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Encyclopedia > Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell plc
Type Public

(LSE: RDSA / RDSB)
Image File history File links Shell_logo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ...

(NYSE: RDS.A / RDS.B)
Founded 1907
Headquarters Flag of the Netherlands The Hague, Netherlands
Key people Jeroen van der Veer, CEO
Jorma Ollila, Chairman
Industry Oil and gas
Products Oil, natural gas, petrochemicals
Revenue US$318.845 billion (2006)
Operating income US$44.628 billion (2006)
Profit US$26.311 billion (2006)
Employees 112,000
Website www.shell.com

Royal Dutch Shell plc is a multinational oil company of British and Dutch origins. It is one of the largest private sector energy corporations in the world, and one of the six "supermajors" (vertically integrated private sector oil exploration, natural gas, and petroleum product marketing companies). The company's headquarters are in The Hague, Netherlands, with its registered office in London, United Kingdom (Shell Centre).[1] New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... Jeroen van der Veer (born October 27, 1947 in Utrecht, Netherlands) is the CEO of oil company Royal Dutch Shell. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Jorma Ollila Jorma Jaakko Ollila (born in Seinäjoki, Finland, on August 15, 1950) is the chairman and CEO of Nokia Corporation (1992–June 1, 2006) and Member of the Board of Directors of Ford Motor Company (2000– ), UPM-Kymmene (1997– ), and Otava Books and Magazines Group Ltd. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... This is a list of petroleum companies. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “USD” redirects here. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “USD” redirects here. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “USD” redirects here. ... This article is about work. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The initials PLC after a UK or Irish company name indicate that it is a public limited company, a type of limited company whose shares may be offered for sale to the public. ... A multinational corporation (MNC) is a corporation or enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ... The private sector of a nations economy consists of all that is outside the state. ... The term supermajor illustrates the six largest energy companies, as seen in popular financial mediums around the world. ... It has been suggested that Vertical expansion be merged into this article or section. ... The private sector of a nations economy consists of all that is outside the state. ... Oil exploration is the search by petroleum geologists for hydrocarbon deposits beneath the Earths surface. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Shell Centre as seen from the London Eye. ...


The company's main business is the exploration for and the production, processing, transportation and marketing of hydrocarbons (oil and gas). Shell also has a significant petrochemicals business (Shell Chemicals), and an embryonic renewable energy sector developing wind, hydrogen and solar power opportunities. Shell is incorporated in the UK with its corporate headquarters in The Hague, its tax residence is in Netherlands, and its primary listings on the London Stock Exchange and Euronext Amsterdam (only "A" shares are part of the AEX index). In chemistry, a hydrocarbon is a cleaning solution consisting only of carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). ... A petrochemical is any chemical derived from fossil fuel. ... Shell Chemicals is the petrochemicals arm of Royal Dutch Shell. ... Renewable energy utilizes natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished. ... An example of a wind turbine. ... A hydrogen economy is a hypothetical economy in which energy is stored and transported as hydrogen (H2), particularly as an energy carrier for vehicle applications (e. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ... Euronext N.V. is a pan-European stock exchange based in Paris[1] and with subsidiaries in Belgium, France, Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom. ... The AEX index, derived from Amsterdam Exchange index, is a stock market index composed of Dutch companies that trade on Euronext Amsterdam, formerly known as the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. ...


Shell's revenues of $318.8 billion in 2006 made it the second-largest corporation in the world by revenues behind only ExxonMobil. Its 2006 gross profits of $26 billion made it the world's second most profitable company, after ExxonMobil and before BP. Forbes Global 2000 in 2007 ranked Shell the eighth largest company in the world. For other uses, see Exon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the energy corporation. ... The Forbes Global 2000 - is an annual ranking of the top 2000 corporations in the world by Forbes magazine. ...


It operates in over 140 countries. In the United States, its Shell Oil Company subsidiary, headquartered in Houston, Texas, is one of Shell's largest businesses. In 2007, Fortune magazine ranked Shell as the third-largest corporation in the world, behind Wal-Mart and ExxonMobil. The Shell emblem known as the Pecten Shell Oil Company (SOC) is the Houston, Texas based wholly-owned subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...

Contents

History

Shell Centre building in London, UK

The Royal Dutch/Shell Group of companies was created in February 1907 when the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company (legal name in Dutch, N.V. Koninklijke Nederlandsche Petroleum Maatschappij) and the "Shell" Transport and Trading Company Ltd of the United Kingdom merged their operations – a move largely driven by the need to compete globally with the then monopolistic American oil company, Standard Oil. The terms of the merger gave 60% of the new Group to the Dutch arm and 40% to the British. To celebrate its centenary in 2007 Shell launched a scholarship fund.[2] Download high resolution version (423x640, 85 KB)Shell Centre, London, UK. Photo by Przemyslaw BlueShade Idzkiewicz. ... Download high resolution version (423x640, 85 KB)Shell Centre, London, UK. Photo by Przemyslaw BlueShade Idzkiewicz. ... The Shell Centre as seen from the London Eye. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Standard Oil (Esso) was a predominant integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ...


Royal Dutch Petroleum Company was a Dutch company founded in 1890 by Jean Baptiste August Kessler, along with Henri Deterding and Hugo Loudon, when a Royal charter was granted by Dutch king Willem III to a small oil exploration company known as "Royal Dutch Company for the Exploration of Petroleum Wells in the Dutch Indies". Henri Wilhelm August Deterding KBE (Hon), (19 April 1866, Amsterdam - 4 February 1939, St Moritz) was for many years the chairman of Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and then Royal Dutch/Shell, one of the worlds largest oil companies. ... King William III (Alexander) (February 17, 1817 - November 23, 1890) was King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1849-1890) Early life William was born in Brussels as son of William II of the Netherlands and Queen Anna, sister of Tsar Alexander I of Russia. ...


