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Encyclopedia > Rowing at the Summer Olympics

Rowing has been contested since the 1900 Summer Olympics. The sport had been on the program at the 1896 Summer Olympics but was cancelled due to weather. Only men were allowed to compete until 1976 when women's events were introduced at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. Lightweight events were introduced to the games in 1996. However, this came under threat in 2002 when the Programme Commission of the IOC recommended that, outside combat sports and weightlifting, there should not be weight category events. The Executive Board overturned this recommendation and lightweight rowing continues. Image File history File links Olympic_pictogram_Rowing. ... A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... The 1900 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the II Olympiad, were held in 1900 in Paris, France. ... The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, were held in 1896 in Athens, Greece. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Motto: Concordia Salus Coordinates: Country Canada Province Québec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area    - City 366. ... In rowing, lightweight (Lwt for short) is a special category where limits are placed on the maximum weight of competitors. ... The 1996 Summer Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... Bold textralf is gay IOC redirects here. ...


At the current Olympics the following 14 events are offered:

  • Men: quad sculls, double sculls, single sculls, eight, coxless four, coxless pair
  • Lightweight Men: coxless four, double sculls
  • Women: quad sculls, double sculls, single sculls, eight, coxless pair
  • Lightweight Women: double sculls


Contents

Race Distance

Men's races have been raced over the standard 2,000 m except in 1900 (1,750 m), 1904 (1.5 miles), 1906 (various), 1908 (1.5 miles) and 1948 (1,880 m). The 1908 and 1948 were held over the Henley Royal Regatta course. A race taking place at Henley Regatta 2004 Henley Royal Regatta is a rowing event held every year on the river Thames by the town of Henley-on-Thames, England. ...


Women's races were 1,000 m until 1988 when they were changed to 2,000 m.


Early games featured match races between 2 or 3 boats (and in 1952, between 4 and 5 boats). The modern six boat side by side format was first adopted at the 1936 Games, and has been the standard since the 1956 Games. The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were held in 1952 in Helsinki, Finland. ... The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ... The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were held in 1956 in Melbourne, Australia, although the equestrian events could not be held in Australia due to quarantine regulations. ...


Qualification

There is a limited number of places for racing so FISA hold qualification events in order to determine who competes at the Olympic Games. At the games, each National Olympic Committee can only have one boat per event. no The Fédération Internationale des Sociétés dAviron, or FISA for short, is the International Rowing Federation which is the governing body for international rowing. ... National Olympic Committees are the national constituents of the worldwide olympic movement. ...


The main qualification comes from the previous year's World Rowing Championships. Other qualifying events are called "Continental Qualification Regattas", of which 4 are held during the year of the games - Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Final (open to everyone else). Each year FISA issues details of how many crews qualify at each regatta. The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


At the World Champs, the top finishing boats guarantee a place for that country - the rowers in the crew can be changed before the games. At the qualification regattas, it is the crew that qualifies and no changes can be made (except for illness or injury).


