (Scottish Gaelic: Obair Bhrothaig which translates literally as at the mouth of the Brothock[2]) is a former royal burgh and the largest town in the council area of Angus in Scotland, and has a population of approximately 23,000 people. ... Location of Faslane and RNAD Coulport Faslane Naval Base, HMNB Clyde Her Majestys Naval Base (HMNB) Clyde (HMS Neptune), is one of three operating bases for the Royal Navy (the others being HMNB Devonport and HMNB Portsmouth). ... Royal Marines Base Chivenor is a British military base used primarily by the Royal Marines. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... Lympstone is a village in east Devon with a harbour on the estuary of the River Exe. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Royal Marines. ... HRH The Duke of Edinburgh His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Philip Mountbatten), styled HRH The Duke of Edinburgh (born June 10, 1921), is the consort of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... Image File history File links Royal_Marines_Commando_Flash. ... British Royal Marines in a Rigid Raider assault watercraft Marines (from the English adjective marine, meaning of the sea, from Latin language mare, meaning sea, via French adjective marin(e), of the sea) are, in principle, seaborne land soldiers that are part of a navy. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is the service that keeps the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom running around the world. ... The Naval Service is the maritime branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The French Navy commando Jaubert storm the Alcyon in a mock assault. ...

Contents

Role

The Royal Marines are a maritime-focused, amphibious, light infantry force capable of deploying at short notice in support of the United Kingdom Government's military and diplomatic objectives overseas and are optimised for highly manoeuvreable operational situations. As the United Kingdom Armed Forces' specialists in cold weather warfare the Corps provide lead element expertise in the NATO Northern Flank and are optimised for high altitude operations. The armed forces of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majestys Armed Forces, and sometimes legally the Armed Forces of the Crown[1], encompasses a navy, army, and an air force. ...


In common with the other armed forces, the Royal Marines can provide resources for Military Aid to the Civil Community and Military Aid to the Civil Power operations. Military Aid to the Civil Community (MACC) is a phrase referring to the armed forces providing a service to the civilian community. ... Military aid to the civil power (MACP) is assistance by the armed forces to the police in maintaining law and order. ...


Command, control and organisation

The overall head of the Royal Marines is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, in her role as Commander-in-Chief of the British Armed Forces. The ceremonial head of the Royal Marines is the Captain General Royal Marines, equivalent to the Colonel-in-Chief of an Army regiment. The current Captain-General is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The armed forces of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majestys Armed Forces, and sometimes legally the Armed Forces of the Crown[1], encompasses a navy, army, and an air force. ... The Captain General Royal Marines is the ceremonial head of the Royal Marines. ... In the British and other Commonwealth armies, the Colonel-in-Chief of a regiment is its (usually Royal) patron. ... “Prince Philip” redirects here. ...


Actual command of the Royal Marines is vested in the Commander-in-Chief Fleet with the Commandant-General Royal Marines, a Major-General, embedded within the CINCFLEET staff as Commander UK Amphibious Force (COMUKAMPHIBFOR). The Commander-in-Chief Fleet, or CINCFLEET, is the senior admiral responsible for the preparation and operation of the ships, submarines and aircraft of the Royal Navy. ... The Commandant General Royal Marines is the professional head of the Royal Marines. ... Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


The highest rank available within the Royal Marines is that of General, though at present there are no officers above the rank of Lieutenant-General. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


The operational capability of the Corps comprises a number of Battalion-sized units, three of these are designated as "Commandos":