The "Shell" Transport and Trading Company (the quotation marks are official) was a British company, founded in 1897 by Marcus Samuel and his brother Samuel Samuel. 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Marcus Samuel, 1st Viscount Bearsted (November 5, 1853 - January 17, 1927) was the founder of the Shell Transport and Trading Company, now part of the Royal Dutch/Shell group of companies. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 1919, Shell took control of the Mexican Eagle Petroleum Company and in 1921 formed Shell-Mex Limited which marketed products under the "Shell" and "Eagle" brands in the United Kingdom. In 1931, partly in response to the difficult economic conditions of the times, Shell-Mex merged its UK marketing operations with those of British Petroleum to create Shell-Mex and BP Ltd, a company that traded until the brands separated in 1975. This article is about the corporation known as BP. See also BP (disambiguation) BP (formerly British Petroleum and briefly known as BP Amoco) (NYSE: BP) is a petroleum company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. ... -1...


In November 2004, following a period of turmoil caused by the revelation that Shell had been overstating its oil reserves, it was announced that the Shell Group would move to a single capital structure, creating a new parent company to be named Royal Dutch Shell plc, with its principal listing on the London Stock Exchange and the Amsterdam Stock Exchange and its headquarters in The Hague in the Netherlands. The unification was completed on 20 July 2005. Shares were issued at a 60/40 advantage for the shareholders of Royal Dutch in line with the original ownership of the Shell Group. The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ... A bond from the Dutch East India Company, dating from 7 November 1623, for the amount of 2,400 florins The Amsterdam Stock Exchange (AEX) is a European stock exchange, based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Under the old capital structure, Shell's ADRs were traded on the New York Stock Exchange under RD (Royal Dutch) and SC (Shell). An American Depositary Receipt (ADR) is how the stock of most foreign companies trades in United States stock markets. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ...


Origin of the Shell name and branding

A Shell service station's price board with the pecten brand A Shell service station's price board with the pecten brand

The origin of the brand name Shell is linked to the origins of The "Shell" Transport and Trading Company[3]. In 1833, the founder's father, also Marcus Samuel, founded an import business to sell seashells to London collectors. When collecting seashell specimens in the Caspian Sea area in 1892, the younger Samuel realized there was potential in exporting lamp oil from the region and commissioned the world's first purpose-built oil tanker, the Murex, to enter this market; by 1907 the company had a fleet. Shell logo (free image replacing presumable fair use). ... Marcus Samuel, 1st Viscount Bearsted (November 5, 1853 - January 17, 1927) was the founder of the Shell Transport and Trading Company, now part of the Royal Dutch/Shell group of companies. ... The hard, rigid outer calcium carbonate covering of certain animals is called a shell. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... In biology, specimen is an individual animal or a plant or a microorganism that is used as a representative to study the properties of the whole population of that species. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... A tanker is usually a vehicle carrying large amounts of liquid fuel. ...


The Shell brand is one of the most familiar commercial symbols in the world. Known as the "pecten" after the sea shell, the giant scallop, pecten maximus, on which its design is based, the current version of the brand was designed by Raymond Loewy and introduced in 1971. A brand includes a name, logo, slogan, and/or design scheme associated with a product or service. ... Genera See text. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Businesses

One of the original Seven Sisters, Royal Dutch/Shell is the world's second-largest private sector oil company by revenue, Europe's largest energy group and a major player in the petrochemical industry. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Core businesses

Shell oil depot in Kowloon, Hong Kong
Shell oil depot in Kowloon, Hong Kong
The upstream provides two thirds of Shell's revenues

Shell has five core businesses: Exploration and Production (the "upstream"), Gas and Power, Refining and Marketing, Chemicals (the "downstream"), and Trading/Shipping, and operates in more than 140 countries. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2041x2881, 177 KB) Photo by Paddy Briggs I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2041x2881, 177 KB) Photo by Paddy Briggs I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... Oil platform from NASA JPL. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Oil platform from NASA JPL. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The petroleum industry is usually divided into three major components: upstream, midstream and downstream. ... The petroleum industry is usually divided into three major components: upstream, midstream and downstream. ... The downstream oil sector is a term commonly used to refer to the selling and distribution of products derived from crude oil. ...


Shell's primary business is the management of a vertically integrated oil company. The development of technical and commercial expertise in all the stages of this vertical integration from the initial search for oil (exploration) through its harvesting (production), transportation, refining and finally trading and marketing established the core competencies on which the Group was founded. Similar competencies were required for natural gas, which has become one of the most important businesses in which Shell is involved, and which contributes a significant proportion of the company's profits. It has been suggested that Vertical expansion be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ...

While in the past the vertically integrated business model gave significant economies of scale and provided Shell with the opportunity to establish barriers to entry both geographically and on a more global scale, this has been less a possibility in more recent times. As a result although the vertical integration remains there is much less interdependence between the businesses and each is now charged with being a self-supporting independent business without cross subsidies from other parts of the business chain. Image File history File links ShellMartinez-refi. ... Image File history File links ShellMartinez-refi. ... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... John Muirs home. ... It has been suggested that Vertical expansion be merged into this article or section. ... The increase in output from Q to Q2 causes a decrease in the average cost of each unit from C to C1. ... In economics and especially in the theory of competition, barriers to entry are obstacles in the path of a firm which wants to enter a given market. ... It has been suggested that Vertical expansion be merged into this article or section. ... Bold text Not to be confused with interconnectivity. ...


Shell's oil and gas business is increasingly an assembly of independent and globally managed business segments each of which must be profitable in its own right. This can be a source of criticism, as some consumers see huge profits accruing from upstream income whilst price rises instituted by the independent downstream business anger motorists and other consumers.


