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Encyclopedia > Rosemary
Rosemary
Rosemary in flower
Rosemary in flower
Conservation status
Secure
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Rosmarinus
Species: R. officinalis
Binomial name
Rosmarinus officinalis
L.
Rosemary (dried)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 190 kcal   800 kJ
Carbohydrates     64.1 g
- Sugars  0.0 g
- Dietary fiber  42.6 g  
Fat 15.2 g
Protein 4.9 g
Thiamin (Vit. B1)  0.5 mg   38%
Riboflavin (Vit. B2)  0.4 mg   27%
Niacin (Vit. B3)  1.0 mg   7%
Pantothenic acid (B5)  0.0 mg  0%
Vitamin B6  1.7 mg 131%
Folate (Vit. B9)  307 μg  77%
Vitamin C  61.2 mg 102%
Calcium  1280.0 mg 128%
Iron  29.2 mg 234%
Magnesium  220.0 mg 59% 
Phosphorus  70.0 mg 10%
Potassium  955 mg   20%
Zinc  3.2 mg 32%
Percentages are relative to US
recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Rosmarinus officinalis
Wikispecies has information related to:
Rosmarinus officinalis
Wikibooks
Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
Rosemary

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves. It is native to the Mediterranean region. It is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which also includes many other herbs. Forms range from upright to trailing; the upright forms can reach 1.5 m tall, rarely 2 m. The leaves are evergreen, 2-4 cm long and 2-5 mm broad, green above, and white below with dense short woolly hairs. The flowers are variable in color, being white, pink, purple, or blue. Rosemary can be: Rosemary (Rosmarinus), a genus of shrubs. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 835 KB) Rosemary Bush File links The following pages link to this file: Rosemary ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class of flowering plants. ... Families See text The Order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. ... Genera Many, see text Ref: Delta 2002-07-22 Lamiaceae, or the Mint family, is a family of plants in about 180 genera and some 3,500 species. ... Binomial name Rosmarinus officinalis Linnaeus A rosemary bush with many flowers Leaves, the brighter side is the underside, and some have parts of young shoots or old stem attached Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves that are used in cooking. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. ... Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water and making defecation easier. ... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Thiamine mononitrate Thiamine or thiamin, also known as vitamin B1, is a colorless compound with chemical formula C12H17ClN4OS. It is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. ... Riboflavin (E101), also known as vitamin B2, is an easily absorbed micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in animals. ... Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid or vitamin B3, is a water-soluble vitamin whose derivatives such as NADH, NAD, NAD+, and NADP play essential roles in energy metabolism in the living cell and DNA repair. ... Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life (essential nutrient). ... Pyridoxine Pyridoxal phosphate Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin. ... Folic acid (the anion form is called folate) is a B-complex vitamin (once called vitamin M) that is important in preventing neural tube defects (NTDs) in the developing human fetus. ... This article is about the nutrient. ... For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... Introduction Magnesium is an essential element in biological systems. ... General Name, symbol, number phosphorus, P, 15 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 3, p Appearance waxy white/ red/ black/ colorless Standard atomic weight 30. ... General Name, symbol, number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, period, block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily dietary intake level of a nutrient considered sufficient to meet the requirements of nearly all (97–98%) healthy individuals in each life-stage and gender group. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikispecies-logo. ... Wikispecies is a wiki-based online project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that aims to create a comprehensive free content catalogue of all species (including animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protista). ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... Red Valerian, a perennial plant. ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hÉ™()b, or É™b; see pronunciation differences) are seed-bearing plants without woody stems, which die down to the ground after flowering. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Genera Many, see text Ref: Delta 2002-07-22 Lamiaceae, or the Mint family, is a family of plants in about 180 genera and some 3,500 species. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ...


