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Encyclopedia > Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell

Rory O'Donnell 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (15751608) (originally known in Irish as Rudhraighe Ó Domhnaill), the last King of Tír Conaill and 1st Earl of Tyrconnell. The original Letters Patent of the Earldom are in the possession of Count O'Donell von Tyrconnell in Austria[1]. Year 1575 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... Tír Chonaill (anglicized as Tyrconnel) was the name of a kingdom which covered much of what is now County Donegal; indeed Tír Chonaill is still the name by which it is referred to amongst its many native Irish speakers, in addition to many other Irish people. ... The peerage title Earl of Tyrconnell has been created four times in the Peerage of Ireland. ...


Rudhraighe or Rory O'Donnell was one of nine known children of Aodh mac Maghnusa Ó Domhnaill, better known as Sir Hugh O'Donnell, who reigned from 1566 until he abdicated in favour of his eldest son, Aodh Rua Ó Domhnaill, in 1592. In 1602, Rory succeeded his recently deceased brother Hugh as King of Tír Conaill and head of the clan O'Donnell. Having submitted in London to the new King, James I, he was knighted and created 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (which meant that James recognised his position in Irish society) and made Sheriff of Donegal. Soon afterwards, he married Bridgid FitzGerald, daughter of the Earl of Kildare, by whom he had three children: Elizabeth, Aodh (Hugh) and Mary. Red Hugh ODonnell (Aodh Rua Ó Domhnaill in Irish) (1572- 10 September 1602) was an Irish lord who led a rebellion against English government in Ireland from 1593 and helped to lead the Nine Years War, a revolt against English occupation, from 1595 to 1603. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... James Stuart (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Lifford Code: DL Area: 4,841 km² Population (2006) 146,956 Website: www. ... Earl of Kildare is an Irish peerage title. ...


There was much fury in Ireland and England that he and Hugh O'Neill, 3rd Earl of Tyrone had been treated so gingerly after committing treason, but time was on the side of the authorities. On September 14, 1607, with the discovery that he and O'Neill were to be arrested and imprisoned, both Earls set sail from Lough Swilly with their families and followers for eventual exile in Rome (see Flight of the Earls). Rory died there in 1608. Aodh Mór Ó Néill (anglicised as Big Hugh ONeill) (c. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... Lough Swilly (Loch Súilí in Irish) in Ireland is a fjord-like body of water lying between the eastern side of the Inishowen Peninsula in County Donegal and the rest of northern Donegal. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... In September 1607, Hugh ONeill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone and Rory ODonnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell set sail from Rathmullan, a village on the shore of Lough Swilly in County Donegal, with ninety of their followers. ...

Contents

Parents and siblings

Rory's father had at least nine known children by at least two different women. The eldest was Rory's sister, Siobhan, who married Hugh O'Neill in 1574 and died in January 1591, about the same time that her brother Hugh was escaping from Dublin Castle. His second eldest sibling, a daughter whose name is unknown, is believed to have married a son of Toirdhealbhach Luineach mac Neill Chonnalaigh Ó Néill sometime before or during 1579. The following are all believed to be full-blood siblings of Rory by Sir Hugh's infamous wife, Fionnghuala "Inghean Dubh" MacDonnell: Nuala, Aodh Ruadh, Maghnus, Mairgheag, Máire and Cathbharr. Nuala married Niall Garbh O Domhnaill in 1592; when he sided with the English during the Nine Years War, she abandoned him and subsequently joined Rory on the Flight of the Earls with her daughter, Grania. Maghnus and Cathbharr are known to have being dead by September 1608, while a poem written in the same month addresses Mairghead and Máire. Nothing is known of Mairghead beyond this. However, Máire had married Sir Donnell Ó Cathain before 1598 but they divorced and she married Tadgh O Ruairc, who died in 1605, leaving her with two sons. She herself died in 1662. Dublin Castle. ... Turlough Luineach ONeill (c. ... Niall Garve ODonnell (1560 - 1626), who was incensed at the elevation of his cousin Hugh Roe to the chieftainship in 1592, was further alienated when the latter deprived him of his castle of Lifford, and a bitter feud between the two ODonnells was the result. ... The Nine Years War (Irish: Cogadh na Naoi mBliana) in Ireland took place from 1594 to 1603 and is also known as Tyrones Rebellion. ... In September 1607, Hugh ONeill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone and Rory ODonnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell set sail from Rathmullan, a village on the shore of Lough Swilly in County Donegal, with ninety of their followers. ... Clan OCathain (OCahan, OKane, Keane, Kean, Kane, Cain, McCain). ...


Children of Rory

Elizabeth was born in 1604, about a year after Rory became Earl of Tyrconnell, and became the 1st Countess of Fingall, through marriage to Lucas Plunkett, the 1st Earl of Fingall (see also Fingal). Rory's only son, Aodh (Hugh), was three weeks shy of his first birthday when the Earls sailed from Lough Swilly, and was raised in Rome. In time he joined the service of the King of Spain, and was killed in action when his ship engaged a French vessel in August or September 1642 and caught fire. It is not known if he had any offspring, legitimate or illegitimate. The titles of Baron Killeen and Earl of Fingall were titles in the Peerage of Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Swords Code: D (FL proposed) Area: 448. ...


