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Encyclopedia > Roussillon
Coat of arms of Roussillon - see also senyera
Coat of arms of Roussillon - see also senyera
Flag of Roussillon
Flag of Roussillon
Mount Canigó (Canigou) (2785m), a Catalan landmark

Roussillon (French: Roussillon, pronounced /ʀusijɔ̃/; Catalan: Rosselló, pronounced /rusəˈʎo/) is one of the historical counties of the former Principality of Catalonia, corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrénées-Orientales (Eastern Pyrenees). It is also called French Catalonia or Northern Catalonia, the latter term used particularly by Catalan-speaking community. This includes the homonymous Catalonian comarca of Rosselló. Image File history File links RoussillonCoA.gif Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links RoussillonCoA.gif Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Different flags of territories of the former Crown of Aragon are based upon the Senyera. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Roussillon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Roussillon. ... Image File history File links Picture of Mount Canigó (Rosselló / Roussillon, France) taken from the road to Rivesaltes (PGF) airport in December, 2004. ... Image File history File links Picture of Mount Canigó (Rosselló / Roussillon, France) taken from the road to Rivesaltes (PGF) airport in December, 2004. ... Canigou (Catalan Canigó) is a mountain in southern France. ... Canigou (Catalan Canigó) is a mountain in southern France. ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Catalan, Spanish, Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th in Spain  32 114 km²  6,3% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 2nd in Spain  6 995 206  15,9%  217,82/km² GDP Total (2004) GDP: €157,124 billion GDP per /capita: $26,550... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Catalan in Europe Catalan IPA: (català ) is a Romance language, the official language of Andorra and co-official in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Valencia (under the name Valencian) and Catalonia. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Catalonia or the Principality of Catalonia (Catalan: Catalunya or Principat de Catalunya ; Spanish: Cataluña or Principado de Cataluña; Aranese: Catalonha or Principautat de Catalonha ; French: Catalogne or Principauté de Catalogne) is a historic region in southern Europe, formerly an independent country, embracing a territory now situated in the... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Pyrénées-Orientales (Eastern Pyrenees, Catalan: Pirineus Orientals) is a département of southern France adjacent to the northern Spanish frontier and the Mediterranean Sea. ... Roussillon (Catalan Rosselló) is one of the historical Catalan Countries corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrénées-Orientales (Eastern Pyrenees). ... ... A homonym is one of a group of two or more words that have the same phonetic form (i. ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... The comarca of Roussillon (Catalan: Rosselló) is a Catalonian comarca in Northern Catalonia, currently under French administration. ...


Also a French Province before the Revolution, Roussillon derived its name from a small fortified place near Perpinyà (Perpignan) called Ruscino (Rosceliona, Castel Rossello), where the chieftains of Gaul met to consider Hannibal's request for a conference. The district formed part of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis from 121 BC to AD 462, when it was ceded with the rest of Septimania to the Visigoth Theodoric II. His successor, Amalaric, on his defeat by Clovis in 531 retired to Spain, leaving a governor in Septimania. The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... It has been suggested that Revolutionary be merged into this article or section. ... Location within France Perpignan (Catalan Perpinyà) is a commune and the préfecture (administrative capital city) of the Pyrénées-Orientales département in southern France, and was the capital of the former province of Roussillon (French Catalonia). ... Location within France Location within the Pyrénées-Orientales département Majorca Kings Palace in Perpignan Perpignan (French: Perpignan; Catalan Perpinyà) is a commune and the préfecture (administrative capital city) of the Pyrénées-Orientales département in southern France. ... Hannibal is one of the most common prenames in Punic and we know several military commanders (strategos) with this prename during the Punic Wars, while their family names or nicknames are often not recorded. ... Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis, 120 AD Gallia Narbonensis was a Roman province located in what is now Languedoc and Provence, in southern France. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - 120s BC - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 126 BC 125 BC 124 BC 123 BC 122 BC - 121 BC - 120 BC 119 BC... Events September 1 - possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. ... Septimania was the western region of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis that passed under the control of the Visigothic kingdom in 462, when Septimania was ceded to Theodoric II, king of the Visigoths. ... Migrations The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... Theodoric II murdered his older brother Thorismund to become king of the Visigoths in 453 CE. Edward Gibbon writes that he justified this atrocious deed by the design which his predecessor had formed of violating his alliance with the empire. ... Events End of the reign of Northern Wei Chang Guang Wang, ruler of the Chinese Northern Wei Dynasty. ...