The name rosemary has nothing to do with the rose or the name Mary, but derives from the Latin name rosmarinus, which literally means "dew of the sea", though some think this too may be derived from an earlier name. It is a member of the mint family. For other uses, see Rose (disambiguation). ... Mary may refer to: // Mary (mother of Jesus), the mother of Jesus of Nazareth Blessed Virgin Mary, the Catholic and Orthodox conception of the mother of Christ See also Islamic view of Virgin Mary Mary Magdalene, devoted disciple of Jesus Mary Salome (disciple), mother of apostles James and John Mary... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Cultivation and uses

The fresh and dried leaves are used frequently in traditional Mediterranean cuisine as a herb; they have a bitter, astringent taste, which complements oily foods, such as lamb and oily fish. A tisane can also be made from them. They are extensively used in cooking, and when burned give off a distinct mustard smell, as well as a smell similar to that of burning which can be used to flavor foods while barbecueing. External links Mediterranean cuisine guide and recipes Categories: Stub | Mediterranean cuisine ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hə()b, or əb; see pronunciation differences) are seed-bearing plants without woody stems, which die down to the ground after flowering. ... Herbal tea A tisane, ptisan or herbal tea is any herbal infusion other than from the leaves of the tea bush (Camellia sinensis). ... Cooking is the act of preparing food. ...


Rosemary, in the dried form, is extremely high in iron, calcium, and Vitamin B6. It is in fact more nutrient rich in its dry form than fresh rosemary across the board.[1] For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ... Pyridoxine Pyridoxal phosphate Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin. ...


Since it is attractive and tolerates some degree of drought, it is also used in landscaping, especially in areas having a Mediterranean climate. It can in fact die in over-watered soil, but is otherwise quite easy to grow for beginner gardeners. It is very pest-resistant. Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including but not limited to: living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly referred to as Gardening efforts in the gestalt, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of...


Rosemary is easily pruned into shapes and has been used for topiary. When grown in pots, it is best kept trimmed to stop it getting too straggly and unsightly, though when grown in a garden, rosemary can grow quite large and still be attractive. It can be propagated from an existing plant by clipping a shoot 10-15 cm long, stripping a few leaves from the bottom, and planting it directly into soil. A topiary dinosaur at Epcot Topiary is the art of creating sculptures in the medium of shrubbery, after the Latin word for an ornamental landscape gardener, toparius. ...


Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use. The following are frequently sold: This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

  • Albus — white flowers
  • Arp — leaves light green, lemon-scented
  • Aureus — leaves speckled yellow
  • Benenden Blue — leaves narrow, dark green
  • Blue Boy — dwarf, small leaves
  • Golden Rain — leaves green, with yellow streaks
  • Irene — lax, trailing
  • Lockwood de Forest — procumbent selection from Tuscan Blue
  • Ken Taylor — shrubby
  • Majorica Pink — pink flowers
  • Miss Jessop's Upright — tall, erect
  • Pinkie — pink flowers
  • Prostratus
  • Pyramidalis (a.k.a Erectus) — pale blue flowers
  • Roseus — pink flowers
  • Salem  — pale blue flowers, cold hardy similar to Arp
  • Severn Sea — spreading, low-growing, with arching branches; flowers deep violet
  • Tuscan Blue — upright

Rosemary is a useful food preservative, according to research published in 1987 by Rutgers University, New Jersey[citation needed]. Researchers at Rutgers patented a chemical derived from rosemary that compares favorably with BHA and BHT in its preservative properties. “Rutgers” redirects here. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds, 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. ... Flash point 127 °C R/S statement R: 22-36 37 38 S: 26-36 RTECS number GO7875000 Related compounds Related compounds butylated hydroxyanisole Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa) Infobox disclaimer and references BHT is the common...


Rosemary can be added as an unusual extra flavoring in lemonade. It can also be used as perfume. This article is about the drink made with lemons. ...


Medicinal uses

Hungary water was first invented for a Queen of Hungary to "renovate vitality of paralysed limbs". It was used externally and prepared by mixing 180g of fresh rosemary tops in full flower into a liter of spirits of wine. Leave to stand for four days then distill. It is also supposed to work as a remedy against gout if rubbed vigorously on hands and feet.[2] The liter (spelled liter in American English and litre in Commonwealth English) is a unit of volume. ...


Rosemary has a very old reputation for improving memory, and has been used as a symbol for remembrance (during weddings, war commemorations and funerals) in Europe, probably as a result of this reputation. Mourners would throw it into graves as a symbol of remembrance for the dead. In Shakespeare's Hamlet, Ophelia says, "There's rosemary, that's for remembrance". One modern study lends some credence to this reputation. When the smell of rosemary was pumped into cubicles where people were working, those people showed improved memory, though with slower recall.[3] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The American actor Edwin Booth as Hamlet, seated in a curule chair, c. ... John William Waterhouses painting Ophelia (1894) Ophelia is a fictional character in the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare. ...


