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Encyclopedia > Rowan Williams
Rowan Williams

Archbishop of Canterbury Image File history File links Size of this preview: 399 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (681 × 1024 pixels, file size: 461 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

Enthroned 27 February 2003
Ended Incumbent
Predecessor George Carey
Born June 14, 1950 (1950-06-14) (age 57)
Flag of Wales Swansea, Wales
Anglicanism Portal

Rowan Douglas Williams, DD, PC, FBA (born June 14, 1950) is the 104th and current Archbishop of Canterbury, metropolitan of the province of Canterbury, Primate of All England, senior archibishop of the Church of England and the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. Williams is also a distinguished theologian and poet. is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Photograph by Keith Edkins File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Rowan Anthony Williams (born March 18, 1968 in Birmingham) is a retired boxer from England, who competed in the flyweight division (– 48kg). ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... The British Academy is the United Kingdoms national academy for the humanities and the social sciences. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual leader and senior clergyman of the Church of England, recognized by convention as the head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop (then more precisely called metropolitan archbishop) of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of an old Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. ... Primate (from the Latin Primus, first) is a title or rank bestowed on some bishops in certain Christian churches. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Church of England logo since 1998 The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... Main article: Anglicanism The Anglican Communion is a world-wide affiliation of Anglican Churches. ... Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ...

Contents

Biography

Williams was born in Swansea, Wales, into a Welsh-speaking family. He was educated at Dynevor School, Swansea; Christ's College, Cambridge, where he studied theology; and Wadham College, Oxford, where he took his DPhil in 1975. For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... Dynevor School was a secondary school in Swansea, Wales. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... College name Christ’s College Named after Jesus Christ Established 1505 Previously named God’s-house (1437-1505) Location St. ... Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... College name Wadham College Named after Nicholas Wadham Established 1610 Sister College Christs College Warden Sir Neil Chalmers JCR President Ben Jasper Undergraduates 460 MCR President David Patrikarakos Graduates 180 Homepage Boatclub Wadham College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England, located at the southern... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ...


He lectured at the College of the Resurrection in Mirfield, Yorkshire for two years. In 1977 he returned to Cambridge to teach theology, first at Westcott House, having been ordained deacon in Ely cathedral that year and was ordained priest in 1978. Unusually, he undertook no formal curacy until 1980 when he served at St George's Chesterton until 1983, having been appointed as a lecturer in Divinity at the University of Cambridge. In 1984 he became dean and chaplain of Clare College, Cambridge and, in 1986, at the very young age of 36, he was appointed to the Lady Margaret Professorship of Divinity at the University of Oxford and thus also a residentiary canon of Christ Church. He was awarded the degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1989. An Anglo-Catholic Anglican Theological School for the training of ordinands at Mirfield, West Yorkshire. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Westcott House Cambridge. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Catholic deacon... For other uses, see Deacon (disambiguation). ... This article is about religious workers. ... Divinity is the academic study of Christian and other theology and religious ministry at a school, divinity school, university, or seminary. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... College name Clare College Named after Elizabeth de Clare Established 1326 Previously named University Hall (1326-1338) Clare Hall (1338-1856) Location Trinity Lane Admittance Men and women Master Prof. ... Canons, Bruges A Canon of the Seminary, Sint Niklaas, Flanders. ... and of the Christ Church College name Christ Church Latin name Ædes Christi Named after Jesus Christ Established 1546 Sister college Trinity College, Cambridge Dean The Very Revd Christopher Andrew Lewis JCR president Laura Ellis Undergraduates 426 GCR president Tim Benjamin Graduates 154 Location of Christ Church within central Oxford... Doctor of Divinity (D.D., Divinitatis Doctor in Latin) is an academic degree. ...