In 719 the Saracens crossed the Pyrenees, and Septimania was held by them until their defeat by Pippin in 756. On the invasion of Spain by Charlemagne in 778 he found the borderlands wasted by the Saracenic wars, and the inhabitants hiding among the mountains. He accordingly made grants of land to Visigothic refugees from Spain, and founded several monasteries, round which the people gathered for protection. In 792 the Saracens again invaded France, but were repulsed by Louis, King of Aquitaine, whose rule extended over all Catalonia as far as Barcelona. Events The church of Nubia transfers its allegiance from the Eastern Orthodox Church to the Coptic Church. ... For the rugby club Saracens see Saracens (rugby club) The term Saracen comes from Greek sarakenoi. ... Central Pyrenees. ... Pippin, often also spelt Pepin, was the name of several important figures in the Carolingian family that ruled the Frankish Empire in what is now France and the western parts of Germany in the Middle Ages: Pippin the Elder Pippin the Middle Pippin the Younger (father of Charlemagne) Pippin the... Events Abd-ar-rahman I conquers Iberia and establishes a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Charlemagne, portrait by Albrecht Dürer. ... Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to an area along a border, e. ... Migrations The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... Events Irenes title of empress confirmed. ... Capital Bordeaux Land area¹ 41,309 km² Regional President Alain Rousset (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ...


The different portions of his kingdom in time grew into allodial fiefs, and in 893 Sunyer II became the first hereditary count of Rosselló. But his rule only extended over the eastern part of what became the later province. The western part, the Cerdanya, was ruled in 900 by Miron as first count, and one of his grandsons, Bernat, became the first hereditary count of the middle portion, or Besalú. The counts of Roussillon were allied to their cousins the counts of Empúries in a centuries-long conflict with the surrounding counts. Count Girard I participated in the First Crusade in the following of Raymond IV of Toulouse and was one of the first to set foot in Jerusalem when it was stormed by the Crusaders in 1099. At the beginning of the 12th century the power of the counts of Barcelona began to rise to such a height that the counts of Roussillon had no choice but to swear fealty to them. Events Simeon I succeeds Vladimir as king of Bulgaria. ... Sunifred II (in Catalan, Sunyer; and in Spanish, Suñer) (c. ... Look up Count in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Countess redirects here. ... Map of Baixa Cerdanya in Catalonia Cerdanya (French Cerdagne) is one of the historical Catalan counties in the eastern Pyrenees, bordering the county of Alt Urgell. ... Events Persian scientist, Rhazes, distinguished smallpox from measles in the course of his writings. ... Besalú is a medieval town in the Catalan comarca of Garrotxa, in Catalonia. ... The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II to regain control of the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Christian Holy Land from Muslims. ... Raymond IV of Toulouse (c. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew:  , Yerushaláyim or Yerushalaim; Arabic:  , al-Quds (the Holy); official Arabic in Israel: أورشليم القدس, Urshalim-al-Quds (combining the Hebrew Bible and common usage Arabic names) is the capital and largest city of the State of Israel with a population of 724,000 (as of May 24, 2006[1... 1099 also refers to a United States tax form used for, among other purposes, reporting payments made to independent Contractors. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ...