Rory's youngest child, Mary, left a more lasting impression on posterity. Born in England in 1608 after her father's death, where King James I of England, the first Stuart King of England, who was James VI of Scotland gave her the name Stuart, in recognition of their common Stuart ancestry - they were ninth cousins - hence she was known as Mary Stuart O'Donnell. She was descended, through her mother, Ineen Dubh, from the Stuarts. She was raised by her grandmother, Lady Kildare, suggesting that her mother too had died. She seems to have been raised in England, where Lady Kildare made an unsatisfactory (to Mary) match for her. Mary donned male attire, and with her maid and a manservant, escaped to Ireland. It is said that "Whenever her disguise aroused any suspicion, she allayed it by making passionate love to a girl, or offering to fight a duel!" James VI of Scotland and I of England (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was a King who ruled over England, Scotland and Ireland, and was the first Sovereign to reign in the three realms simultaneously. ... James VI and I King of England, Scotland and Ireland James VI of Scotland and I of England (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was a King who ruled over England, Scotland and Ireland, and was the first Sovereign to reign in the three realms simultaneously. ...


She made her was to Brussels and from there to Genoa where she married a Mr. O'Gallagher (like her, a descendant of the Cenél Conaill. What exactly became of her seems to be a mystery; it is said that "When she was expecting her second child she wrote in great distress to Cardinal Barberini" and was "last heard of this remarkable woman was that she was a widow living in Prague", seemingly around 1649. Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ... Genoa (Genova [] in Italian - Zena [] in Genoese) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria. ... The Cenél Conaill is the name of the kindred or descendants of Conall Gulban, son of Niall Noígiallach who founded the kingdom of Tír Conaill in the 5th century. ...


Death and Burial

Rory O'Donnell died in Rome, and was given a prince's burial in the Church of San Pietro in Montorio on the Janiculum Hill in Rome. The Church was commissioned by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, and marks a traditional location of St. Peter's crucifixion. Historically under Spanish protection, it now forms part of a Franciscan monastery and adjoins a Spanish Royal Academy under the custody of the Spanish Embassy in Rome. Rory O'Donnell's tombstone is a flagstone under a carpet lying before the high altar in that church, and reads as follows: 200pxTempietto, San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502: the High Renaissance began here. ...

D.O.M.

RODERICO . PRINCIPI . ODONELLIO .
COMITI . TIRCONALLIAE . IN .HIBERNIA .
QUI . PRO . RELIGIONE . CATHOLICA .
GRAVISSIMIS . DEFUNCTUS . PERICULIS .
IN . SAGO . PARITER . ET . IN . TOGA .
CONSTANTISSIMUS . CULTOR . ET . DEFENSOR .
APOSTOLICAE . ROMANAE . FIDEI .
PRO . QUA . TUENDA . ET . CONSERVANDA . E . PATRIA . PROFUGUS .
LUSTRATIS . IN . ITALIA . GALLIA . BELGIO .
PRAECIPUIS . SANCTORUM . MONUMENTIS .
ATQUE . IBIDEM . PRINCIPUM . CHRISTIANORUM .
SINGULARI . AMORE . ET . HONORE .
SANCTISS. ETIAM P. AC. D. PAULI. PP. V.
PATERNO . AFFECTU . SUSCEPTUS .
IN . MAXIMIS . CATHOLICORUM . VOTIS . DE . FELICI . EIUS . REDITU .
SUMMUM . DOLOREM . ATTULIT . SUIS .
ET . MAEROREM . OMNIBUS . IN . HAC . URBE . ORDINIBUS .
IMMATURA . MORTE . QUAM . OBIIT . III. KALENDAS. SEXTILES .
ANNO . SALUTIS . MDCVIII . AETATIS . SUAE . XXXIII .
QUAM . MOX . SECUTUS . EODEM . TRAMITE .
UT . EADEM . CUM . EO . BEATITATE . FRUERETUR .
CALFURNIUS . FRATER .
PERICULORM . ET . EXILII . SOCIUS .
IN . SUMMA . SPE . ET . EXPECTATIONE . BONORUM .
DE . EIUS . NOBILITATE . ANIMI .
QUAM . VIRTUS . ET . OPTIMA . INDOLES . EXORNAVIT .
RELIQUIT . DESIDERIUM . ET . MAESTITIAM . COEXULIBUS .
XVIII . KAL . OCT . PROXIME . SEQUENTIS . ANNO . AETATIS . XXV .
UTRUMQUE . ANTECESSIT . AETATE . ET . FATI . ORDINE .
FRATER . PRIMOGENITUS .
HUGO . PRINCEPS .
QUEM . PIE . ET CATHOLICE . PRO . FIDE . ET . PATRIA . COGITANTEM .
PHILIPPUS . III . HISPANIARUM . REX .
ET . VIVUM . BENEVOLE . AMPLEXUS . ET . IN . VIRIDI . AETATE .
MORTUUM . HONORIFICE . FUNERANDUM . CURAVIT .
VALLISOLETTI . IN . HISPANIA . IIII . IDUS . SEPTEMB . A. S. MDCII.