The downstream, which now also includes the Chemicals business, generates a third of Shell's profits worldwide and is most recognised by its global networks of more than 40,000 petrol stations and its 47 Oil refineries. Modern gas station A filling station, gas station or petrol station is a facility that sells fuel for road motor vehicles – usually petrol (US: gas/gasoline), diesel fuel and LPG. The term gas station is mostly particular to the United States of America and Canada, where petrol is known... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ...


Chemicals

The chemicals business, involving the production and marketing of a range of hydrocarbon-derived chemical products, was a logical step downstream from the processing of crude oil in the refinery. Some of the chemicals diversifications, e.g. agrichemicals, have been disposed of following major restructuring in Shell Chemicals over the past ten years, but there is still a large core chemicals business within the company. Chemical tanks in Lillebonne, France Chemical industry includes those industries involved in the production of petrochemicals, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, polymers, paints, oleochemicals etc. ... Oil refineries are key to obtaining hydrocarbons; crude oil is processed through several stages to form desirable hydrocarbons, used in fuel and other commercial products. ... Agrichemicals are sprayed onto areas to control pests and diseases, or weeds. ... Shell Chemicals is the petrochemicals arm of Royal Dutch Shell. ...


Diversification

Over the years Shell has occasionally sought to diversify away from its core oil, gas and chemicals businesses. These diversifications have included nuclear power (a short-lived and costly joint venture with Gulf Oil in the USA); coal (Shell Coal was for a time a significant player in mining and marketing); metals (Shell acquired the Dutch metals-mining company Billiton in 1970) and electricity generation (a joint venture with Bechtel called Intergen). None of these ventures were seen as successful and all have now been divested. This article is about applications of nuclear fission reactors as power sources. ... Gulf Oil was a major global oil company from the 1900s to the 1980s. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... See also Belitung for the island formerly known as Billiton. ... Electricity generation is the first process in the delivery of electricity to consumers. ... Bechtel Corporation (Bechtel Group) is the largest engineering company in the United States, ranking as the 9th-largest privately owned company in the U.S. With headquarters in San Francisco, Bechtel had 40,000 employees as of 2006 working on projects in nearly 50 countries with $20. ...


In recent years Shell has moved tentatively into alternative energy and there is now an embryonic "Renewables" business which made investments in solar power, wind power, hydrogen, and forestry. The forestry business went the way of nuclear, coal, metals and electricity generation, and was disposed of in 2003. Shell is, however, one of the world's largest investors in several renewables fields, such as solar[4] and wind.[5] In 2004, Shell ranked fourth worldwide in terms of sales of solar products.[6] Future energy development face great challenges due to an increasing world population, demands for higher standards of living, demands for less pollution and a much discussed end to fossil fuels. ... Renewable energy (sources) or RES capture their energy from existing flows of energy, from on-going natural processes, such as sunshine, wind, flowing water, biological processes, and geothermal heat flows. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... An example of a wind turbine. ... General Name, Symbol, Number hydrogen, H, 1 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 1, 1, s Appearance colorless Atomic mass 1. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ...


Shell is also one of the world's largest investors in wind energy - Shell WindEnergy is to have a major share in the world's largest wind farm, the London Array (1GW).[5] The company's partnership in the USA with Nedpower Mt Storm wind power project has proceeded less well, however, with delays, cost overruns and legal challenges.[citation needed] The London Array is an offshore wind farm that has been granted planning permission for the outer Thames Estuary. ...


Shell also is involved in large-scale hydrogen projects. HydrogenForecast.com describes Shell's approach thus far as consisting of "baby steps", but with an underlying message of "extreme optimism".[7]


Business priorities

Shell's principal focus remains on its core business activities. The strategy is described as "more upstream and profitable downstream".[8] Capital investments in 2006 totalled $24.896 billion of which just $418 million (less than 2%) was in businesses (including Renewables) other than the core Oil, Gas and Chemicals sectors.[9]


Ownership

Prior to unification on 20 July 2005, the group was a dual listed company. The two holding companies were the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company of the Netherlands and the Shell Transport and Trading Company plc of the United Kingdom. These two companies jointly owned all the operating companies in the group, although some also have local shareholders and are traded on local stock markets. The Shell interest in subsidiaries was always divided 60/40 in favour of Royal Dutch. In many cases, subsidiary companies are held in partnership with other companies or governments. is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A dual-listed company or DLC is a corporate structure which involves two listed companies with different sets of shareholders sharing ownership of one set of operational businesses. ...


The company's shares are divided into two classes, A and B, representing the former Royal Dutch and Shell shares respectively. This arrangement is probably for tax reasons.[vague]


Although to meet company law in all countries, there were executive and non-executive nominated directors of both Royal Dutch and Shell Transport and Trading, the Group had in fact been run by an executive body called the "Committee of Managing Directors" (CMD), whose members were the (executive) Managing Directors of the two parent companies.


Management

Executive committee

Shell's executive committee consists of:

  • Jeroen van der Veer, Chief Executive
  • Linda Cook, Executive Director Gas and Power
  • Malcolm Brinded, Executive Director Exploration and Production
  • Peter Voser, Chief Financial Officer
  • Rob Routs, Executive Director Downstream Oil Products and Chemicals

In March 2007 it was announced that Mr. van der Veer's contract as CEO would be extended to June 2009, some twenty months beyond his normal Shell retirement date of October 2007[10]. He will be the first modern executive director of Shell to stay in office beyond the age of 60.[original research?] Jeroen van der Veer (born October 27, 1947 in Utrecht, Netherlands) is the CEO of oil company Royal Dutch Shell. ... Linda Zarda Cook, an American CEO of Shell Gas & Power, part of Royal Dutch Shell, in London and later in Canada. ... Peter Voser (born 1958 or 1959) is currently the chief financial officer of Royal Dutch Shell plc. ... Executive director is a title given to a person who is the head of an executive branch of an organization or company. ...