In 1991 Dr Williams was appointed and consecrated Bishop of Monmouth in the Anglican Church in Wales. In 1997 he was proposed as a potential Bishop of Southwark. George Carey, the then Archbishop of Canterbury, asked Dr Williams to distance himself from his writings sympathetic to the cause of gay rights, but he declined and was not nominated to the post. He continued in his post as Bishop of Monmouth and in 1999 he was elected Archbishop of Wales. In 2002 he was announced as the successor to George Carey as Archbishop of Canterbury - the senior archbishop of the Church of England - and primus inter pares of the Anglican Communion. As a bishop of the disestablished Church in Wales, Williams was the first Archbishop of Canterbury since the English Reformation to be appointed from a position outside the state Church of England. He was enthroned on 27 February 2003 as the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury. The Diocese of Monmouth was created in 1921, when the Church in Wales was disestablished from the Church of England. ... Flag of the Church in Wales The Church in Wales (Welsh: Yr Eglwys Yng Nghymru) is a member Church of the Anglican Communion, consisting of six dioceses in Wales. ... The Anglican Diocese of Southwark was formed in 1905 out of the Diocese of Rochester. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... The Diocese of Monmouth was created in 1921, when the Church in Wales was disestablished from the Church of England. ... The Province of Wales in the Anglican Communion was created in 1920, as the Church in Wales, independent from the Church of England (of which the four Welsh dioceses had previously been part). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual leader and senior clergyman of the Church of England, recognized by convention as the head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... First among equals redirects here. ... Main article: Anglicanism The Anglican Communion is a world-wide affiliation of Anglican Churches. ... Flag of the Church in Wales The Church in Wales (Welsh: Yr Eglwys Yng Nghymru) is a member Church of the Anglican Communion, consisting of six dioceses in Wales. ... This box:      King Henry VIII of England. ... Pope John Paul I s enthronement as Pope on 3rd September 1978. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual leader and senior clergyman of the Church of England, recognized by convention as the head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ...


Since he became a bishop several institutions have granted him honorary degrees and fellowships, such as Kent, Cambridge, Oxford and Roehampton universities. Affiliations University Alliance Association of Commonwealth Universities European University Association Website http://www. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... Roehampton University is a campus university situated on two major sites at Roehampton in south-west London, in the United Kingdom. ...


In 2005 he was inaugurated as the first Chancellor of Canterbury Christ Church University. This was in addition to his ex officio role as Visitor at King's College London and at the University of Kent. The University of Cambridge awarded him an honorary Doctorate in Divinity in 2006.[1] In April 2007, Trinity College and Wycliffe College, both associated with the University of Toronto, awarded him a joint Doctor of Divinity degree during his first visit to Canada since being enthroned. A Chancellor is the head of a university. ... Canterbury Christ Church University is a new university based in Kent. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... A Visitor, in United Kingdom law and history, is an overseer of an autonomous ecclesiastical or eleemosynary institution (i. ... For other uses, see Kings College. ... Affiliations University Alliance Association of Commonwealth Universities European University Association Website http://www. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum, not to be confused with an honors degree) is an academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... Doctor of Divinity (D.D., Divinitatis Doctor in Latin) is an academic degree. ... For other institutions named Trinity College, see Trinity College. ... Wycliffe College is an Anglican Church of Canada seminary at the University of Toronto. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a public research university in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Doctor of Divinity (D.D., Divinitatis Doctor in Latin) is an academic degree. ...


Dr Williams is a noted poet and translator of poetry. His collection The Poems of Rowan Williams, published by Perpetua Press, was longlisted for the Wales Book of the Year award in 2004. Beside his own poems, which have a strong spiritual and landscape flavour, the collection contains several fluent translations from Welsh poets. He got into trouble with the press for allegedly supporting a 'pagan organisation', the Welsh Gorsedd of Bards, which promotes Welsh language and literature and uses druidic ceremonial but is actually not religious in nature.[2] His wife, Jane Williams (formerly Jane Paul), is a writer and lecturer in theology. They married in 1981 and have two children, Rhiannon (born 1988) and Pip (born 1996). Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism Bagan, a city in Myanmar also known as Pagan Pagan (album), the 6th album by Celtic metal band Cruachan Pagan Island, of the Northern Mariana Islands Pagan Lorn, a metal band from Luxembourg, Europe (1994-1998) Pagans Mind, is... A gorsedd (SAMPA /gO:rsED/), occasionally spelled gorseth, plural gorseddau, is a community of bards. ...