Each of these formations is commanded by a Lieutenant-Colonel of the Royal Marines, who may have sub-specialised in a number of ways throughout his career. 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... Taunton is the county town of Somerset, England. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... , Plymouth (Cornish: ) is a city of 243,795 inhabitants (2001 census) in the south-west of England, or alternatively the West Country, and is situated within the traditional and ceremonial county of Devon at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar and at the head of one of the... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... 45 (RM) Commando is a battalion sized formation of the British Royal Marines and subordinate unit within 3 Commando Brigade, the principal Commando formation and under the Operational Command of Commander in Chief Fleet. ... Arbroath from the south Arbroath or Aberbrothock (Scottish Gaelic: Obair Bhrothaig which translates literally as at the mouth of the Brothock[2]) is a former royal burgh and the largest town in the council area of Angus in Scotland, and has a population of approximately 23,000 people. ... Location Geography Area Ranked 10th  - Total 2,182 km²  - % Water  ? Admin HQ Forfar ISO 3166-2 GB-ANS ONS code 00QC Demographics Population Ranked 19th  - Total (2005) 109,170  - Density 50 / km² Scottish Gaelic  - Total () {{{Scottish council Gaelic Speakers}}} Politics Angus Council http://www. ... This article is about the country. ... The mission role of the Commando Logistic Regiment, Royal Marines is to provide second line Combat Service Support to Headquarters 3 Commando Brigade and Royal Marines Commandos in peace, in war and on operations other than war. ... Royal Marines Base Chivenor is a British military base used primarily by the Royal Marines. ... Fleet Prtection Group Royal Marines Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines Security of nuclear weapons at Faslane, HM Naval Base Clyde is part of the Groups responsibilities The Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines (FPGRM), formerly Comacchio Company Royal Marines (1980-1983) and Comacchio Group Royal Marines (1983-2001), is a... Categories: Stub ... Helensburghs Rhu Road, looking west towards Rhu, Rosneath and the Gare Loch. ... Location Geography Area Ranked 2nd  - Total 6,909 km²  - % Water  ? Admin HQ Lochgilphead ISO 3166-2 GB-AGB ONS code 00QD Demographics Population Ranked 23rd  - Total (2005) 90,870  - Density 13 / km² Scottish Gaelic  - Total () {{{Scottish council Gaelic Speakers}}} Politics Argyll & Bute Council http://www. ... The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the British Royal Navys special forces unit. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... 1 Assault Group Royal Marines (1AGRM) provides the Royal Marines expertise in small boat operations in support of littoral operations, both amphibious and riverine activities[1]. It is based at Royal Marines Poole in Dorset and comprises a number of individual squadrons[2]. 4 Assualt Squadron RM providing landing craft... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... The Mountain Leader Training Cadre is a training element of the Royal Marines providing expertise in Mountain Warfare, cold weather survival and operations, and cliff assault. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ...


3 Commando Brigade

Main article: 3 Commando Brigade

Operational Control (OpCon) of the three Commandos and the Commando Logistics Regiment is delegated to 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines, of which they are a part. Based at Stonehouse Barracks, the Brigade exercises control as directed by either CINCFLEET or the Permanent Joint Headquarters. As the main combat formation of the Royal Marines, the Brigade has its own organic capability to support it in the field: 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... The Permanent Joint Headquarters is the British Tri Service Base in Northwood from where all overseas military operations are planned and controlled. ...

Structure Royal Marines.
Structure Royal Marines.
  • UK Landing Force Command Support Group which comprises[3]:
  • CSG Headquarters Troop
  • Signals Squadron
  • Brigade Staff Squadron
  • Support Squadron
  • Logistics Squadron
  • Motor Transport Troop
  • Catering Troop
  • Stores Troop
  • Equipment Support Troop
  • 539 Assault Squadron

The Brigade also holds OpCon of attached army units from Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers. 1 Bn The Rifles will come under OpCon of the brigade from 1 Apr 08. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 619 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (876 × 848 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 619 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (876 × 848 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Launch of the first Skynet satellite, Skynet 1A, by Delta rocket in 1969 from Cape Canaveral Skynet is a family of military satellites, now operated by Paradigm Secure Communications on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence, which provide strategic communication services to the three branches of the UK Armed... The Brigade Patrol Troop is the medium-level reconnaissance unit of 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines. ... The Royal Marines Police is the military police branch of the British Royal Marines. ... 29 Commando Regiment is the Commando-trained unit of the British Armys Royal Artillery. ... 24 Commando Regiment Royal Engineers is a Regiment of the British Armys Corps of Royal Engineers which will be formed in early 2007 around existing Commando trained elements of the Corps; 59 Independent Commando Squadron and 131 Independent Commando Squadron (Volunteers). ... For the band The Rifles, see The Rifles (band). ...


Independent elements

The independent elements of the Royal Marines are:

  • Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines is responsible for the security of the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent and other security-related duties. It also provides a security detachment at the Northwood military headquarters near London; as well as specialist boarding party support for the Royal Navy worldwide, for roles such as embargo enforcement, counter-narcotics and counter-insurgency activities of the Royal Navy. It is commando-sized, however the structure differs to reflect its role; it bears the colours, battle honours and customs of the former 43 Commando.
  • Commando Training Centre: This is the training unit for the entire corps, and consists of three separate sections:
    • Commando Training Wing: This is the initial basic commando training section for new recruits to the Royal Marines, and the All Arms Commando Course.
    • Specialist Wing. This provides specialist training in the various trades which Marines may elect to join once qualified and experienced in a Rifle Company.
    • Command Wing: This provides command training for both officers and NCOs of the Royal Marines.
A Royal Marines Landing Craft Utility.
A Royal Marines Landing Craft Utility.
  • 1 Assault Group Royal Marines: Provides training in the use of landing craft and boats, and also serves as a parent unit for the three assault squadrons permanently-embarked on the Royal Navy's amphibious ships.
    • 4 Assault Squadron - HMS Bulwark
    • 6 Assault Squadron - HMS Albion
    • 9 Assault Squadron - HMS Ocean
  • Special Boat Service (SBS) are naval special forces and under OpCon of Director Special Forces. The Service is battalion-sized and commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel with previous experience as a Swimmer Canoeist. Responsibilities include water-borne operations, Maritime Counter-Terrorism and other special forces tasks.
  • Royal Marines Band Service provides regular bands for the Royal Navy and provides expertise to train RN Volunteer Bands. Bandsmen have a secondary role as field hospital orderlies. Personnel may not be commando trained, wearing a blue beret instead of green; the band service is the only branch of the Royal Marines which admits women.

Fleet Prtection Group Royal Marines Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines Security of nuclear weapons at Faslane, HM Naval Base Clyde is part of the Groups responsibilities The Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines (FPGRM), formerly Comacchio Company Royal Marines (1980-1983) and Comacchio Group Royal Marines (1983-2001), is a... The Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM) is the principal military training centre for the Royal Marines. ... The French Navy commando Jaubert storm the Alcyon in a mock assault. ... The All Arms Commando Course is run by the Royal Marines. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 525 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 1312 pixel, file size: 757 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Feb. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 525 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 1312 pixel, file size: 757 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Feb. ... 1 Assault Group Royal Marines (1AGRM) provides the Royal Marines expertise in small boat operations in support of littoral operations, both amphibious and riverine activities[1]. It is based at Royal Marines Poole in Dorset and comprises a number of individual squadrons[2]. 4 Assualt Squadron RM providing landing craft... Landing craft Rapière LCU 1656 departs USS Bataan (LHD-5) well deck during Hurricane Katrina relief operations. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... HMS Bulwark is a state of the art Albion-class landing platform dock, the UKs newest class of amphibious assault warship and built in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England, UK. For numerous reasons, delays caused the delivery date to be put back, with the ship entering service in December... The ninth and current HMS Albion (2001-present) is a state of the art Landing Platform Dock (LPD) ship of the Royal Navy. ... HMS Ocean (centre right) in a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the British Royal Navys special forces unit. ... For other uses, see Special forces (disambiguation). ... The UK Special Forces group is the umbrella organisation for special forces units in the military of the United Kingdom. ... The Royal Marines Band Service is the musical wing of the British regiment the Royal Marines. ...

Structure of a Commando

The Commando Flash, sewn to the upper sleeve of a DPM shirt.
The Commando Flash, sewn to the upper sleeve of a DPM shirt.

The three Commandos are each organised into six companies, further organised into platoon-sized troops, as follows: Image File history File linksMetadata RMC.jpg‎ Summary This is the Commando Flash sewen onto the upper sleeve of a DPM shirt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RMC.jpg‎ Summary This is the Commando Flash sewen onto the upper sleeve of a DPM shirt. ... British Soldier 95 woodland pattern DPM, also known as DPM-95 British soldier wearing two-colour desert variant (1991) Disruptive Pattern Material (DPM) is a camouflage pattern used by British forces as well many other armies worldwide, particularly in former colonies. ... Standard NATO code for a friendly infantry company. ... Platoon of the German Bundeswehr. ... For the TV show, see F Troop. ...

  • Command Company
    • Main HQ
    • Tactical HQ
    • Reconnaissance Troop (includes a sniper section)
    • Mortar Troop (9 Barrels of 81mm) (Includes 4 MFC pairs)
    • Anti-Tank (AT) Troop (Milan - to be replaced Javelin ATGW)
    • Medium Machine Gun Troop
  • One Logistic Company
    • A Echelon 1 (A Ech1)
    • A Echelon 2 (A Ech2)
    • FRT
    • RAP
    • B Echelon (B Ech)
  • Two Close Combat Companies
    • Company Headquarters (Coy HQ)
    • 3 Close Combat Troops (Troop HQ, 3 Rifle Sections, Manoeuvre Support Section)
  • Two Stand Off Companies
    • Company Headquarters (Coy HQ)
    • Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) Troop (0.5" heavy machine guns)
    • AT Troop
    • Close Combat Troop

