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Encyclopedia > Royal Engineers
British Army Arms and Services

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The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army. It provides combat engineering and other technical support to the British Armed Forces. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) is currently a collection of ten regular regiments, mostly converted from old horse cavalry regiments, and four Yeomanry regiments of the Territorial Army. ... The British Armys Infantry is comprised of 55 battalions of Infantry, from 32 Regiments. ... The Guards Division is an administrative unit of the British Army responsible for the administration of the regiments of Foot Guards. ... The Scottish Division is a British Army Infantry command, training and administrative apparatus designated for all Scottish infantry units. ... The Kings Division is a British Army command, training and administrative apparatus designated for all land force units in the North of England. ... The Queens Division is a British Army command, training and administrative apparatus designated for has the regiments from the east of England and the remaining regiment of Fusiliers. ... The Prince of Waless Division is a British Army command, training and administrative apparatus designated for all land force units in the West of England and Wales. ... The Royal Irish Regiment (27th (Inniskilling) 83rd and 87th and Ulster Defence Regiment), commonly just called the Royal Irish Regiment (R IRISH), is an infantry unit of the British Army and is the only remaining Irish regiment of the line. ... The Parachute Regiments display team, the Red Devils at an American airshow The Parachute Regiment is the main body of elite airborne troops of the British Army. ... Gurkha Soldiers (1896) The Brigade of Gurkhas is the collective term for British Army units that are composed of Nepalese soldiers. ... For the band The Rifles, see The Rifles (band). ... The Army Air Corps is a component of the British Army. ... The Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) is the principal special forces unit of the British Army. ... Tactical Recognition Flash of the Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Intelligence Corps (also known as Int Corps) is one of the corps of the British Army. ... The Royal Army Chaplains Department (RAChD) is an all-officer corps that provides ordained clergy to minister to the British Army. ... The Royal Logistic Corps is the British Army corps that provides the logistic support for the Army. ... The Army Medical Services is an umbrella organisation responsible for administering the four separate units responsible for supplying medical and nursing services in the British Army. ... The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all British Army personnel and their families in war and in peace. ... Cap badge of the Royal Army Dental Corps The Royal Army Dental Corps (RADC) is a specialist corps in the British Army that provides dental care services to British Army personnel and their families in war and in peace. ... Cap badge of the Royal Army Veterinary Corps The Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) is an administrative and operational branch of the British Army responsible for the provision, training and care of animals. ... Cap Badge of the Queen Alexandras Royal Army Nursing Corps The Queen Alexandras Royal Army Nursing Corps (QARANC) is part of the Army Medical Services in the British Army. ... The Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME; pronounced phonetically as Reemee) is a corps of the British Army that has responsibility for the maintenance, servicing and inspection of almost every electrical and mechanical piece of equipment within the British Army from Challenger II main battle tanks and AH64... The Adjutant Generals Corps is a corps in the British Army responsible for many of its general administrative services. ... The Army Legal Services Branch (ALS) is a branch of the Adjutant-Generals Corps (AGC) in the British Army. ... The Royal Military Police (RMP) is the branch of the British Army responsible for the policing of service personnel and providing a military police presence on service property, operations and exercises. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Adjutant Generals Corps. ... The Small Arms School Corps is a small corps of the British Army responsible for maintaining the proficiency of the army in the use of small arms and support weapons. ... Bold textLink title Headline text Insert non-formatted text here ... Cap Badge of the General Service Corps The General Service Corps (GSC) is a corps of the British Army. ... The Corps of Army Music is a corps of the British Army. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with combat engineering. ... The structure of the British Army is broadly similar to that of the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force, being divided into two Commands as top-level budget holders; Land Command and the Adjutant-General. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Combat engineers place satchel charges and detonating cord, preparatory to blowing up a railway bridge during the Korean War, 30 July 1950 Combat engineering is the practice of using the knowledge, tools and techniques of engineering in combat. ...