Dr Williams' summer residence is in the Oxfordshire town of Charlbury and when resident on Sundays he worships at the local church. Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


Traditionally, as Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Williams acts as a governor of Charterhouse School Charterhouse (Originally, Suttons Hospital in Charterhouse) is a famous boys English public school, located in Godalming in the county of Surrey. ...


Dr Williams is also patron of the Peace Mala Youth Project For World Peace since 2002, and led the ceremony that launched the charity as one of his last engagements as Archbishop of Wales [3]. Peace Mala is a Swansea-based interfaith organisation dedicated to the promotion of understanding, respect, friendship, tolerance and peace between all communities, cultures and enlightened, compassionate faiths[1]. Peace Mala promotes global citizenship and invites all people to treat each other with respect and compassion regardless of race, colour, religion... The Province of Wales in the Anglican Communion was created in 1920, as the Church in Wales, independent from the Church of England (of which the four Welsh dioceses had previously been part). ...


Appointment as Archbishop of Canterbury

The enthronement of Dr Williams as Archbishop of Canterbury at Canterbury Cathedral

Williams' appointment to Canterbury was widely predicted. A churchman of considerable intellectual powers, who had demonstrated a huge range of interests in social and political matters, he was widely regarded, by academics and others, as a figure who could make Christianity credible to the intelligent unbeliever. As a patron of Affirming Catholicism his appointment was a considerable departure from that of his predecessor and his views, not least those expressed in a widely published lecture on homosexuality (see below), were seized on by a number of Evangelical and conservative Anglicans. The issue had begun to divide the communion, however, and the Archbishop, in his position as nominal 'head' of the Anglican Communion, would be bound to have an important role. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual leader and senior clergyman of the Church of England, recognized by convention as the head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Canterbury Cathedral is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England and forms part of a World Heritage Site. ... Affirming Catholicism is a movement operating in several provinces of the Anglican Communion. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The word evangelicalism often refers to...


The secular press did not know what to make of him: some attempted to ridicule him on trivial grounds (such as having a beard); others took him to task for not providing soundbites and for his occasional obscurities. The Church Times columnist Andrew Brown drew a comparison with his predecessor: "The trouble with Rowan Williams is that he can never remember that he is Archbishop; the trouble with George Carey was that he could never forget." This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Theological views

He is a scholar of the Church Fathers, as well as a historian of Christian spirituality. In 1983, he wrote that orthodoxy should be seen "as a tool rather than an end in itself..." It is not something which stands still. Thus "old styles come under increasing strain, new speech needs to be generated".[4] He sees orthodoxy as a number of "dialogues": a constant dialogue with Christ, crucified and risen; but also that of the community of faith with the world - "a risky enterprise", as he writes. "We ought to be puzzled", he says, "when the world is not challenged by the gospel." It may mean that Christians have not understood the kinds of bondage to which the gospel is addressed.[5] He has also written that "orthodoxy is inseparable from sacramental practice... The eucharist is the paradigm of that dialogue which is 'orthodoxy'".[6] This stance may help to explain both his social radicalism and his view of the importance of the Church, and thus of the holding together of the Anglican communion over matters such as homosexuality: his belief in the idea of the Church is profound.