In general a rifle company Marine will be a member of a four-man fire team, the building block of commando operations. A Royal Marine works with his team in the field and shares accommodation if living in barracks. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


This structure is a recent development, formerly Commandos were structured similarly to light Infantry Battalions. During the restructuring of the United Kingdom's military services the Corps evolved from a Cold War focus on NATO's Northern Flank towards a more expeditionary posture. Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols This article is about the military unit. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


Amphibious Ready Group

Royal Marines in a Rigid Raider assault watercraft
Royal Marines in a Rigid Raider assault watercraft

The Amphibious Ready Group is a mobile, balanced amphibious force, based on a Commando Group and its supporting assets, that can be kept at high readiness to deploy into an area of operations. The Amphibious Ready Group is normally based around specialist amphibious ships, most notably HMS Ocean, the largest ship in the British fleet. Ocean was designed and built to accommodate an embarked commando and its associated stores and equipment. The strategy of the Amphibious Ready Group is to wait "beyond the horizon" and then deploy swiftly as directed by HM Government. The whole amphibious force is intended to be self-sustaining and capable of operating without host-nation support. The concept was successfully tested in operations in Sierra Leone. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1791x1003, 413 KB) A British Royal Marines Rigid Raider assault boat, pictured at a river festival in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1791x1003, 413 KB) A British Royal Marines Rigid Raider assault boat, pictured at a river festival in Glasgow, Scotland. ... A Royal Marines Rigid Raider The Rigid Raider is a series of fast patrol/assault boat made by RTK Marine (part of VT Group). ... HMS Ocean (centre right) in a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ...


Commando Helicopter Force

The Fleet Air Arm Commando Helicopter Force uses both Sea King transport and Lynx Light lift/ light attack helicopters to provide aviation support for the Royal Marines. It consists of both Royal Navy and Royal Marines personnel. RN personnel need not be commando trained. The Fleet Air Arm is the branch of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... The Commando Helicopter Force (CHF) is a component of the British Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm. ... For the original Viking use of the name, see Sea-King. ... The Westland Lynx is a helicopter designed by Westland and built at Westlands factory in Yeovil, first flying on 21 March 1971 as the Westland WG.13. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ...


Training

Royal Marines undergo the longest basic training regime of any Infantry force in the world (32 weeks), at the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM) at Lympstone, Devon. The Royal Marines is the only part of the British Armed Forces where Officers and Other Ranks are trained at the same location. Much of the basic training is carried out on the rugged terrain of Dartmoor and Woodbury Common with a significant proportion taking place at night. Before beginning Royal Marines recruit training the potential recruit must attend a Potential Royal Marine Course (PRMC) held at CTCRM. PRMC lasts 3 days and assesses physical ability and intellectual capacity to undertake the recruit training. Officer candidates must also undertake the Admiralty Interview Board. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means. ... The Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM) is the principal military training centre for the Royal Marines. ... Lympstone is a village in east Devon with a harbour on the estuary of the River Exe. ... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... The armed forces of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majestys Armed Forces, and sometimes legally the Armed Forces of the Crown[1], encompasses a navy, army, and an air force. ... High Willhays, the highest point on Dartmoor and southern England at 621 m (2037 ft) above sea level, with Yes Tor beyond. ... Area of common land that is predominantly heathland adjacent to Woodbury, Devon and containing Woodbury Castle. ... Royal Marines undergo a long basic training regime at the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM) at Lympstone, Devon. ... Potential Royal Marines Course also known as PRMC, is the Royal Marines selection course for Recruits. ... The Admiralty Interview Board (AIB) is the instrument of Officer selection for the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Marines Reserve, and Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ...


Officers and Marines undergo the same training up to the commando tests, thereafter Marines go on to employment in a rifle company while Officers continue training. Officer candidates are required to meet higher standards in the Commando tests.


Basic training

The first weeks of training are spent learning basic skills that will be used later. This includes much time spent on the parade ground and on the rifle ranges. Physical training at this stage emphasizes all-round body strength, in order to develop the muscles necessary to carry the heavy weights a marine will use in an operational unit. Key milestones include a gym passout at week 9 (not carried out with fighting order), which shows that a recruit is ready for the Bottom Field, a battle swimming test, and learning to do a "regain" (i.e. climb back onto a rope suspended over a water tank). Most of these tests are completed with the ever present "fighting order" of 32 lb (14.5 kg) of equipment. Individual fieldcraft skills are also taught at this basic stage.