Non Executive Directors

On 4 August 2005, the board of directors of Royal Dutch Shell plc announced the appointment of Jorma Ollila, then Chairman and CEO of Nokia, to succeed Aad Jacobs as the company’s non-executive Chairman from 1 June 2006. Ollila is the first Shell Chairman to be neither Dutch nor British. is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jorma Ollila Jorma Jaakko Ollila (born in Seinäjoki, Finland, on August 15, 1950) is the chairman and CEO of Nokia Corporation (1992–June 1, 2006) and Member of the Board of Directors of Ford Motor Company (2000– ), UPM-Kymmene (1997– ), and Otava Books and Magazines Group Ltd. ... This article is about the telecommunications corporation. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Other non-executive directors include Maarten van den Bergh, Wim Kok, Nina Henderson, Lord Kerr and Christine Morin-Postel. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Willem Wim Kok ( ) (born September 29, 1938 in Bergambacht) is a Dutch politician. ... John Olav Kerr, Baron Kerr of Kinlochard in Perth and Kinross GCMG, (b. ...


Corporate responsibility and reputation

The risks attached to much of the business operations of energy/oil companies, such as Shell, are that their operations are subject to particular scrutiny by stakeholders – especially environmental and human rights groups and local communities. Over the years, Shell has been criticised in respect of a number of its operations. These have included its businesses in South Africa and Nigeria (especially in relation to public unrest of the Ogoni and the execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa[citation needed]) as well as its attitude to the environment (e.g. the disposal of the Brent Spar production platform in Britain[citation needed]). Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... The Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) is a campaigning organization representing the Ogoni people in their struggle for ethnic and environmental rights. ... Kenule Beeson Saro-Wiwa (October 10, 1941 - November 10, 1995) was a Nigerian author, television producer and environmental activist. ... The Brent Spar oil storage buoy Brent Spar or Brent E, was an oil storage and tanker loading buoy in the Brent oilfield, operated by Shell UK. With the completion of a pipeline connection to the oil terminal at Sullom Voe in Shetland, the storage facility had continued in use...


Shell's response to the problems of Brent Spar and Nigeria was to launch an internal review of processes and an external communications campaign to persuade stakeholders of their commitment to corporate social responsibility. In response to criticism of its track record on environmental matters Shell published an unequivocal commitment to sustainable development, supported by executive speeches reinforcing this commitment[11]. At the same time Shell Oil (the US subsidiary) was one of the first companies to leave the Global Climate Coalition, and the Group itself was never a member [1]. Shell Chairman Philip Watts gave a 2003 speech in Houston calling for skeptics to get off the fence and take action "before it is too late".[12] Shell is also a founding member of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, which Watts led as Chairman in 2002/2003. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a concept which encourages organizations to consider the interests of society by taking responsibility for the impact of the organizations activities on customers, employees, shareholders, communities and the environment in all aspects of its operations. ... anyone doing this homework. ... The Global Climate Coalition was a group of mainly United States businesses opposing immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. ... Sir Philip Watts is the former chairman of Royal Dutch Shell. ... Houston redirects here. ... The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) bis a CEO-led, global association of some 190 companies dealing exclusively with business and sustainable development. ...


Delivering the annual business lecture hosted by Greenpeace in 2005, Shell chairman Lord Oxburgh said that we must act now on global warming or face a "disaster", and encouraged governments to provide a regulatory framework to encourage the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ...

Our job is to respond in a positive way to a regulatory environment that has to be determined by government ... given the urgency, we have to start now.

Lord Oxburgh, Shell Chairman[13] Ernest Ronald Oxburgh, Baron Oxburgh, KBE, FRS, PhD, (born 2 November 1934) is a geologist, a past Rector of Imperial College, and was non-executive chairman of Royal Dutch Shell PLC from 2004-5. ...

Shell's compliance to corporate social responsibility also includes its LiveWIRE programme. This initiative has over 21 years experience of encouraging young people to start and develop their own businesses in the UK and elsewhere in the world (26 countries).[14]


Shell whistleblowers

Official website for whistleblowers: Shell has said that it is committed to listening to stakeholders[citation needed] This included the setting up of a global Internet-based facility for whistleblowers to report alleged violations of the law or of Shell General Business Principles, a voluntary code of ethics pledging transparency, integrity and honesty in all of Shell's business dealings.[15] The introduction on the Global Helpline website says "Reporting and addressing suspected violations of the law or the Shell General Business Principles (SGBP) is of critical importance in protecting our reputation and the value of the Shell brand." Whistleblowers are asked to provide identity details but anonymous reports are also accepted. The Global Helpline operated by Global Compliance, Inc. is available to "customers, suppliers, partners, advisers and employees of Shell".[citation needed] A whistleblower s an employee, former employee, or member of an organization, especially a business or government agency, who reports misconduct to people or entities that have the power and presumed willingness to take corrective action. ... In the context of a code adopted by a profession or by a governmental or quasi-governmental organ to regulate that profession, an ethical code may be styled as a code of professional responsibility, which may dispense with difficult issues of what behavior is ethical. Some codes of ethics are... In economics, a market is transparent if much is known by many about: what products and/or services are available at what price and where. ... This article is about the ethical concept. ... Honest redirects here, For other uses, see Honesty (disambiguation) Look up honesty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up anonymous in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Information from a document downloadable from the Helpline website via the link "Notice about the Shell Global Helpline", indicates that the Global Helpline was introduced as a way for "employees and others to raise concerns or dilemmas, or to seek advice on a matter related to compliance with the law and our ethical standards, in full confidence and without fear of retaliation."


