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Encyclopedia > Root vegetable

Root vegetables are underground plant parts used as vegetables. They are called root vegetables for lack of a better generic term, but include both true roots such as tuberous roots and taproots, as well as non-roots such as tubers, rhizomes, corms, and bulbs. Several types contain both taproot and hypocotyl tissue, and it may be difficult to distinguish the two. Vegetables in a market Venn diagram representing the relationship between (botanical) fruits and vegetables. ... Primary and secondary roots in a cotton plant In vascular plants, the root is that organ of a plant body that typically lies below the surface of the soil (compare with stem). ... A tuberous root is a modified lateral root, enlarged for storage. ... The dandelions taproot, quite apparent in this drawing, renders this plant very difficult to uproot – the plant itself gives way, but the root stays in the ground and may sprout again. ... Oca tubers For the fungal genus, see Truffle. ... Ginger rhizome In botany, a rhizome is a usually-underground, horizontal stem of a plant that often sends out roots and shoots from its nodes. ... A corm is a short, vertical, swollen underground stem of a plant (usually one of the monocots) that serves as a storage organ to enable the plant to survive winter or other adverse conditions such as summer drought and heat (estivation). ... Shallot bulbs A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that are used as food storage organs by a dormant plant. ... Hypocotyl is a botanical term for a part of a germinating seedling of a seed plant. ...


Regardless of anatomical type, root vegetables are generally storage organs, enlarged to store energy in the form of carbohydrates. They differ in the concentration and the balance between sugars, starches, and other types of carbohydrate. A storage organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy (generally in the form of starch) or water. ... Carbohydrates are chemical compounds that contain oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon atoms. ... Magnified crystals of refined sugar In general use, non-scientists take sugar to mean sucrose, also called table sugar or saccharose, a white crystalline solid disaccharide. ... Starch is a complex carbohydrate which is insoluble in water, it is used by plants as a way to store excess glucose. ...


Of particular economic importance are those with a high carbohydrate concentration in the form of starch. These starchy root vegetables are important staple foods, particularly in tropical regions. They overshadow the cereals throughout much of West Africa, Central Africa, and Oceania, where they are used directly or mashed to make foufou or poi. A staple food is a basic but nutritious food that forms the basis of a traditional diet, particularly that of the poor. ... This article is about grains in general. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Oceania is a geographical, often geopolitical, region consisting of numerous lands – mostly islands but often including Australia – in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. ... Fufu, also spelled foo-foo, foufou, or fu fu, is a staple food of West Africa and Central Africa. ... Poi is a Hawaiian word for the primary Polynesian food staple made from the corm of the kalo plant (known widely as taro). ...


According to 2004 FAO statistics [1], the most important starchy root vegetables by world-wide production (in million metric tons) are: Possible meanings: Faro Airport (Portugal) Federation of Astrobiology Organizations Financial Aid Office Food and Agriculture Organization This page expands a three-character combination which might be any or all of: an abbreviation, an acronym, an initialism, a word in English, or a word in another language. ...

