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Encyclopedia > Route 128 (Massachusetts)

Route 128 is a circumferential or ring highway in eastern Massachusetts with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. With the rapid growth of high-technology industry centered on Route 128 from the 1960s to the 1980s, "Route 128" came to symbolize the Boston high-tech community itself, though today more of the industry is located near I-495. A beltway (American English), ring road or orbital motorway (British English) is a circumferential highway found around or within many cities. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 27,360 km² 305 km 80 km 25. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Motto: {{{motto}}} Official website: www. ... Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495) is the designation of an Interstate highway beltway in Massachusetts. ...

Contents


The road

The route 128 number dates from the origin of the Massachusetts highway system in the 1920s. The original route ran from Nantasket Beach in Hull to Gloucester. The first, 27-mile, section of the current lmiited-access highway from Braintree to Gloucester was opened in 1951. It was the first limited-access circumferential highway in the United States. All but the northernmost few miles of the route is freeway. Aerial view of Hull Hull is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... This article is about Gloucester, Massachusetts, USA; there are other places called Gloucester Seal of Gloucester, MA Gloucester is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Braintree is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ...


Currently Route 128 runs concurrently with Interstate 95 from Canton north to Peabody and, when I-95 continues north from Peabody toward New Hampshire, east from Peabody to Gloucester. Until the early 1990s, it also ran concurrently with the present Interstate 93 from Canton to Braintree. This stretch of Interstate 93, which is now also designated as part of U.S. Highway 1, though no longer officially part of Route 128, is still often referred to as "Route 128" by locals. The I-95 and I-93 signage were added in the mid-1970s when plans to construct I-95 through Boston, directly connecting the two I-95/MA-128 interchanges, were cancelled. An unused cloverleaf in Canton is one leftover structure from this plan. INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-10 FL 351B I-20 SC 160B I-40 NC 81 I-85 VA 51 GAP I-80 NJ 68-69 I-90 MA 24 (41) Canadian Border (NB-95) (ME 305) Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS Prev Next Interstate 95 (abbreviated I-95) is an... Canton is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Peabody, MA Peabody is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 46th 24,239 km² 110 km 305 km 3. ... Interstate 93 is an interstate highway in the New England section of the United States. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS {{{browse}}} United States Highway 1 is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-10 FL 351B I-20 SC 160B I-40 NC 81 I-85 VA 51 GAP I-80 NJ 68-69 I-90 MA 24 (41) Canadian Border (NB-95) (ME 305) Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS Prev Next Interstate 95 (abbreviated I-95) is an... Canton is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ...


Until 1965, while and shortly after the Route 3 freeway to Cape Cod was fully finished, the section of current Route 3 between exits 15 and 20 was also designated as Route 128. The route's southern end was then truncated to its intersection with Route 3 in Braintree. The non-freeway section of Route 128 from Route 3 through Hingham to Nantasket was redesignated Route 228. The Massachusetts Highway Department has tried twice, in 1997 and 2003, to truncate 128 even further, back to its intersection with I-95 in Peabody, but local opposition has convinced them to back down. A reflection of these attempts are along every interchange, where the main signage on the intersecting route indicates the highway as I-95, while smaller signage to the sides also identifies the road as Route 128. The entire highway from Braintree up to Gloucester has the official name The Yankee Division Highway. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... Massachusetts Route 3 is a southward continuation of U.S. Highway 3, connecting Boston, Massachusetts with Cape Cod. ... Seal of Hingham, MA Hingham is a town located in Plymouth County on the South Shore of Massachusetts. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-10 FL 351B I-20 SC 160B I-40 NC 81 I-85 VA 51 GAP I-80 NJ 68-69 I-90 MA 24 (41) Canadian Border (NB-95) (ME 305) Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS Prev Next Interstate 95 (abbreviated I-95) is an... The 26th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. // World War I Activated: July 1917 (National Guard Division from Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont). ...


The area along the western part of Route 128 is home to a number of high-technology firms and corporations. This part of Route 128 has been dubbed "America's Technology Highway" and at one time was second only to Silicon Valley. A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. Like many large cities, San Joses downtown is expansive and encompasses much more area than shown in this view. ...


