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Encyclopedia > Royal Ceylon Navy
Sri Lanka Navy
Components
Sri Lanka Navy
Volunteer Naval Force
Naval Patrolmen
Special Boat Squadron
History
History of the Sri Lanka Navy
Ships
Current Fleet
Historic Ships
Personnel
Commander of the Navy
Naval Ranks
Sri Lanka Navy

Sri Lanka Navy Insignia
Active December 9, 1950 - Present
Country Sri Lanka
Role Naval and Maritime Defense
Size 20,000[1]
Part of Ministry of Defence
Motto Defenders of the Nation
Anniversaries December 9 (Navy Day)
Battles/wars World War 2,Sri Lankan Civil War, Insurrection 1987-89
Commanders
Commander of the Navy Vic. Adm. Wasantha Karannagoda, RSP, USP, SLN
Notable
commanders
Admiral W.W.E.C. Fernando VSV,ndc, psc, SLN  
Sri Lankan Navy Ensign.
Naval Ensign of the Royal Ceylon Navy(1950-1972).

The Sri Lankan Navy is the key maritime division of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces and is classed as the most vital defence force of Sri Lanka. It conducts maritime operations at sea for the defence of the Sri Lankan nation and its interests. The Sri Lankan Navy is comprised of five commands each being commanded by a flag officer and is ultimately commanded by the Commander of the navy, who exercises his command from the Naval Headquarters in Colombo. The rank structure of the Sri Lankan navy follows that of the Royal Navy. Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Sri_Lanka. ... The Special Boat Squadron (SBS) (In Sinhalese: Wishesha Yathra Balaghanaya) is the Sri Lanka Navys elite special forces unit. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka) The President of Sri Lanka and Minister of Defence, Public Security, Law & Order Hon. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Indian Peace Keeping Force Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran (1983-present) Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[1] The Sri... The Peoples Liberation Front (Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna) is a marxist Sinhalese political party in Sri Lanka was involved in 1987-89 insurrection in Sri Lanka which were lost around 50,000 lives. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... Rana Wickrama Padakkama Ribbon/Bar Rana Wickrama Padakkama Medal Main article: Awards and decorations of the military of Sri Lanka The Rana Wickrama Padakkama (රණ වික්රම පදක්කම) medal and bar are presented to Sri Lankan military officers and other ranks as a reward for individual or allied acts of heroism in facing the... Uttama Seva Padakkama Ribbon/Bar Uttama Seva Padakkama Medal Main article: Awards and decorations of the military of Sri Lanka The Uttama Seva Padakkama () is presented to all ranks of the Regular Forces of the Sri Lankan military for valuable service and dedication to duty with the outstanding ability, merit... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... Vishista Seva Vibhushanaya Ribbon/Bar Vishista Seva Vibhushanaya Medal Main article: Awards and decorations of the military of Sri Lanka The Vishista Seva Vibhushanaya (විශිෂ්ට සේවා විභූෂණය) medal and bar are presented to Sri Lankan senior military officers of three services, given that their service is of not less than 25 years and... Temporary grave of an American machine-gunner during the Battle of Normandy. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Sri_Lanka. ... The Military of Sri Lanka consists of Three Branches which are the Army, Navy, Air Force. ... Defence Force Football Club is a football club based in Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago that plays in the countrys Professional Football League. ... A Flag Officer is a naval officer of a high rank entitling him to fly a personal flag, especially on his flagship. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ...


Sri Lanka situated in the middle of the sea lanes of the Indian Ocean was always a magnet for sea farers. In 1937 the Ceylon Naval Volunteer Force (CNVF) was established. After World War II CNVF was absorbed into the Royal Navy as Ceylon Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (CRNVR). After independence from British rule, a nucleus of 100 Officers and Men prepared to form the Regular Navy gradually. On 9th December 1950 the Navy Act was enacted and Royal Ceylon Navy was formed. In 1972, with Sri Lanka becoming a Republic and the introduction of new constitution Royal Ceylon Navy was renamed as the Sri Lanka Navy. In recent years it had played a key role it the Sri Lankan civil war, conducting deep sea, costal & inshore patrols, amphibious and supply operations. The navy has its own elite special forces unit, the Special Boat Squadron. A sea lane is regularly used route for ocean-going vessels. ... Blue Ensign flown by merchant vessels commanded by officers in the RNR. The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Indian Peace Keeping Force Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran (1983-present) Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[1] The Sri... The term deep sea refers to those areas of oceans to which little or no light penetrates (the aphotic zone). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Special Boat Squadron (SBS) (In Sinhalese: Wishesha Yathra Balaghanaya) is the Sri Lanka Navys elite special forces unit. ...