Which may be translated:

To God, Best and Greatest:

To Prince Rory O'Donnell
Count of Tyrconnell in Ireland
Who for the Catholic Faith
overcame very serious dangers,
in war and in peace equally
a most constant supporter and defender
of the Apostolic Roman Faith;
for defending and preserving it, [he was] exiled from his fatherland,
having visited in Italy, France, and Belgium
the outstanding monuments of the saints,
and in the same place having been received with the exceptional
love and honor of the Christian princes
and the paternal affection
of our father and lord Pope Paul V
in the very great prayers of Catholics about his happy return,
he brought the highest pain to his people
and grief to all orders in this city
by the immature death which he suffered on the third day before the Kalends of Sextilis [July 29]
in the Year of Salvation 1608, in the 33rd year of his life.
How soon after on the same path,
in order that he might enjoy the same beatitude with him,
followed his brother Cathbarr,
the comrade of his dangers and exile,
in the highest hope and expectation of good things
regarding the nobility of his spirit,
which the best virtue and character adorned;
he left longing and grief to his fellow exiles;
on the 18th day before the Kalends of October [September 14] of the year immediately following, in the 25th year of life.
In both age and order of death both were preceded by
the firstborn brother
Prince Hugh,
whom, when he was taking thought in a pious and Catholic way for his faith and fatherland,
Philip III, King of the Spanish Lands,
both embraced him in good will while he was alive, and took care for
burying him honorably when he had died in his flourishing age,
at Valladolid in Spain on the 4th day before the Ides of September [September 10], in the Year of Salvation 1602.

A Note on the name Rudhraighe

Rudhraighe's name has been anglicised as Rory, but should be written and pronounced as Rury.


Clann Aodh Ó Domhnaill

 Aodh mac Maghnusa Ó Domhnaill/Sir Hugh O'Donnell, died 1600. =? = Fionnghuala "Inghean Dubh" Ní Seamus MacDonnell (married Aodh in 1569) | | |____________ |_____________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Siobhán daughter Nuala Aodh Ruadh Rudhraighe Maghnus Mairghead Máire Cathbarr d. 1591 fl. 1579 fl.1592 1571-1602 d.1608 alive 1608 died 1662 =Brigid FitzGerald | _____________________________________|__________________ | | | | | | Elizabeth Aodh, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell Mary Stuart O'Donnell, 1608-49? 1604-? October 1606-August/September 1642 =O'Gallagher 1st Countess (not known to have had any issue) | of Fingal | had at least one child 
Preceded by
Aodh Rua Ó Domhnaill
King of Tir Conaill
1602–1608
Succeeded by
Vacant
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of Tyrconnell
1602–1608
Succeeded by
Aodh mac Rudhraighe Ó Domhnaill

Red Hugh ODonnell (Aodh Rua Ó Domhnaill in Irish) (1572- 10 September 1602) was an Irish lord who led a rebellion against English government in Ireland from 1593 and helped to lead the Nine Years War, a revolt against English occupation, from 1595 to 1603. ... Hugh ODonnell, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell (originally known in Irish as Aodh mac Rudhraighe Ó Domhnaill), titular King of Tír Conaill, born October 1606, died August or September 1642. ...

References

  1. ^ See O'Domhnaill Abu - O'Donnell Clan Newsletter, no.2, Summer 1985

Sources

  • The Fate and Fortunes of the Earls of Tyrone (Hugh O’Neill) and Tyrconnel (Rory O’Donel), their flight from Ireland and death in exile, by the Rev. C. P. Meehan, M.R.I.A., 2nd edition, James Duffy, London, 1870.
  • Wealth of Dignity, Poverty of Destiny - The Destitution of a Catholic Princess for her Devotion (The tragic story of Mary, Princess of Tyrconnell, Rory's daughter), by Francis Martin O'Donnell, Knight of Malta, in pages 3-6 of O'Domhnaill Abu, the O'Donnell Clann Newsletter no. 32, published by V. O'Donnell, Inver, County Donegal, Summer 2004 [ISSN 0790-7389].
  • History of Killeen Castle, by Mary Rose Carty, published by Carty/Lynch, Dunsany, County Meath, Ireland, April 1991 (ISBN 0-9517382-0-8) - page 18 refers to Elizabeth O'Donnell as 1st Countess of Fingall.
  • Irish Leaders and Learning, ed. O'Muraile, Dublin, 2004.
  • http://www.araltas.com/features/odonnell/

 
 

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