Multiple medalists

Athlete (nation) Olympics  Gold  Silver Bronze Total Notes
Romania Elisabeta Lipa
Romania (ROM)
1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004 5 2 1 8 20 years between first and last gold medal
Great Britain Stephen Redgrave
Great Britain (GBR)
1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000 5 0 1 6 Gold medals in 5 straight Games
Romania Doina Ignat
Romania (ROM)
1992, 1996, 2000, 2004 4 1 0 5 Part of Romania's three-straight gold medalist eight
Great Britain Matthew Pinsent
Great Britain (GBR)
1992, 1996, 2000, 2004 4 0 0 4 Four straight Olympic golds, teammate of Stephen Redgrave
Germany Kathrin Boron
Germany (GER)
1992, 1996, 2000, 2004 4 0 0 4 Four straight Olympic golds
Romania Georgeta Damian
Romania (ROM)
2000, 2004 4 0 0 4 Won the pair and the eights in both 2000 and 2004
Great Britain Jack Beresford
Great Britain (GBR)
1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936 3 2 0 5 First rower to win a medal at 5 straight Olympics. WWII prevented a sixth medal
Romania Elena Georgescu
Romania (ROM)
1992, 1996, 2000, 2004 3 1 0 4 Coxswain of Romania's women's eight
 Marnie McBean
Canada (CAN)
1992, 1996 3 0 1 4 Along with rowing partner Kathleen Heddle, most medaled Canadian
 Kathleen Heddle
Canada (CAN)
1992, 1996 3 0 1 4 Won all her medals with rowing partner Marnie McBean
Australia James Tomkins
Australia (AUS)
1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004 3 0 1 4 Most medaled Australian rower
United States John B. Kelly, Sr.
United States (USA)
1920, 1924 3 0 0 3 First rower to win 3 gold medals. Father of movie star turned princess Grace Kelly
United States Paul Costello
United States (USA)
1920, 1924, 1928 3 0 0 3 First man to win 3 gold medals in the same event, the double sculls
Soviet Union Vyacheslav Ivanov
Soviet Union (URS)
1956, 1960, 1964 3 0 0 3 Won all his medals in the most prestigous event, the single sculls
East Germany Sigfried Brietzke
East Germany (GDR)
1972, 1976, 1980 3 0 0 3 First German triple gold medalist. Won in the pair and the coxless four
 Pertti Karppinen
Finland (FIN)
1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992 3 0 0 3 Won all his medals in the most prestigous event, the single sculls
Italy Agostino Abbagnale
Italy (ITA)
1988, 1996, 2000 3 0 0 3 His brothers Carmine and Giuseppe each won 2 gold medals.
Romania Constanţa Burcica
Romania (ROM)
1996, 2000, 2004 3 0 0 3 Won all three medals in the women's lightweight double sculls
Romania Liliana Gafencu
Romania (ROM)
1996, 2000, 2004 3 0 0 3 Won all three medals in Romania's women's eight
Romania Viorica Susanu
Romania (ROM)
1996, 2000, 2004 3 0 0 3 Won two medals in the women's eight, and one in the pair

Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... A legend of the modern Olympic Games she is the most decorated rower in the history of Olympics. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sir Stephen Geoffrey Redgrave, or more commonly Steve Redgrave (born 23 March 1962 in Marlow, England), is a British rower who won a gold medal at five consecutive Olympic Games from 1984 to 2000, as well as an additional bronze medal in 1988. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Doina Ignat (born 20 December 1968) is a Romanian rower who has won five Olympic medals. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sir Matthew Pinsent (born 10 October 1970) is a British rowing champion and four-time Olympic gold medallist. ... Sir Stephen Geoffrey Redgrave, or more commonly Steve Redgrave (born 23 March 1962 in Marlow, England), is a British rower who won a gold medal at five consecutive Olympic Games from 1984 to 2000, as well as an additional bronze medal in 1988. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Kathrin Boron (born November 4, 1969, Eisenhüttenstadt, Germany) is a German sculler, and four-times Olympic gold medalist. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Georgeta Damian (born Botosani, Romania, 14 April 1976) is a Romanian rower and winner of four Olympic Gold medals. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Jack Beresford, (1899-December 3, 1977) one of the most accomplished rowers of his generation, he won medals at 5 straight Olympics, which was an Olympic record in rowing (since tied by Steven Redgrave). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Elena Georgescu (born 10 April 1964) is a Romanian rower who has won four Olympic medals in the eights competition. ... The coxswain (pronounced cox-ən; often called the cox) is the person in charge of a boat, particularly its navigation and steering. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada_(bordered). ... Marnie McBean is a Canadian rower. ... Kathleen Heddle (born November 27, 1965 in Trail, British Columbia) is a Canadian rower. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada_(bordered). ... Kathleen Heddle (born November 27, 1965 in Trail, British Columbia) is a Canadian rower. ... Marnie McBean is a Canadian rower. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... James Tomkins (born 19 August 1965) is an Australian rower and Olympic gold medallist. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... John B. Kelly, Sr. ... Grace, Princess of Monaco, née Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929 – September 14, 1982) was an Academy Award-winning American film actress who, upon marriage to Rainier III, Prince of Monaco on April 19, 1956, became Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Paul Costello was a triple Olympic Gold Medal winner in rowing and he was the first person to win a gold medal in the same event, the double scull (2x), at three consecutive Olympics. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Ivanov, born 1938, Moscow, known to most of the non-Russian speaking world as Vyacheslav Ivanov (Russian: ; German: Wjatscheslaw Iwanow), was one of the most accomplished rower of his generation. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Flag of East Germany East Germany competed at the Summer Olympic Games as a separate nation from West Germany for five Games between 1968 and 1988. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Pertti Karppinen is an iconic Finnish sculler who is legendary for his three consecutive Olympic Gold medals in Single Sculls in 1976, 1980, and 1984. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Agostino Abbagnale (born 25 August 1966) is an Italian rower and Triple Olympic gold medalist. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Constanţa Burcică is a Romanian Olympic rower. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Liliana Gafencu (born 12 July 1975) is a Romanian rower who has won three Olympic gold medals in the eights competition. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Viorica Susanu (born Galati, Romania, 29 October 1975) is a Romanian rower and winner of three Olympic Gold medals. ...