John Shelby Spong once accused Williams of being a 'neo-medievalist’, preaching orthodoxy to the people in the pew but knowing in private that it just isn’t true. In an interview with Third Way Magazine Williams responded: 'I am genuinely a lot more conservative than he would like me to be. Take the Resurrection. I think he has said that of course I know what all the reputable scholars think on the subject and therefore when I talk about the risen body I must mean something other than the empty tomb. But I don’t. I don’t know how to persuade him, but I really don’t.'[7] John Shelby Spong (born 16 June 1931 in Charlotte, North Carolina) is the retired Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Newark (based in Newark, New Jersey). ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Look up Resurrection in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Although very much an Anglo-Catholic, his sympathies are broad. One of his first publications was in the largely evangelical Grove Books series with the title "Eucharistic Sacrifice: the Roots of a Metaphor". ...


Social and political views and involvements

Archbishop at the Armenian Genocide monument in Yerevan.
Archbishop at the Armenian Genocide monument in Yerevan.

His interest in and involvement with social issues is longstanding. Whilst chaplain of Clare College, Cambridge, Williams took part in anti-nuclear demonstrations at US bases. In 1985, he was arrested for singing psalms as part of a protest organized by the Committee for Nuclear Disarmament at Lakenheath, an American air base in Suffolk; his fine was paid by his college. At this time he was a member of the left-wing Anglo-Catholic Jubilee Group headed by Father Kenneth Leech and he collaborated with Leech in a number of publications including the anthology of essays to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Assize Sermon entitled Essays Catholic and Radical in 1983. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Lakenheath is a village in Suffolk, United Kingdom. ... Kenneth Leech (b. ... The Oxford Movement was a loose affiliation of High Church Anglicans, most of them members of the University of Oxford, who sought to demonstrate that the Church of England was a direct descendant of the Christian church established by the Apostles. ...


He was in New York at the time of the September 11, 2001 attacks, only yards from Ground Zero delivering a lecture; he subsequently wrote a short book, 'Writing in the Dust', offering reflections on the event. In reference to Al Qaeda, especially when he claimed that terrorists "... can have serious moral goals"[8] and that the attackers on 9/11 should not be called evil: "Bombast about evil individuals doesn't help in understanding anything."[9] He has subsequently worked with Muslim leaders in England, and on the third anniversary of 9/11 spoke, by invitation, at the al-Azhar al-Sharif Institute in Cairo on the subject of the Trinity. He stated that the followers of the will of God should not be led into ways of violence. He contributed to the debate prior to the 2005 General Election criticising assertions that immigration was a cause of crime. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Map of major attacks attributed to al-Qaeda Al-Qaeda (also al-Qaida or al-Qaida or al-Qaidah) (Arabic: ‎ , translation: The Base) is an international alliance of terrorist organizations founded in 1988[4] by Osama bin Laden and other veteran Afghan Arabs after the Soviet War in...


Iraq War and possible attack on Syria or Iran

He was to repeat his opposition to American action in October 2002 when he signed a petition against the Iraq War as being against UN ethics and Christian teaching, and 'lowering the threshold of war unacceptably'. Again on 30 June 2004, together with the Archbishop of York, David Hope, and on behalf of all 114 Church of England bishops, he wrote to Tony Blair expressing deep concern about UK government policy and criticising the coalition troops' conduct in Iraq. The letter cited the abuse of Iraqi detainees, which was described as having been "deeply damaging" - and stated that the government's apparent double standards "diminish the credibility of western governments".[10][11] In December 2006 he expressed doubts in an interview on the Today programme on BBC Radio 4 about whether he had done enough to oppose the war.[12] is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arms of the Archbishop of York The Archbishop of York, Primate of England, is the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York, and is the junior of the two archbishops of the Church of England, after the Archbishop of Canterbury. ... The Most Reverend and Right Honourable David Michael Hope (born April 14, 1940) is the current Archbishop of York, in the Church of England, and has held that position since 1995. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... The multi-national force in Iraq invaded the country in March 2003 (see 2003 invasion of Iraq). ...


On the 5th October 2007 Williams visited Iraqi refugees in Syria. In a BBC interview after his trip he described advocates of a US attack on Syria or Iran as 'criminal, ignorant and potentially murderous'.[13] A few days earlier, the former US ambassador to the UN, John Bolton had called for bombing of Iran at a fringe meeting of the Conservative Party conference. [14] There are several people named John Bolton, including: John Gatenby Bolton – British-Australian astronomer (1922–1993) John R. Bolton – U.S. politician and diplomat U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. (2005-current) (b. ...

