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Encyclopedia > Royal Australian Navy
Royal Australian Navy
Components
Royal Australian Navy
Fleet Air Arm
Clearance Diving Team
Naval Reserve
History
History of the Royal Australian Navy
Procurement programme
Ships
Current fleet
Historic ships
Ship classes
Other
Naval College
Navy memorial
Heritage centre
Australian White Ensign
Her Majesty's Australian Ship

The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. Established in 1909, the RAN was formed out of the Commonwealth Naval Forces, the small navy of Australia after federation, which consisted of the colonial navies of the new Australian states. The Royal Navy continued to provide blue water defence in the Pacific until World War Two, when expansion of the RAN saw the acquisition of aircraft carriers, and other large surface vessels. Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Australia. ... Final approach to HMAS Melbourne The Fleet Air Arm is the operational part of the Royal Australian Navy responsible for the operation of aircraft aboard ship. ... For other nations commando frogmen, and information about frogmen in general, see Frogman. ... The Royal Australian Naval Reserve (RANR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Australian Navy in Australia. ... The Royal Australian Navy was established in 1909 and has seen action in all the worlds oceans during both World Wars and numerous other conflicts. ... The Royal Australian Navy, although a significant one in the Asia-Pacific region, is nonetheless classed as a medium sized navy. ... This is a list of the current Royal Australian Navy ships as of 2005: // Major Surface Combatants HMAS Anzac ANZAC class Frigate (6) HMAS Anzac (FFH 150) HMAS Arunta (FFH 151) HMAS Warramunga (FFH 152) HMAS Stuart (FFH 153) HMAS Parramatta (FFH 154) HMAS Ballarat (FFH 155) HMAS Darwin Adelaide... Ships of the Royal Australian Navy, past and present: Name Type Class Dates Notes HMAS Acute Patrol boat Attack class 1968–1983 to Indonesia HMAS Adelaide Light cruiser Town class 1922–1946 Adelaide Frigate Oliver Hazard Perry class 1980–current HMAS Adroit Patrol boat Attack class 1968–1994 HMAS Advance... This is a list of major classes of warship operated by the Royal Australian Navy. ... HMAS Creswell is a shore establishment of the Royal Australian Navy, a part of the Australian Defence Force, and consists of the Royal Australian Naval College (RANC), The RAN School of Survivability and Ships Safety, Kalkara Flight, and the Beecroft Weapons Range and an administrative support department. ... The Royal Australian Navy Memorial on ANZAC Parade in Canberra, the national capital of Australia, honours the sailors who have served to protect the nation. ... The Royal Australian Navy Heritage Centre is the maritime museum of the Royal Australian Navy. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Royal Australian Navy Ensign is the flag used by the Royal Australian Navy. ... Her Majestys Australian Ship (HMAS) is the designation of any Australian warship, as well as many major Australian naval bases such as HMAS Stirling. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... The Australian Defence Force numbers about 53,000 full-time active duty personnel plus another 20,700 reservists. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Categories: Geographical term stubs ...


Today the RAN is one of the largest naval forces in the Pacific region, and has undertaken operations in support of military campaigns and peacekeeping missions worldwide.

Contents


History

The Royal Australian Navy was established in 1909. During World War I the RAN was initially responsible for capturing many of Germany's colonies in the South Pacific and protecting Australian shipping from the German East Asia Squadron. For the remainder of the war most of the RAN's major ships operated as part of Royal Navy forces in the Mediterranean and North Seas. The Royal Australian Navy was established in 1909 and has seen action in all the worlds oceans during both World Wars and numerous other conflicts. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russian Empire United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nicholas II Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail Enver Ferdinand I Casualties Military dead: 5,520... The German East Asia squadron was a German Kaiserliche Marine (naval) cruiser squadron which operated mainly in the Pacific Ocean between the 1870s and 1914. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ...


During the 1920s and early 1930s the Royal Australian Navy was greatly reduced in size. As international tensions increased, however, the RAN was modernised and expanded. During the early years of World War II ships from the RAN again operated as part of the Royal Navy, with RAN ships serving with distinction in the Mediterranean. Following the outbreak of the Pacific War and the virtual destruction of the Royal Navy force in Asia the RAN increasingly operated independently or as part of United States Navy forces. By the end of the War the RAN was the fourth largest navy in the world. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the use of images on this page may require cleanup, involving adjustment of image placement, formatting, size, or other adjustments. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... US landings in the Pacific, 1942–1945 The Pacific War was the part of World War II that occurred in the Pacific Ocean, its islands, and in East Asia, 1937 to 1945. ... The United States Navy (also known as USN or the U.S. Navy) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ...