The Regimental Headquarters and the Royal School of Military Engineering are in Chatham in Kent. The corps is divided into several regiments, barracked at various places in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Germany. The Royal School of Military Engineering (RSME) is the main training establishment for the British Armys Corps of Royal Engineers. ... , Chatham is a large English town that developed around an important naval dockyard on the east bank of the River Medway to the south-east of London in the county of Kent. ... The Kent coat of arms For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... British regiment A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - commanded by a colonel. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent...

Contents

History

Cap Badge of the Royal Engineers
Cap Badge of the Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers trace their origins back to the military engineers brought to England by William the Conqueror and claim over 900 years of unbroken service to the crown. Engineers have always served in the armies of the Crown; however, the origins of the modern corps, along with those of the Royal Artillery, lie in the Board of Ordnance established in the 15th century. In 1717, the Board established a Corps of Engineers, consisting entirely of commissioned officers. The hard work was done by the Artificer Companies, made up of contracted civilian artisans and labourers. In 1782, a Soldier Artificer Company was established for service in Gibraltar, and this was the first instance of non-commissioned military engineers. In 1787, the Corps of Engineers was granted the Royal prefix and adopted its current name and in the same year a Corps of Royal Military Artificers was formed, consisting of non-commissioned officers and privates, to be officered by the RE. Ten years later the Gibraltar company, which had remained separate, was absorbed and in 1812 the name was changed to the Corps of Royal Sappers and Miners. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... William I ( 1027 – September 9, 1087), was King of England from 1066 to 1087. ... Tactical Recognition Flash of the Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army. ... The British Board of Ordnance was responsible for the design, testing and production of armaments and munitions. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... A Private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ...


In 1855 the Board of Ordnance was abolished and authority over the Royal Engineers, Royal Sappers and Miners and Royal Artillery was transferred to the Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, thus uniting them with the rest of the Army. The following year, the Royal Engineers and Royal Sappers and Miners became a unified corps as the Corps of Royal Engineers. In 1862 the corps also absorbed the British officers and men of the engineer corps of the East India Company. The Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, or just the Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C), was the professional head of the British Army from 1672 until 1904, when the office was replaced by the Chief of the General Staff, soon to become Chief of the Imperial General Staff. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ...


In 1911 the Corps formed its Air Battalion, the first flying unit of the British Armed Forces. The Air Battalion was the forerunner of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force. The Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers was the first flying unit of the British Military. ... The armed forces of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majestys Armed Forces, and sometimes legally the Armed Forces of the Crown[1], encompasses a navy, army, and an air force. ... The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the over-land air arm of the British military during most of World War I. // Formed by Royal Warrant on 13 May 1912, the RFC superseded the Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


The Corps has no battle honours, but its motto Ubique (Everywhere), awarded by King William IV in 1832, signifies that it has seen action in all the major conflicts of the British Army. A second motto is Quo Fas et Gloria ducunt (Where right and glory lead). A battle honour is a military tradition practiced in the Commonwealth countries of the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand and is an official acknowledgement rewarded to military units for their achievements in specific wars or operations of a military campaign. ... William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. ...


The Royal Engineers Museum of Military Engineering is in Gillingham in Kent. The Royal Engineers Museum and Library a military engineering museum and library in Medway, Kent, England. ... Gillingham is a town in Kent, England, forming part of the Medway conurbation; it is a constituent of Medway unitary authority. ...


A point of some pride to the Sappers is that their name takes the form Corps of Royal Engineers rather than, for example, Royal Engineer Corps. The distinction, they say, is that every Sapper is Royal in his own right, rather than simply being a member of a Royal Corps (such as the Royal Corps of Signals or the Royal Regiment of Artillery). The famous Royal Engineers A.F.C. have won the FA Cup in 1875 and are considered pioneers of the game. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Tactical Recognition Flash of the Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army. ... The Royal Engineers AFC is a football team founded in 1863, under the leadership of Major Marindin of the Corps of Royal Engineers. ...