The Commando Course

The culmination of training is a period known as the Commando Course. Following the Royal Marines taking on responsibility for the Commando Role with the disbandment of the Army Commandos at the end of World War II, all Royal Marines, except those in the Royal Marines Band Service, complete the Commando course as part of their training (see below). Key aspects of the course include climbing and ropework techniques, patrolling, and amphibious operations. The British Commandos were first formed by the Army in June 1940 during World War II as a well-armed but non-regimental raider force employing unconventional and irregular tactics to assault, disrupt and reconnoitre the enemy in mainland Europe and Scandinavia. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Royal Marines Band Service is the musical wing of the British regiment the Royal Marines. ...


This intense phase ends with a series of tests which have remained virtually unchanged since World War II. Again, these tests are done with a "fighting order" of 32 lb (14.5kg) of equipment.


The commando tests are taken on consecutive days; they include;

  • A nine-mile (14.5 km) speed march, carrying full fighting order, to be completed in 90 minutes; the pace is thus 10 minutes per mile (6 min/km or 6 mph).
  • The Endurance course is a six mile, (9.65 km), course across rough terrain at Woodbury Common near Lympstone, which includes tunnels, pipes, wading pools, and an underwater culvert. The course ends with a four-mile run back to CTCRM. Followed by a marksmanship test, where the recruit must hit 6 out of 10 shots at a target representing a fig. 11 target at 200 m. To be completed in 73 minutes (71 minutes for Royal Marine officers), these times were recently increased by one minute as the route of the course was altered. The Course ends at the 25m range where the recruit must then put at least 6 out of 10 shots on target without cleaning their weapon.
  • The Tarzan Assault Course. This is an assault course combined with an aerial confidence test. It starts with a death slide and ends with a rope climb up a thirty foot vertical wall. It must be completed with full fighting order in 13 minutes, 12 minutes for Royal Marine officers. The Potential Officers Course also includes confidence tests from the Tarzan Assault Course, although not with equipment.
  • The Thirty miler. This is a 30 mile (48 km) march across Dartmoor, wearing fighting order, and additional safety equipment. It must be completed in 8 hours for recruits and 7 hours for Royal Marine officers, who must also navigate the route themselves, rather than following a DS with the rest of a syndicate and carry their own equipment.

The day after the 30 mile (48 km) march, any who failed any of the tests may attempt to retake them. The Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM) is the principle military training centre for the Royal Marines. ...


Completing the Commando Course successfully entitles the recruit or officer to wear the coveted green beret but does not mean that the Royal Marine has finished his training. That decision will be made by the troop or batch training team and will depend on the recruit's or young officer's overall performance. Furthermore, officer training still consists of many more months. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Training to be a Royal Marine takes 32 weeks. The last week is mainly administration and preparing for the pass out parade. Recruits in their final week of training are known as the King's Squad.


After basic and commando training, a Royal Marine Commando will normally join a unit of 3 Commando Brigade. There are three Royal Marines Commando infantry units in the Brigade: 40 Commando located at Norton Manor Camp near Taunton in Somerset, 42 Commando at Bickleigh Barracks, near Plymouth, Devon, and 45 Commando at RM Condor, Arbroath on the east coast of Scotland. 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... Taunton is the county town of Somerset, England. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... Bickleigh is a small village on the southern edge of Dartmoor in Devon, England. ... , Plymouth (Cornish: ) is a city of 243,795 inhabitants (2001 census) in the south-west of England, or alternatively the West Country, and is situated within the traditional and ceremonial county of Devon at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar and at the head of one of the... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... Arbroath from the south Arbroath or Aberbrothock (Scottish Gaelic: Obair Bhrothaig which translates literally as at the mouth of the Brothock[2]) is a former royal burgh and the largest town in the council area of Angus in Scotland, and has a population of approximately 23,000 people. ... This article is about the country. ...


Non Royal Marine volunteers for Commando training undertake the All Arms Commando Course The All Arms Commando Course is run by the Royal Marines. ...


There is also a Reserve Commando Course run for members of the Royal Marines Reserve and Commando units of the Territorial Army. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Territorial Army (TA) is the principal reserve force of the British Army, the land armed forces of the United Kingdom, and composed mostly of part-time soldiers paid at the same rate, while engaged on military activities, as their Regular equivalents. ...