While the size of the RAN was greatly reduced after World War II, the Navy gained new capabilities with the delivery of two aircraft carriers. The RAN saw action in many Cold War era conflicts in the Asia-Pacific region and operated alongside the Royal Navy and United States Navy off Korea, Malaysia and Vietnam. Following the end of the Cold War the RAN has participated in Coalition forces in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean and has formed a critical element in Australian-led operations in East Timor and the Solomon Islands. The Cold War (Russian: Холодная война Kholodnaya Voina) was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ...


RAN Today

The badge of the RAN
The badge of the RAN

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

The Fleet

Today's fleet consists of around 60 vessels including frigates, submarines, patrol boats and auxiliary ships. The RAN today is one of the most modern in the Pacific and is tasked with the ability to defend Australian waters and undertake operations in distant locations. Current deployments of the navy include: contributions to the multinational force in Iraq; support for the United Nations mission in East Timor; and a "regional assistance mission" with New Zealand in the Solomon Islands. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The RAN has two primary bases for its fleet;

In addition, there are two other ports which are home to the majority of the RAN's minor war vessels; HMAS Kuttabul badge The second HMAS Kuttabul is the name given to the administrative centre of the Royal Australian Navys main naval base on the east coast at Garden Island in Sydney (Fleet Base East). ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ... Headline text HMAS Stirling Royal Australian Navy, Naval base. ... Perth is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Western Australia, and is the fourth largest city in Australia, with a population of approximately 1. ...

HMAS Coonawarra crest HMAS Coonawarra is located in the city of Darwin and is home to 12 fleet units of the RAN. History During World War 1 Darwin port had been used as a coaling station for naval ships, but it was not considered a naval base. ... Darwin is the territorial capital and most populous city of Australias Northern Territory. ... The second HMAS Cairns is a naval base of the Royal Australian Navy based, appropriately, at Cairns in Queensland. ... Central Cairns from Mount Whitfield looking south. ...

Ships of the Royal Australian Navy

See also: Current Royal Australian Navy ships

The RAN currently operates 6 main classes of vessels: This is a list of the current Royal Australian Navy ships as of 2005: // Major Surface Combatants HMAS Anzac ANZAC class Frigate (6) HMAS Anzac (FFH 150) HMAS Arunta (FFH 151) HMAS Warramunga (FFH 152) HMAS Stuart (FFH 153) HMAS Parramatta (FFH 154) HMAS Ballarat (FFH 155) HMAS Darwin Adelaide...

Class Type Number Dates Details
Anzac class Frigate 8 1996 Anti-submarine and anti-aircraft, with SH-2 Seasprite helicopters.
Adelaide class2 Frigate 5 1985 Anti-submarine and anti-aircraft frigate with 2 S-70B-2 Seahawk helicopters
Fremantle class Patrol boat 6 1980s Coastal and harbour defence; being retired
Armidale class1 Patrol boat 5 2005 Coastal defence and fishery protection; 14 to be built in total
Huon class Minehunter 6 1997 Minehunting
Collins class Submarine 6 2000 Diesel-electric powered patrol submarines for deep ocean patrols

Note 1: - A total of 14 Armidale class vessels will be built.


Note 2: - Only 4 Adelaide class frigates will be upgraded and returned to service; the other will be retired.


Fleet Air Arm

Main article: Fleet Air Arm (RAN)

The Fleet Air Arm provides the naval aviation capability for the RAN. At present, it is an entirely helicopter based force, with a total of four squadrons. The Fleet Air Arm and its associated support are under the direction of the Navy Aviation Force. Both the NAF and Fleet Air Arm are located at HMAS Albatross in New South Wales. Final approach to HMAS Melbourne The Fleet Air Arm is the operational part of the Royal Australian Navy responsible for the operation of aircraft aboard ship. ... Mil (Russian Federation) Mi-8, one of the most common model of military helicopter in the world with more than 12 thousand units built, sixfold quantity comparing to production of the second most common model UH-1 Iroquois. ... The second HMAS Albatross is the Fleet Air Arms base near Nowra in New South Wales, about 2 hours drive south of Sydney. ... Emblems: Floral - Waratah (Telopea speciosissima); Bird - Kookaburra (Dacelo gigas); Animal - Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus); Fish - Blue Groper (Achoerodus viridis) Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Const. ...


Clearance Diving Teams

Clearance Divers during a ship boarding exercise in 2006.
Enlarge
Clearance Divers during a ship boarding exercise in 2006.