Personnel

All members of the Royal Engineers are trained combat engineers and all sappers (privates) and non-commissioned officers also have another trade. Women are eligible for all Royal Engineer specialities. They are now eligible for RE Diver, although to date there are none. A US army combat engineer setting up a communications cable. ... A sapper, in the sense first used by the French military, was one who sapped (undermined) anothers fortifications. ... A Private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ...


Sappers can join the Royal Engineers in one of the following trades:

  • Bricklayer and Concretor
  • Building and Structural Finisher
  • Carpenter and Joiner
  • Command, Communications and Information Systems Specialist
  • Construction Materials Technician
  • Draughtsman (Design)
  • Draughtsman (Electrical and Mechanical)
  • Driver RE
  • Electrician
  • Fabricator (Welder)
  • Fitter (Air Conditioning and Refrigeration)
  • General Fitter
  • Geographical Data Technician
  • Geographical Production Technician
  • Geographical Terrain Analyst
  • Heating and Plumbing Engineer
  • Plant Operator Maintainer
  • Resources Specialist
  • Specialist Equipment Driver/Operator
  • Surveyor (Engineering)

Later, sappers can specialise in further trades and specialities, including:

  • Amphibious Engineer
  • Armoured Engineer
  • Clerk of Works (Construction)
  • Clerk of Works (Electrical)
  • Clerk of Works (Mechanical)
  • Commando Engineer
  • Diver
  • Military Plant Foreman
  • Parachute Engineer
  • Regimental Signals Instructor

Senior NCOs who have passed the appropriate Clerk of Works course can be commissioned as Garrison Engineers (Construction, Electrical or Mechanical). In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ...


Royal Engineers units

The Royal Engineers comprises units of both the Regular Army and the Territorial Army. There are also two higher engineer formations: The Territorial Army (TA) is the principal reserve force of the British Army, the land armed forces of the United Kingdom, and composed mostly of part-time soldiers paid at the same rate, while engaged on military activities, as their Regular equivalents. ... This article is about the military unit. ...

  • 12 (Air Support) Engineer Brigade (39, 71 and 73 Regiments)
  • 29 (Corps Support) Engineer Brigade (RMRE, 75 and 101 Regiments)