Events

Men's

Event 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 Years
Single sculls X X X
Double sculls - X -
Coxless pairs - X X
Coxed pairs X - -
Coxless fours - X X
Coxed fours 2 - -
Eights X X X
Events 5 5 4
00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 Years

At the 1900 Summer Olympics, five rowing evenst were contested. ... At the 1904 Summer Olympics, five rowing events were contested. ... At the 1908 Summer Olympics, four rowing events were contested. ... Rowing at the 1912 Summer Olympics featured 4 events, for men only. ... Olympic Rowing at the 1920 Summer Olympics, the first Olympics after World War I, was marked by the arrival of future triple Gold Medalists John B. Kelly, Sr. ... Rowing at the 1924 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1928 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1932 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1936 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1948 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1952 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1956 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1964 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1968 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1972 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, all for men. ... Rowing at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal featured races in 14 events. ... Rowing at the 1980 Summer Olympics was represented by 14 events. ... Final results for the Rowing competition at the 1984 Summer Olympics. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Medal Summary: Mens Events Medal Summary: Womens Events Medal Summary: Womens Events Category: ... Final results for the Rowing competition at the 1996 Summer Olympics. ... Final results for the Rowing events at the 2000 Summer Olympics: The event is probably most noted for Steve Redgraves winning his fifth Olympic gold medal in as many games in the British mens coxless four. ... Team USA competes in the lightweight four rowing competition. ... The single sculls was one of the competitions in the Rowing at the 1900 Summer Olympics events in Paris. ... The mens single sculls was a rowing event held as part of the Rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. ... The mens single sculls was one of four rowing events on the Rowing at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme. ... The mens double sculls was a rowing event held as part of the Rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. ... The mens coxless pairs was a rowing event held as part of the Rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. ... The mens coxless pairs was one of four rowing events on the Rowing at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme. ... The coxed pairs was one of the competitions in the Rowing at the 1900 Summer Olympics events in Paris. ... The mens coxless fours was a rowing event held as part of the Rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. ... The mens coxless fours was one of four rowing events on the Rowing at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme. ... The coxed fours was one of the competitions in the Rowing at the 1900 Summer Olympics events in Paris. ... The coxed eights was one of the competitions in the Rowing at the 1900 Summer Olympics events in Paris. ... The mens eights was a rowing event held as part of the Rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. ... The mens coxed eights was one of four rowing events on the Rowing at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme. ... At the 1900 Summer Olympics, five rowing evenst were contested. ... At the 1904 Summer Olympics, five rowing events were contested. ... At the 1908 Summer Olympics, four rowing events were contested. ... Rowing at the 1912 Summer Olympics featured 4 events, for men only. ... Olympic Rowing at the 1920 Summer Olympics, the first Olympics after World War I, was marked by the arrival of future triple Gold Medalists John B. Kelly, Sr. ... Rowing at the 1924 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1928 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1932 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1936 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1948 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1952 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1956 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1964 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1968 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1972 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, all for men. ... Rowing at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal featured races in 14 events. ... Rowing at the 1980 Summer Olympics was represented by 14 events. ... Final results for the Rowing competition at the 1984 Summer Olympics. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Medal Summary: Mens Events Medal Summary: Womens Events Medal Summary: Womens Events Category: ... Final results for the Rowing competition at the 1996 Summer Olympics. ... Final results for the Rowing events at the 2000 Summer Olympics: The event is probably most noted for Steve Redgraves winning his fifth Olympic gold medal in as many games in the British mens coxless four. ... Team USA competes in the lightweight four rowing competition. ...

