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Encyclopedia > Rootes

The Rootes Group is a now-defunct British automobile manufacturer. A small variety of cars, the most popular kind of automobile. ...


Rootes was the parent company of many famous British marques, including Hillman, Humber, Singer, Sunbeam, Commer and Karrier. Originally founded in Kent in 1919 by William Rootes as a car sales company, Rootes grew and eventually took over the five manufacturers which it sold, and became one of the earliest advocates of the policy of "badge engineering". Hillman was intended to be the basic brand, Singer slightly more upmarket, Sunbeam was the sports brand, while Humber made luxury models. Commer was the commercial vehicles division, whilst Karrier specialised in municipal contracts. Categories: Automobile stubs | Rootes | Hillman ... Humber was an automobile marque used in the United Kingdom by the Rootes Group. ... A 1960 Singer Gazelle Convertible. ... Sunbeam was a marque used by John Marston Co. ... Commer was a British manufacturer of commercial vehicles which existed from 1905 until 1979. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Badge engineering is a term that describes the rebadging of one model of car as another. ...


Rootes was best known for manufacturing stolid, dependable, well engineered (and largely unexciting) middle-market vehicles. Famous Rootes models include the Hillman Minx, Singer Gazelle, Humber Super Snipe and the Sunbeam Alpine. Categories: Automobile stubs | Hillman vehicles ... The Hillman Hunter was a sedan automobile produced by the Rootes Group (later Chrysler Europe) from 1966 to 1979. ... The Humber Super Snipe was a luxury car produced by Humber. ... 1964 Sunbeam Alpine IV The Alpine was a small sporty coupe from Rootes Sunbeam marque. ...


In 1963, Rootes introduced the Hillman Imp, a compact rear engined sedan with an innovative all aluminum engine. It was intended to be Rootes' answer to the all-conquering Mini, and endorsed their confidence in the Imp by building a massive new factory in Linwood, near Glasgow in which to assemble it. But the Imp was tragically underdesigned, and a whole string of quality and unreliability issues, coupled to buyer apathy towards the quirky design meant that the car never fulfilled its promise. 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Hillman Imp was a compact, rear-engined sedan automobile manufactured by the Rootes Group from 1963 to 1976. ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13 (IIIA), 3, p Density, Hardness 2700 kg/m3, 2. ... The Mini is the name of a small car produced from 1959 to 2000, and the name of its replacement (known as New MINI) launched in 2001. ... For other uses of the word see: Linwood (disambiguation) Linwood is a small town in Renfrewshire, Scotland, 14 miles south-west of Glasgow, which saw an explosion in its population during the middle of the 20th century due to the mass exodus of people from the Glasgow slums. ... Glasgows location in Scotland Glasgow (or Glaschu in Gaelic) is Scotlands largest city, on the River Clyde in west central Scotland. ...


The move to Linwood was forced on the Company by the British Government which had introduced the principle of Industrial Development Certificates (IDCs). By their use, it was intended to concentrate new factory building in depressed areas of Britain. Thus, Rootes were not allowed to build their factory in the English Midlands, where they were based, but obliged to move to an area of Scotland with a shortage of work. As most components were bought in from factories in the Birmingham/Coventry area, these had to be transported several hundred miles North and most of the new cars then sent South to dealers. The Scottish workforce had no experience of motor manufacture. Few experienced managers, designers etc were willling to move from the centre of the British motor industry in the Midlands. This compounded problems. History might have taken a very different turn if original plans for a Midlands factory had come about.