Allegations which can be reported include infringement of antitrust or competition law; acts of bribery and corruption; conflict of interest; money laundering; health, safety, security and environment issues; equal opportunity, harassment, substance abuse; sanctions breaking; improper use of intellectual property or IT resources; infringement of data privacy and "theft, fraud, forgery and the abuse of assets".


The same document warns that "misuse of the system to make a false allegation maliciously will not be tolerated and may result in disciplinary action. Attempts to trace an anonymous reporter may be made in these circumstances."


A regional case manager assesses the information reported by a whistleblower and determines the appropriate action to be taken. At the conclusion of an investigation, the local Shell operating company "will decide on what action or actions should result in the event that an allegation has been found to be true."


Unofficial website for whistleblowers: Whistleblowers can alternatively use what has been described by Reuters as "an unofficial company Web site", royaldutchshellplc.com. An article published by Reuters on 4 September 2007 referred to the non-commercial website "...as a conduit for whistleblowers at the company..." An article published the same day by UpstreamOnline reported in a reference to the same website: "An executive of Anglo-Dutch supermajor Shell working on Kashagan, a project under pressure from the Kazakh government for being overbudget and behind schedule, has quit, company sources told a website that monitors the company." Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Kashagan Field is an oil field located in Kazakhstan. ... Kazakh may refer to An ethnic group: the Kazakhs The Kazakh language The Culture of Kazakhstan Suhbat. ...


An article in the February 2007 edition of Prospect Magazine reported "...unhappy Shell insiders frequently post on the site’s live chat facility." The article went on to say: "Understandably, the company is worried about the information that leaks on to the website: Donovan says that it has taken out injunctions to stop at least one of its disgruntled geologists from posting on the site. He also says that his site and its whistleblowing insiders were well ahead of the pack on Shell’s reserves scandal of 2003-04, when the company inflated its oil and gas reserves by some 20 per cent." Prospect logo Prospect is a liberal monthly British essay and comment magazine covering a wide range of topics, but specialising in politics and current affairs. ...


On Friday 22 June 2007, The Moscow Times published a front page story with the headline: "Sakhalin Energy's Greer Steps Down". The article revealed "A motivational e-mail written by Greer to staff working on the project, originally leaked to an anti-Shell web site, Royaldutchshellplc.com, was the subject of a front-page story in the Financial Times earlier this month." It went on to say "David Greer, the Sakhalin Energy deputy CEO running the giant Sakhalin-2 oil and gas project, has left the company unexpectedly just weeks after a leaked e-mail he wrote revealed the pressure that managers working there were facing". A Daily Mail article on 1 September 2007 said "The Royaldutchshellplc.com site has served as a forum for disgruntled current and ex-employees and campaigners." The Moscow Times is an English-language daily newspaper published in Moscow, Russia since 1992. ...


An article published by the Sunday Telegraph newspaper on 9 September 2007, under the headline of "Online Revolutionaries" referring to the website owners, "Alfred Donovan, now in his 90s, and his son John" said: "Their site became a hub for activists and disgruntled former employees." It went on to say "It has been used to mobilise support... by the company’s former group auditor Bill Campbell to raise issues about employee safety." An article published on the Prospect Magazine website on 12 September 2007 said: "As journalists and disgruntled employees have realised, if you want to know what’s up at one of the world’s biggest companies... start with www.royaldutchshellplc.com." An "Accountability in Action" newsletter published in July 2007 by the One World Trust, an independent research organisation associated with the UK legislature and the United Nations, said: "The site has played a watchdog function on the activities of Shell, and has acted as a central point for the gathering of complaints." It went on to say: "The site has not only cost Shell billions of dollars in Russia... "even Shell insiders unhappy with the company use it". This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... Audit can refer to: Telecommunication audit Financial audit Performance audit Completion of a course of study for which no assessment is completed or grade awarded; especially audit is awarded to those who have elected not to receive a letter grade for a course in which letter grades typically awarded. ... Prospect logo Prospect is a liberal monthly British essay and comment magazine covering a wide range of topics, but specialising in politics and current affairs. ... One World Trust is an organization devoted to the eradication of poverty, injustice and war. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


Corporate communications

Much of Shell's reputation-building advertising concentrated on the embryonic renewable energy business despite the fact that this remains a very small business compared to the core hydrocarbon extraction, processing and marketing operations. The corporate advertising campaign was (like a similar campaign by BP) described as "greenwash" by some non-governmental organization critics,[16] but praised by other commentators[17]. In response to questions which focused on the small percentage of its capital investment programme that was directed towards alternative energy Shell said that it would be "pointless" to say exactly how much of capital expenditure was going into renewable energy schemes. Chief Executive Officer Jeroen van der Veer indicated that the investment in renewables was small, saying it would be "throwing money away" to invest in alternative energy projects that were noncommercial and people could not afford to buy.[18] Renewable energy utilizes natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished. ... This article is about the energy corporation. ... Greenwash (a portmanteau of green and whitewash) is a pejorative term that environmentalists and other critics use to describe the activity of giving a positive public image to putatively environmentally unsound practices. ... “NGO” redirects here. ... Future energy development face great challenges due to an increasing world population, demands for higher standards of living, demands for less pollution and a much discussed end to fossil fuels. ... Jeroen van der Veer (born October 27, 1947 in Utrecht, Netherlands) is the CEO of oil company Royal Dutch Shell. ...