Potato 328
   
Cassava 203
   
Sweet potato 127
   
Yams 40
   
Taro 11
   
All others 7
   

South America has been a particularly fertile ground in the domestication of root vegetables, giving the world the ahipa, arracacha, canna, cassava, maca, malanga, mashua, mauka, oca, potato, sweet potato, ulluco, and yacón. Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, commonly grown for its starchy tuber. ... Binomial name Manihot esculenta Crantz The cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta) is a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrate. ... Binomial name Ipomoea batatas Linnaeus The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a crop plant whose large, starchy, sweet-tasting tuberous roots are an important root vegetable. ... For the Levantine god of the untamed sea (sometimes called Yam), see Yaw (god). ... Binomial name Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Taro corms for sale Taro (from Tahitian), more rarely kalo (from Hawaiian), is a tropical plant grown primarily as a vegetable food for its edible corm, and secondarily as a leaf vegetable. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Domesticated animals, plants, and other organisms are those whose collective behavior, life cycle, or physiology has been altered as a result of their breeding and living conditions being under human control for multiple generations. ... Species Pachyrhizus ahipa Pachyrhizus erosus Pachyrhizus ferrugineus Pachyrhizus panamensis Pachyrhizus tuberosus Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... Binomial name Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft The arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) is a garden root vegetable originally from the Andes, somewhat intermediate between the carrot and celery. ... Species See text The Canna lilys (genus Canna) are tropical and subtropical summer-blooming plants with broad flat leaves that grow out of a stem in a long narrow roll and then unfurl. ... Binomial name Manihot esculenta Crantz The cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta) is a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrate. ... Binomial name Lepidium meyenii Walp Maca (Lepidium meyenii) is a herbaceous biennial plant or annual plant grown at altitudes from approximately 12,500-14,500 feet in the Andes in Peru. ... There is also a Malanga in Gabon, see Malanga, Gabon Malanga (Xanthosoma Species), also known as coco, cocoyam, tannia, tannier, yautia, and other names, is a root vegetable from the arum lily family, similar to taro. ... Binomial name Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruíz and Pavón The mashua or añu is a perennial plant grown in the Andes for its edible tuber. ... Species see text Mirabilis is a genus of herbaceous perennial plants. ... OCA can mean: Observatoire de la Côte dAzur Orthodox Church in America Oxford Capacity Analysis Online Crash Analysis See also Oca This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, commonly grown for its starchy tuber. ... Binomial name Ipomoea batatas Linnaeus The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a crop plant whose large, starchy, sweet-tasting tuberous roots are an important root vegetable. ... Ulluco (Ullucus tuberosus) is a plant in the Basellaceae family. ... Binomial name Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poeppig and Endlicher) H. Robinson Synonyms The Yacón is a perennial plant grown in the Andes for its crisp, sweet-tasting tuberous root. ...


List of root vegetables by anatomical type

Turnip taproot and hypocotyl
Turnip taproot and hypocotyl
Cassava tuberous roots
Cassava tuberous roots
Taro corms
Taro corms
Yam tubers
Yam tubers
Shallot bulbs
Enlarge
Shallot bulbs

