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Encyclopedia > Roseola
Roseola
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 B08.2
ICD-9 057.8
eMedicine emerg/400  derm/378
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Roseolovirus
Virus classification
Group: Group I (dsDNA)
Family: Herpesviridae
Genus: Roseolovirus
species

Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6)
Human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following codes are used with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... // A00-A79 - Bacterial infections, and other intestinal infectious diseases, and STDs (A00-A09) Intestinal infectious diseases (A00) Cholera (A01) Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers (A010) Typhoid fever (A02) Other Salmonella infections (A03) Shigellosis (A04) Other bacterial intestinal infections (A040) Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection (A045) Campylobacter enteritis (A046) Enteritis due to Yersinia... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... Virus classification involves naming and placing viruses into a taxonomic system. ... A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and does not use an RNA intermediate during replication. ... Genera Subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae    Simplexvirus    Varicellovirus    Mardivirus    Iltovirus Subfamily Betaherpesvirinae    Cytomegalovirus    Muromegalovirus    Roseolovirus Subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae    Lymphocryptovirus    Rhadinovirus Unassigned    Ictalurivirus The Herpesviridae are a family of DNA viruses that cause diseases in humans and animals. ...

Exanthem subitum (meaning sudden rash), also referred to as roseola infantum (or rose rash of infants), sixth disease and (confusingly) baby measles, or three day fever, is a benign disease of children, generally under two years old, whose manifestations are usually limited to a transient rash ("exanthem") that occurs following a fever of about three day's duration. An exanthem is a rash, usually viral, and usually in children. ...


Until recently, its origin was unknown, but it is now known to be caused by two human herpesviruses, HHV-6 (Human Herpesvirus Six) and HHV-7, also called Roseolovirus. Genera Subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae    Simplexvirus    Varicellovirus    Mardivirus    Iltovirus Subfamily Betaherpesvirinae    Cytomegalovirus    Muromegalovirus    Roseolovirus Subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae    Lymphocryptovirus    Rhadinovirus Unassigned    Ictalurivirus The Herpesviridae are a family of DNA viruses that cause diseases in humans and animals. ... Human Herpesvirus Six (HHV6) is one of the eight known members of the human herpesvirus family. ...

Contents

Clinical features of exanthem subitum

Typically the disease affects a child between six months and three years of age,very rare to any people older than 10 years of age and begins with a sudden high fever of 102-104 degrees Fahrenheit (39-40 degrees Celsius). This can cause, in some cases, febrile convulsions (also known as febrile seizures or "fever fits") due to the sudden rise in body temperature, but in many cases the child appears and acts normal. After a few days the fever subsides, and just as the child appears to be recovering, a red rash appears. This usually begins on the trunk, spreading to the limbs but usually not affecting the face. It disappears and comes back again in a matter of hours or to a day or so. An analogue medical thermometer showing the temperature of 38. ... A febrile seizure, also known as a fever fit or febrile convulsion is a generalized convulsion caused by elevated body temperature. ...


In contrast, a child suffering from measles would usually appear more infirm, with symptoms of conjunctivitis and a cough, and their rash would affect the face and last for several days.


Vaccines and treatment

There is no specific vaccine against or treatment for exanthem subitum, and most children with the disease are not seriously ill. A child with fever should be given plenty of fluids to drink, and acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce their temperature (but never aspirin when a virus is suspected, due to the risk of Reye's Syndrome[1]). He or she should also be kept more lightly clothed than normal if he or she is very hot. The rash is not particularly itchy and needs no special lotions or creams. A vaccine is an antigenic preparation used to establish immunity to a disease. ... An analogue medical thermometer showing the temperature of 38. ... Acetaminophen (USAN) or paracetamol (INN), is a popular analgesic and antipyretic drug that is used for the relief of fever, headaches, and other minor aches and pains. ... Ibuprofen (INN) (IPA: ) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) originally marketed as Nurofen and since under various trademarks including Act-3, Advil, Brufen, Dorival, Herron Blue, Panafen, Motrin, Nuprin and Ipren or Ibumetin (Sweden), Ibuprom (Poland), Moment (Italy). ... Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid (acetosal) is a drug in the family of salicylates, often used as an analgesic (against minor pains and aches), antipyretic (against fever), and anti-inflammatory. ... Reyes syndrome is a potentially fatal disease that causes numerous detrimental effects to many organs, especially the brain and liver. ...


It is likely that many children acquire exanthem subitum "subclinically"; in other words, they show no outward sign of the disease. Others may be debilitated enough that a doctor's opinion is required to confirm the diagnosis, and particularly to rule out other more serious infections, such as meningitis or measles. In case of febrile seizures, medical advice is essential. Meningitis is the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the central nervous system, known collectively as the meninges. ... A febrile seizure, also known as a fever fit or febrile convulsion is a generalized convulsion caused by elevated body temperature. ...


External links

References

  1. ^ What is the role of aspirin?, reyessyndrome.org

  Results from FactBites:
 
roseola: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (1732 words)
Roseola is a common disease of babies or young children, in which several days of very high fever are followed by a rash.
Roseola is an extraordinarily common infection, caused by a virus.
Roseola is a common disease of babies or young children, in which several days of very high fever are followed by a characteristic rash.
Child Health Library - Infectious Diseases - Roseola (367 words)
Roseola is a viral illness that results in a viral exanthem.
Roseola is a contagious disease marked by a high fever and a rash that develops as the fever decreases.
Roseola is usually diagnosed based on a medical history and physical examination of your child.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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