Don Quixote (Chapter XVII, 1st volume) mixes it in his recipe of the miraculous balm of Fierabras with revolting results. This article is about the fictional character and novel. ... Fierabras (from French a bras fier, on brave arm) or Ferumbras is a Saracen knight appearing in several chansons de geste and other material relating to the Matter of France. ...


Health Precautions: In some cases, rosemary can cause autoimmune diseases. Rosemary in culinary or therapeutic doses is generally safe, however precaution is necessary for those displaying allergic reaction, or those prone to epileptic seizure. Rosemary essential oil is a powerful convulsant; if applied to the skin, it may cause seizures in otherwise healthy adults or children.[4] Rosemary essential oil is potentially toxic if ingested. Large quantities of rosemary leaves can cause adverse reactions, such as coma, spasm, vomiting, and pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs) that can be fatal. Avoid consuming large quantities of rosemary if pregnant or breastfeeding.[5] An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aromatic compounds from plants. ... This article is about epileptic seizures. ...


Trivia

Along with Parsley, Sage, and Thyme Rosemary is named in the song Scarborough Fair This article is about the herb. ... Binomial name L. Sage leaves - first variety Sage leaves - second variety Common sage (Salvia officinalis) is a small evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. ... Species About 350 species, including: Thymus adamovicii Thymus altaicus Thymus amurensis Thymus bracteosus Thymus broussonetii Thymus caespititius Thymus camphoratus Thymus capitatus Thymus capitellatus Thymus camphoratus Thymus carnosus Thymus cephalotus Thymus cherlerioides Thymus ciliatus Thymus cilicicus Thymus cimicinus Thymus comosus Thymus comptus Thymus curtus Thymus disjunctus Thymus doerfleri Thymus glabrescens Thymus... A setting of the first verse of Scarborough Fair Annotation: The extract of the musical score represented herewith details a variation: the last note of the second measure may be rendered E not F. Scarborough Fair is a traditional English fair, as well as a traditional English ballad. ...


References

Books

  • Calabrese, V., Scapagnini, G., Catalano, C., Dinotta, F., Geraci, D., & Morganti, P. (2000). Biochemical studies of a natural antioxidant isolated from rosemary and its application in cosmetic dermatology. International Journal of Tissue Reactions. 22 (1): 5-13.
  • Huang, M. T., Ho, C. T., Wang, Z. Y., Ferraro, T., Lou, Y. R., Stauber, K., Ma, W., Georgiadis, C., Laskin, J. D., & Conney, A. H. (1994). Inhibition of skin tumorigenesis by rosemary and its constituents carnosol and ursolic acid. Cancer Res. 54(3):701-8.

Websites

  1. ^ Nutrition Facts - Rosemary
  2. ^ Rosemary at SuperbHerbs.net
  3. ^ Moss M, et al. Aromas of rosemary and lavender essential oils differentially affect cognition and mood in healthy adults. Int J Neurosci. 2003 Jan;113(1):15-38.
  4. ^ PubMed entry
  5. ^ Article at HealthComm

External links

  • medicinal use: botanical.com
  • medicinal dosage and precautions: healthcomm.com
  • Antimicrobial benefits of rosemary and sage Scientist Live

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rosemary - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (657 words)
The name rosemary has nothing to do with the rose or Mary, but derives from the Latin name rosmarinus, which is presumed to mean "dew of the sea", though some think it too may be derived from an earlier name.
Rosemary has been found to be a stimulant and mild analgesic, and has been used to treat headaches, epilepsy, poor circulation, and many ailments for which stimulants are prescribed.
Rosemary has a very old reputation for improving memory, and has been used as a symbol for remembrance (as in worn during weddings, war commemorations and funerals) in Europe, probably as a result of this reputation; in Shakespeare's Hamlet, Ophelia says, "There's rosemary, that's for remembrance".
Rosemary (2141 words)
Rosemary is recommended especially in cases of low blood pressure; a bath prepared from rosemary is so stimulating to the body that it should not be taken in the evening or it may prevent one from sleeping.
Rosemary is famous as a rejuvenating tonic and is said to slow the aging process.
Rosemary is thought to stimulate the adrenal glands and is used specifically for debility, especially when accompanied by poor circulation and digestion.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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