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Encyclopedia > Rose window
The rose window in Bristol Cathedral, Bristol, England, at the western end of the nave.
The rose window in Bristol Cathedral, Bristol, England, at the western end of the nave.

Most commonly, and especially in Gothic architecture, a rose window is a circular stained glass window, with mullions and traceries that generally radiate from the centre. In churches and cathedrals its use sometimes alludes to the Virgin Mary, who is called the Mystical Rose; and occasionally to elaborate forms based on the rose. However, it is worth noting that the term rose window is not used before the 17th century, and in all likelihood stems from the Old French word roue, meaning wheel. Therefore specific connections between the Virgin or the flowering plants and the rose window are generally unlikely before the Mediaeval period. Download high resolution version (1500x1122, 247 KB) Bristol Cathedral rose window. ... Download high resolution version (1500x1122, 247 KB) Bristol Cathedral rose window. ... The Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity is the Anglican cathedral in the English city of Bristol and is commonly known as Bristol Cathedral. ... Bristol (IPA: ) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, 115 miles (185 km) west of London and located at With a population of 400,000, and metropolitan area of 550,000, it is Englands sixth, and the United Kingdoms ninth, most populous city... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... Mullion, Cornwall is also the name of a village in Cornwall off the Lizard. ... Tracery is implementation of net-like decorations in a building used especially in Gothic architecture. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... Species Between 100 and 150, see list A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa, and the flower of this shrub. ...


Its origin is partially to be found in the Roman oculus. The very first example of an axially placed oculus with tracery seems to be at San Miguel de Lillo, not far from Oviedo in Spain, which dates to the 9th century. While it is commonly believed that during the Romanesque period the oculus became the rose window through elaboration, in fact Romanesque oculi do not demonstrate sufficient 'transitional' characteristics to the Gothic rose window, to detract from the conclusion that a considerable innovation was made when the very first complete example of a Gothic rose window appeared on the west façade of St Denis, near Paris. This window is dated to the renovations of Abbot Suger in the 1130s, and was destroyed sometime in the 18th century. Another credible explanation of the development of the rose window was developed by the German art historian Otto von Simson, who considered the origin to lie in the six lobed rosettes and octagon window which adorned the external wall of the Umayyad palace Khirbat al-Mafjar built in Jordan between 740 and 750 CE. The theory relates that crusaders noticed this attractive window and brought the design to Europe, introducing it into churches. The Romans adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for their own purposes, which were so different from Greek buildings as to create a new architectural style. ... Oculus is the Latin word for eye. ... Interior of the Saint-Saturnin church St-Sernin basilica, Toulouse, 1080 – 1120: elevation of the east end Romanesque sculpture, cloister of St. ... Suger of Saint-Denis on a medieval window Suger (c. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... The Crusaders (formerly the Canterbury Crusaders) are a New Zealand Rugby Union team based in Christchurch, New Zealand that competes in the Super 14 (formerly the Super 12). ...


From about the middle of the twelfth century the dimensions of the rose window began to increase with the development of more elaborate window styles associted with Gothic architecture. By the middle of the thirteenth century it had attained the greatest possible size -- the entire width of the nave, as seen in the transept roses at St Denis. (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... See also Gothic art. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ...

Rose window, Westminster Abbey north transept
Rose window, Westminster Abbey north transept