Download high resolution version (937x561, 34 KB)This is a small washed turnip. ... Download high resolution version (937x561, 34 KB)This is a small washed turnip. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2337 KB) Species Manihot esculenta Genus Manihot Familia Euphorbiaceae on sale on Réunion Island Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Cassava ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2337 KB) Species Manihot esculenta Genus Manihot Familia Euphorbiaceae on sale on Réunion Island Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Cassava ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2303 KB) Colocasia esculenta sold on a market in Réunion Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Taro Root vegetable Corm ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2303 KB) Colocasia esculenta sold on a market in Réunion Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Taro Root vegetable Corm ... Download high resolution version (800x686, 79 KB)Yams at Brixton market. ... Download high resolution version (800x686, 79 KB)Yams at Brixton market. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The dandelions taproot, quite apparent in this drawing, renders this plant very difficult to uproot – the plant itself gives way, but the root stays in the ground and may sprout again. ... Hypocotyl is a botanical term for a part of a germinating seedling of a seed plant. ... Trinomial name Apium graveolens rapaceum Celeriac, Apium graveolens var rapaceum (also known as turnip-rooted celery or knob celery), is a specially-adapted variety of celery, which is grown for its large and well-developed root rather than for the stem and leaves. ... Species A. lappa Burdock refers to any of a group of biennial thistles in the genus Arctium, family Asteraceae. ... Binomial name Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft The arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) is a garden root vegetable originally from the Andes, somewhat intermediate between the carrot and celery. ... Binomial name Beta vulgaris L. The beet (Beta vulgaris) is a flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae, native to the coasts of western and southern Europe, from southern Sweden and the British Isles south to the Mediterranean Sea. ... Binomial name Beta vulgaris Mangelwurzel or mangold wurzel (Beta vulgaris), is a root vegetable of the family Chenopodiaceae, genus Beta (the beets). ... Species See text Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). ... Binomial name Brassica napobrassica The rutabaga or swede or (yellow) turnip (Brassica napobrassica, or Brassica napus var. ... Trinomial name Brassica rapa rapa L. The turnip (Brassica rapa var. ... Binomial name Bunium persicum (Boiss. ... Binomial name Daucus carota L. The carrot (Daucus carota) is a root vegetable, usually orange or white in color with a woody texture. ... Binomial name Lepidium meyenii Walp Maca (Lepidium meyenii) is a herbaceous biennial plant or annual plant grown at altitudes from approximately 12,500-14,500 feet in the Andes in Peru. ... Species Pachyrhizus ahipa Pachyrhizus erosus Pachyrhizus ferrugineus Pachyrhizus panamensis Pachyrhizus tuberosus Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... Binomial name Pastinaca sativa L. The parsnip is a root vegetable related to the carrot, which it resembles, although it has a paler color and a stronger flavor. ... Species Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a bright green, biennial herb that is very common in Middle Eastern, European, and American cooking. ... Binomial name Raphanus sativus L. Daikon (Japanese: 大根; literally large root; Chinese: 白蘿蔔; literally white radish), is a mild-flavored East Asian giant white radish. ... Binomial name Raphanus sativus L. bunch of radishes The radish is a root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family. ... Binomial name Scorzonera hispanica L. The Black Salsify or Spanish Salsify (Scorzonera hispanica), also known as black oyster plant, serpent root, and vipers grass, is a perennial member of the sunflower family (Asteraceae). ... The Skirret (Sium sisarum Apiaceae), is a root vegetable. ... Species about 45, including: Tragopogon coloratus Tragopogon crocifolius Tragopogon cupani Tragopogon dubius Tragopogon floccosus Tragopogon gracilis Tragopogon mirabilis Tragopogon mirus Tragopogon miscellus Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon pratensis Tragopogon X crantzii Tragopogon X neohybridus The Goatsbeards or Salsifies are the genus Tragopogon of flowering plants within the family Asteraceae. ... A tuberous root is a modified lateral root, enlarged for storage. ... Binomial name Conopodium majus (Gouan) Loret. ... Binomial name Ipomoea batatas Linnaeus The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a crop plant whose large, starchy, sweet-tasting tuberous roots are an important root vegetable. ... Binomial name Manihot esculenta Crantz The cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta) is a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrate. ... Species see text Mirabilis is a genus of herbaceous perennial plants. ... Binomial name Psoralea esculenta Pursh. ... Binomial name Sechium edule L. The chayote (Sechium edule) is an edible plant, which belongs to the gourd family Cucurbitaceae along with melons, cucumbers and squash. ... Binomial name Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poeppig and Endlicher) H. Robinson Synonyms The Yacón is a perennial plant grown in the Andes for its crisp, sweet-tasting tuberous root. ... A stem is the above ground axis of a vascular plant. ... A corm is a short, vertical, swollen underground