Wine pickers outside Maury
Wine pickers outside Maury

In 1111 Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona, inherited the fief of Besalú, to which was added in 1117 that of Cerdanya; and in 1172 his grandson, Alfonso II of Aragon, united Rosselló to his other territories on the death of the last count, Girard II. In fact Girard was in conflict with his illegitimate brothers, sons of a second and illegal wedding of his father Count Gausfred III. In his will he gave his county to his lord King Alfons to ensure his brothers wouldn't inherit his lands. Under the Aragonese monarchs the progress of the united province still continued, and Collioure, the port of Perpignan, became a centre of Mediterranean trade. ImageMetadata File history File links Wine600. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Wine600. ... Events The Synod of Rathbreasail marked the transition of the Irish church from a monastic to a diocesan one Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paschal II Baldwin VII becomes Count of Flanders Births Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (died 1171) Andrei Bogolyubsky, prince of Vladimir... Ramon Berenguer III the Great was Count of Barcelona, Girona and Osona from 1082-1131 and Count of Provence, Holy Roman Empire, from 1112. ... Events May 3 - Merton Priory (Thomas Becket school) consecrated. ... Map of Baixa Cerdanya in Catalonia Cerdanya (French Cerdagne) is one of the historical Catalan counties in the eastern Pyrenees, bordering the county of Alt Urgell. ... Events Duke Richard of Aquitaine becomes Duke of Poitiers. ... Alfonso II of Aragon (Alfons I of Provence and Barcelona, 1152-1196), known as the Chaste or the Troubadour was king of Aragon and count of Barcelona from 1162 to 1196. ... Gerard II (Girard in French and Catalan, Gerardo in Spanish) was the last de facto independent count of Roussillon from 1164 to his death in 1172. ... King of Aragons arms in 15th century The Crown of Aragon or Aragonese Empire was the regime of a large portion of what is now Spain, plus numerous Mediterranean possessions, for much of the later Middle Ages. ... Collioure (French: Collioure, pronounced ; Catalan: Cotlliure) is a seaside Mediterranean town and commune a few kilometers north of the Spanish border in the French département of Pyrénées-Orientales, a part of the ancient Roussillon province and the present-day Languedoc-Roussillon région. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


But the country was destined to pay the penalty of its position as border emplacement in the long struggle for ascendancy between these two powers. By the Treaty of Corbeil (1258) Louis IX of France formally surrendered the sovereignty of Rosselló and the ancient countship of Barcelona to Crown of Aragon, recognizing a centuries-old reality. The Treaty of Corbeil was an agreement signed on May 11, 1258, in Corbeil (today Corbeil-Essonnes, in the region of ÃŽle-de-France) between Louis IX of France and James I of Aragon. ... Only representation of Saint Louis known to be true to life - Early 14th century statue from the church of Mainneville, Eure, France King Louis IX of France or Saint Louis (April 25, 1214/1215 – August 25, 1270) was King of France from 1226 until his death. ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain - Visigoths - Al-Andalus - Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Transition to Democracy Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History... King of Aragons arms in 15th century The Crown of Aragon or Aragonese Empire was the regime of a large portion of what is now Spain, plus numerous Mediterranean possessions, for much of the later Middle Ages. ...

Palau dels Reis de Mallorca (Mallorca Kings Palace) at Perpinyà (Perpignan)
Palau dels Reis de Mallorca (Mallorca Kings Palace) at Perpinyà (Perpignan)

