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Encyclopedia > Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Components
Surface Fleet
Fleet Air Arm
Submarine Service
Royal Navy Regulating Branch
Royal Naval Reserve
Nursing Service (QARNNS)
Royal Marines Reserve
History and future
History of the Royal Navy
History of the Royal Marines
Future of the Royal Navy
Ships
Current fleet
Current deployments
Historic ships
Personnel
The Admiralty
Senior officers
Uniforms
Officer rank insignia
Ratings rank insignia
Related civilian agencies of
the Ministry of Defence
Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service

The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is a component of the Naval Service that keeps the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom running around the world. Its main function is to supply the Royal Navy with fuel and supplies. It also counts a repair ship, and amphibious assault vessels amongst its assets. RFA personnel are civilians of the Ministry of Defence civil service who wear Merchant Navy-style uniforms and rank insignia and who are under naval discipline when the vessel is engaged on warlike operations. RFA vessels are manned predominantly by the civilians, augmented with regular Royal Navy personnel to perform specialised military functions, such as operating and maintaining helicopters, operating weapon systems (many RFA ships are armed with defensive weapons) or manning hospital facilities. The RFA is funded out of the UK defence budget, the Commodore commanding the RFA is directly responsible to the Royal Navy Commander-in-Chief Fleet (CINCFLEET). Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Naval Service is the maritime branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The armed forces of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majestys Armed Forces, and sometimes legally the Armed Forces of the Crown[1], encompasses a navy, army, and an air force. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... HMS Illustrious (R06), an Invincible class aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy, and current flagship of the First Sea Lord. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the branch of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... The Royal Navy Submarine Service - sometimes known as the Silent Service, on account of a submarine being required to operate quietly in order to remain undetected by enemy SONAR (or ASDIC as it was known in the RN pre-1948) - is the collective name given to the submarine element of... The Royal Navy Regulating Branch is the military police branch of the British Royal Navy. ... “RNR” redirects here. ... Queen Alexandras Royal Naval Nursing Service, known as QARNNS, is a part of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom responsible for providing nursing support to the Royal Navy. ... The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The British Royal Navy does not have a well-defined moment of formation; it started out as a motley assortment of Kings ships during the Middle Ages, assembled only as needed and then dispersed, began to take shape as a standing navy during the 16th century, and became a... The Corps of Royal Marines, the land fighting element of the Royal Navy, was formed as part of the naval service in 1755. ... At the beginning of the 1990s, the Royal Navy was a force designed for the Cold War - with its three small aircraft carriers and a force of ASW frigates and destroyers, its main purpose was to search for and destroy Soviet submarines in the North Atlantic. ... This is a list of active Royal Navy ships, complete and correct as of 2006. ... Although the majority of the Royal Navy fleet, unless required, remains training and exercising in and around Home Waters, the Navy has a number of standing commitments, including those held for contingent operations, to provide ships for various missions around the world: // Fleet Flagship and R2 Carrier Normally two aircraft... This is an alphabetical list of all the names of ships that have ever been in service with the Royal Navy. ... Flag of the Lord High Admiral The Admiralty was formerly the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ... This is a list of senior officers of the Royal Navy. ... The uniforms of the Royal Navy have gradually evolved over the last three centuries, since the first uniform regulations for officers were issued by Lord Anson in 1748. ... History Insignia for officers was first introduced in 1748, with differences in rank being seen in the cut of the lapels and the cuffs. ... For Chief Petty Officer both the shoulder tab insignia and the sleeve insignia from the No. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service ensign The Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service is a British Government agency which runs a variety of small support vessels for the Royal Navy. ... The Naval Service is the maritime branch of the British Armed Forces. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... For the general article on amphibious ships, see Amphibious warfare ship. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... For the steam locomotives, see SR Merchant Navy Class. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The Commander-in-Chief Fleet, or CINCFLEET, is the senior admiral responsible for the preparation and operation of the ships, submarines and aircraft of the Royal Navy. ...

Contents

History

The RFA was first established in 1905 to provide coaling ships for the Navy in an era when the change from sail to coal as the main means of propulsion meant that a network of bases around the world with coaling facilities or a fleet of ships able to supply coal were necessary for a fleet to operate away from its home country. Since the Royal Navy of that era possessed the largest network of bases around the world of any fleet, the RFA at first took a relatively minor role.