The Commander-in-Chief of the Military of Sri Lanka is the President of the country and so the Commander-in-Chief of the Sri Lanka Navy too. The professional head of the navy is the Commander of the Navy , at pesent Vic. Adm. Wasantha Karannagoda. Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The President of Sri Lanka is the head of state and dominant political figure in Sri Lanka. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ...

Contents

Role

Navy is the most vital defence force of an island nation. The maritime role is to conduct operations at sea for the defence of the nation and its interests.


History

The Beginning and World War 2

In January, 1938 the Ceylon Naval Volunteer Force(CNVF) was created with Commander W.G. Beauchamp as Commanding Officer.On 31st August 1939, the CNVF was mobilized for war duties. Three years later, the CNVF was offered to, and accepted by the Royal Navy (RN) as a Volunteer Reserve, the "Ceylon Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve", or CRNVR. It continued under RN operational and administrative command until March 1946. With the end of the war, it reverted to Ceylon Government Control, though yet CRNVR in name. In the 1939-1946 period, the CRNVR carried out several operational duties, mainly at sea. Cutting its teeth on the Port Commission Tugs SAMSON and GOLIATH, it later manned and operated trawlers and Antarctic whalers converted as Minesweepers and fitted out with guns, submarine detection equipment and anti-submarine weaponry. They were the H.M. Ships OVERDALE WYKE (the first ship to be purchased by the Government of Ceylon), OKAPI, SEMLA, SAMBHUR, HOXA, BALTA and H.M Tugs BARNET and C 405. In addition it manned several Motor Fishing Vessels (MFV) and miscellaneous auxiliary vessels. All were manned exclusively by CRNVR personnel. These ships were meant to sweep and guard the approaches the harbors but were often used on extended missions outside Ceylon waters. In the course of these operations, the ships came under enemy fire recovered essential information from Japanese Air Craft shot down, sailed to Akyab after the Burma front was opened in two FMVs for harbour duties and, was called upon to accept the surrender of the Italian Light Cruiser ERITREA and escort her to port with a prize crew on board. The commanding officer (CO) is the officer in command of a military unit. ... Founded in 1982 by Ralph Nader, Essential Information is a non-profit organization involved in a variety of projects to encourage citizens to become active and engaged in their communities. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ...


Royal Ceylon Navy

Sri Lankan Navy Troop Transport Ship

After Independence from British rule in 1948 the government believed a island nation should possess a strong navy to be it first line of defense. Therefore on 9th December 1950 the Royal Ceylon Navy was created with Ceylon Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve forming the nucleus. The first war ship was commissioned H.M.Cy.S. VIJAYA a Algerian class Minesweeper, ex-H.M.S. FLYING FISH along with other patrol boats and tugs. Later the fleet was expanded with , H.M.Cy.S. PARAKRAM another Algerian class Minesweeper (ex-H.M.S. PICKLE), two Canadian built "River" class Frigates H.M.Cy.S. MAHASENA (ex-H.M.C.S. VIOLETTA, ORKNEY and ex-Israeli ship MIVTACH), H.M.Cy.S. GAJABAHU (ex-H.M.C.S. HALLOWELL, ex-Israeli MISNAK) and Ocean going Tug(ex-H.M.S. ADEPT). During the 1971 insurrection the navy sent its sailors for combat operations against the insurgents. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1878 KB) The picture is of a Sri Lanka troop transport catamaran, Kvaerner Fjellstrand type, taken by me, Ulf Larsen, in Trincomalee in August 2004 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1878 KB) The picture is of a Sri Lanka troop transport catamaran, Kvaerner Fjellstrand type, taken by me, Ulf Larsen, in Trincomalee in August 2004 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... An island nation is a country that is wholly confined to an island or islands. ... Categories: Ship types ...