Regular Army

  • 21 Engineer Regiment (Armoured)
    • 1st Armoured Engineer Squadron
    • 4 Armoured Engineer Squadron
    • 7 Headquarters Squadron
    • 73 Armoured Engineer Squadron
  • 22 Engineer Regiment (Armoured/Field)
    • 3 Armoured Engineer Squadron
    • 5 Field Squadron
    • 6 Headquarters Squadron
  • 23 Engineer Regiment (Air Assault) - part of 16 Air Assault Brigade
    • 9 Parachute Squadron
    • 12 (Nova Scotia) Headquarters and Support Squadron (Air Assault)
    • 51 Parachute Squadron
    • 61 Field Support Squadron (Air Assault)
  • 25 Engineer Regiment (Northern Ireland)
    • 33 Field Squadron
  • 26 Engineer Regiment (Armoured/Field)
    • 8 Armoured Engineer Squadron
    • 30 Field Squadron
    • 38 Headquarters Squadron
  • 28 Engineer Regiment (Amphibious/Field)
    • 23 Amphibious Engineer Squadron
    • 42 Field Squadron
    • 45 Field Support Squadron
    • 64 Headquarters Squadron
    • 65 Field Support Squadron
  • 32 Engineer Regiment (Armoured)
    • 2 Headquarters Squadron
    • 26 Armoured Engineer Squadron
    • 31 Armoured Engineer Squadron
    • 39 Armoured Engineer Squadron
  • 33 Engineer Regiment (Search)
    • 17 Field Squadron
    • 21 Field Squadron
    • 22 Headquarters and Support Squadron
    • 49 Field Squadron
    • 58 Field Squadron
  • 35 Engineer Regiment (Armoured)
    • 29 Armoured Engineer Squadron
    • 37 Armoured Engineer Squadron
    • 44 Headquarters and Support Squadron
    • 77 Armoured Engineer Squadron (Assault Engineers)
  • 36 Engineer Regiment (Field)
    • 20 Field Squadron
    • 50 Headquarters Squadron
    • 69 Gurkha Field Squadron, Queen's Gurkha Engineers
    • 70 Gurkha Field Support Squadron, Queen's Gurkha Engineers
  • 38 Engineer Regiment (Field/Armoured)
    • 11 Field Squadron
    • 15 Field Support Squadron
    • 25 Field Squadron
    • 32 Headquarters Squadron
  • 39 Engineer Regiment (Air Support)
    • 10 Field Squadron (Air Support) based at RAF Leeming
    • 34 Field Squadron (Air Support)
    • 48 Field Squadron (Air Support)
    • 53 Field Squadron (Air Support)
    • 60 Headquarters and Support Squadron (Air Support)
  • Royal School of Military Engineering
    • Combat Engineer School
      • 3 Royal School of Military Engineering Regiment
        • 55 Training Squadron
        • 63 Training Support Squadron
        • 67 Training Squadron
      • Instructor Troop
      • Battlefield Engineering Wing
        • United Kingdom Mine Information and Training Centre
      • Communications Training Wing
    • Construction Engineer School
      • 1 Royal School of Military Engineering Regiment
      • Command Wing
      • Civil Engineering Wing
      • Electrical and Mechanical Wing
      • National Search Centre
    • Defence Explosive Ordnance Disposal School
  • 170 (Infrastructure Support) Engineer Group (previously Military Works Force)
    • HQ Works Group
      • 530 Specialist Team Royal Engineers (STRE)
      • Royal Engineers Specialist Advisory Team (RESAT)
      • Technical Information Centre Royal Engineers
    • 62 Works Group [water]
      • 519 STRE (Works)
      • 523 STRE (Works)
      • 520 STRE (Water Development)
      • 521 STRE (Water Development)
    • 63 Works Group [electricity]
      • 518 STRE (Works)
      • 522 STRE (Works)
      • 528 STRE (Utilities)
      • 535 STRE (Northern Ireland)
    • 64 Works Group [fuel]
      • 516 STRE (Fuels)
      • 517 STRE (Fuels)
      • 524 STRE (Works)
      • 527 STRE (Works)
  • Diving Training Unit (Army), (DTU(A))
  • 28 Training Squadron, Army Training Regiment (Lichfield)
  • Band of the Corps of Royal Engineers

NB: As part of the restructuring of the armed forces in 2004, it was announced that the engineering support for 3 Commando Brigade would be increased to a full regiment, with 24 (Commando) Engineer Regiment to be formed. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Cap badge of 9 Parachute Squadron (RE) 9 Para DZ (drop zone) Flash (identifying cloth badge worn on tunic) 9 Parachute Squadron (RE) (also known as 9 Para ), is the last remaining airborne detachment of the Royal Engineers, part of the British Army. ... 24 Commando Regiment Royal Engineers is a Regiment of the British Armys Corps of Royal Engineers which will be formed in early 2007 around existing Commando trained elements of the Corps; 59 Independent Commando Squadron and 131 Independent Commando Squadron (Volunteers). ... 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... 24 Commando Regiment Royal Engineers is a Regiment of the British Armys Corps of Royal Engineers which will be formed in early 2007 around existing Commando trained elements of the Corps; 59 Independent Commando Squadron and 131 Independent Commando Squadron (Volunteers). ... 24 Commando Regiment Royal Engineers is a Regiment of the British Armys Corps of Royal Engineers which will be formed in early 2007 around existing Commando trained elements of the Corps; 59 Independent Commando Squadron and 131 Independent Commando Squadron (Volunteers). ... The Royal School of Military Survey (RSMS) is a British Army school that teaches soldiers and civilians about the art and science of making maps. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... 24 Commando Regiment Royal Engineers is a Regiment of the British Armys Corps of Royal Engineers which will be formed in early 2007 around existing Commando trained elements of the Corps; 59 Independent Commando Squadron and 131 Independent Commando Squadron (Volunteers). ... UK Sovereign Base Areas (red) British Forces Cyprus is the name given to the British armed forces stationed in the UK sovereign base areas of Dhekelia and Akrotiri on the island of Cyprus. ... The 2003 Defence White Paper, entitled Delivering Security in a Changing World sets out the future of the British military, and builds on the 1998 Strategic Defence Review (SDR) and the 2002 SDR New Chapter which responded to the challenges raised by the War on Terror. ... 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ...


