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Encyclopedia > Ross Dependency
Ross Dependency
Flag of New Zealand
Political status Dependency of New Zealand
Governor Anand Satyanand
Area
  – Total

 450 000 km² (174 000 mi²)
Population Scott Base: 10-80 seasonally
McMurdo Station: 200-1000 seasonally
Currency New Zealand dollar

The Ross Dependency comprises an area of Antarctica (and other land masses in the Southern Ocean) claimed by New Zealand. It is defined by a sector originating at the South Pole, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west, and terminating at latitude 60° south. The Dependency takes its name from Sir James Clark Ross, who discovered the Ross Sea. Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Flag of New Zealand is a defaced blue ensign with the Union Flag in the canton, and four red stars with white borders to the right. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... As far as Political status is concerned, three categories are usually recognized in international law: independent countries e. ... Flag of the Governor General of New Zealand The Governor-General of New Zealand is the local representative of the Queen of New Zealand, Queen Elizabeth II, and as such is the highest office in the Government of New Zealand. ... Anand Satyanand with Dame Silvia Cartwright Wikinews has news related to: New Governor-General of New Zealand announced Anand Satch[1] Satyanand, PCNZM (born 22 July 1944 in Auckland) is the Governor-General of New Zealand. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A New Zealand $100 polymer banknote, replacement of the old paper notes. ... A circular sector or circle sector also known as a pie piece is the portion of a circle enclosed by two radii and an arc. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Sir James Clark Ross (April 15, 1800 – April 3, 1862), was a British naval officer and explorer. ... Map of Antarctica (click to enlarge) Ice in the Ross Sea, Antarctica The Ross Sea is a deep bay of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica between Victoria Land and Marie Byrd Land. ...


The British government took possession of the territory in 1923 and entrusted it to the administration of New Zealand. Under the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty System, to which New Zealand is a signatory, no nation may make efforts to enforce sovereignty or territorial claims over the Antarctic continent proper. If one accepts the claim, the Ross Dependency comprises the bulk of the territory of New Zealand, far larger than North Island and South Island combined. However, the actual amount of land mass claimed is not large; most of the area defined as being in the Ross Dependency is either in the Ross Sea or the Antarctic Ocean. It is the smallest of the claims which were made prior to the implementation of the Antarctic Treaty System and the suspension of all territorial claims to Antarctica proper. The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ... The Southern Ocean, also known as the South Polar Ocean (and formerly the Antarctic Ocean), is the body of water encircling the continent of Antarctica. ...


The Governor-General of New Zealand is also the Governor of Ross Dependency.(MFAT Speech of 23-Apr-02, Antarctic Conference) Officers of the Government of the Ross Dependency are annually appointed to run the Dependency. Flag of the Governor-General of New Zealand. ...


The Dependency includes part of Victoria Land, and most of the Ross Ice Shelf. The scientific bases of Scott Base (New Zealand) and McMurdo Station (USA) currently form the only permanently occupied human habitations in the area – unless one includes the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. The Dependency has a snow runway at Williams Field, and depending on conditions and time of year, two ice runways. This guarantees accessibility by wheeled and ski equipped aircraft year round. Categories: Antarctica geography stubs | Geography of Antarctica | Ross Dependency ... Ross Ice Shelf in 1997. ... Scott Base beneath the active volcano Mount Erebus Scott Base is a base located at 77°51′S 166°45′E in Antarctica, operated by New Zealand. ... McMurdo Station, located at , sits on the southern tip of Ross Island in Antarctica, on the shore of McMurdo Sound, 2,200 miles (3,500 km) due south of New Zealand. ... The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station is an American research station at the South Pole, in Antarctica. ... Williams Field is New Zealands principal airport in Antarctica. ...


Ross Island, Balleny Islands and the small Scott Island also form part of the Dependency, as does the ice-covered Roosevelt Island. New Zealand had a summer-only base in the Dry Valley area of the dependency called Vanda Station, which operated from 1969 to 1995. It has been suggested that Castle Rock (Antarctica) be merged into this article or section. ... The Balleny Islands (66°55′ S 163°45′ E) form a chain of uninhabited, mainly volcanic, islands in the Southern Ocean streching from 66°15 to 67°35S and 162°30 to 165°00E. The group contains three main islands: Young, Buckle and Sturge, which lie in a... Scott Island (67°24′ S 179°55′ W) is a small uninhabited island of volcanic origin in the Southern Ocean, 505 km northeastward of Cape Adare, the northeastern extremity of Victoria Land. ... Location of Roosevelt Island Roosevelt Island (79°25S 162°00W) is an ice-covered island, about 130 km long in a NW-SE direction, 65 km wide and about 7,500 km2 in area, lying in the E part of the Ross Ice Shelf of Antarctica. ... Categories: Antarctica geography stubs | Geography of Antarctica | Ross Dependency | Valleys ... Vanda Station was a summer-only antarctic research base in the western highlands (Victoria Land) of the Ross Dependency, specifically on the shore of Lake Vanda, which is in the Wright Valley. ...


