The Royal Library, or Kungl. Biblioteket (KB), is the national library of Sweden. As such it collects, describes, preserves and makes available all domestic printed materials in Swedish and other languages, as well as publications with Swedish association published abroad. This obligation was laid down in 1661 in an ordinance from the Swedish Privy Council Chancery. The ordinance (legal deposit) ordered all printers in the Realm of Sweden to send two copies of every publication printed to the Chancery before the material was distributed. One copy was to go to His Majesty's Archives (Riksarkivet), the other to the Royal Library. The motive for this provision stemmed not from a desire to preserve publications for posterity but from a desire to monitor their contents.
Since 1997-[[03-24]], the Royal Library also archives the Swedish part of the World Wide Web as part of a project called kulturarw3 (a play on words; kulturarv is Swedish for cultural heritage). Initially, the contents was not available to the public due to issues of copyrights, but as of 2004 visitors to the library can access the archive from dedicated terminals.
The institution is also a Government Agency charged with the responsibility of coordinating Sweden's research libraries and for the Library Information System, LIBRIS.
However, in spite of its name, the RoyalLibrary was not the King's private library, although the royal families of the 17th century did not always make clear distinctions between their own property and that of the state.
The library's sole income, 600 Daler in silver coins, a sum which had been set in 1703, was not sufficient to cover more than the purchase of one or two foreign journals and the binding of the Swedish printed materials, after deductions for the cost of stationery, candles and such.
A committee was appointed, and in October 1952 a memorandum was submitted to the Royal Chancery with a proposal that meant that the task of editing the national bibliography in its all phases would be transferred to the RoyalLibrary...
Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Want to know more? Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
Press Releases |
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m