Territorial Army

  • Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia) (Field)
    • 100 Field Squadron [Cwmbran/Bristol/Cardiff]
    • 101 Headquarters Squadron [Monmouth]
    • 108 (Welsh) Field Support Squadron [Swansea/Gorseinion]
    • 225 Plant Squadron [Birmingham]
  • 71 Engineer Regiment (Volunteers) (Air Support)
    • 72 (Tyne Electrical Engineers) Field Squadron (Air Support) [Newcastle/Sunderland]
    • 102 (Clyde) Field Squadron (Air Support) [Paisley/Barnsford Bridge]
    • 117 (Highland) Headquarters and Support Squadron [RAF Leuchars]
  • 73 Engineer Regiment (Volunteers) (Air Support)
    • 106 (West Riding) Field Squadron (Air Support) [Sheffield/Bradford]
    • 129 Headquarters and Support Squadron [Nottingham]
    • 350 Field Squadron (Air Support) [Nottingham]
    • 575 (Sherwood Foresters) Field Squadron (Air Support) [Chesterfield]
    • The Jersey Field Squadron [St Helier]
  • 75 Engineer Regiment (Volunteers) (Field)
    • 107 (Lancashire and Cheshire) Field Squadron [Birkenhead/St Helens]
    • 125 (Staffordshire) Field Support Squadron [Stoke-on-Trent]
    • 143 Plant Squadron [Walsall]
    • 201 Headquarters Squadron [Manchester]
  • 101 Engineer Regiment (AOC) (V)
    • 217 (London) Field Squadron [Holloway]
    • 221 Field Squadron [Rochester/Catford]
    • 579 Field Squadron [Tunbridge Wells]
  • 135 Independent Geographic Squadron Royal Engineers (Volunteers) [Ewell]
  • 170 (Infrastructure Support) Engineer Group (previously Military Works Force)
    • 62 Works Group [Regular]
      • 506 STRE (Water Infrastructure)
    • 63 Works Group [Regular]
      • 504 STRE (Power Infrastructure)
    • 64 Works Group [Regular]
      • 503 STRE (Fuels Infrastructure)
    • 65 Works Group
      • 507 STRE (Railway Infrastructure)
      • 509 STRE (Ports Infrastructure)
      • 508 STRE (Works)
      • 525 STRE (Works)
      • 526 STRE (Works)
  • 591 Independent Field Squadron
    • Is the only Royal Engineer TA Unit in Northern Ireland.

The Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia) (R MON RE(M)) is the most senior regiment in the British Territorial Army, having given continuous loyal service to the crown since 1539. ... 24 Commando Regiment Royal Engineers is a Regiment of the British Armys Corps of Royal Engineers which will be formed in early 2007 around existing Commando trained elements of the Corps; 59 Independent Commando Squadron and 131 Independent Commando Squadron (Volunteers). ... The Engineer and Logistic Staff Corps is a part of the Royal Engineers in the British Territorial Army. ...

Successor units

Several units have been formed from the Royal Engineers.

