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Encyclopedia > Rotuma
Rotuma Group


Hatana
Hofilua
Rotuma
Solkope
Solnohu
Uea
The Rotuma Group is a group of islands dominated by Rotuma Island, and including the nearby islets of Hatana, Hofliua, Solkope, Solnohu and Uea. ... Solkope is a small island off the southern coast of Rotuma in the Fiji Islands. ...


Islands of Fiji


Principal islands
Viti Levu
Vanua Levu

Significant outliers
Conway Reef
Kadavu
Taveuni
Rotuma

Archipelagos
Kadavu Group
Lau Islands
Lomaiviti Islands
Mamanuca Islands
Moala Islands
Ringgold Isles
Rotuma Group
Vanua Levu Group
Viti Levu Group
Yasawa Islands
Motto: Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui (English: Fear God and honour the Queen) Anthem: God Bless Fiji Capital Suva Largest city Suva Official language(s) English, Bau Fijian, and Hindustani (Hindi/Urdu) Government President Prime Minister Chairman Great Chief Republic Ratu Josefa Iloilo Laisenia Qarase Ratu Ovini Bokini... Viti Levu is the largest island in the Republic of Fiji. ... Vanua Levu is the second largest island of Fiji, and was formerly known as Sandalwood Island. ... Conway Reef, known in Fijian as Ceva-I-Ra (IPA:), is a three-kilometer long coral reef situated at 21. ... Map of Fiji, showing Kadavu to the South of Viti Levu Kadavu is the fourth largest island in the Republic of Fiji, and the largest island in the Kadavu Group, which are comprised of Kadavu, Ono, Galoa and a number of smaller islands. ... Taveuni is the third-largest island in Fiji, after Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, and has a population of around 12,000. ... The Kadavu Group is an archipelago south of Viti Levu, one of Fijis two main islands. ... The Lau Islands (also called the Lau Group, the Eastern Group, the Eastern Archipelago) of Fiji are situated in the southern Pacific Ocean, just east of the Koro Sea. ... The Lomaiviti archipelago of Fiji consists of seven main islands and a number of smaller ones. ... Mamanuca Islands, Fiji The Mamanuca Islands of Fiji are a volcanic archipelago lying to the west of Nadi and to the south of the Yasawa Islands. ... The Moala Islands are a subgroup of Fijis Lau archipelago. ... The Ringgold Isles are an archipelago in Fiji, forming an outlier group to Vanua Levu. ... The Rotuma Group is a group of islands dominated by Rotuma Island, and including the nearby islets of Hatana, Hofliua, Solkope, Solnohu and Uea. ... The Vanua Levu Group is an archipelago in northern Fiji. ... The Viti Levu Group in Fiji consists of the island of Viti Levu and its outliers, including Bau, Beqa, and Nukulau. ... The Yasawa Group is a group of about 20 volcanic islands in the Western Division of Fiji, with an approximate total area of 135km2. ...

Rotuma is a Fijian Dependency, consisting of the island of Rotuma and the nearby islets of Hatana, Hofliua, Solkope, Solnohu and Uea. These volcanic islands are located at 12°35′S 177°10′E, approximately 465 kilometers north of Fiji. Rotuma Island itself is 13 kilometers long and 4 kilometers wide, with a land area of approximately 43 square kilometers. Its population at the 1996 census was 2810. Fiji is divided administratively into four divisions, which are further subdivided into fourteen provinces. ... Solkope is a small island off the southern coast of Rotuma in the Fiji Islands. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

Contents


History

  • See main article: History of Rotuma
Rotuma - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image
Rotuma - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image

The first known European sighting of Rotuma was in 1791, when Captain Edward Edwards and the crew of the HMS Pandora landed in search of sailors who had disappeared following the Mutiny on the Bounty. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (631x634, 545 KB) Rotuma - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image File links The following pages link to this file: Rotuma ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (631x634, 545 KB) Rotuma - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image File links The following pages link to this file: Rotuma ... This article is about the continent. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Captain is both a nautical term and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Admiral Edward Edwards (1742-1815) was a British naval officer best known as being the captain of HMS Pandora, which was sent in pursuit of the HMAV Bounty mutineers. ... Five vessels of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Pandora after the mythological Pandora: Pandora, launched in 1779, was a 24-gun frigate. ... for other meaning see Mutiny on the Bounty (disambiguation) The mutineers turning Lt Bligh and some of the officers and crew adrift from HMAV Bounty, 29 April 1789 The Mutiny on the Bounty was a historical event in the late 18th century, most widely known through fiction, of an officer...


A favorite of whaling ships in need of reprovisioning, in the mid-nineteenth century Rotuma became a haven for runaway sailors, some of whom were escaped convicts. Some of these deserters married local women and contributed their genes to an already heterogeneous pool; others met violent ends, reportedly at one anothers' hands.