Specialist training

Royal Marines may then go on to undertake specialist training in a variety of skills; Platoon Weapons Instructor, Mortar operator, signals, clerks, sniper, PT instructor, Mountain Leader, Swimmer Canoeist, chef, Landing Craft coxswain, Telecommunications Technician (Tels Tech) etc. For other uses, see Sniper (disambiguation). ... The Mountain Leader Training Cadre is a training element of the Royal Marines providing expertise in Mountain Warfare, cold weather survival and operations, and cliff assault. ... The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the British Royal Navys special forces unit. ...


Training for these specialisations may be undertaken at CTCRM or in a joint environment, such as the Defence School of Transport at Leconfield or the Defence Police College. Defence Police College, Southwick Park The Defence Police College (DPC) at Southwick Park, near Cosham, England, is a tri-service establishment for training the Service Police of the British Armed Forces (Royal Navy Regulating Branch, Royal Marines Police, Royal Military Police, and Royal Air Force Police). ...


Some marines are trained in military parachuting to allow flexibility of insertion methods for all force elements. Marines complete this training at RAF Brize Norton but are not required to undergo Pre Parachute Selection Course (P-Company) training with the Parachute Regiment. This article is about the device. ... RAF Brize Norton is a Royal Air Force station in Oxfordshire about 50 miles west of London, England, United Kingdom. ... The Parachute Regiment redirects here, for the Indian regiment, see The Parachute Regiment (India) The Parachute Regiment is the Airborne Infantry element of the British Army. ...


Current weapons

SA80 (Small Arms for the 1980s) is a family of related arms that include the British Armed Forcess standard combat rifle. ... U.S. Military 5. ... SA80 (Small Arms for the 1980s) is a family of related arms that include the British Armed Forcess standard combat rifle. ... U.S. Military 5. ... The FN Minimi is a squad automatic weapon — the name coming from Mini-mitrailleuse (French: mini-machine gun. It is a 5. ... U.S. Military 5. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... .50 BMG rounds and 20MM Vulcan round, with a golf ball and a stick of RAM posed to provide scale. ... An anti-materiel rifle is a rifle that is designed for use against military equipment (Matériel) rather than against other combatants (anti-personnel). Generally speaking, they are large-caliber rifles chambered for a powerful cartridge. ... The L96A1 is the name given by the British Army to the Accuracy Arctic Warfare (AW). ... The M40, United States Army standard-issue sniper rifle. ... NATO 7. ... The AWM (Arctic Warfare Magnum) is a sniper rifle manufactured by Accuracy International. ... The Super Magnum(L115A1) is a precision rifle or sniper rifle produced by the British firm Accuracy International. ... The M40, United States Army standard-issue sniper rifle. ... The . ... The AWM (Arctic Warfare Magnum) is a sniper rifle manufactured by Accuracy International. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The FN MAG (or MAG-58) is a machine gun manufactured by Fabrique Nationale (FN), Belgium. ... NATO 7. ... It has been suggested that K6 HMG be merged into this article or section. ... .50 BMG rounds and 20MM Vulcan round, with a golf ball and a stick of RAM posed to provide scale. ... The LAW 80 is an anti-tank weapon in service with the British Army. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... A soldier practices with the Javelin on a firing range. ... The United Kingdoms L16 81 mm mortar is the standard mortar used by the British army. ... The Browning L9A1 is a semi-automatic pistol, firing a 9×19 mm bullet from a 13-round magazine. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft (SIG)-Sauer P226 is a full-sized, service type pistol originally chambered for 9 mm Luger. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Under-Slung Grenade Launcher (UGL) is the under-barrel 40 mm grenade launcher used by the British Army in conjunction with the SA80 A2 Rifle, and in small numbers with the Diemaco C7 Rifle used by the SAS. It is designed and built by Heckler and Koch (HK) and is...

History

Main article: History of the Royal Marines

The Corps of Royal Marines, the land fighting element of the Royal Navy, was formed as part of the naval service in 1755. ...

Traditions and insignia

The Royal Marines have a proud history and unique traditions. Their colours (flags) do not carry individual battle honours in the manner of the regiments of the British Army but rather the "globe itself" as the symbol of the Corps. The regimental quick march is A Life on the Ocean Wave. Badge of the Royal Marines This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ...


The badge of the Royal Marines is designed to commemorate the history of the Corps. The Lion and Crown denotes a Royal regiment. King George III conferred this honour in 1802 "in consideration of the very meritorious services of the Marines in the late war." “George III” redirects here. ...