  • The Air Battalion Royal Engineers (formed 1911) was the precursor of the Royal Flying Corps (formed 1912) which evolved into the Royal Air Force in 1918.
  • The Telegraph Battalion Royal Engineers became the Royal Engineers Signals Service, which in turn became the independent Royal Corps of Signals in 1926.
  • The Royal Engineers were responsible for railway and inland waterway transport, port operations and movement control until 1965, when these functions were transferred to the new Royal Corps of Transport. (See also Railway Operating Division.)
  • In 1908, the Army Postal Corps (formed in 1882) and the Royal Engineers Telegraph Reserve (formed in 1884) amalgamated to form the Royal Engineers Postal Section. This later became the Army Postal and Courier Service and remained part of the RE until the formation of the Royal Logistic Corps in 1993.

The Royal Engineers from just after the Second World War until the early 1970s also had 4 Plant Troops located in the United Kingdom which were RE re-inforced Plant & Engineering troops attached to various Home Commands. The Command Plant Troops were initially set up in the late 40s to clear up the beach defences around the coast and remove the minefields and were equipped with Armoured Bulldozers. In the 1950s once all this work was complete they took responsibility of maintaining and building all Army Ranges and various civil works in support of the civilan population and in support of civilian organisations in the event of natural disasters and crises such as the Torrey Canyon disaster where the Soutnern Command Plant Troop was deployed to the West Country to clean up the mess on the beaches caused by the large volume of oil that floated ashore. The 4 Command Plant Troops were based in various locations across the United Kingdom with Southern Commend Plant Troop initially based in Tidworth, then Perham Down in Wiltshire and eventually Longmoor in Hampshire. The Midlands Plant Squadron was based in Walsall and the Northern Command plant troop was based in Ripon. The other command plant troop was based in Scotland. In Germany there was an Entire Engineering group based in Willich near Dusseldorf called the Military Civilan Plant & Engineering group that had a similar large scale Engineering, Plant and Support role for British Army of the Rhine. Each Command Plant Troop was commanded by an RE Major supported by a Military Plant Foreman. The Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers was the first flying unit of the British Military. ... The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the over-land air arm of the British military during most of World War I. // Formed by Royal Warrant on 13 May 1912, the RFC superseded the Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Royal Corps of Transport (RCT) was a British Army corps formed in 1965 from the transport elements (land, water and air) of the Royal Army Service Corps. ... A division of the British Army Royal Engineers formed in 1915 to operate railways on many fronts in World War I. It was largely composed of railway employees and operated both standard gauge and narrow gauge railways. ... The Royal Logistic Corps is the British Army corps that provides the logistic support for the Army. ...


In 1969, it was decided to amalgamate all of the Command Plant Troops into one large Squadron which had 4 troops, a HQ Troop and a large REME Attachment to it and the Squadron - 66 Plant Squadron became the largest squadron in the entire Royal Engineers, in terms of Plant Engineering and Equipment as well as staff. Its last home was in Longmoor Hampshire - Engineer Stores Depot attached to Longmoor Camp, which was also home to a Field Support Squadron. Longmoor Military Railway was from 1901 until the late 1960s the preseve of the Royal Engineers but subsequently Royal Corps of Transport and eventually Royal Logistic Corps Railway Training Centre. Its role also changed with a much wider role to support Military operations throughout NATO.


Equipment

  • Chieftain Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineer (ChAVRE)
  • Chieftain Armoured Vehicle Layer Bridge (ChAVLB)

These are being replaced by 66 Armoured Support Vehicles [1] ; The FV 4201 Chieftain was the Main battle tank of the United Kingdom during the 1960s and 1970s. ...

  • TROJAN is a minefield breaching vehicle. It prepares routes, mark safe routes using an Obstacle Marking System, breach complex obstacles and provide short dry and wet gap crossing utilising its excavator arm, earth moving blade and a midi fascine. It will plough through minefields, build trenches and dig defensive ditches
  • TITAN will carry and lay the current range of In-Service Close Support bridges laying them faster, and in a wider variety of terrain conditions, than previous equipment. TITAN can lay a bridge over a 26 metre gap in two minutes, making it the fastest Support Vehicle in the world at this task. This gives commanders a potential battle winning edge and allows them to choose from a more flexible range of armoured vehicles.