The RFA really came into its own in World War II when the British fleet was often far from available bases, either due to the enemy capturing available bases, or, in the Pacific, the sheer distances involved. WWII also saw naval ships staying at sea for much longer periods than had been the case since the days of sail. Techniques of underway replenishment, or Replenishment At Sea (RAS), were developed particularly by the United States Navy. The auxiliary fleet was a polyglot collection with not only RFA ships, but commissioned warships and merchantmen as well. However, the need for such a fleet was unambiguously demonstrated by WWII. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Underway Replenishment. ...


After 1945, the RFA assumed centre stage in supporting the operations of the Royal Navy in the many conflicts that the Navy was involved in. The RFA performed important service to the Far East Fleet off Korea from 1950 until 1953, when sustained carrier operations were again mounted in Pacific waters. During the extended operations of the Konfrontasi in the 1960s, the RFA was also heavily involved. As the network of British bases overseas shrank during the end of the Empire, the Navy increasingly relied on the RFA to supply its ships during routine deployments. The Far East Fleet was an element of the Royal Navy, formed in the immediate aftermath of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, and based in Singapore with the intention of deterring the Japanese from further agression. ... The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation was an intermittent war over the future of the island of Borneo, between British-backed Malaysia and Indonesia in 1962-1966. ...


The RFA played an important role in the largest naval war since 1945, the Falklands War in 1982 (where one vessel was lost and another badly damaged), and also the Gulf War, Kosovo War, Afghanistan Campaign and the 2003 invasion of Iraq. With the end of the Cold War, and the resumption of the worldwide role for the Royal Navy, the RFA will be called on a great deal in the next few decades. Belligerents Argentina United Kingdom Commanders President Leopoldo Galtieri Vice-Admiral Juan Lombardo Brigadier-General Ernesto Crespo Brigade-General Mario Menéndez Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse Rear-Admiral John “Sandy” Woodward Major-General Jeremy Moore Casualties and losses 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner... Sir Galahad (L3005) was the name of a LSL (landing ship logistical) belonging to the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, part of the British fleet. ... RFA Sir Tristram (L3505) is a Landing Ship Logistics of the Round Table class. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... For other uses of War in Afghanistan, see War in Afghanistan. ... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


Fleet

Ensign of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Ensign of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary

Ships in RFA service carry the prefix RFA, standing for Royal Fleet Auxiliary, and wear the Blue Ensign defaced with an upright gold killick anchor. All Royal Fleet Auxiliaries are built and maintained to Lloyd's Register and Department for Transport standards. Most RFA ships are armed, typically with at least two 20 mm GAM-B01 anti-aircraft guns and a number of 7.62 mm L7 GPMGs. Image File history File links British-Royal-Fleet-Auxiliary-Ensign. ... Image File history File links British-Royal-Fleet-Auxiliary-Ensign. ... RFA Brambleleaf flying the square Blue Jack based on the Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign is a flag, one of several British ensigns, used by certain organisations or territories associated with the United Kingdom. ... Not to be confused with Lloyds Bank or Lloyds of London. ... In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport is the government department responsible for the transport network. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The most important role provided by the RFA is replenishment at sea (RAS),[1] therefore the mainstay of the current RFA fleet are the tankers and replenishment ships. There are three classes of tankers (oilers), one of combined oiler / replenisher and one class of replenisher in service. The new fast fleet tankers of the Wave class class, the small fleet tankers of the Rover class and the support tankers of the Leaf class provide under way refuelling facilities to the RN. The Leaf class are occasionally tasked with the bulk movement of oil between terminals and MoD facilities. The Rover and Leaf classes are nearing the end of their active lives and will soon be due for replacement. The Fort Victoria class are "one-stop" replenishment oilers, capable of supplying refuelling, rearming and victualling services while the older Fort Rosalie class provide only rearming and victualling of "dry" cargoes. Underway Replenishment. ... Artists impression The Wave Knight class tankers are Royal Fleet Auxiliary fast fleet tankers tasked with providing fuel, food, ammunition and other supplies to Royal Navy vessels around the world. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... RFA Oakleaf, a Leaf-class tanker. ... The Fort Victoria or Fort class is a class of replenishment oiler of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, a role that combines the missions of a tanker and stores supply ship. ... The Fort Rosalie or Fort class is a class of fleet replenishment vessel of the British Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ...