Route 128 makes more than a 180-degree arc around Boston, and clockwise is "north" even when the road heads slightly south of east when approaching the Atlantic Ocean. Hackers in the area refer to this as going "logical north" on the route. Interstate 93, going north-and-south, intersects Route 128, which nominally goes north-and-south, at a right angle, about 15 miles north of Boston. A traveller going "logical south" on 128 (compass west) from the I-93 interchange will soon find himself driving due west, travelling logically south on 128 and I-95, and north on US-3 in a wrong-way multiplex. Like the I-95 signage mapping onto 128, the mapping of US-3 onto this stretch of 128 is due to US-3 as a separate limited access highway terminating in Burlington on 128 instead of further south at MA-2 in Lexington as originally envisioned. This abrupt termination requires the US-3 signage to continue along 128 for somewhat over a mile until it can interchange the old US-3 surface arterial. Moreover, when I-93 and Route 128 ran concurrently south of Boston, before the route was truncated to the I-95 interchange in Canton, they were signed in opposite directions, so it was possible to travel north on I-93 and south on Route 128 at the same time. Hacker describes a class of people who create and modify computer software and computer hardware, including people skilled in computer programming, administration and security. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION POSTMILE QU-5 0. ... A wrong-way multiplex in the interior of British Columbia; 97 south is 5 north is 1 east A wrong-way multiplex occurs in highway numbering systems when two multiplexed routes, nominally going in opposite directions, are routed in the same direction along one stretch of physical road. ... Burlington is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts State Highway 2, always referred to simply as Route 2, is a major East-West state highway in Massachusetts. ... Minute Man statue on Lexington Green, by H. H. Kitson. ...


Route 128 Station is located along the highway in Westwood, Massachusetts and is served by Amtrak's Northeast Corridor line and MBTA commuter rail. Amtrak waiting area at Rte 128 station. ... Westwood is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Amtrak, is the brand name of the intercity passenger train system created on May 1, 1971 in the United States. ... Most of the NEC is owned by Amtrak (those sections shown in red). ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls the subway, bus, commuter rail, and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ...


Route 128 has also been mentioned in several rock and roll songs such as "Blue Thunder" by Galaxie 500 and the road anthem "Roadrunner" by Jonathan Richman & the Modern Lovers. 1989s On Fire Galaxie 500 was a seminal guitar band from the late 1980s who were heavily influenced by the late Velvet Underground. ... Jonathan Richman (born May 15, 1951) is an American proto-punk icon and one of the progenitors of indie rock. ...


The high-tech region

In 1955, Business Week ran an article entitled "New England Highway Upsets Old Way of Life" and referred to Route 128 as "the Magic Semicircle". By 1958, it needed to be widened from six to eight lanes, and business growth continued. In 1957, there were 99 companies employing 17,000 workers along 128; in 1965, 574; in 1973, 1212. In the 1980s, the positive effects of this growth on the Massachusetts economy were dubbed the "Massachusetts Miracle". Massachusetts Miracle refers to a period of economic growth in the state of Massachusetts during most of the 1980s. ...


Major companies located in the broader Route 128 area included Digital Equipment Corporation, Data General Corporation, Thermo Electron Corporation, Analog Devices, Computervision, Polaroid, and Raytheon. Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering company in the American computer industry. ... Thermo Electron Corporation (Thermo) (NYSE: TMO) (incorporated 1956) is a major provider of analytical instruments and services for a variety of domains. ... Analog Devices is an American multinational producer of semiconductor devices. ... Computervision, Inc. ... Polaroid (a trademark of the Polaroid Corporation) is the name of a type of synthetic plastic sheet which is used to polarise light. ... Raytheon Company NYSE: RTN is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ...


Trivia

The first 3 exits along Route 128, numbered 9, 10, and 11, are not grade-separated interchanges. "Exit 9" is a signalized intersection with Route 127, and "Exits" 10 and 11 are large rotaries. In fact, at the "Exit 9" intersection, according to aerial photos, Route 128 is only a 2-lane surface road. A roundabout, rotary, or gyratory circus is a type of road junction (or traffic calming device) at which traffic streams circularly around a central island after first yielding to the circulating traffic. ...


Bibliography

  • Susan Rosegrant, David R. Lampe, Route 128: Lessons from Boston's High-Tech Community, Basic Books, 1992, ISBN 0465046398. The story of the Boston high-tech industry, starting from its 19th-century roots.
Massachusetts numbered routes
Preceded by:
127A
128 Succeeded by:
129
(128A)

  Results from FactBites:
 
CIS: Historical Sketch (3567 words)
Massachusetts stoutly resisted all attempts at regulation from abroad, and consequently lost its charter in 1684, becoming a part of the Dominion of New England under the administration of Sir Edmund Andros.
Massachusetts was again profiting by two of her major assets, skilled labor and proximity to major markets.
Massachusetts continues to have an abundance of assets in the area of entrepreneurship and innovation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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