In 1972 the "Dominion of Ceylon" became the "Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka" and the Royal Ceylon Navy became the Sri Lanka Navy. The Naval Ensign along with the Flag Officers' flags were redesigned. The term "Captain of the Navy", introduced in the Navy Act, was changed to "Commander of the Navy", in keeping with the terminology adopted by the other two services. Finally, "Her Majesty's Ceylon Ships" (H.M.Cy.S.) became "Sri Lankan Naval Ships" (SLNS). National motto: None Official languages Sinhala, Tamil Other languages English Capitals Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte Largest city Colombo (former capital) President Mahinda Rajapakse Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Government Democratic Socialist Republic Constitution Second Republic 1978 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 119th 65,610 km² 1. ... A naval ensign is the flag used by a countrys navy on their ships. ...


Recent years

At the begin of the civil war in the 1980’s the navy found it self poorly equipped to face the new treats the LTTE created. But this was soon over come by increasing the fleet of patrol boats and the introduction of fast attack crafts. These proved highly successful in limiting the LTTE’s use of the seas. The weapon systems on these were upgraded with time as the sea tigers resorted to using sophisticated suicide crafts against naval crafts. During this time the navy took part in its first amphibious operation in its history. The size of the force along with the fleet increased in the years of war. In the early 80’s a land combat force was created witch at first limited it self to base defense and as its numbers increased took part in offensive operations against terrorists along with the Sri Lankan Army. An elite naval special forces unit called the Special Boat Squadron was created in the late 80’s based on the British Special Boat Service. In 2000 the Navy started a Fleet air arm(FAA) by acquiring a HAL Chetak from India. Today the FAA operates from the two Offshore Patrol Vessels of the fleet. At present conventional warfare capability is increased by the addition of Missile Corvettes. LTTE Sea Tiger head, Colonel Soosai on a Sea Tiger vessel off Mullaitivu Sea Tigers is the naval part of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, founded in 1984. ... This article is about a military strategy involving land troops dispatched from naval ships. ... The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the British Royal Navys special forces unit. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the operational group of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... An Off-shore Patrol Vessel (OPV) is large and seaworthy enough to patrol off-shore, in the open ocean. ... Conventional warfare means a form of warfare conducted by using conventional military weapons and battlefield tactics between two or more nation-states in open confrontation. ...


Ranks structurer

Main article: Military ranks and insignia of the Sri Lanka Navy

The following tables present the military ranks and insignia of the Sri Lanka Navy. These ranks generally correspond with those of Western or Commonwealth Nations militaries, and reflect those of the British Warrant Officer, Non Commissioned Officer and enlisted ranks and the Commissioned officer ranks. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1999)  -  Ransford Smith Establishment  -  as British Commonwealth 1926   -  as the Commonwealth 1949  Membership 53 sovereign states Website thecommonwealth. ... For Chief Petty Officer both the shoulder tab insignia and the sleeve insignia from the No. ... History Insignia for officers was first introduced in 1748, with differences in rank being seen in the cut of the lapels and the cuffs. ...


Commissioned Officer ranks

NATO Code OF-9(1) OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF-D Student Officer
 Sri Lanka
Title Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant-
Commander
Lieutenant Sub-
Lieutenant
Midshipman Officer Cadet
Abbreviation Adm VAdm RAdm Cdre Capt Cdr Lt Cdr Lt S/Lt Mid OC
  • 1 Awarded only when selected as Chief of Defence Staff.

Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... British Commodore Sleeve Rank Command flag Commodore is a rank of the Royal Navy that dates to the mid-17th century: it was first used in the time of William III. There was a need for officers to command squadrons, but it was not deemed desirable to create new admirals. ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... Lieutenant Commander (Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Navy) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies superior to a Lieutenant and subordinate to a Commander. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. ... A midshipman is a subordinate officer, or alternatively a commissioned officer of the lowest rank, in the navies of several English-speaking countries. ... Officer Cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. ...

Warrant Officers,Non Commissioned Officer and enlisted ranks (Other Ranks)

NATO Code OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Sri Lanka No Insignia
Title Master Chief Petty Officer Fleet Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer Leading Rate Able Rate Ordinary Rate Recruit
Abbreviation WO1 WO2 CPO PO LH AB ORD

Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Warrant Officer Class 1 (abbreviated WO1) is the highest non-commissioned rank in the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, and British Army. ... Warrant Officer Class 2 (abbreviated WO2) is a rank in the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, and British Army. ... Chief Petty Officer is a non-commissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. ... A Petty Officer is a noncommissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. ... Leading Rating (or Leading Rate) is the most senior of the junior rates in the British Royal Navy. ... In the Royal Navy in the middle of the 18th century, the term Able Seaman referred to a seaman with at least two years experience at sea. ... Recruit (from the French recrue, from the verb recroître to grow again, i. ...