Greenpeace maintained its own Antarctic station in the Ross Dependency called World Park Base from 1987 to 1992, which was on Ross Island. As this base was a non-governmental entity, the official policy of the signatory nations of the Antarctic Treaty was not to give any support or assistance to it. Greenpeace is an international environmental organization founded in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 1971. ... World Park Base was a non-governmental year-round Antarctic base located on Ross Island in Ross Dependency. ...


The Ross Dependency is mentioned in the lyrics to Enya's Orinoco Flow, where it is used in a double pun/allusion with the name of one of the singer's producers. Enya, birth name Eithne Ní Bhraonáin (sometimes presented in the media as the Anglicised Enya Brennan; born May 17, 1961), is the Republic of Irelands best-selling solo artist and one of Irelands best known musicians. ... This article is about the Enya single Orinoco Flow. ...

Contents

Postage stamps

see: Postage stamps and postal history of the Ross Dependency The Ross Dependency originally bore the name King Edward VII Land—a name still used for the area around Cape Colbeck to the west of the ice shelf—and the New Zealand Post Office overprinted some 23,492 postage stamps with that name for use by the 1908 British Antarctic...


Disputes

In the late 1980s when the British non-governmental exploratory vessel Southern Quest sank in the Ross Sea, United States Coast Guard helicopters rescued the crew, who were taken to McMurdo Station. The subsequent verbal abuse levelled at the survivors (a number of whom were New Zealanders) by the base administrator caused some level of displeasure in New Zealand, given New Zealand's claim to the Dependency and the belief that any official reprimanding of New Zealand citizens on New Zealand territory should be done by the New Zealand government. The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense, among other duties of coast guards elsewhere. ...


Flag

Ross Dependency (unofficial) flag designed by James Dignan

Currently, only the New Zealand national flag serves in an official capacity in the Ross Dependency (the only other 'official' flag seen in photographs was the New Zealand Post flag to denote Scott Base's post office. New Zealand vexillologist James Dignan has however designed a flag which has been flown in the dependency unofficially[citation needed]. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Ross_Dependency_(unofficial). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Ross_Dependency_(unofficial). ... Scott Base beneath the active volcano Mount Erebus Scott Base is a base located at 77°51′S 166°45′E in Antarctica, operated by New Zealand. ... Vexillology is the study of flags. ...


External links

  • Government of the Ross Dependency — official description
  • Antarctica New Zealand — Crown entity charged with administering, developing and managing Ross Dependency
  • 50 years of Scott Base
  • History - From University of Canterbury
  • http://www.south-pole.com/homepage.html
  • Stamps of Ross Dependency


 
Antarctic territorial claims

Adélie Land
Argentine Antarctica
Australian Antarctic Territory
British Antarctic Territory Territorial claims of Antarctica Antarctica territories Currently there are seven claimant nations who maintain a territorial claim on eight territories in Antarctica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Antarctica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_French_Southern_and_Antarctic_Lands. ... Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12S, 136°11E and Point Alden at 66°48S, 142°02E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tierra_del_Fuego_province_in_Argentina. ... Antarctic portion between meridians 25º West and 74º West Argentine Antarctica (in Spanish, Antártida Argentina) is a sector of Antarctica which Argentina considers part of its National Territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... The Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT) is the part of Antarctica claimed by Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_British_Antarctic_Territory. ... Flag of the British Antarctic Territory The British Antarctic Territory is the British claim to land and islands in Antarctica, and is the oldest territorial claim on the continent. ...

Antarctic Chilean Territory
Ross Dependency
Queen Maud Land · Peter I Island
Former claim: New Swabia  (1939–1945) Image File history File links Flag_of_Magallanes,_Chile. ... Map indicating the chilean antarctic claim (Chilean Antarctic Territory) Flag of the Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region showing the southern cross. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Queen Maud Land (Norwegian: Dronning Maud Land) is the part of Antarctica lying between the terminus of Stancomb-Wills Glacier, at 20°W, and Shinnan Glacier, at 44° 38E. It has a land area of approximately 2,500,000 km², mostly covered by the Antarctic ice sheet. ... Fabian von Bellingshausen discovered Peter I Island (in Norwegian ) off West Antarctica on January 21, 1821. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... // New Swabia (German: Neuschwabenland or Neu-Schwabenland) was a section of the continent Antarctica between 20°E and 10°W (overlapping a portion of Norways claim zone Queen Maud Land), which was claimed by Germany between 19 January 1939 and 8 May 1945. ...


 
Realm of New Zealand
Flag of New Zealand
Cook Islands | New Zealand | Niue | Ross Dependency | Tokelau

 
 

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