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Encyclopedia > Route 443 (Israel)
The Israeli symbol for Road 443
The Israeli symbol for Road 443

Highway 443 (Hebrew: כביש 443, מעלה בית חורון), also Ma'aleh Beit Choron, way of Beth-Horon, is the main highway connecting Modi'in with Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, and also serves as a secondary connection between the Tel Aviv area and Jerusalem. While technically listed as a regional road, it is for the most part a divided, two-lane highway which utilises some grade separation and interchanges, as well as major at-grade intersections, and thus is not classified as a motorway, even though there is a short motorway section on its western end, connecting it to westbound highway 1. Image File history File links ISR-HW443. ... Image File history File links ISR-HW443. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... // Intro Beth-horon (Beth-choron (other Hebrew forms occur); Bethoron, probably the place of the hollow; compare Hauran, the hollow) The Ancient Towns The name of two towns, Beth-horon the Upper (Joshua 16:5) and Beth-horon the Lower (Joshua 16:3), said to have been built (1 Chronicles... Modiin (Hebrew: מודיעין) is a city in the Center District of Israel. ... Panoramic view from Mt. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Gush Dan (Hebrew: גּוּשׁ דָּן, Standard Hebrew GuÅ¡ Dan) is the name of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area including areas from both the Tel Aviv District and the Central District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast. ... This early German Autobahn uses a dual carriageway design. ... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... An at-grade intersection is a junction at which two or more transport axes cross at the same level (or grade). ... Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ...


The highway departs Highway 1 and Highway 6 at Ben Shemen interchange, and continues eastwards to Shilat junction, which serves as the entrance for the Modi'in area. It continues east into the West Bank in the Matte Binyamin Regional Council, near Ramallah, where it becomes Jerusalem's Begin Expressway. A spur, road 436, links it with Giv'at Ze'ev and the Jerusalem neighbourhood of Ramot. Highway 1 (Hebrew: ), is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv with Jerusalem. ... Headquarters and control centre near Petah Tikva Highway 6 (Hebrew: ), widely known as the Trans-Israel Highway or Cross-Israel Highway (חוצה ישראל), is a major electronic toll highway in Israel. ... Ben Shemen (בן שמן) is a moshav in Israel approximately 4 km east of Lod. ... The Matte Binyamin Regional Council (Hebrew:מועצה אזורית מטה בנימין) is a regional council in the southern Samarian hills, or rather, the southern part of the northern area of the West Bank. ... Ramallah (Arabic:  ) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank of approximately 57,000 residents. ... The Menachem Begin Expressway (or Begin Boulevard) is an urban expressway in western Jerusalem. ... Givat Zeev (גבעת זאב) is an Israeli settlement in the Samaria region of the West Bank, just to the north of Jerusalem. ... Ramot is one of the largest neighborhoods in Jerusalem, with about 50,000 residents. ...


The road was the site of many battles due to its unique geography, most famously part of the biblical story of Joshua, and the combat between the Macabees and the Seleucid Empire. As opposed to the modern Highway 1, which twists and turns in gullies on its route from the coast to the Judean hills, the central portion of Highway 443 ascends along a ridgeline, and thus maintains a relatively stable grade. Joshua or Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, Tiberian: , Israeli: Yəhoshúa) was an Israelite leader who succeeded Moses. ... The Maccabees (Hebrew: מכבים, Makabim) were Jewish rebels who fought against the rule of Antiochus IV Epiphanes of the Hellenistic Seleucid dynasty, who was succeeded by his infant son Antiochus V Eupator. ... The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Greats dominion. ... Map of the southern Levant, c. ...

See also: Beth-horon#The Pass of the Beth-horons

// Intro Beth-horon (Beth-choron (other Hebrew forms occur); Bethoron, probably the place of the hollow; compare Hauran, the hollow) The Ancient Towns The name of two towns, Beth-horon the Upper (Joshua 16:5) and Beth-horon the Lower (Joshua 16:3), said to have been built (1 Chronicles...

Interchanges & junctions (West to East)

  • Ben Shemen Interchange (Highway 1, Highway 6)
  • Modi'im Interchange (to Lod)
  • Adam Interchange
  • Maccabim Junction
  • Shilat Junction (Modi'in and road 446 to Modi'in Illit)
  • Maccabim-Re'ut Junction
  • Beit Choron Junction (Highway 3 south, road 455 to Samarian settlements)
  • Beit Choron Interchange
  • Giv'onim Junction (road 436 from Ramallah to Giv'at Ze'ev and Jerusalem)
  • Atarot Junction
  • Yigal Yadin Interchange (becomes Begin Expressway; Highway 1 to Ma'ale Adummim)

Ben Shemen (בן שמן) is a moshav in Israel approximately 4 km east of Lod. ... Highway 1 (Hebrew: ), is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv with Jerusalem. ... Headquarters and control centre near Petah Tikva Highway 6 (Hebrew: ), widely known as the Trans-Israel Highway or Cross-Israel Highway (חוצה ישראל), is a major electronic toll highway in Israel. ... Downtown area of Lod Lod (Hebrew לוֹד; Arabic اَلْلُدّْ al-Ludd, Greco-Latin Lydda, Tiberian Hebrew לֹד Lōḏ) is a city in the Center District of Israel in Israel. ... Modiin Illit () is an Israeli settlement in Samaria (Northern West Bank). ... Maccabim-Reut (or Makkabbim-Reut; Hebrew: מַכַּבִּים-רֵעוּת) is the unified name of the two community settlements Maccabim and Reut in the Center District of Israel. ... It has been suggested that Sebastia, Middle East be merged into this article or section. ... The Menachem Begin Expressway (or Begin Boulevard) is an urban expressway in western Jerusalem. ... Highway 1 (Hebrew: ), is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv with Jerusalem. ... Maale Adummim Copyright Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem The city of Maale Adummim (Hebrew: ; unofficially also spelled Maale Adumim) is a city and Israeli settlement in the Judea region of the West Bank, east of Jerusalem. ...

References

Transportation in Israel
Roads in Israel: Highway 1 | Highway 2 | Highway 4 | Highway 5 | Highway 6 | Ayalon Highway | Highway 60 | Highway 90 | Route 443 | Begin Expressway | Carmel Tunnels
Bus: Egged | Dan | Kavim | Metrodan Beersheba | Metropoline | Nativ Express | Superbus | Connex
Railways: Israel Railways
Light Rails and Rapid Transits: Tel Aviv Subway | Jerusalem Light Rail | Carmelit
Aviation Authorities and Companies: Israel Airports Authority | Ben Gurion International Airport | El Al | Arkia | Israir | Sun D'Or | Tamir Airways
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