The Wave and both the Fort classes have generous aviation facilities, providing aviation support and training facilities and significant VERTREP (vertical replenishment) capabilities. The Fort class ships are capable of operating and supporting up to four helicopters such as the Royal Navy's Merlin and Lynx. Modern naval helicopters are significant weapons platforms, the presence of aviation facilities on RFA ships allows for them to be used as 'force multipliers' for the task groups they support in line with Royal Navy doctrine. The AgustaWestland EH101 (AW101 from June 2007) is a medium-lift helicopter for military applications but also marketed for civil use. ... The Westland Lynx is a helicopter designed by Westland and built at Westlands factory in Yeovil, first flying on 21 March 1971 as the Westland WG.13. ...


The RFA is also tasked with a role supporting British amphibious operations and so contains the four Bay class Landing Ship Dock (LSD). RFA Cardigan Bay The Bay class are a class of landing ship dock operated by the British Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... The United States Navy Dock Landing Ship (Navy hull classification LSD) was designed to support amphibious operations. ...


Two unique support ships in the fleet are the repair vessel Diligence and the aviation training ship Argus. Both of these ships are converted former merchantmen. Diligence is a former North Sea oil industry support ship tasked with fleet repairs and maintenance. Argus, a converted roll-on/roll-off (RoRo) container ship, is tasked with peacetime aviation training and support. On active operations, she becomes the Primary Casualty Receiving Ship (PCRS); essentially a hospital ship. She cannot be described as such - and is not afforded such protection under the Geneva Convention - as she is armed. She can, however, venture into waters too dangerous for a normal hospital ship. Argus completed a refit in May 2007 intended to extend her operational life to 2020.[2] RFA Diligence (A132) is a fleet repair ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... For other ships of the same name, see HMS Argus. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Loading a ro-ro passenger car ferry Roll-on/roll-off (RORO or ro-ro) ships are designed to carry wheeled cargo such as automobiles, trailers or railroad cars. ... The Geneva Conventions consist of treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ...


Recently, two fast sealift ships were also in the fleet, Sea Crusader and Sea Centurion. They were merchant Ro-Ro ships chartered as a stopgap measure to increase the strategic lift of the RFA, enabling faster deployment of British forces. Sea Centurion was returned to its owners in 2002 and Sea Crusader in 2003, after performing cargo hauling duties for the campaign in Iraq. They have been replaced by newly built Point class vessels operated under a Private Finance Initiative; these vessels will be ordinary merchant ships leased to the Ministry of Defence as and when needed, and not in the RFA. The USNS Bob Hope, a non-combatant vessel crewed by civilian mariners under the United States Navys Military Sealift Command, is used to preposition tanks, trucks and other wheeled vehicles and supplies needed to support an Army heavy brigade. ... RFA Sea Crusader (A96) was a fast sealift ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... RFA Sea Centurion (A98) was a fast sealift ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... Operation (or Op) TELIC is the codename under which all British operations of the 2003 Invasion of Iraq and after are being conducted. ... The Private Finance Initiative specifies a method, developed initially by the United Kingdom government, to provide financial support for Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) between the public and private sectors. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ...


Active ships

RFA Blue Ensign Image File history File links British-Royal-Fleet-Auxiliary-Ensign. ...

Ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary

A - B - C - D - E - F - G
H - I - J - K - L - M - N
O - P - Q - R - S - T - U
V - W - X - Y - Z
The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ...

Amphibious assault ships
Replenishment ships
Miscellaneous ships
RFA Cardigan Bay
RFA Cardigan Bay
RFA Black Rover
RFA Black Rover
  • Aviation training / Primary Casualty Receiving Ship
  • Point class sealift ships
    • MV Hurst Point
    • MV Eddystone
    • MV Longstone
    • MV Beachy Head
    • MV Hartland Point
    • MV Anvil Point
n.b. these ships are not RFA vessels, but it is pertinent to include them here

