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Encyclopedia > Rosalyn Sussman Yalow

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (born on July 19, 1921) is an American medical physicist, and a co-winner of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique. July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention of disease and injury. ... The first few hydrogen atom electron orbitals shown as cross-sections with color-coded probability density. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... Radioimmunoassay is a scientific method used to test hormone levels in the blood without the need to use a bioassay. ...


Born Rosalyn Sussman in New York City to Simon Sussman and Clara Zipper, she graduated in 1941 from Hunter College, where she developed an interest in physics. Not believing that any good graduate school would admit and provide financial support to a woman (and a Jewish woman, at that), Sussman took a job as a secretary to a leading biochemist. However, soon after graduating she received an offer for a teaching assistantship in physics from the University of Illinois because World War II came up and all the men went off to war and the university offered scholarships for women rather than close down. She was the only woman among the department's 400 members, and the first since 1917. She married fellow student Aaron Yalow in 1943, and received her Ph.D. in 1945. Nickname: Big Apple Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Hunter College of The City University of New York See also: Hunter College High School Hunter College of The City University of New York (known more commonly as simply Hunter College) is a senior college of the City University of New York (CUNY), located on Manhattans Upper East Side. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


After graduating, Yalow joined the Bronx Veterans Administration Hospital to help set up its radioisotope service. There she collaborated with Solomon Berson to develop RIA, a radioisotope tracing technique that allows the measurement of tiny quantities of various biological substances in the blood. Originally used to study insulin levels in diabetes mellitus,[1] the technique has since been applied to hundreds of other substances – including hormones, vitamins and enzymes – all previously too small to detect. Despite its huge commercial potential, Yalow and Berson refused to patent the method. A radionuclide is an atom with an unstable nucleus. ... Solomon Aaron Berson (New York City 22 April 1918 - Atlantic City 11 April 1972) was an American physician whose discoveries, mostly together with Rosalyn Yalow, caused major advances in clinical biochemistry. ... A radioactive tracer is a substance containing a radioactive isotope (radioisotope). ... It has been suggested that Oral insulin be merged into this article or section. ... For the disease characterized by excretion of large amounts of severely diluted urine, see diabetes insipidus. ... A hormone (from Greek horman - to set in motion) is a chemical messenger from one cell (or group of cells) to another. ... Retinol (Vitamin A) Vitamins are nutrients required for essential metabolic reactions in the body [1]. Vitamins can act both as catalysts and participants in chemical reactions. ... Ribbon diagram of the enzyme TIM, surrounded by the space-filling model of the protein. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a person for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which is new, inventive, and...


In 1976 Yalow became the first female recipient of the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research. The following year she received the Nobel Prize, together with Roger Guillemin and Andrew V. Schally. Berson had died in 1972, and so could not share either prize. The Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research is awarded by the Lasker Foundation for the understanding, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and cure of disease. ... Roger Guillemin ( born January 11, 1924 in Dijon, France) is a neuroendocrinologist who received the Nobel prize for Medicine in 1977 for his work on neurohormones. ... Andrzej Wiktor Schally (born November 20, 1926) in Wilno, Poland), is a Polish endocrinologist and Nobel Prize winner in 1977 in Medicine for research work. ...


Yalow also received National Medal of Science in 1988. National Medal of Science The National Medal of Science, also called the Presidential Medal of Science, is an honor given by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


She lives in the same house on Tibbet Ave, Riverdale, the Bronx, New York, that she bought when she first came to the BVAH.


Reference

  1. ^ Yalow RS, Berson SA. Immunoassay of endogenous plasma insulin in man. J Clin Invest 1960;39:1157-75. PMID 13846364.

  Results from FactBites:
 
CWP at physics.UCLA.edu // Yalow (1035 words)
Yalow and Berson demonstrated that insulin is bound by antibodies in some diabetics, which leads to abnormal degradation of the insulin.
Yalow hosted a five-part PBS series on the life of Marie Curie in the fall of 1978.
Yalow never worked as a consultant for a drug company because she feels that she would be unable to speak out concerning her views on how RIA should be used.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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