Oil reserves

Shortly after Shell's well-funded initiatives designed to enhance its reputation with key stakeholders there came, in 2004, a disclosure about the overstatement of oil reserves which was seen as the most serious crisis encountered in the Group’s nearly 100 years of history. This crisis led to respected publications such as The Economist asking in an article dated 11 March 2004 whether Shell could be seen as "another Enron". Berger & Montague, an American law firm then suing Shell said that an "enormous" deception had harmed shareholders and "severely overstated" the firm's market value "recklessly violated accounting rules and guidelines, which resulted in an enormous and shocking overstatement of oil and gas reserves."[19] The crisis led to the dismissal of the chairman of the Committee of Managing Directors Philip Watts, and prompted a major reorganisation of the Group. The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... Sir Philip Watts is the former chairman of Royal Dutch Shell. ...


Other recent problems

Royal Dutch Shell's image suffered another blow when problems arose with the massive Sakhalin-II project in Russia and the controversial Corrib Gas Field development in Ireland. Shell's social investment initiative the Shell Foundation has also run into some controversy. In 2007 Friends of the Earth alleged that the damage caused by Shell's oil activities to local communities and the wider environment could be assessed at $20 billion[20]. Sakhalin Offshore Fields The Sakhalin II (Сахалин-2) project, like its sister project Sakhalin-I, is a consortium created to locate and produce oil and gas on Sakhalin Island and immediately offshore, in the Sea of Okhotsk, from two fields: Piltun-Astokhskoye and Lunskoye. ... The Corrib Gas Field is a natural gas deposit off the northwest coast of Ireland. ... The Shell Foundation is an initiative of the oil major Royal Dutch Shell. ... Friends of the Earth is an international network of environmental organizations in 70 countries. ...


Health and safety

A number of incidents over the years led to criticism of Shell's health and safety record, including repeated warnings by the UK Health and Safety Executive about the poor state of the company's North Sea platforms. // In March 2007, several newspapers published articles in relation to Shell safety issues. ... Occupational safety and health is the discipline concerned with preserving and protecting human and facility resources in the workplace. ...


Combination of Royal Dutch and Shell

Shell Research and Technology Centre, Amsterdam
Shell Research and Technology Centre, Amsterdam

On 28 October 2004, the company announced its proposal to merge Royal Dutch and "Shell" Transport and Trading into one entity, Royal Dutch Shell plc, to be "incorporated in the UK but headquartered and tax resident in the Netherlands". On 28 June 2005 investors in both Shell Transport and Trading and Royal Dutch approved, at their Annual General Meetings, plans to merge the Group's dual-ownership structure and create a single company worth £120bn ($219bn). The new company's primary listing is on the London Stock Exchange and it employs around 122,000 people in 140 countries.[21] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 657 KB) Shell gebouw van Amsterdam File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Royal Dutch Shell Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 657 KB) Shell gebouw van Amsterdam File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Royal Dutch Shell Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ...


This type of business structure was not legally possible in 1907 when the Group was established, and the unique form of organisation that was then adopted by Shell, although durable, had come under criticism in recent years. Some critics thought that as the two parent companies had separate boards, with separate memberships, this meant that there was a certain amount of (undesirable) independence of each of the companies from the other. Others felt that the real power in Shell lay not with the two parent company boards at all but with the Committee of Managing Directors, which had no legal status but nevertheless took all the key operational decisions. The new organisation structure follows a more conventional business model in line with most other private sector oil companies and most commentators have commented favourably on the change, which they believe will establish a more transparent and accountable corporation. The Committee of Managing Directors is abolished under this new structure; board meetings will be more executive in character, and there will only be one Shell Annual General Meeting each year.


Corporate governance

Traditionally, Shell was a heavily decentralised business worldwide (especially in the downstream) with operating companies in over 100 countries each of which operated with a high degree of independence. The upstream tended to be far more centralised with much of the detailed technical and financial direction coming from the central offices in The Hague. Nevertheless there were very large "Exploration and Production" companies in a small number of major oil and gas production centres such as the United Kingdom (Shell Expro, a Joint Venture with Exxon), Nigeria, Brunei, Oman etc. Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... This article is about the fuel brand. ...


The downstream business, which in some countries also included oil refining, generally included a retail petrol station network, lubricants manufacture and marketing, industrial fuel and lubricants sales and a host of other product/market sectors such as LPG, bitumen etc. The custom and practice in Shell was that these businesses were essentially local in character and that they were best managed by local "operating companies" – often with middle and senior management reinforced by expatriates. In the 1990s this paradigm began to change and the independence of operating companies around the world was gradually reduced and today virtually all of Shell’s operations in all of its various businesses are much more directly managed from London and The Hague. The autonomy of “operating companies” has been largely removed as more "global businesses" have been created in all sectors. London is the headquarters of the downstream and other businesses and services whilst the management of the upstream business is the primary activity in the offices in The Hague. View of the Shell/Valero Martinez oil refinery An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into useful petroleum products. ... Modern gas station A filling station, gas station or petrol station is a facility that sells fuel for road motor vehicles – usually petrol (US: gas/gasoline), diesel fuel and LPG. The term gas station is mostly particular to the United States of America and Canada, where petrol is known... LPG might be an initialism or abbreviation for: Liquified petroleum gas Laboratoire de Planetologie, Grenoble, France Literary Press Group of Canada Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgenossenschaft (German, obsolete/historical) Long period grating This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... Ewer from Iran, dated 1180-1210CE. Composed of brass worked in repoussé and inlaid with silver and bitumen. ... An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ... The downstream oil sector is a term commonly used to refer to the selling and distribution of products derived from crude oil. ... The petroleum industry is usually divided into three major components: upstream, midstream and downstream. ...