Active Sir class RFA Sir Bedivere RFA Sir Tristram RFA Sir Galahad (II) Under Construction Bay class RFA Largs Bay RFA Lyme Bay RFA Mounts Bay RFA Cardigan Bay Decommissioned Sir class RFA Sir Lancelot RFA Sir Galahad (I) RFA Sir Geraint RFA Sir Percivale Chartered LSL RFA Sir Caradoc... Active Tankers Wave class (II) RFA Wave Knight RFA Wave Ruler Leaf class(II) RFA Brambleleaf RFA Bayleaf RFA Orangeleaf RFA Oakleaf Rover class RFA Grey Rover RFA Gold Rover RFA Black Rover Stores Replenishment Vessels Fort class(II) RFA Fort Rosalie RFA Fort Austin Fort class (III) RFA Fort... Active Helicopter Support Ship RFA Argus Forward Repair Ship RFA Diligence Decommissioned Helicopter Support Ships RFA Engadine RFA Reliant Salvage Vessels King Salvor class RFA King Salvor RFA Salviking RFA Ocean Salvor RFA Prince Salvor RFA Salvage Duke RFA Salvalour RFA Salventure RFA Salvestor RFA Salvictor RFA Salvigil RFA Salviola... Image File history File linksMetadata Cardigan_Bay_L3009. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cardigan_Bay_L3009. ... Image File history File links Br2. ... Image File history File links Br2. ... Artists impression The Wave Knight class tankers are Royal Fleet Auxiliary fast fleet tankers tasked with providing fuel, food, ammunition and other supplies to Royal Navy vessels around the world. ... Categories: Stub | Royal Navy ships ... RFA Wave Ruler (A390) is a Wave Knight-class fast fleet tanker of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary of the United Kingdom. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... RFA Gold Rover (A271) is a small fleet tanker of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... RFA Black Rover (A273) is a small fleet tanker of the UKs Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... RFA Oakleaf, a Leaf-class tanker. ... RFA Bayleaf (A109) is a small fleet tanker of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... RFA Orangeleaf (A110) is a fleet support tanker of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... The Fort Rosalie or Fort class is a class of fleet replenishment vessel of the British Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... RFA Fort Rosalie (A385) is a fleet stores ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... RFA Fort Austin (A386) is a fleet stores ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... The Fort Victoria or Fort class is a class of replenishment oiler of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, a role that combines the missions of a tanker and stores supply ship. ... Hangar for 3 Merlin. ... RFA Fort George (A388) is a combined fleet stores ship and tanker of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... For other ships of the same name, see HMS Argus. ... RFA Diligence (A132) is a fleet repair ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... RFA Cardigan Bay The Bay class are a class of landing ship dock operated by the British Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... RFA Largs Bay (L3006) is an amphibious assault vessel of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA), built by Swan Hunter in Wallsend, Tyne and Wear. ... RFA Lyme Bay (L3007) is a amphibious assault vessel of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... See HMS Mounts Bay for the Royal Navy World War II Bay-class anti-aircraft frigate of the same name. ... RFA Cardigan Bay (L3009) is a amphibious assault vessel of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. ... For the United States Coast Guard vessels see Point Class Cutters (USCG). ... The USNS Bob Hope, a non-combatant vessel crewed by civilian mariners under the United States Navys Military Sealift Command, is used to preposition tanks, trucks and other wheeled vehicles and supplies needed to support an Army heavy brigade. ...

See also

The following is a list of Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship names by name in alphabetical order, both past and present. ... Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service ensign The Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service is a British Government agency which runs a variety of small support vessels for the Royal Navy. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

References

The Royal Fleet Auxiliary - A Century of Service. Adams/Smith. London 2005. Chatham Publishing. ISBN 1 86176 259 3.

  1. ^ Britain's Modern Royal Navy, Paul Beaver, Patrick Stephens Limited, 1996, ISBN 1-85260-442-5
  2. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/cornwall/6649989.stm BBC News | England | Cornwall | Refit of navy ship RFA Argus ends

External links

  • [1] The Official RFA site.
  • WebShip - The Marine Society has a list of vessels that are regularly returning weblogs. At least one is an RFA vessel - currently RFA Wave Ruler.
  • The Marine Society College of the Sea provides libraries and education services to RFA personnel.

Unofficial RFA Sites THE MARINE SOCIETY[1] - the world’s oldest seafarers’ charity In 1756, at the beginning of the Seven Years War against France, Austria, Russia, Sweden and Saxony (and subsequently Spain and Portugal) Britain urgently needed to recruit men for the navy. ...

  • Royal Fleet Auxiliary - Unofficially! - Unofficial RFA web site run by T. Sands, a communications officer in the RFA.
  • Graphical RFA - A graphical look at life in the RFA.
  • Toys Out Of The Pram - Unofficial RFA web site with photo gallery and unofficial RFA forum.

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