Both vehicles which weigh over 60 tonnes and are capable of speeds of up to 56 km/h, are designed to mount and tow the current range of in-service Royal Engineer equipment (PYTHON, AVRE Trailer, Track/Full Width Mineploughs and earth moving blades). They have purpose designed hulls, will incorporate Special to Role equipment and have major assemblies common to the Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank. The British FV4034 Challenger 2 is the main battle tank (MBT) currently in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman. ...


Order of Precedence

Preceded by:
Royal Regiment of Artillery
Order of Precedence Succeeded by:
Royal Corps of Signals

The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army It is made up of a number of regiments. ... For the purposes of parading, the regular army of the British Army is listed according to an order of precedence. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Decorations

Victoria Cross

The following Royal Engineers have been awarded the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total...

Adam Archibald was a Scottish First World War recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... ORS may refer to: The IATA airport code for Orcas Island Airport in Eastsound, Washington Ocean Rowing Society Office of Rehabilitation Services Office of Recovery Services Office of Retirement Services Omnificent Role-playing System (ORS) Online Resource Scheduler Operational Research Section of RAF Bomber Command Oral rehydration salt or oral... Fenton John Aylmer (VC, KCB) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Photo by Terry Macdonald Mark Sever Bell (VC, CB) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and... Bust of John Rouse Merriott Chard. ... Combatants Britain Zulu Nation Commanders John Chard Gonville Bromhead Prince Dabulamanzi Strength 139 4,000–5,000 Casualties 17 killed, 10 wounded Around 500-600 dead found in 500 foot perimeter Rorkes Drift was a mission station in Natal, South Africa, situated near a natural ford (drift) on the... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Brett Mackay Cloutman, VC, MC, was an English First World War recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier _ (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Photo submitted by Neil Hutton Clifford Coffin (VC, CB, DSO and Bar) was an English recipient of the British and Commonwealth forces. ... Westhoek (Dutch for west corner) or Maritime Flanders (French: ) is a region in Belgium and France and includes the following areas: Location of Belgian Westhoek in West Flanders Belgian Westhoek (Dutch: Belgische Westhoek) including the West Flanders arrondissements of Diksmuide, Ypres, and Veurne including the cities of Veurne, Poperinge, Wervik... Photo submitted by Paul Woodness James Morris Colquhoun Colvin was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... James Lennox Dawson (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) James Lennox Dawson VC (25 December 1891- 15 February 1967) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth... The Hohenzollern Redoubt was a German fortification on the Western Front in World War 1. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Robert James Thomas Digby-Jones was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... The Siege of Ladysmith was a famous battle in the Boer War, taking place between 2 November 1899 and 28 February 1900. ... Thomas Frank Durrant VC (17 October 1918- 28 March 1942) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Combatants United Kingdom Nazi Germany Casualties 169 dead 400 dead [1] The St Nazaire Raid (also called Operation Chariot) was a successful British seaborne attack on the heavily defended docks of St. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Howard Craufurd Elphinstone (VC, KCB (Civ. ... Combatants Great Britain France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Photo by Terry Macdonald George de Cardonnel Elmsall Findlay (VC, MC & Bar) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded... Catillon-sur-Sambre is a commune of the Nord département, in northern France. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Sir Gerald Graham, VC GCB GCMG (27 June 1831 - 17 December 1899) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded... Combatants Great Britain France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) William Hackett was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Reginald Clare Hart (VC, GCB, KCVO, Royal Humane Societys Silver Medal) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier Charles Alfred Jarvis was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Jemappes (in older texts also: Jemmape and Jemmapes) is a town in south-western Belgium, province Hainaut. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Frederick Henry Johnson was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... The Battle of Hill 70 took place near the French city of Lens on 15 August and 25 August 1917 and was fought between attacking units of the Canadian Corps under the command of General Arthur Currie and British I Corps (6th Division and 46th Division), and the defending German... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) William Henry Johnston was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Wing Commander Frank Howard Kirby VC CBE DCM was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Cecil Leonard Knox was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Edward Pemberton Leach (VC, KCB, KCVO) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Peter Leitch was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Combatants Great Britain France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) William James Lendrim was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Combatants Great Britain France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier Photo by Phil Payne - Oct 1999 Wilbraham Oates Lennox (VC, KCB) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Combatants Great Britain France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Henry MacDonald was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Combatants Great Britain France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Cyril Gordon Martin (VC, CBE, DSO) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) James McPhie was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Philip Neame (VC, KBE, CB, DSO, Chevalier, Legion dHonneur and Croix de Guerre (France), Croix de Guerre (Belgium)) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... The Battles of Neuve Chapelle and Artois was a battle in the First World War. ... John Perie was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Combatants Great Britain France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Claude Raymond (c. ... John Ross was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Combatants Great Britain France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Michael Sleavon was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Sir Arnold Horace Santo Waters, VC, CBE, DSO, MC (September 23, 1886 in Plymouth - January 22, 1981 in Sutton Coldfield) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the... ORS may refer to: The IATA airport code for Orcas Island Airport in Eastsound, Washington Ocean Rowing Society Office of Rehabilitation Services Office of Recovery Services Office of Retirement Services Omnificent Role-playing System (ORS) Online Resource Scheduler Operational Research Section of RAF Bomber Command Oral rehydration salt or oral... Photo submitted by Gerald Napier - (from the Royal Engineers Library with permission) Thomas Colclough Watson was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... See also: Theodore S. Wright, an African-American abolitionist; Theodore Paul Wright, an Aeronautical engineer. ... Combatants United Kingdom German Empire Commanders Sir John French Alexander von Kluck Strength 4 divisions 8 divisions Casualties 1,600 5,000 (estimate) The Battle of Mons (Dutch name for Mons is Bergen) was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force in World War I. // Following the surrender...