United States and Canada

Through most of Shell's history, its business in the United States Shell Oil Company was substantially independent with its stock ("Shell Oil") being traded on the NYSE and with little direct involvement from the Group’s central offices in the running of the American business. This also changed in the 1990s when Shell firstly bought out the shares in Shell Oil that they did not own and then took a more hands on approach in the running of the business. In Canada, also hitherto very independent, Shell has completed its purchase of the shares in Shell Canada that it did not own in order to apply the new global business model to its Canadian operations. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1234x792, 401 KB) Summary A Shell Oil (Royal Dutch Shell) gas station near the interchange of California State Route 46 and Interstate 5 near Lost Hills, California. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1234x792, 401 KB) Summary A Shell Oil (Royal Dutch Shell) gas station near the interchange of California State Route 46 and Interstate 5 near Lost Hills, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... (Not to be confused with the Lost Hills from The Legend of Zelda. ... The Shell emblem known as the Pecten Shell Oil Company (SOC) is the Houston, Texas based wholly-owned subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell. ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world. ... Shell Canada Limited (TSX: SHC) is one of Canadas largest integrated oil companies. ...


Australia

Main article: Coles Express
Coles Express service station in Clontarf, Queensland
Coles Express service station in Clontarf, Queensland

In Australia, retailer Coles Group (then Coles Myer) purchased the rights to the business from the existing Shell Australia multi-site franchisees in 2003 for an amount less than A$100 million. This was in response to a popular discount fuel offer by rival Woolworths Limited launched some years earlier. Typical Coles Express It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a free one. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 900 pixel, file size: 870 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 900 pixel, file size: 870 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Clontarf is a suburb of Redcliffe city, and it is adjoined to Brisbane city by the longest bridge in the Southern Hemisphere, the Hornibrook Highway which is 2800m long, all of which spans over the Hays Inlet body of water. ... Coles Group Limited (formerly Coles Myer Limited) is an Australian public company which operates numerous retail chains. ... In Australia, Royal Dutch Shell conducts a large range of activities including Exploration for, and the production and commercialisation of, oil and natural gas Operating two refineries, 19 terminals and 33 depots for the manufacture and distribution of oil products. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 2. ... Woolworths Limited is a major Australian company with extensive retail interest throughout Australia and New Zealand. ...


Coles Express' only affiliation with Shell is that Shell is the exclusive supplier of fuel and lubricant products, leases the service station property to Coles, and maintains the presence of the "pecten" and other Shell branding on the price board and other signage. Coles Express sets fuel and shop prices and runs the business, provides convenience and grocery merchandise through its supply chain and distribution network, and directly employs the service station staff.


Norway, Sweden and Denmark

On 27 August 2007, Royal Dutch Shell and Reitan Group, the owner of the 7-Eleven brand in Scandinavia, announced an agreement to rebrand some 269 service stations across Norway, Sweden and Denmark, subject to obtaining regulatory approvals under the different competition laws in each country.[22] is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... Reitan Group or Reitangruppen is a Norwegian wholesaler and retail franchiser. ... For other uses, see 7-Eleven (disambiguation). ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ...


Profit announcement

On 2 February 2006 Shell released details of its 2005 financial performance. Profits broke the record for the greatest annual profit for a British (or Dutch) company, with a total of $26.261 billion, up by a third from the previous year. Some critics of Shell charged that the rise in profits was directly attributable to increases in pump prices of petrol and diesel accusing Shell of profiteering at the expense of motorists. In fact the profits of Shell and other oil majors are always, in the short term, linked in a linear way to changes in the price of crude oil. When prices rise, the upstream (production) margin increases. The downstream (refining and marketing) margin is largely insensitive to the actual price level.[23] Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Oil major is a generic term applied to the worlds largest energy companies. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ) or crude oil is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ...


Merger speculation

While other multinational oil companies indulged in mega-mergers in the late 1990s and early 2000s (BP with Amoco; Exxon with Mobil; Chevron with Texaco; Total with Elf and Petrofina) Shell stayed out of the fray. There has, however, continued to be speculation that merger/takeover opportunities have been under consideration at the top of Shell. The most favoured idea by some commentators is a major merger with BP which would create the world's largest company.[24] Another oft-mooted option would be for Shell to take over the BG Group[25] – something that was close to happening in the 1990s[26]. The phrase mergers and acquisitions or M&A refers to the aspect of corporate finance strategy and management dealing with the merging and acquiring of different companies as well as assets. ... This article is about the energy corporation. ... The American Oil Company, or Amoco, was a global chemical and oil company, founded in Baltimore in 1910 and incorporated in 1922 by Louis Blaustein and his son Jacob, but now part of BP. The firms early innovations include the gasoline tanker truck and the drive-through filling station. ... This article is about the fuel brand. ... Mobil gas station in the Loisaida section of the East Village of New York City Mobil was a major American oil company which merged with Exxon in 1999 to form ExxonMobil. ... Chevron may refer to: Chevron, a V-shaped pattern seen in military or police insigna, heraldry, flag design, and architectural frets Chevron, a series of bones on the underside of the tail of reptiles Chevron Corporation, a petrochemical company Chevron Cars, an advertising campaign of the Chevron Corporation including stylized... Texaco is the name of an American oil company that was merged into Chevron Corporation in 2001. ... Look up Total on Wiktionary, the free dictionary A total is a sum. ... Elf logo Elf Aquitaine is a former French oil company merged with TotalFina to form TotalFinaElf. ... Petrofina was a Belgian oil company merged with Total to form Total Fina. ... This article is about the energy corporation. ... BG Group Plc (LSE: BG.) is an energy production and distribution company which has its headquarters in Reading outside London, England. ...