Training

Today training of personal are carried out in Sri Lanka in four main training establishments,

  • Naval & Maritime Academy
  • SLNS 'Nipuna'
  • SLNS 'Shiksha'
  • Naval Artificer Traning Institute(Welisara)

Additional training is carried out in India, Pakistan, Australia.


Fleet

The Sri Lankan Naval fleet consists of above fifty combat, support ships and inshore patrol crafts. A rare occurance of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ...


Offshore Patrol Vessels

Sri Lankan Navy Offshore Patrol Vessel
An LTTE arms smuggling vessel destroyed by Sri Lankan Navy in 2007.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ... The Sukanya Class patrol craft are part of the Indian Navy. ... USCGC Courageous (WMEC-622) was a United States Coast Guard medium endurance cutter. ...

Fast missile vessels

French steam corvette Dupleix (1856-1887) Canadian corvettes on antisubmarine convoy escort duty during World War II. A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate but larger than a coastal patrol craft. ... The Saar 4 class missile boats were built at the Israel shipyards and based on Israeli Navy designs grounded in accumulated experience derived in the operation of Cherbourg (Saar 3) class. ... Missile Boat, see Missile Boat (disambiguation) Missile boat FNS Hamina of the Finnish Navy. ...

Patrol vessels

Type 037 class submarine chaser is also known as the Hainan class, designed by China to replace the Soviet S.O.-1 class submarine chaser. ... The Type 062 class gunboat is the successor of the Shantou class gunboat, and it is also known as Shanghai-I/II classes. ...

Logistic vessels

Canadian LST offloading an M4 Sherman during the Allied invasion of Sicily in 1943. ... The Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM) was a landing craft designed for carrying vehicles. ... Landing Craft Utility (LCU) are used by amphibious forces to transport equipment and troops to the shore. ... BHC SR-N4 The worlds largest car and passenger carrying hovercraft A Hovercraft, or Air-Cushion Vehicle (ACV), is an amphibious vehicle or craft, designed to travel over any sufficiently smooth surface - land or water - supported by a cushion of slowly moving, low-pressure air, ejected downwards against the... It has been suggested that Catamaran History be merged into this article or section. ...

Fleet Air Arm

Helicopters

The HH-65 Dolphin is a twin-engined, single main rotor, MEDEVAC-capable, Search-and-Rescue (SAR) helicopter operated by the United States Coast Guard (USCG). ... South African Air Force Aérospatiale Alouette III The Aérospatiale Alouette III is a general purpose, single-engined light utility helicopter originally manufactured by Sud Aviation (later Aérospatiale of France, now Eurocopter). ...

Naval Patrolmen

A branch formed recently to augment the land combat capabilities of SLN. Effetely members of this branch are soldiers of the navy performing the role of naval infantry. Originally limited for base and harbors security. In recent years Naval Patrolmen have taken parting offensive and defensive operations against the terrorist of the LTTE in conjunction with the army or independently, using both infantry and light armored units. A Norwegian soldier (a Corporal, armed with an MP-5) A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment to defend that country or its interests. ... France Marines is the name of a commune in the département of Val dOise, France. ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... The Buffel was the primary mine-protected APC of the South African Army during the Angolan conflict. ...


Special Forces

The navy has its own elite special forces unit, the Special Boat Squadron. Established in the 1980's SBS was modeled after the Special Boat Service of the Royal Navy. It has roles in naval special operations such as amphibious raids, Maritime Counter-Terrorism, Reconnaissance and target indication, combat swimmer missions and small boat operations. As a Special Forces unit, its role is not limited to water-borne operations. It also conducts operations on land, either with ground combat units of the Navy and the Army, or separately. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Special Boat Squadron (SBS) (In Sinhalese: Wishesha Yathra Balaghanaya) is the Sri Lanka Navys elite special forces unit. ... The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the British Royal Navys special forces unit. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ...


See Also

The Military of Sri Lanka consists of Three Branches which are the Army, Navy, Air Force. ... The Special Boat Squadron (SBS) (In Sinhalese: Wishesha Yathra Balaghanaya) is the Sri Lanka Navys elite special forces unit. ...

External links

  • Ministry of Defence Sri Lanka
  • Sri Lanka Navy
  • General Sir John Kotelawala Defence Academy


 
Military of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka Army | Sri Lanka Navy | Sri Lanka Air Force

 
 

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