The "Great Globe itself" surrounded by laurels was chosen by King George IV as a symbol of the Marines' successes in every quarter of the world. The laurels are believed to honour the gallantry they displayed during the investment and capture of Belle Isle, off Lorient, in April–June 1761. George IV (George Augustus Frederick) (12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Hanover from 29 January 1820 until his death. ... Belle Île is a French island off the coast of Brittany in the département of Morbihan. ... This article is about The place Lorient in France. ...


The word "Gibraltar" refers to the Siege of Gibraltar in 1704. It was awarded in 1827 by George IV as a special distinction for the services of four of the old Army Marine regiments (Queen's Own Marines, 1st Marines, 2nd Marines, 3rd Marines). All other honours gained by the Royal Marines are represented by the "Great Globe". As a consequence, there are no battle honours displayed on the colours of the four battalion sized units in the corps. There have been several Sieges of Gibraltar. ... // Origins The practice of carrying standards, to act both as a rallying point for troops, and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Egypt some 5,000 years ago. ...


When referring to individual Commandos: 45 Commando is referred to as "four-five" rather than "forty-five commando" as is 42 Commando, 40 Commando is "forty".


The only units which carry colours are 40 Commando, 42 Commando, 45 Commando, and the Fleet Protection Group (which is the custodian of the colours of 43 Commando).


The fouled anchor, incorporated into the emblem in 1747, is the badge of the Lord High Admiral and shows that the Corps is part of the Naval Service. For the international law of the sea, see Admiralty law. ... The Naval Service is the maritime branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Per Mare Per Terram ("By Sea, By Land"), the motto of the Marines, is believed to have been used for the first time in 1785.


The regimental quick march of the Corps is A Life on the Ocean Wave, while the slow march is Preobrajensky. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Royal Marines. ...


Dress headgear is a white Wolseley pattern pith helmet surmounted by a ball, a distinction once standard for artillerymen. This derives from the part of the Corps that was once the Royal Marine Artillery. Pith helmet of Harry S. Truman The Pith Helmet (also known as Sun helmet, Topee, or Topi) is a lightweight helmet made of cork or pith typically from the sola or a similar plant [1], with a cloth cover, designed to shade the wearers head from the sun. ...


The Royal Marines are one of six regiments allowed by the Lord Mayor of London to march through the City as a regiment in full array. This dates to the charter of Charles II that allowed recruiting parties of the Admiral's Regiment of 1664 to enter the City with drums beating and colours flying. Current Lord Mayor of London John Stuttard during the parade on November 11th, 2006 Michael Berry Savory, Previous Lord Mayor (2004–2005) The Right Honourable Lord Mayor of London is the Mayor of the City of London and head of the Corporation of London. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor John Stuttard  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - City  1. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ...


Order of Precedence

As the descendant of the old Marine Regiments of the British Army, the Royal Marines has a position in the Order of Precedence of the Infantry; this is after the 49th Regiment of Foot, the descendant of which is the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment. Therefore, the Royal Marines would parade after the RGBW. This is because the 49th Foot was the last Regiment raised prior to the formation of the Corps of Marines as part of the Royal Navy in 1755. In 2007, the RGBW was amalgamated into a large Regiment — this new Regiment is placed last in the order of precedence, as it is a regiment of rifles. As a consequence, the Royal Marines have moved behind the Royal Anglian Regiment, which is the linear descendent of the 48th Foot, at position number six in the new Order of Precedence. However, when the Royal Navy is on parade, then the Royal Marines parade with them at the extreme right of the line. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... For the purposes of parading, the regular army of the British Army is listed according to an order of precedence. ... The Wardrobe in Salisbury houses the RGBW regimental museum. ... The Royal Anglian Regiment (R ANGLIAN) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queens Division. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ...

Preceded by:
Royal Anglian Regiment
Infantry Order of Precedence Succeeded by:
Yorkshire Regiment
(14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th)

The Royal Anglian Regiment (R ANGLIAN) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queens Division. ... For the purposes of parading, the regular army of the British Army is listed according to an order of precedence. ... The Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot) is one of the large infantry regiments of the British Army. ...

Alliances

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Royal New South Wales Regiment is a reserve infantry regiment of the Australian Army based in the state of New South Wales. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... 1st Commando Regiment is a mixed regular and reservist commando regiment of the Australian Army. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Barbados. ... The Barbados Defence Force is the name given to the combined armed forces of Barbados. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... The Korps Mariniers is the marine corps of the Netherlands, and is part of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ...