The earliest important examples in buildings of the Gothic style are the west rose of the Cathedral of Mantes (c. 1200), the west rose of Notre Dame de Paris (c. 1220), and those of Laon and Chartres. In all these cases, the rose was put under a circular arch. The next important step in its use for the Gothic style was to put it under a pointed arch, as was done in the Notre-Dame de Reims (1230), in the transepts as well as in the later roses of the facade. This form probably stemmed from the now destroyed St Nicaise, also in Reims. Thereupon the rose was inscribed in a square, with pierced spandrils as in the transepts of Notre Dame de Paris (1257). The last step in evolution of the gothic style was to place the rose in the tier of lower windows, in which case it became the centre of a vast window composition, covering the whole end of the transepts, as in Rouen or Beauvais Cathedrals. Download high resolution version (500x661, 136 KB)The north entrance of Westminster Abbey. ... Download high resolution version (500x661, 136 KB)The north entrance of Westminster Abbey. ... The Abbeys western façade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often considered one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... Mantes-la-Jolie or Mantes or Mantes-sur-Seine is a commune of northern France, the capital of an arrondissement (sous-préfecture) and the third largest town in the département of Yvelines on the left bank of the Seine, some 30 miles north west of Paris. ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France The Kanem-Bornu Empire was established in northern Africa around the year 1200 Mongol victory over Northern China — 30,000,000 killed Births Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician (died 1265) Ulrich von Liechtenstein, German nobleman and poet (died... Notre Dame de Paris Western Facade, Summer 2004 Notre Dame de Paris (French for Our Lady of Paris, meaning the church in Paris dedicated to the Virgin Mary), often known simply as Notre Dame in English, Gothic cathedral on the eastern half of the ÃŽle de la Cité in Paris... // The world in 1220 Middle Ages in Europe Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Events Mongols first invade Abbasid caliphate - Bukhara and Samarkand taken End of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, destroyed by Genghis Khans Mongolian cavalry Dominican Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope... Interior of the cathedral Notre-Dame of Laon is a cathedral located in Laon, France. ... Cathedral of Chartres The Cathedral of Chartres (Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres, French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres), located in Chartres, about 50 miles from Paris, is considered one of the finest examples in all France of the Gothic style of architecture. ... Façade of the Notre-Dame de Reims The Notre-Dame de Reims (Our Lady of Rheims) is the Cathedral of Reims, where the kings of France were once crowned. ... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... Full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... West facade of the Notre-Dame de Strasbourg Cathedral A facade (or façade) (Pronounced fa-sa-de) is generally the exterior of a building — especially the front, but also sometimes the sides and rear. ... In the masonry arch, a spandrel or spandril (formerly splaundrel, a word of unknown origin) is the space between two arches. ... Notre Dame de Paris Western Facade, Summer 2004 Notre Dame de Paris (French for Our Lady of Paris, meaning the church in Paris dedicated to the Virgin Mary), often known simply as Notre Dame in English, Gothic cathedral on the eastern half of the ÃŽle de la Cité in Paris... Species Between 100 and 150, see list A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa, and the flower of this shrub. ... Rouen Cathedral The entrance to Rouen Cathedral Abbey church of Saint-Ouen, (chevet) in Rouen Rouen, medieval house Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and presently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ...


Besides their use in Gothic cathedrals (and nineteenth and twentieth century churches and chapels designed in the Gothic Revival style) rose windows have also been used in Romanesque basilicas, contributing to their later Romanesque-Gothic styles: as at the UNESCO World Heritage Site of St Procopius' Basilica in Trebíc in the Czech Republic, and at Spoleto and Monza in Italy. Their design in these building types sometimes differs from the familiar textbook examples found in Gothic cathedrals. The term, 'rose window', has also been applied to Baroque versions of occuli that lack either tracery or stained glass, as at the Rose Window of San Jose Mission, San Antonio, Texas which was founded by the Franciscan Fathers and dates from 1718-31. Romanesque St. ... St. ... TÅ™ebíč is a city in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic with a population of approximately 40,000. ... Spoleto (Latin: Spoletium), 42°44′ N 12°44′ E, an ancient town in the Italian province of Perugia in east central Umbria, at 385 meters (1391 ft) above sea-level on a foothill of the Apennines. ... The Lambro River runs through Monza. ...


In England, the use of the rose window was commonly confined to the transepts (illustration, right), although roses of great span were constructed in the west front of Byland Abbey and in the east front of Old St. Paul's Cathedral in London and they have been used in this way too for local churches and chapels. In Germany, a fine example is in the facade of the Cathedral of Strassburg. In Italy, it was particularly used by the Lombard architects, as in San Zeno in Verona, and in the Cathedral of Modena, and in the Tuscan Gothic churches like the Cathedrals of Siena and Orvieto. An outstanding example of the Rose window is the thirteen spoked centrepiece of the Minor Basilica in Larino, Molise (1312). Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... The ruins of Byland Abbey Early History Byland Abbey in Yorkshire was founded as a Savigniac abbey in January 1135 and was absorbed by the Cistercian order in 1147. ... St Pauls Cathedral is a cathedral on Ludgate Hill, in the City of London in London, and the seat of the Bishop of London. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of the United Kingdom and the largest city of England (strangely, England has no constitutional existence within the United Kingdom, and therefore cannot be said to have a capital). ... City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg Mayor Fabienne Keller  (UMP) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 78. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia) is a region in northern Italy between the Alps and the Po river valley. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An Ciara Danille Bowers is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Verona (population est. ... Modena (Mòdna in Modenese dialect) is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... A poppy field in Tuscany. ... Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... The site of Orvieto is an Etruscan acropolis. ... The Basilica of St. ... Larino is a town (it. ... Molise is a region of central Italy, the second smallest of the regions. ...


In 1954, the French artist Henri Matisse created the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Memorial Rose Window on the east wall of the Union Church of Pocantico Hills, New York. 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Photo of Henri Matisse taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1933. ... Abby Aldrich Rockefeller was born Abby Greene Aldrich on October 26, 1874 in Providence, Rhode Island. ...