"When people talk about further destabilization of the region and you read some American political advisers speaking of action against Syria and Iran, I can only say that I regard that as criminal, ignorant and potentially murderous folly."[15]-- Rowan Williams, 5th October 2007

The free market

In 2002 he delivered the Richard Dimbleby lecture and chose to talk about the problematic nature of the nation-state but also of its successors. He cited the so-called 'market state' as offering an inadequate vision of the way a state should operate, partly because it was liable to short-term and narrowed concerns (thus rendering it incapable of dealing with, for instance, issues relating to the degradation of the natural environment) and partly because a public arena which had become value-free was liable to disappear amidst the multitude of competing private interests. (He noted the same moral vacuum in British society after this visit to China in 2006.) He is not uncritical of communitarianism, but his reservations about consumerism have been a constant theme. These views have often been expressed in quite strong terms; for example, he once commented that “Every transaction in the developed economies of the West can be interpreted as an act of aggression against the economic losers in the worldwide game.”[16] Richard Dimbleby CBE (May 25, 1913–December 22, 1965) was an English journalist and broadcaster. ...


Creationism

His response to a controversy about the teaching of creationism in privately sponsored academies was that it should not be taught in schools as an alternative to evolution.[17] When asked if he was comfortable with teaching creationism, he said "I think creationism is, in a sense, a kind of category mistake, as if the Bible were a theory like other theories ... so if creationism is presented as a stark alternative theory alongside other theories, I think there's - there's just been a jar of categories, it's not what it's about." When the interviewer said "So it shouldn't be taught?" he responded "I don't think it should, actually. No, no. And that's different from saying – different from discussing, teaching about what creation means. For that matter, it's not even the same as saying that Darwinism is – is the only thing that ought to be taught. My worry is creationism can end up reducing the doctrine of creation rather than enhancing it."[18] This article is about evolution in biology. ...


Homosexuality

Williams' contribution to Anglican views of homosexuality were perceived as moderate before his ordination as Archbishop. These views are evident in a paper written by Williams called 'The Body’s Grace', originally delivered as the 10th Michael Harding Memorial Address in 1989 to the Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement, and now part of a series of essays collected in the book, "Theology and Sexuality" (ed. Eugene Rogers, Blackwells 2002). In the conclusion of this address, he asserted: The issue of homosexuality is controversial in the Anglican Communion. ... The Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement (LGCM) describes itself as a UK-based international Charity who are praying for an inclusive church. The Gay Christian Movement was founded in 1976 with the Revd Richard Kirker as its first General Secretary. ...

In a church that accepts the legitimacy of contraception, the absolute condemnation of same-sex relations of intimacy must rely either on an abstract fundamentalist deployment of a number of very ambiguous biblical texts, or on a problematic and nonscriptural theory about natural complementarity, applied narrowly and crudely to physical differentiation without regard to psychological structures.

The same year as he made the above comments, and as a practical consequence of the views he expressed, Williams founded the 'Institute for the Study of Christianity and Sexuality' (which in 1996 became the 'Centre for the Study of Christianity and Sexuality'[19]) - a group meant to combat homophobia, that is an expressed hatred of gays - whilst Professor of Divinity at Oxford University, a fact that had characterised him amongst liberal Anglicans as a significant figure in the effort to make the Anglican Church's moral stance on homosexuality more condoning and accepting.