Jaume I of Aragon had wrested the Balearic Isles from the Moors and left them with Rosselló to his son Jaume (1276), with the title of King of Majorca. The consequent disputes of this monarch with his brother Pere III of Aragon were not lost sight of by Philip III of France in his quarrel with the latter about the crown of the Two Sicilies. Philip espoused Jaume's cause and led an army into Aragon Crown territories, but, retreating, died at Perpignan in 1285. Jaume then became reconciled to his brother, and in 1311 was succeeded by his son Sancho, who founded the cathedral of Perpignan shortly before his death in 1324. His successor, Jaume III of Majorca, refused to do homage to Philip VI of France for the seigniory of Montpellier, and applied to Pere IV of Aragon for aid. Pere not only refused it, but on various pretexts declared war against him, and seized Majorca and Rosselló in 1344. Image File history File links Palau_dels_Reis_de_Mallorca_a_Perpinya. ... Image File history File links Palau_dels_Reis_de_Mallorca_a_Perpinya. ... Location within France Perpignan (Catalan Perpinyà) is a commune and the préfecture (administrative capital city) of the Pyrénées-Orientales département in southern France, and was the capital of the former province of Roussillon (French Catalonia). ... Location within France Location within the Pyrénées-Orientales département Majorca Kings Palace in Perpignan Perpignan (French: Perpignan; Catalan Perpinyà) is a commune and the préfecture (administrative capital city) of the Pyrénées-Orientales département in southern France. ... James I of Aragon (Catalan: Jaume I, Spanish: Jaime I) (Montpellier February 2, 1208 – July 27, 1276), surnamed the Conqueror, was the king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1219 to 1276. ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Castilian Area  - total  - % of Spain Ranked 17th 4 992 km² 1,0% Population  - Total (2003)  - % of Spain  - Density Ranked 14th 916 968 2,2% 183,69/km² Demonym  - English  - Catalan  - Spanish Balearic balear balear Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166... Pencil and charcoal Drawing of Moor The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including present day Spain and Portugal) and the Maghreb and western Africa, whose culture is often called Moorish. ... Coat of Arms of the Kings of Majorca used only abroad James II (Catalan: Jaume II) was king of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1243 until 1311. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Majorca Kings Palace at Perpinyà The Kingdom of Majorca (also Kingdom of Mallorca) was created by James I of Aragon (Jaume I, The Conqueror) as a vassal kingdom of the Kingdom of Aragon. ... Peter III of Aragon (Catalan: Pere) (1239 – November 11, 1285, also Peter I of Valencia, Peter II of Barcelona), known as the Great, was the king of Aragon and Valencia and count of Barcelona from 1276 to 1285. ... Philippe III Philip III the Bold ( French: Philippe III le Hardi) (April 3, 1245 – October 5, 1285) reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. ... The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration of his power in 1816. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Events Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster. ... Sancho I (Sanç I in Catalan), called the Pacific, el Pacífic, or el Pacífico (1274-1324), was king of Majorca, count of Roussillon and Cerdaña, and lord of Montpellier from 1311 to 1324. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... Events Publication of Defensor pacis by Marsilius of Padua Mansa Kankan Musa I, ruler of the Mali Empire arrives in Cairo on his hajj or pilgrimage to Mecca. ... James III (1315-1349), king of Majorca, grandson of James II, was driven out of his little state and finally murdered by his cousin Pedro IV of Aragon, who definitely reannexed the Balearic Islands to the crown. ... Philip VI of France Philip VI of Valois (French: Philippe VI de Valois; 1293 – August 22, 1350) was the King of France from 1328 to his death, and Count of Anjou, Maine, and Valois 1325–1328. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Peter IV of Aragon (1319-1387), king of Aragon (1336-1387), the Ceremonious or el del punyalet (the one of the little dagger). ... Majorca (Mallorca in Catalan and Spanish, sometimes also encountered in English),: from Latin insula maior, later Maiorica, (major island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Illes Balears, Spanish: Islas Baleares), which are located in the Mediterranean Sea and are a part of Spain. ... Events English king Edward III introduces three new gold coins, the florin. ...


The province was now again united to the crown of Aragon, and enjoyed peace until 1462. In this year the disputes between Joan II and his son about the crown of Navarre gave Louis XI of France a pretext to support Joan against his subjects, who had risen in revolt. The province having been pawned to Louis for 300,000 crowns, it was occupied by the French troops until 1493, when Charles VIII restored it to Ferdinand and Isabella. Events Settlers from Portugal begin to settle the Cape Verde islands. ... Juan II (June 29, 1397 – January 20, 1479) was a King of Aragon (1458–1479) and a King of Navarre (1425–1479). ... Though the details are largely legendary, the Kingdom of Navarre evolved from the county of Pamplona, its traditional capital, when the Vasconic leader Enneco Aresta (Iñigo Arista or Aiza in Spanish) was chosen King in Pamplona (traditionally in 824) and led a local revolt against the Franks. ... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles VIII the Affable (French: Charles VIII lAffable) (June 30, 1470 – April 7, 1498) was King of France from 1483 to his death. ... The Catholic monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. ...