Wesleyan missionaries from Tonga arrived on Rotuma in 1842, followed by Marist Catholics in 1847. Conflicts between the two groups, fueled by previous political rivalries among the chiefs of Rotuma's seven districts, resulted in hostilities that led the local chiefs in 1879 to ask Britain to annex the island group. On May 13, 1881, an anniversary now celebrated as Rotuma Day, a public holiday, Rotuma was officially ceded to the United Kingdom, seven years after Fiji became a colony. The colonial legacy can still be seen today in the variety of old churches that dot the landscape. The United Methodist Church is the largest Methodist denomination, and the second-largest Protestant one, in the United States. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Marist Brothers is a Roman Catholic religious order of brothers and lay people. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Rotuma Day is an annual celebration on the island of Rotuma, a Fijian dependency. ...


Demographics

  • See main article: Demographics of Rotuma

Although the island has been politically part of Fiji since 1881, Rotuman culture more closely resembles that of the Polynesian islands to the east, most noticeably Tonga, Samoa, Futuna, and Uvea. Because of their Polynesian appearance and distinctive language, Rotumans now constitute a recognizable minority group within the Republic of Fiji. The great majority of Rotumans (10,000) now live elsewhere in Fiji, with a little under 3000 remaining on Rotuma. Rotumans are culturally conservative and maintain their customs in the face of changes brought about by increased contact with the outside world. As recently as 1985, some 85 percent of Rotumans voted against opening the island up to tourism. 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Polynesia is generally defined as the islands within the triangle Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Futuna is an island in the Pacific Ocean belonging to the French territory of Wallis and Futuna. ... The Collectivity of Wallis and Futuna (French: Collectivité de Wallis et Futuna) is a group of mainly three volcanic tropical islands (Wallis, Futuna, and Alofi) with fringing reefs located in the South Pacific Ocean between Fiji and Samoa. ... This article is about the year. ... More than 3 million tourists visited the Taj Mahal (India) in 2004. ...


Well-known Rotumans include Major Jioji Konousi Konrote, Fiji's High Commissioner to Australia, Ombudsman Walter Rigamoto, Information Minister Marieta Rigamoto, and Chief Justice Daniel Fatiaki. Major is a military rank denoting an officer of mid-level command status. ... Jioji Konousi Konrote, better known as George Konrote, is a Fijian diplomat and possible political candidate for the general election scheduled for 2006. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... Look up Ombudsman in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Marieta Rigamoto Marieta Rigamoto is a Fijian politician. ... The Chief Justice is Fijis highest judicial officer. ... Daniel Fatiaki Daniel Fatiaki is the Chief Justice of Fiji. ...


Politics

Flag adopted by Rotuman secessionists in 1988
Flag adopted by Rotuman secessionists in 1988

Administratively, Rotuma is fully incorporated into Fiji, but with local government so tailored as to give the island a measure of autonomy greater than that enjoyed by other political subdivisions of Fiji. Rotuma has the status of a Dependency, with an elected Council of Rotuma whose powers and responsibilities are comparable to those of Divisions and Provinces elsewhere in Fiji. The island's capital is Motusa. Fiji is divided administratively into four divisions, which are further subdivided into fourteen provinces. ... Image File history File links The flag adopted by Rotuman secessionists in 1988. ... Image File history File links The flag adopted by Rotuman secessionists in 1988. ... Fiji is divided administratively into four divisions, which are further subdivided into fourteen provinces. ... The Council of Rotuma is a municipal body on the island of Rotuma, a Fijian dependency. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ...


At the national level, Fijian citizens of Rotuman descent elect one representative to the Fijian House of Representatives, and the Council of Rotuma nominates one representative to the Fijian Senate. Rotuma is also represented in the influential Great Council of Chiefs by three representatives chosen by the Council of Rotuma. For electoral purposes, Rotumans were formerly classified as Fijians, but when the Constitution was revised in 1997-1998, they were granted separate representation at their own request. (The majority of seats in Fiji's House of Representatives are allocated on a communal basis to Fiji's various ethnic groups). Overview The House of Representatives is the lower chamber of Fijis Parliament. ... The Senate of Fiji is the upper chamber of Parliament. ... The Great Council of Chiefs (Bose Levu Vakaturaga in Fijian) is a constitutional body in the Republic of the Fiji Islands. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Communal constituencies have been the most durable feature of the Fijian electoral system. ...


Following two military coups in Fiji in 1987, a secessionist movement flickered into life on Rotuma. It has always appeared to represent a minority of the Rotuman population, however. Fiji Coups of 1987 refers to the 1987 overthrow of the government of Fiji by Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka, then third in command of the Royal Fiji Military Forces. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

  • Rotuma website - an exhaustive website on all things Rotuman by anthropologists Alan Howard and Jan Rensel
  • The Land Has Eyes - an award-winning film set in Rotuma made by Rotumans.