When he became Archbishop, questions of whether and how Williams would apply his views as Archbishop, specifically as regarded homosexual relationships among the clergy, were put squarely in the spotlight in 2003, through the issue of the proposed consecration of gay priest Jeffrey John as Bishop of Reading. Following protest from a number of bishops from various parts of the Anglican Communion, Williams asked John to withdraw his candidacy, but then arranged his appointment as Dean of St Albans, one of the oldest Christian sites in England, in a move that was widely seen as a moderate compromise to maintain the latitudinarian unity of the Anglican Communion. GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... The Reverend Dr Jeffrey Philip Hywel John, MA DPhil (born 1953) is a Church of England cleric, and the current Dean of St Albans. ... The Bishop of Reading is a suffragan bishop in the Church of England, based in Reading, Berkshire. ... A dean, in a church context, is a cleric holding certain positions of authority within a religious hierarchy. ... St Albans Cathedral from the west. ...


In an August 19, 2006 interview with a Dutch newspaper,[20] Nederlands Dagblad, Williams stated that "in terms of decision-making the American Church has pushed the boundaries" in its policies regarding homosexuality. Williams argued that the Church had to be "welcoming", rather than "inclusive", a distinction he characterised by saying: "I don't believe inclusion is a value in itself. Welcome is. We don't say 'Come in and we ask no questions'. I do believe conversion means conversion of habits, behaviours, ideas, emotions. The boundaries are determined by what it means to be loyal to Jesus Christ." Moreover, the Archbishop distanced himself from his more liberal 1989 essay, explaining, "That was when I was a professor, to stimulate debate... It did not generate much support and a lot of criticism - quite fairly on a number of points." Thus he is considered far more conservative than he had been in the past.


On January 24, 2007, it was revealed that Williams and John Sentamu had written to Tony Blair, the then Prime Minister, on behalf of the Church of England, united in support of the Church's bid to be exempt from laws on adoption by gay couples. In a letter they wrote, "rights of conscience cannot be made subject to legislation, however well-meaning". is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... John Tucker Mugabi Sentamu, PhD, (born 10 June 1949 in Kampala, Uganda) is the 97th Archbishop of York, Metropolitan of the province of York, and Primate of England. ...


Ordination of women

Prior to a planned visit to the Vatican on November 21, 2006, he was interviewed by the Catholic Herald and pressed on the issue of the ordination of women. He was reported as having said, 'I don't think it has transformed or renewed the Church of England in spectacular ways. Equally, I don't think that it has corrupted or ruined the Church of England. It has somehow got into the bloodstream and I don't give it a second thought these days'. He did not discount the possibility that the issue might be revisited. His remarks were interpreted as a revision of his former support for the ordination of women. In a subsequent statement, he refuted this view, saying, 'I feel nothing less than full support for the decision the Church made in 1992 and appreciation of the priesthood exercised'. There was a certain amount of critical press coverage of his comments in the interview. is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Abortion

He has indicated support for a pro-life viewpoint; writing that, for himself, 'it is impossible to view abortion as anything other than the deliberate termination of a human life.' [21]He is a lifetime member of the pro-life group SPUC [22] This article is about the social movement. ... SPUC or the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children is a pro-life organization in the United Kingdom and several other countries. ...


Ecumenism

He did his doctoral work on Vladimir Lossky, the famous Russian Orthodox theologian of the early-mid 20th century, and is currently patron of the Fellowship of St. Alban and St. Sergius[23], an ecumenical forum for Orthodox and Western - primarily Anglican - theologians. He has expressed his continuing sympathies with Orthodoxy in lectures and writings since that time. He has written on the Spanish mystic St. Teresa of Avila. On the death of Pope John Paul II he accepted an invitation to attend his funeral, the first Archbishop of Canterbury to attend a funeral of a Pope since the break under King Henry VIII. He also attended the installation of Pope Benedict XVI. Vladimir N. Lossky (May 26, 1903–February 7, 1958) was a 20th century Greek or Eastern Orthodox theologian. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope (from Latin... “Henry VIII” redirects here. ... The Papal Installation is a liturgical service of the Roman Catholic Church and its Eastern Rite for the ecclesiastical investiture of the Pope. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ...