During the war between France and Spain (1496-1498) the people suffered equally from the Spanish garrisons and the French invaders. But dislike of the Castilians was soon effaced in the pride of sharing in the glory of the Emperor Charles V, and in 1542, when Perpignan was besieged by the dauphin, the inhabitants supported their monarch, earning that city the royal sobriquet, "Most Faithful City." 1496 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Aragon and Castile. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... The Dauphin was the heir apparent to the throne of France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties. ...


When the Catalans rose against the Spanish Crown in 1641, Louis XIII (of France) entered the conflict on the side of the former. After a protracted war, the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659) secured Rosselló and part of the Cerdanya (Cerdagne) to the French crown, which they joined to create the French province of Roussillon. The next fifty years saw a concerted effort by Louis XIV both to ensure the political allegiance of his new subjects, and to alter their cultural identity. He was successful in the former, but failed in the latter. Outside the capital of Perpignan, Roussillon remained distinctly Catalan in outlook and culture until the late nineteenth century, when industrialization began to replace Catalan identity with French. This is a list of Spanish monarchs—that is, rulers of the country of Spain in the modern sense of the word. ... Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... The Treaty of the Pyrenees was a treaty signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years War. ... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... Map of Baixa Cerdanya in Catalonia Cerdanya (French Cerdagne) is one of the historical Catalan counties in the eastern Pyrenees, bordering the county of Alt Urgell. ... Coronation of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile at Reims in 1223; a miniature from the Grandes Chroniques de France, painted in the 1450s, kept at the National Library of France The monarchs of France ruled, first as kings and later as emperors, from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 4, 1638 – September 1, 1715) ruled as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death just prior to his seventy-seventh birthday. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During the French Revolution, the Old Regime province of Roussillon was abolished and a new department, the Departement des Pyrénées-Orientales, was created instead. This department corresponds roughly to the old Roussillon, with the addition of the comarca of Fenolleda. Pyrénées-Orientales is the name by which this region is officially known in France. The old name of Roussillon did contribute to the French région of Languedoc-Roussillon. The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a pivotal period in the history of French, European and Western civilization. ... Ancien Régime means Old Regime or Old Order in French; in English, the term refers primarily to the social and political system established in France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties, and secondarily to any regime which shares the formers defining features: a feudal system under the control... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... Fenholeda, also Fenolhedès or Fenolhet (French: Fenouillèdes, Catalan: Fenolleda), is an Occitan comarca in the French Département of Pyrénées-Orientales. ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Capital Montpellier Land area¹ 27,376 km² Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ...

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See also

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This is a list of the counts of Roussillon (see Roussillon): Carolingian counts These counts were nominated by the Carolingian kings of France, of whom they were vassals. ... For other perspectives on the History of Catalonia, see also: History of Europe; History of Spain; History of France; Kings of Aragon; Catalonia (historic territory). ... The History of France has been divided into a series of separate historical articles navigable through the template to the right. ... It is traditional (at least, since the 19th century) to start the history of modern Spain with the Visigoth kingdom. ... ...

External links

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References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Roussillon (373 words)
There was a great flowering of monasticism in Roussillon from the 10th century on, with the result that the area is rich in Romanesque architectural remains.
In the 13th century Roussillon formed the core of the kingdom of Majorca, an amalgamation formed by James I of Aragon and Majorca in the 13th century.
The town of Perpignan fell to the French in 1642, and in 1659 Spain formally ceded the province to France by the Treaty of the Pyrenees.
Roussillon - LoveToKnow 1911 (843 words)
The counts of Roussillon, Cerdagne and Besalu were not sufficiently powerful to indulge in any wars of ambition.
surrendered the sovereignty of Roussillon and the ancient countship of Barcelona to Aragon, and from that time until the 17th century the province ceased to belong to France.
Afterwards the decay of Spain was France's opportunity, and on the revolt of the Catalans against the Castilians in 1641, Louis XIII.
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