Discontinued events

In the early games (1900 and 1904) there were several other categories of events (Junior, Novice, Association, and Intermediate). A number of other boat classes have made an appearance at several games but were subsequently dropped. These were:

  • Men's Coxed Pair (1900-1992)
  • Men's Coxed Four (1900-1992)
  • Women's Coxed Four (1976-1988)
  • Women's Coxed Quad Sculls (1976-1984)
  • Women's Coxless Four (1992)
  • Men's Coxed Four with Inriggers (1912)
  • Six-Man Naval Rowing Boats (1906)
  • 17-Man Naval Rowing Boats (1906)

Nations

Nations

Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 Years
 Belgium (BEL) X - X
 Canada (CAN) - X X
France France (FRA) X - -
Germany Germany (GER) X - X
Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) X - X
Hungary Hungary (HUN) - - X
Italy Italy (ITA) X - X
Netherlands Netherlands (NED) X - X
Norway Norway (NOR) - - X
Spain Spain (ESP) X - -
United States United States (USA) X X -
Nations 8 2 8
Rowers
00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 Years

At the 1900 Summer Olympics, five rowing evenst were contested. ... At the 1904 Summer Olympics, five rowing events were contested. ... At the 1908 Summer Olympics, four rowing events were contested. ... Rowing at the 1912 Summer Olympics featured 4 events, for men only. ... Olympic Rowing at the 1920 Summer Olympics, the first Olympics after World War I, was marked by the arrival of future triple Gold Medalists John B. Kelly, Sr. ... Rowing at the 1924 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1928 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1932 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1936 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1948 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1952 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1956 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1964 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1968 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1972 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, all for men. ... Rowing at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal featured races in 14 events. ... Rowing at the 1980 Summer Olympics was represented by 14 events. ... Final results for the Rowing competition at the 1984 Summer Olympics. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Medal Summary: Mens Events Medal Summary: Womens Events Medal Summary: Womens Events Category: ... Final results for the Rowing competition at the 1996 Summer Olympics. ... Final results for the Rowing events at the 2000 Summer Olympics: The event is probably most noted for Steve Redgraves winning his fifth Olympic gold medal in as many games in the British mens coxless four. ... Team USA competes in the lightweight four rowing competition. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... At the 1900 Summer Olympics, five rowing evenst were contested. ... At the 1904 Summer Olympics, five rowing events were contested. ... At the 1908 Summer Olympics, four rowing events were contested. ... Rowing at the 1912 Summer Olympics featured 4 events, for men only. ... Olympic Rowing at the 1920 Summer Olympics, the first Olympics after World War I, was marked by the arrival of future triple Gold Medalists John B. Kelly, Sr. ... Rowing at the 1924 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1928 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1932 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1936 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1948 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1952 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1956 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1964 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1968 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. ... Rowing at the 1972 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, all for men. ... Rowing at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal featured races in 14 events. ... Rowing at the 1980 Summer Olympics was represented by 14 events. ... Final results for the Rowing competition at the 1984 Summer Olympics. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Medal Summary: Mens Events Medal Summary: Womens Events Medal Summary: Womens Events Category: ... Final results for the Rowing competition at the 1996 Summer Olympics. ... Final results for the Rowing events at the 2000 Summer Olympics: The event is probably most noted for Steve Redgraves winning his fifth Olympic gold medal in as many games in the British mens coxless four. ... Team USA competes in the lightweight four rowing competition. ...

Links

  • Olympic Rowing Medalists at HickokSports.com
  • Olympic Rowing Stadiums seen from Google Earth
  • Category:Olympic rowers by year
  • Category:Olympic rowers by country

  Results from FactBites:
 
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In sweep rowing, the back is also twisted slightly during the stroke to achieve more reach in the catch position, which may increase the incidence of back pain, though this does not appear to be the case in my experience or that of several US national rowing team physicians.
Rowing is an outdoor sport; thus, rowers should be aware of exposure and safety issues, including sun exposure augmented by reflection from the water and hypothermia augmented by wet clothing.
Summer Olympics: Rowing (180 words)
The first rowing events were actually held for men in 1900 but women were not included until 1976.
Rowing boats used to be made of wood.
In Sweep rowing the athletes use both hands on one oar.
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