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Encyclopedia > Roxburgh
Roxburgh
Names
Gaelic: n/a (non-Gàidhealtachd)
Scots: Roxburgh
Statistics
Population: 70
Ordnance Survey
OS grid reference: Maps for NT700306
Administration
Council area: Scottish Borders
Country: Scotland
Other
Police force: Lothian and Borders Police
Lieutenancy area: Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale
Former county: Roxburghshire
Post office and telephone
Post town: KELSO
Postal district: TD5
Dialling code: 01573
Politics
Scottish Parliament: Roxburgh & Berwickshire
Westminster Parliament: Berwickshire, Roxburgh & Selkirk
European Parliament: Scotland
Scotland

Historically, the Royal Burgh of Roxburgh (Gaelic: Rosbrog), in the Scottish Borders, was an important trading burgh in the economy of Scotland. In the Middle Ages it had at least as much importance as Edinburgh, Stirling, or Berwick-upon-Tweed. Its significance lay in its position in the centre of lowland Scotland's most agriculturally fertile areas, and its position upon the River Tweed, which allowed river transport of goods via the main seaport of Berwick-upon-Tweed. Its position also acted as a barrier to English invasion. Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig; IPA: ) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... The Gàidhealtachd, sometimes known as A Ghàidhealtachd (the Gàidhealtachd), usually refers to the Scottish Highlands in Scottish Gaelic. ... Scots or Lallans (Eng: Lowlands), sometimes called Lowland Scots to distinguish it from the Gaelic language of the Highlands, is a West Germanic language used in Scotland, parts of Northern Ireland, and border areas of the Republic of Ireland, where it is known in official circles as Ulster Scots or... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils. They have been in use since April 1, 1996, under the provisions of the Local Government etc. ... Scottish Borders (Crìochan na h-Alba in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland. ... Constituent Countries is an official term used to describe three of the four principal component parts of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK): England Scotland Wales All three were formerly independent, sovereign states, and have always continued to have distinctive variations in legislative and administrative status. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Lothian and Borders Police are the police force for the Lothian and Borders regions of Scotland, including Edinburgh, Galashiels and Livingston. ... The Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are the areas used for ceremonial purposes such as Lord Lieutenancy. ... Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale (Rosbrog, Eadaraig agus Srath Labhdair in Scottish Gaelic) is a Lieutenancy area of Scotland. ... The administrative counties of Scotland in 1974 The term Counties of Scotland can variously refer to the Traditional counties of Scotland The former administrative counties of Scotland, which were abolished in 1975. ... Roxburghshire (Siorrachd Rosbroig in Gaelic) is a traditional county of Scotland. ... This is a list of post towns in the United Kingdom, sorted by the postal area (the first part of the outward code of a postcode). ... This is a list of the post towns of the United Kingdom sorted in postcode sequence. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... The Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) has 73 constituencies, each electing one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the first past the post system of election, and eight additional member regions, each electing seven additional member MSPs. ... Scotland is divided into 59 constituencies of the United Kingdom Parliament - 19 Burgh constituencies and 40 County constituencies. ... Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk was created as a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the general election of 2005. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Scotland constitutes a single constituency of the European Parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... A Royal Burgh is a type of Scottish burgh (town or city), used today for ceremonial purposes only. ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig; IPA: ) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Scottish Borders (Crìochan na h-Alba in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... The Economy of Scotland is closely linked with that of the United Kingdom, and is essentially a capitalist economy with little government interference in private enterprise. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... Stirling (Sruighlea in Gaelic) is a city in central Scotland. ... Map sources for Berwick-upon-Tweed at grid reference NT9952 Berwick-upon-Tweed from across the river Berwick-upon-Tweed, (pronounced Berrick) situated in the county of Northumberland, is the northernmost town in England, situated on the east coast on the mouth of the river Tweed. ... The Scottish Lowlands, although not officially a geographical area of the country, in normal usage is generally meant to include those parts of Scotland not referred to as the Highlands (or Gàidhealtachd), that is, everywhere due south and east of a line (the Highland Boundary Fault) between Stonehaven and... There are other rivers with this name: see Tweed River The River Tweed at Abbotsford, near Melrose The River Tweed at Coldstream The River Tweed (156 kilometres or 97 miles long) flows primarily through the Borders region of Scotland. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st...


The town stood on a defensible peninsula between the rivers Tweed and Teviot, with Roxburgh Castle guarding the narrow neck of the peninsula. Nothing remains of the town except some ruined segments of castle ramparts. Its site lies to the south of modern Kelso and Floors Castle, which lie on the other side of the Tweed. The Duke of Roxburghe owns the site. A river of the Scottish Borders, the River Teviot rises in the western foothills of Comb Hill on the border of Dumfries and Galloway. ... The centre of Kelso with its cobbled square. ... Floors Castle in 1880. ... The Duke of Roxburghe (pronounced Roxbruh) is a title in the peerage of Scotland created in 1707 along with the titles Viscount Broxmouth, Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford and Earl of Kelso. ...


English and Scots forces repeatedly captured and recaptured the town during the Scottish Wars of Independence. Its final recapture in 1460 saw the town and castle destroyed. After this time the town never regained its importance because the final English capture of Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1482 left Roxburgh with little reason to exist. The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of campaigns launched after the English invasion of Scotland in 1296. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ...


Roxburgh was the county town of the former county of Roxburghshire. A county town is the location of the administrative headquarters of a county. ... The administrative counties of Scotland in 1974 The term Counties of Scotland can variously refer to the Traditional counties of Scotland The former administrative counties of Scotland, which were abolished in 1975. ... Roxburghshire (Siorrachd Rosbroig in Gaelic) is a traditional county of Scotland. ...


(See: http://www.channel4.com/history/timeteam/2004_rox_ancient.html )


Place-name meanings

Roxburgh perhaps comes from Old English hroc-burh 'black-coloured fort' or "Rox" refering to its geographical strength or "Rougesburgh" refering to its ancient inhabitants or even "Rokesburgh" being dedicated to St Rok in the Romish calendar.


Roxburgh District

Roxburgh District 1975–96
Image:Scot1975Roxburgh.png

In more recent times (1975–1996), Roxburgh referred to a local government district in the Borders region of Scotland. Its borders broadly resembled those of the traditional county of Roxburghshire. In 1996 the district of Roxburgh became part of the Scottish Borders unitary area. (See also: Subdivisions of Scotland) Roxburgh District File links The following pages link to this file: Roxburgh Categories: GFDL images ... Scottish Borders (Crìochan na h-Alba in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Roxburghshire (Siorrachd Rosbroig in Gaelic) is a traditional county of Scotland. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils. They have been in use since April 1, 1996, under the provisions of the Local Government etc. ...


Roxburgh Village

Nowadays the name Roxburgh belongs to a small village about one and a half miles southwest of the site of the historic Roxburgh.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Roxburgh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (349 words)
Historically, the Royal Burgh of Roxburgh (Gaelic: Rosbrog), in the Scottish Borders, was an important trading burgh in the economy of Scotland.
The town stood on a defensible peninsula between the rivers Tweed and Teviot, with Roxburgh Castle guarding the narrow neck of the peninsula.
Roxburgh was the county town of the former county of Roxburghshire.
Roxburgh, New Zealand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (183 words)
Roxburgh is a small New Zealand town of about 750 people on the banks of the Clutha River, 40 km south of Alexandra in the South Island.
It is one of the country's most important apple growing regions, and other stone fruit such as cherries and apricots are also harvested locally.
Five km to the north of the town is the Roxburgh Dam, the earliest of the major hydroelectric dams built on the Clutha.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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