Rose windows based on the five or ten parts of the flowers and fruit of the rose family include the Washington National Cathedral whose west rose is based on a ten petal rose. Other ten part rose windows include Christ Church ('the little gem of moorland churches') at Appleton-le-Moors in Yorkshire, England, designed in French Gothic Revival style in the 1860s by the noted architect J.L.Pearson; the Mediaeval Beverley Minster in the English county of Yorkshire (whose regional symbol is the white rose); the nondenominational Abney Park Chapel in London designed in 1838-40 by William Hosking FSA; Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford; Holy Trinity Church, Barnes, London; and St Procopius' Basilica in Trebíc.


Christ Church, Appleton-le-Moors the rose window Appleton-le-Moors is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. ... John Loughborough Pearson (1817-1897) was a 19th century architect renowned for his work on churches and cathedrals. ... The West front of Beverley Minster. ... Abney Park Chapel, is a grade ii Listed chapel, situated in Europes first wholly nondenominational cemetery, Abney Park Cemetery, London. ... The Royal Academy where William Hosking exhibited in the 1820s William Hosking FSA (November 26, 1800 - August 2, 1861) was a writer, lecturer, and architect who had an important influence on the growth and development of London in Victorian times. ... Christ Church Cathedral spire. ... Barnes is a suburb in south-west London in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... Třebíč is a city in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic with a population of approximately 40,000. ...

Image File history File links Lightmatter_Santa_Maria_del_Fiore. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1607x1270, 655 KB) Summary Description: Gedächtniskirche (Memorial Church) in Speyer, Germany Source: own photography Date: November 2005 Author: --Immanuel Giel 12:02, 7 November 2005 (UTC) Other versions: none Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Rose... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (954x762, 194 KB) Rosett window Date August 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Rose window ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (617x850, 581 KB) Catedral de Notre-Dame de Paris: Rosácea da Fachada Sul. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1511x1133, 274 KB) Summary Rose window on north end of transpet arm, St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1029x1143, 1238 KB) Sainte-Chapelle em Paris: Rosácea. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x900, 201 KB) Summary Rose window on south end of transpet arm, St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 717 KB) June 1, 2005. ... Image File history File links Rose-window_in_Graça_Church_in_Santarém_. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1866 KB) Description: Fensterrosette der Ruine der Chapelle de Languidou nahe Pont lAbbé Source: Selbst fotografiertes Bild Date: 19. ... Image File history File links Spoleto_Cathedral. ... Cathedral of Monza, Italy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (656x601, 82 KB) Summary The rose window at Michaelhouse School. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (846x714, 189 KB) Siena Duomo Foto by Softeis File links The following pages link to this file: Duomo di Siena ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x899, 258 KB) Abbildung zeigt eine schematisierte Darstellung des gotischen Maßwerks der Westfassade des Straßburger Münsters. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (945x660, 251 KB) my own photo taken Sept 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Beverley_Minster_rose_window. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Rose window

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Buddhist mandala Mandala (Sanskrit circle, completion) is of Hindu origin and is also used in most Dharmic religions, such as Buddhism and Hinduism, to refer to various tangible objects. ... A toy kaleidoscope tube Pattern as seen through a kaleidoscope tube Pattern as seen through a kaleidoscope tube Pattern as seen through a kaleidoscope tube Pattern as seen through a kaleidoscope tube The kaleidoscope is a toy containing small, brightly-colored tumbling objects, and a set of mirrors which reflect...

Further reading

  • Otto von Simpson (1956), ‘The Gothic cathedral, Origins of Gothic architecture and the Medieval Concept of Order’, 3rd ed. 1988, Princeton University Press, USA.
  • Cowen, P., The Rose Window, London and New York, 2005 offers the most complete overview of the evolution and meaning of the form, accompanied by hundreds of colour illustrations.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
rose window - definition of rose window in Encyclopedia (368 words)
A rose window is a circular stained glass window, with mullions and traceries generally radiating from the centre.
Thereupon the rose was inscribed in square, with pierced spandrils as in the transepts of Notre Dame de Paris (1257).
The last step was to place the rose in the tier of lower windows, in which case it became the centre of a vast window composition, covering the whole end of the transepts, as in Rouen Cathedral.
Rose window - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (573 words)
The rose window in Bristol Cathedral, Bristol, England, at the western end of the nave.
This window dated to the renovations of Abbot Suger in the 1130s, and was destroyed sometime in the 18th century.
The last step was to place the rose in the tier of lower windows, in which case it became the centre of a vast window composition, covering the whole end of the transepts, as in Rouen or Beauvais Cathedrals.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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