In the mid-1960s, Rootes was taken over by the Chrysler Corporation of America, following huge losses amid the commercial failure of the troubled Imp. Chrysler was also only too keen to take control of the struggling firm as it wished to have its own wholly-independent European subsidiary like arch rivals Ford and GM. Chrysler also took over the French Simca company at the same time, and spent the early 1970s slowly killing off each of Rootes' brands one by one until only Hillman was left. The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... The Chrysler Corporation is a United States-based automobile manufacturer, since 1998 merged with Daimler_Benz into DaimlerChrysler. ... The Ford Motor Company (often referred to simply as Ford; sometimes nicknamed Fords or FoMoCo, (NYSE: F) is an automobile maker founded by Henry Ford in Detroit, Michigan, and incorporated on June 16, 1903. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is a United States-based automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, Daewoo, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab, and Vauxhall. ... Simca Rallye 2 Simca is a now-defunct French automobile manufacturer, which also produced cars in Brazil in the 1960s. ... This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ...


Under Chrysler stewardship, Rootes soldiered on with a range of worthy but dull rear-wheel drive family saloons like the Hillman Avenger and Hillman Hunter ("Arrow"), while desperately trying to develop the Imp into a decent car. An attempt to take the Avenger to America as the Plymouth Cricket was aborted after only two years, and Chrysler's lack of interest in Rootes' products was further reflected in its development of the Simca-based Chrysler Alpine and Horizon ranges instead, allowing the Hillman brand to die by 1976. The Hillman Avenger is a sub-compact car manufactured by the Rootes Group, and latterly Chrysler Europe. ... The Hillman Hunter was a sedan automobile produced by the Rootes Group (later Chrysler Europe) from 1966 to 1979. ... The Plymouth Cricket was a subcompact automobile sold by the Plymouth division of Chrysler Corporation in the American market from 1971-1973. ... The Horizon is a subcompact hatchback automobile, designed by the European division of Chrysler from 1977. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Chrysler spent much of the 1970s unsuccessfully trying to integrate the Rootes and Simca ranges into one, coherent whole. The boxy, rear wheel drive saloons of the British company didn't fit well in marketing terms with Simca's relatively advanced front wheel drive hatchbacks. Build quality suffered, and the UK factories (Ryton and Linwood) were the subject of frequent Government bail-outs. The resulting lacklustre product range, severe financial problems back home in the United States, coupled with a multitude of industrial relations problems in the 1970s led to the collapse of Chrysler Europe in 1977, leading to the company's 1978 takeover by PSA Peugeot-Citroen (for a mere $1), and the only remaining remnant of Rootes is its main assembly plant, in Ryton-on-Dunsmore, which today produces various Peugeot models for European markets. Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern automobiles, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Peugeot is a major French car manufacturer whose roots go back to bicycle manufacturing at the end of the 19th century. ... Ryton-on-Dunsmore is a village and civil parish in the Rugby district of Warwickshire, located just to the South East of Coventry, England. ... Peugeot is a major French car manufacturer whose roots go back to bicycle manufacturing at the end of the 19th century. ...


The Linwood plant closed in 1981, signalling the end of the road for the Avenger, but the production tooling for the Hillman Hunter went to Iran, where the car is still in production today as the Paykan, and is a common sight throughout the Middle East. The Simca-based models continued to be built at both Ryton and Poissy using the resurrected Talbot badge for the first half of the 1980s. The Peugeot 309 was originally to be launched as the Talbot Arizona, and the Talbot Samba was to have been a rebadged Citroën AX. However, PSA saw little reason to maintain its third brand and the new models were not launched with their alternative names. The Talbots were eventually replaced by Peugeot and Citroën models. 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hillman Hunter was a sedan automobile produced by the Rootes Group (later Chrysler Europe) from 1966 to 1979. ... The Paykan (pronounced pie-can) is a type of automobile produced by the Iranian company Iran Khodro. ... Talbot is an automobile brand, whose history is one of the industrys most complex. ... // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... The Peugeot 309 is a compact automobile designed and manufactured by Peugeot between 1986 and 1993. ... The Citroën AX is a small car, built by Citroën from 1986 to 1998. ... Peugeot is a major French car manufacturer whose roots go back to bicycle manufacturing at the end of the 19th century. ... Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. ...


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