See also

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Sir Philip Watts is the former chairman of Royal Dutch Shell. ... The Right Honourable Marcus Samuel, 1st Viscount Bearsted (November 5, 1853 - January 17, 1927) was the founder of the Shell Transport and Trading Company, a precursor to Royal Dutch Shell. ... Henri Wilhelm August Deterding KBE (Hon), (19 April 1866, Amsterdam - 4 February 1939, St Moritz) was for many years the chairman of Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and then Royal Dutch/Shell, one of the worlds largest oil companies. ... The Shell Guides were a 20th century series of guidebooks on the British Isles. ... The following is a list of travel guides and web sites with substantial international coverage. ... This article describes the archipelago in north-Western Europe. ... The Lensbury clubhouse - opened in 1938 Lensbury (previously the Lensbury Club) is a wholly owned profit centre of the oil major Royal Dutch Shell located in Broom Road, Teddington in South West London. ... Typical Coles Express It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a free one. ...

References

  1. ^ Investor Centre - Investor contacts (HTML). Shell International B.V. (2007-06-27). Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  2. ^ The Shell Centenary Scholarship Fund (HTML). Shell Centenary Scholarship Fund (2007-09-17). Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  3. ^ About Shell - The history of the Shell logo (HTML). About Shell. Shell International B.V. (2007-06-15). Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  4. ^ Jiménez, Viviana (2007-10-22). World Sales of Solar Cells Jump 32 Percent (HTML). Eco-Economy Indicators. Earth Policy Institute. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  5. ^ a b The Associated Press. "Huge wind farm proposed to power London", U.S. News, MSNBC, 2005-06-07. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 
  6. ^ Shobha, Ramswamy (2004-01-05). Sunny side up (HTML). Tata BP Solar. Tata Sons Ltd. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  7. ^ Stanley, Dean. Shell Takes Flexible Approach to Fueling the Future (HTML). Executive View. Corland Publishing. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  8. ^ About Shell - Shell's strategy (HTML). Our strategy. Shell International B.V. (2007-06-15). Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  9. ^ Investor Centre - 4th Quarter and full year 2006 unaudited results (HTML). Quarterly Results. Shell International B.V. (2007-06-23). Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  10. ^ Shell International B.V. (2007-03-28). Royal Dutch Shell plc updates on Chief Executive. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  11. ^ Ek Kia, Tan (2005-04-19), Sustainable Development in Shell, <http://www.shellchemicals.com/chemicals/pdf/speeches/sydney_speech_april_2005.pdf>. Retrieved on 2007-08-30
  12. ^ Macalister, Terry. "Shell chief delivers global warming warning to Bush in his own back yard", Special report, Guardian News and Media Limited, 2003-03-12. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 
  13. ^ Shah, Saeed. "Shell boss warns of global warming 'disaster'", Independent Newspapers UK Limited, 2005-01-26. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 
  14. ^ What is Shell LiveWIRE? (HTML). Shell LiveWIRE. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  15. ^ Environment and Society - Shell General Business Principles (HTML). Environment and Society. Shell International B.V. (2007-05-05). Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  16. ^ Bruno, Kenny (2002-01-24). Greenwash Award to Shell for Clouding the Issue (HTML). Campaigns. CorpWatch. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  17. ^ Gelbspan, Ross. A modest proposal to stop global warming (HTML). Energy Features. Sierra Club. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  18. ^ Macalister, Terry. "Profits up a fifth but Shell emits more CO2 than most countries", Business, Guardian News and Media Limited, 2007-02-02. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 
  19. ^ The Economist. "Shell's crisis continues", The Economist Newspaper Limited, 2004-03-11. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 
  20. ^ Macalister, Terry. "Campaigners urge Shell to put profits into clean-up", Business, Guardian News and Media Limited, 2007-01-31. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 
  21. ^ Penny Shares Online : Royal Dutch Shell (RDSB). City Equities Limited (2006-07-10). Retrieved on 2006-07-10.
  22. ^ Shell International B.V. (2007-08-27). 7-Eleven and Shell join forces at 269 petrol stations. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  23. ^ "Shell reports record UK profits", BBC News, 2006-02-02. Retrieved on 2006-07-23.  These figures are now outdated.
  24. ^ Macalister, Terry. "BP should consider the 'mother of all mergers' with Shell", Business, Guardian News and Media Limited, 2004-07-15. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 
  25. ^ Jivkov, Michael. "Market Report: BG lit up by talk that Shell will pounce on it", Business Analysis & Features, Independent News and Media Limited, 2006-09-19. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 
  26. ^ "BG shares soar amid Shell takeover talk", Business, BBC, 1999-06-07. Retrieved on 2007-08-30. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Bibliography

  • "A Century in Oil" by Stephen Howarth [1997] ISBN 0 297 82247 0. A History of The "Shell" Transport and Trading Company.
  • "A History of Royal Dutch Shell" by Stephen Howarth and others [2007]. ISBN 978 0199298778
  • "Seven Sisters" by Anthony Sampson (1981) ISBN 978 0553234695
  • "Shell Shock: The secrets and spin of an Oil Giant" by Ian Cummins and John Beasant [2005]. ISBN 1 84018 941 X

  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Dutch Shell 4Q earnings up 21 pct. - Boston.com (847 words)
Royal Dutch Shell PLC reported a 21 percent increase in fourth-quarter earnings Thursday, buoyed in part by high energy prices and its sale of some operations.
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Shell has been desperately seeking to secure new sources of oil since it was forced to cut proven reserves by nearly a third in the wake the scandal.
Royal Dutch Shell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4768 words)
Royal Dutch Shell PLC is a multinational oil company of Anglo Dutch origins, which is amongst the largest energy corporations in the world, and one of the five "supermajors" (vertically integrated private-sector oil, natural gas, and petrol (gasoline) companies).
Shell is incorporated in the UK with its corporate headquarters in The Hague, its tax residence is in the Netherlands, and its primary listings on the London Stock Exchange and Euronext Amsterdam.
On 4 August 2005, the board of directors of Royal Dutch Shell plc announced the appointment of Jorma Ollila, currently Chairman and CEO of Nokia, to succeed Aad Jacobs as the company’s non-executive Chairman from 1 June 2006.
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