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Encyclopedia > Rotorua, New Zealand
Rotorua
Urban Area Population 55,100
Extent Ngongotaha to Owhata
Territorial
Authority
Name Rotorua District
Population 67,600
Extent Mamaku to Lake


Rotoma; Tokorau to


Golden Springs
Regional
Council
Name Bay of Plenty

Rotorua is a city located on the southern shore of Lake Rotorua in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. It has a population of 53,000.


The city is located 60 kilometres south of Tauranga, 105 km south-east of Hamilton and 82 km north-east of Taupo.


Rotorua is a spa resort, well-known for its geothermal activity in the area. There are a number of geysers (notably the 20 metre Whakarewarewa geyser) and hot mud pools located in the city that owe their presence to the Rotorua caldera.

Contents

History

Enlarge
Lake Rotorua

The name Rotorua comes from the Maori_language. The full name is Rotorua-nui-a-Kahu. Roto generally means lake and rua meaning two. Literally translated Rotorua means second lake. It was named by the Maori chief Ihenga, as it was the second major lake that he discovered. The lake is the largest of a multitude found to the north and east of the city, all connected with the Rotorua Caldera and nearby Mount Tarawera.


The area was initially settled by Maori of the Te Arawa iwi. The lakeshore was a prominent site of skirmishes during the Maori wars of the 1860s. A "special town district" was created in the 1880s, in order to promote Rotorua's potential as a spa. Rotorua was established as a borough in 1922.


Tourism

Enlarge
Government Gardens, Rotorua

Rotorua is home to not only geothermal interests, but botanical gardens and some interesting historical architecture. Known as a spa town and major tourist resort for close to a century, many of the buildings hint at this history. The formal Government Gardens close to the lakeshore at the eastern end of the town are particularly worth of note.


Kuirau Park, to the west end of the central city, is also remarkable - this for its natural features. hot bubbling mud pools dot the park, lending a surreal air to the setting.


Thermal activity is at the heart of much of Rotorua's tourist appeal. Geysers and bubbling mud-pools, hot thermal springs and even a buried village are all located within easy reach of the city.


Rotorua was prominently featured in a music video by The Beastie Boys for their song Gratitude.


Famous sons and daughters

External links

  • Three dozen profiles of relevant websites (http://zeal.com/category/preview.jhtml?cid=10118940)
  • Tourist information, etc (http://www.rotoruanz.com/)
  • Rotorua Pictures (http://faemalia.net/NewZealandPix/NewZealandHoliday/NorthIsland/08-Rotorua-Day-2/buildImageTree-WebPix/00-PictureIndex.html)
Territorial Authorities of New Zealand
Cities:
North Shore | Waitakere | Auckland | Manukau | Hamilton | Tauranga | Napier | Palmerston North | Porirua | Upper Hutt | Lower Hutt | Wellington | Nelson* | Christchurch | Dunedin | Invercargill
Districts:
North Island: | Far North | Whangarei | Kaipara | Rodney | Papakura | Franklin | Thames-Coromandel | Hauraki | Waikato | Matamata-Piako | Waipa | South Waikato | Otorohanga | Rotorua | Waitomo | Taupo | Western Bay of Plenty | Whakatane | Kawerau| Opotiki | Gisborne* | Wairoa | Hastings | Central Hawke's Bay | New Plymouth | Stratford | South Taranaki | Ruapehu | Wanganui | Rangitikei | Manawatu | Tararua | Horowhenua | Kapiti Coast | Masterton | Carterton | South Wairarapa
South Island: Tasman* | Marlborough* | Buller | Grey | Westland | Kaikoura | Hurunui | Waimakariri | Banks Peninsula | Selwyn| Ashburton | Timaru | Mackenzie | Waimate | Waitaki | Queenstown-Lakes | Central Otago | Clutha | Gore | Southland
Territory: Chatham Islands
*unitary authorities

  Results from FactBites:
 
CBS - The Amazing Race (709 words)
New Zealand's geography is incredibly diverse: while North Island's central volcanic plateau is the best place to see geysers, boiling mud pools and streaming lake edges, South Island's Franz Josef glacier in Westland National Park is the country's steepest and fastest moving glacier.
New Zealand also presents excellent opportunities for hiking (or tramping, as the Kiwis call it), beach going, surfing and other marine activities, since there are over fifty islands dotting the South Pacific waters.
By 1856, New Zealand became a British colony, and in 1907, it established independence from Britain by becoming a self-governing Dominion.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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