Political divisions of Fiji Flag of Fiji
Divisions: Central | Eastern | Northern | Western
Provinces: Ba | Bua | Cakaudrove | Kadavu | Lau | Lomaiviti | Macuata | Nadroga-Navosa | Naitasiri | Namosi | Ra | Rewa | Serua | Tailevu
Dependency: Rotuma
Cities: Lautoka | Suva
Towns: Ba | Labasa | Lami | Levuka | Nadi | Nasinu | Nausori | Savusavu | Sigatoka | Tavua


Fiji is divided administratively into four divisions, which are further subdivided into fourteen provinces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Fiji. ... coat of arms of fiji This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... The Central Division of Fiji is one of Fijis four divisions. ... The Eastern Division of Fiji is one of Fijis four divisions. ... The main town in the Northern Division is Labasa. ... Map of Fiji showing Western division. ... Ba is a town in Fiji, 23 miles away from Lautoka, off the coast. ... Bua is one of Fijis fourteen Provinces. ... Cakaudrove is one of fourteen Provinces of Fiji, and one of three based principally on the northern island of Vanua Levu, occupying the south-eastern third of the island and including the nearby islands of Taveuni, Rabi, Kioa, and numerous other islands in the Vanua Levu Group. ... Map of Fiji, showing Kadavu to the South of Viti Levu Kadavu is the fourth largest island in the Republic of Fiji, and the largest island in the Kadavu Group, which are comprised of Kadavu, Ono, Galoa and a number of smaller islands. ... The Lau Islands (also called the Lau Group, the Eastern Group, the Eastern Archipelago) of Fiji are situated in the southern Pacific Ocean, just east of the Koro Sea. ... The Lomaiviti archipelago of Fiji consists of seven main islands and a number of smaller ones. ... Macuata is one of Fijis fourteen Provinces, and one of three based principally on the northern island of Vanua Levu, occupying the north-eastern 40 percent of the island. ... Nadroga-Navosa is one of Fijis fourteen Provinces, and one of eight based in Viti Levu, Fijis largest island. ... Naitasiri is a Province of Fiji. ... Namosi is one of Fijis fourteen Provinces, and one of eight based in Viti Levu, the largest island. ... Ra is one of Fijis fourteen Provinces. ... Rewa is a Province of Fiji. ... Serua is one of Fijis fourteen Provinces. ... Tailevu is one of Fijis fourteen Provinces. ... Lautoka is the second largest city of Fiji. ... Suva is the capital of Fiji. ... Ba is a town in Fiji, 37 kilometers (23 miles) from Lautoka, inland from the coast of Viti Levu, Fijis largest island. ... Labasa (IPA:) is a town in Fiji with a population of 24,187 at the last census held in 1996. ... Lami is an urban area in Rewa Province, Fiji, north-west of Suva. ... Levuka, Fiji Levuka is a town on the Fijian island of Ovalau, in Lomaiviti Province, in the Eastern Division of Fiji, of which it is the capital. ... Sri Siva Subramaniya temple, a centre of worship for Fijis Hindu community and one of Nadis most visible landmarks. ... Nasinu is an urban area in Fiji. ... Nausori is a Town in Fiji. ... Savusavu is a town in Fiji on the island of Vanua Levu with a population of about 6,000. ... Sigatoka is a town in Fiji. ... Tavua is a Town in Fiji, 91 kilometers from Nadi and 9 kilometers from the gold mining settlement of Vatukoula. ...

Island groups in Polynesia An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Polynesia is generally defined as the islands within the triangle Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ...

Austral Islands | Cook Islands | Easter Island | Gambier Islands | Hawaiian Islands | Kermadec Islands | Loyalty Islands | Marquesas | Islands of New Zealand | Pitcairn Islands | Samoan Islands | Society Islands | Tokelau | Tonga Islands | Tuamotus | Tuvalu | Wallis and Futuna Islands

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rotuma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (652 words)
Rotuma is a Fijian Dependency, consisting of the island of Rotuma and the nearby islets of Hatana, Hofliua, Solkope, Solnohu and Uea.
Rotuma has the status of a Dependency, with an elected Council of Rotuma whose powers and responsibilities are comparable to those of Divisions and Provinces elsewhere in Fiji.
Rotuma is also represented in the influential Great Council of Chiefs by three representatives chosen by the Council of Rotuma.
Rotuma - definition of Rotuma in Encyclopedia (305 words)
Rotuma is a volcanic island of approximately 43 square kilometers, located at 12 degrees south latitude and 177 degrees east longitude, approximately 465 kilometers north of Fiji.
Rotuma was first sighted by capitain Edward Edwards in 1791.
On May 13, 1881, seven years after Fiji became a colony, Rotuma was officially ceded to the United Kingdom.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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