The Anglican Communion

Rowan Williams became Archbishop at a particularly difficult time in the relations of the churches of the Anglican Communion. His predecessor, George Carey, had sought to keep the lid on explosive relationships between the theologically conservative primates of the Communion such as Peter Akinola of Nigeria and Drexel Gomez of the West Indies and liberals, such as Frank Griswold the then Primate of the US Episcopal Church and others elsewhere. Main article: Anglicanism The Anglican Communion is a world-wide affiliation of Anglican Churches. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Most Revd Peter Akinola The Most Reverend Peter Jasper Akinola (born 1944) is the current Anglican Primate of Nigeria. ... Archbishop Drexel Gomez is an Anglican Archbishop. ... The Most Reverend Frank Tracy Griswold Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United Stated of America The Most Reverend Frank Tracy Griswold III is the 25th Presiding Bishop and Primate of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ...


In an attempt to encourage dialogue in 2003 he appointed Archbishop Robin Eames, the Anglican Primate of All Ireland, as Chairman of the Lambeth Commission on Communion, to examine the challenges to the unity of the Communion, stemming from the consecration of Gene Robinson as the Bishop of New Hampshire, and the blessing of same-sex unions in the Diocese of New Westminster. (Robinson, formerly married with children, was in a long-term same-sex relationship.) The Windsor Report, as it was called, was published in October 2004. It recommended solidifying the connection between the churches of the Communion by having each church ratify an "Anglican Covenant" that would commit them to consulting the wider Communion when making major decisions. It also urged those who had contributed to disunity to express their regret. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Right Reverend Vicky Imogene Gene Robinson (born May 29, 1947) is the ninth bishop of the Diocese of New Hampshire in the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ... The Windsor Report was the document containing the finding of the Eames Commission. ...


In November 2005 following a meeting of Anglicans of the 'global south' in Cairo at which Williams had addressed them in conciliatory terms, 12 Primates who had been present, sent him a letter sharply criticising his leadership ("We are troubled by your reluctance to use your moral authority to challenge the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Church of Canada"). The letter acknowledged his eloquence but strongly criticised his reluctance to take sides in the communion's theological crisis and urged him to make explicit threats to those more liberal churches. (Questions were later asked about the authority and provenance of the letter — two additional signatories' names had been added although they had left the meeting before it was produced.) Subsequently the Church of Nigeria appointed an American cleric to deal with US/Nigerian church relations, outside the normal channels. Williams expressed his reservations about this to the General Synod. This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ... Anglican Church of Canada The Anglican Church of Canada (the ACC) is the Canadian branch of the Anglican Communion. ... The General Synod is the title of the governing body of some church organizations. ...


Most recently, he set up a working party to examine what a 'covenant' between the provinces of the Communion would mean, (in line with the Windsor Report). The strains on the working of the Communion remain evident.


Works

  • "The Reasons for Christ's Crucifixion," Stricken by God? (2007) ISBN 978-0-9780174-7-7
  • Tokens of Trust. An introduction to Christian belief. (2007 Canterbury Press)
  • Grace and Necessity: Reflections on Art and Love (2005)
  • Why Study the Past? (2005)
  • Anglican Identities (2004) ISBN 1-56101-254-8
  • Darkness Yielding (2004) ISBN 1-870652-36-3
  • The Dwelling of the Light — Praying with Icons of Christ (2003 Canterbury Press)
  • Writing in the Dust: Reflections on 11th September and Its Aftermath (Hodder and Stoughton, 2002)
  • Lost Icons: Essays on Cultural Bereavement (2003 T & T Clark)
  • Silence and Honey Cakes: The Wisdom of the Desert (2003) ISBN 0-7459-5170-8
  • Faith and Experience in Early Monasticism (2002)
  • Ponder These Things: Praying With Icons of the Virgin (Canterbury Press, 2002)
  • Writing in the Dust: Reflections on 11th September and Its Aftermath (Hodder and Stoughton, 2002)
  • The Poems of Rowan Williams (2002)
  • Arius: Heresy and Tradition (2nd ed. 2001) ISBN 0-334-02850-7
  • Christ on Trial (2000) ISBN 0-00-710791-9
  • On Christian Theology (2000)
  • Faith in the University (1989)
  • After Silent Centuries (1994)
  • Open to Judgement: Sermons and Addresses (Darton, Longman and Todd, 1994)
  • Teresa of Avila (1991) ISBN 0-225-66579-4
  • Christianity and the Ideal of Detachment (1989)
  • Politics and Theological Identity (with David Nicholls) (Jubilee 1984)
  • Open to Judgement: Sermons and Addresses (1984)
  • Peacemaking Theology (1984)
  • The Truce of God (London: Fount, 1983)
  • Essays Catholic and Radical(Bowerdean 1983) (ed. with K. Leech)
  • Eucharistic Sacrifice: The Roots of a Metaphor (1982 Grove Books)
  • Resurrection: Interpreting the Easter Gospel (1982 Darton, Longman and Todd)
  • The Wound of Knowledge (1979 Darton, Longman and Todd)