The RAN has two Clearance Diving Teams which serve as parent units for the navy's élite clearance divers, Clearance Diving Team One (AUSCDT ONE), based at HMAS Waterhen in New South Wales and Clearance Diving Team Four (AUSCDT FOUR) based at HMAS Stirling in Western Australia. When personnel are sent into combat, Clearance Diving Team Three (AUSCDT THREE) is formed. The CDTs have two primary roles:
1. Mine Counter Measures (MCM) and Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)
2. Maritime Tactical Operations Image File history File links CDT-1. ... Image File history File links CDT-1. ... For other nations commando frogmen, and information about frogmen in general, see Frogman. ... HMAS Waterhen is a shore establishment of the Royal Australian Navy, located in Sydney. ... Emblems: Floral - Waratah (Telopea speciosissima); Bird - Kookaburra (Dacelo gigas); Animal - Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus); Fish - Blue Groper (Achoerodus viridis) Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Const. ... Headline text HMAS Stirling Royal Australian Navy, Naval base. ... Emblems: Floral - Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos manglesii); Mammal - Numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus); Bird - Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) Motto: none Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Const. ...


Future

CG impression of the proposed Australian AWD
CG impression of the proposed Australian AWD

There are several major projects in process that will see upgrades to the capabilities of the RAN: Image File history File links Australian_AWD.jpg CG image of proposed Australian Air Warfare Destroyer From [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Australian_AWD.jpg CG image of proposed Australian Air Warfare Destroyer From [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Royal Australian Navy, although a significant one in the Asia-Pacific region, is nonetheless classed as a medium sized navy. ...

  • The Sea 1390 Project will see the upgrading of four Adelaide class guided missile frigates with enhanced weapons and electronics.
  • The Sea 1654 Project has been initiated to upgrade the RAN's replenishment and support vessels.
  • The RAN has initiated the Sea 4000 Project, under which it has agreed to acquire three vessels based upon the U.S. Navy Aegis air and surface combat management system.
  • The RAN also has a project to build two (25000+ tonne Displacement) Canberra class large amphibious ship that would have amphibious assault, transport, command centre, and possibly naval fixed-wing aviation roles.
  • There is also currently a project being undertaken within the RAN to equip the Collins Class submarines with a new tactical combat system, and upgraded state of the art heavyweight torpedoes.

The Sea 4000 project instituted by the Australian Department of Defence intends to acquire three Air Warfare Destroyers for introduction into service starting in 2013. ... The United States Navy (also known as USN or the U.S. Navy) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... USS Lake Champlain, a Ticonderoga-class Aegis guided missile cruiser, launched in 1987. ... The Australian government has approved a AU$2 billion project to build two Canberra class large amphibious ships for the Royal Australian Navy. ... Amphibious Assault began when 17-year-old, former Kittie guitarist, Fallon Bowman was on a plane from Ontario to New Jersey, skimming through a Tom Clancy novel when she came upon the term amphibious assault. ...

See also

// Department of Defence Australian Defence Organisation (ADO) Australian Defence Force forces Australian Army Royal Australian Navy Royal Australian Air Force Special Operations Command (Australia) Australian Defence Force Academy Royal Military College, Duntroon civilian support Defence Intelligence Organisation Defence Materiel Organisation Defence Science and Technology Organisation Russell Offices Australian Army Australian... The badge of the Royal Australian Navy The Royal Australian Navy awards all ships, establishments, commands and organisations in the navy with a badge or crest. ...

External links

  • Royal Australian Navy home page
    • Historical listing of RAN ships and badges
  • 'Virtual Fleet' - on-line computer based 'tour' of ships and aircraft
  • Maritimequest Royal Australian Navy photo gallery
  • Official Biographies:
    • Chief of Navy
    • Maritime Commander
    • Commander Australian Navy Systems Command


 
Australian Defence Force
Australian Army | Royal Australian Navy | Royal Australian Air Force

  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Australian Navy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (899 words)
The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force.
The Royal Navy continued to provide blue water defence in the Pacific until World War Two, when expansion of the RAN saw the acquisition of aircraft carriers, and other large surface vessels.
The Royal Australian Navy was established in 1909.
Chapter 1 Royal Australian Navy at War (7584 words)
They had their representatives in H.M.S. Royal Oak when she was sunk in Scapa Flow by a German U-boat; in British merchant ships-where they were serving as gunners-which were sunk by the German raider Graf Spee; and in various vessels of the Royal Navy.
Consequently, the arrival of the Australian destroyers in the Mediterranean was a godsend to the commander-in-chief.
The Australian ships suffered their first casualty in action later this month when, at 1,000 on the 11th, Vampire, proceeding with a convoy from Malta to Alexandria, was straddled by bombs, and Mr.
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