Royal Marines who gained fame in other fields

Geoffrey Dyson Palmer OBE (born 4 June 1927) is an English actor, noted mostly for his extensive career in British sitcoms. ... Tom Sharpe (born March 30, 1928) is an English satirical author, born in London and educated at Lancing College and at Pembroke College, Cambridge. ... Jeremy John Durham Ashdown, Baron Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon, GCMG, KBE, PC, (born 27 February 1941), commonly known as Paddy Ashdown, is a British politician. ... Yachtsman Pete Goss, MBE, has clocked up 250,000 nautical miles at sea. ... Lt. ... Major General Julian H. A. Thompson, CB, OBE, is a military historian and former Royal Marines officer who as a brigadier headed 3 Commando Brigade during the Falklands war. ... Evelyn Waugh, as photographed in 1940 by Carl Van Vechten Arthur Evelyn St. ... Bruce Parry (born March 17, 1969) is a former British Royal Marine instructor who presents the documentary program Tribe (known as Going Tribal in the United States), co-produced by the BBC and the Discovery Channel. ...

See also

This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. ... Hannah Snell (1723-1792) was an Englishwoman who took a mans role to become a soldier. ... Samuel Stransham, a Royal Marines officer, planted the Union Jack on the Falkland Islands, claiming the islands for King George III. See also: Gen. ... General Sir Anthony Blaxland Stransham, GCB, (d. ... Achnacarry is a small hamlet, private estate, and a castle in the Lochaber region of Highland, Scotland, about 15 miles north of the town of Fort William near the village of Spean Bridge. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Warship was an extremely popular British television drama series produced by the BBC between 1973 and 1977. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... The Corps of Colonial Marines were an auxiliary of the Royal Marines raised from former slaves for service in the Americas. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ...

References

  1. ^ How many people are there in the Royal Navy?, Royal Navy Website, accessed 25 August 2007
  2. ^ United Kingdom Defence Statistics 2005 Glossary
  3. ^ DCI Gen 271-01 dated 19 October 2001
  • A Brief Chronology of Marines History 1664-2003, Royal Marines Museum [1]
  • Historical Records of the Buffs, East Kent Regiment, 3rd Foot, Formerly Designated the Holland Regiment, by H. R. Knight, 1905.
  • The Whitefoord Papers; Being the Correspondence and Other Manuscripts of Colonel Charles Whitefoord and Caleb Whitefoord, from 1739 to 1810, by Charles Whitefoord, Clarendon press, 1898. Searchable full text available on-line at Google Books. Charles Whitefoord served in Wynyard's (4th Marines), Gooch's, and the 5th Marines in the 1740s.
  • Historical record of the Royal marine forces, by Paul Harris Nicolas, Thomas and Boone, London, 1845. Searchable full text available on-line at Google Books.
  • Per Mare, Per Terram: Reminiscences of Thirty-two Years' Military, Naval, and Constabulary Service by William Henry Poyntz, Economic Print. & Publ. Co. (1892). Searchable full text available on-line at Google Books.
  • Britain's sea soldiers : a history of the Royal Marines and their predecessors and of their services in action, ashore and afloat, and upon sundry other occasions of moment, by Cyril Field, Liverpool:The Lyceum Press, 1924, (2 vol.) Covers British Marines until around 1900. Very well written.
  • Britain's Sea Soldiers: A Record of the Royal Marines during the War 1914-1919, by General Sir H.E. Blumberg, Devonport, 1927. Very detailed with excellent maps. The USMC used the maps from this book for their studies of Gallipoli in the 1920s and 30s that led to the formation of US amphibious doctrine in 1935.
  • By Sea and Land by Robin Neillands, 1987, Cassell Military Paperbacks, ISBN 0-304-35683-2. Traces the history of the Corps until the end of the Falkands Campaign in 1982. Very readable.

is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Marines - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5155 words)
Marine officers, unlike their counterparts in the regular army or navy, faced obstacles when trying to climb the social ladder, as officers in the marines were widely perceived as failures unable to obtain commissions in the army.
Eighteen Royal Marines commanded Fleet Air Arm squadrons during the course of the war, and with the formation of the British Pacific Fleet were well-represented in the final drive on Japan.
Royal Marines Band Service: The only branch of the Royal Marines which admits women and whose members are not necessarily commando-trained (and therefore may wear blue berets instead of green), the Band Service provides all the regular bands for the Royal Navy and also trains the RN Volunteer Bands.
Royal Marines Police - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (178 words)
The Royal Marines Police is the military police force for the Royal Marines Command of the United Kindom.
Its role is to support the Royal Marines in its operations in both peace and war.
Soldiers and officers of the Royal Marines Police are not constables and have no powers in relation to civil law enforcement.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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