Memorials

  • Royal Engineers World War I memorial at La Ferté-sous-Jouarre
British Army Portal

The La Ferté-sous-Jouarre memorial is a World War I memorial located on the south bank of the River Marne, on the outskirts of the French commune of La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, 66 kilometres east of Paris, in the department of Seine-et-Marne. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

External links

  • Royal Engineers Museum - Traditions and Customs (Corps badge, march, song, nicknames etc.)
  • Royal Engineers Museum - Unit Histories
  • Royal Engineers Museum - Biographies
  • Royal Engineers Museum - VCs of the Corps of Royal Engineers and Corps of Royal Sappers and Miners
  • Royal Engineers Museum - GCs of the Corps of Royal Engineers
  • Royal Engineers Museum - Military Engineering Histories (Airborne, Airfield Construction, Amphibious, Armoured, Civil Works, Combat, Commando, Field, Military Works, Queen's Gurkha, Royal School of Military Engineering, Tunnelling)
  • Royal Engineers Museum - Specailist Engineering Histories (Aeronautics (ballooning), Camouflage, Diving, Electrical, Forestry, Gas Warfare, Mechanical Transport, Photography, Postal & Courier, Quarry, Submarine Mining, Survey, Telegraph and Signals, Transportation)

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Engineers - definition of Royal Engineers in Encyclopedia (819 words)
The Corps of Royal Engineers (RE), commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
Engineers have always served in the armies of the Crown, however the origins of the modern corps, along with those of the Royal Artillery, lie in the Board of Ordnance established in the 15th century.
The Royal Engineers were responsible for railway and inland waterway transport, port operations and movement control until 1965, when these functions were transferred to the new Royal Corps of Transport.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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