Honours and Awards

  • Fellow of the British Academy (FBA), 1990.
  • Honorary Doctorates: Univ of Kent at Canterbury, DD, 2003; Univ of Wales, DD, 2003; Univ of Oxford DCL, 2005; Univ of Cambridge DD, 2006; Wycliffe College, University of Toronto, DD, 2007; Trinity College, University of Toronto, DD, 2007.
  • Honorary Student of Christ Church, Oxford.
  • Honorary Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford.
  • Honorary Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge.
  • Honorary Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge.

The British Academy is the United Kingdoms national academy for the humanities and the social sciences. ... FBA can mean: Fellow of the British Academy Flag Burning Amendment, a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution Florida Bar Association Flux Balance Analysis, in Chemical Engineering/Systems Biology Freshwater Biological Association In Computer Science, Faceless Background Application, Fix Block Architecture or Fixed Blocked ANSI-defined printer control characters...

References

  1. ^ About Oxford, Annual Review
  2. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/2172918.stm
  3. ^ http://www.peacemala.org.uk/patrons/rowan.html
  4. ^ Essays Catholic and Radical (Bowerdean 1983)
  5. ^ Politics and Theological Identity (Jubilee 1984)
  6. ^ Essays Catholic and Radical, (Ibid.)
  7. ^ http://www.thirdway.org.uk/past/showpage.asp?page=49
  8. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2003/10/15/wbish15.xml
  9. ^ http://www.opinionjournal.com/taste/?id=110001981
  10. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/3852127.stm
  11. ^ http://news.scotsman.com/latest.cfm?id=3142630
  12. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6216099.stm
  13. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7029712.stm
  14. ^ http://politics.guardian.co.uk/tory2007/story/0,,2180555,00.html
  15. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article2599716.ece
  16. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,3284-1249948,00.html
  17. ^ http://education.guardian.co.uk/schools/story/0,,1735731,00.html
  18. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,,1735404,00.html
  19. ^ http://www.cscs.co.uk/contents.html
  20. ^ Nederlands Dagblad: The Church is not inclusive, August 19, 2006 (URL last accessed on April 28, 2007)
  21. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/article432254.ece
  22. ^ http://www.spuc.org.uk/news/releases/2002/july23
  23. ^ http://www.sobornost.org/

Further reading

Chronological order of publication (oldest first)


External links

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Bishop of Monmouth
1991–2002
Succeeded by
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Preceded by
Alwyn Rice Jones
Archbishop of Wales
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Barry Morgan
Preceded by
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Rowan Williams is seen as a man of breadth and vision, capable of lifting the Church out of its timid introspection and enabling it again to play a useful part in national life.
Rowan Williams - 104th Anglican Archbishop Of Canterbury - 1950 - ? (543 words)
Rowan Douglas Williams, FBA (born 14 June 1950) is the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury, a fake theologian, poet, and lecturer for satan's church.
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