stem of a plant (usually one of the monocots) that serves as a storage organ to enable the plant to survive winter or other adverse conditions such as summer drought and heat (estivation). ... Binomial name Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch, 1858 Synonyms Konnyaku gel Konjac (Japanese: 蒟蒻; konnyaku; Chinese: 蘑芋; pinyin: ; literally devil taro), also known as konjak, konjaku, devils tongue, voodoo lily, snake palm, or elephant yam (although this name is also used for ), is a plant in the genus Amorphophallus grown in China... Binomial name Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Taro corms for sale Taro (from Tahitian), more rarely kalo (from Hawaiian), is a tropical plant grown primarily as a vegetable food for its edible corm, and secondarily as a leaf vegetable. ... Binomial name Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. ... Ensete is one of three genera of plants in the banana family, Musaceae. ... Erythronium is a genus of cormous perennials, usually spring-flowering. ... Binomial name Erythronium japonicum Decne. ... Species S. latifolia S. sagittifolia and many others Sagitarria is a genus of aquatic plants whose members go by a variety of common names, including arrowhead, duck potato, katniss, kuwai, swan potato, tule potato and wapatoo. ... Species About 50; see text Xanthosoma is a genus of about 50 species of tropical and sub-tropical arums in the flowering plant family, Araceae, native to tropical America. ... Ginger rhizome In botany, a rhizome is a usually-underground, horizontal stem of a plant that often sends out roots and shoots from its nodes. ... Species See text. ... Species See text The Canna lilys (genus Canna) are tropical and subtropical summer-blooming plants with broad flat leaves that grow out of a stem in a long narrow roll and then unfurl. ... Binomial name Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev. ... Binomial name Raphanus sativus L. bunch of radishes The radish is a root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family. ... Binomial name Maranta arundinacea L. Arrowroot, or obedience plant, (Maranta arundinacea) is a large perennial herb of genus Maranta found in rainforest habitats. ... Binomial name Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. ... Species See text. ... Oca tubers For the fungal genus, see Truffle. ... Binomial name Apios americana Medikus Synonyms Apios americana, sometimes called the hog peanut, potato bean, or groundnut (but not to be confused with other plants sometimes known by that name) is a perennial vine native to eastern North America, and bears edible beans and large edible tubers. ... Binomial name Cyperus esculentus L. Tigernuts (Cyperus esculentus) are not nuts, but edible tubers with a slightly sweet, nutty flavour compared to the more bitter tasting tuber of the purple nutsedge. They are quite hard and are generally soaked in water before they can be eaten. ... For the Levantine god of the untamed sea (sometimes called Yam), see Yaw (god). ... Ube is also the Tagalog word for purple yam is also known as Dioscorea alata scientificaly. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Helianthus tuberosus L. The Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.), also called the sunroot or sunchoke, is a flowering plant native to North America grown throughout the temperate world for its tuber, which is used as a root vegetable. ... Binomial name Lathyrus tuberosus L. Lathyrus tuberosus, also known as the aardaker, tuberous pea, or earthnut pea, is a small, climbing perennial plant grown as a root vegetable for its edible tuber. ... OCA can mean: Observatoire de la Côte dAzur Orthodox Church in America Oxford Capacity Analysis Online Crash Analysis See also Oca This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, commonly grown for its starchy tuber. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Stachys affinis Bunge Synonyms Out of the several unrelated species of vegetable all called artichokes, the Jerusalem artichoke is an unusual sight on the allotment or vegetable plot, but the Chinese artichoke or knotroot is distinctly rare. ... Binomial name Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruíz and Pavón The mashua or añu is a perennial plant grown in the Andes for its edible tuber. ... Ulluco (Ullucus tuberosus) is a plant in the Basellaceae family. ... Shallot bulbs A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that are used as food storage organs by a dormant plant. ... Species See List of Allium species Allium is the onion genus with about 1250 species, mostly classified in its own family Alliaceae. ... Binomial name Allium sativum L. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a perennial plant in the family Alliaceae and genus Allium, closely related to the onion, shallot, and leek. ... Binomial name Allium cepa L. Onion in the general sense can be used for any plant in the Genus Allium but used without qualifiers usually means Allium cepa, also called the garden onion. ... Look up Shallot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Binomial name Allium oschaninii O. Fedtsch Shallots on sale in Southern France Shallot, as the word is commonly used, or eschallot in some countries, refers to two different Allium species of plant. ... Species Camassia quamash Quamash, also known as Small camas, is a perennial herb of the family Agavaceae. ... Species Lilium amabile Lilium auratum - Japanese golden rayed lily Lilium bulbiferum - Orange lily Lilium canadense - Canada lily Lilium candidum - Madonna lily Lilium chalcedonicum – Turkscap lily Lilium concolor Lilium henryi - Tiger lily, Henrys lily Lilium humboldtii - Humboldts lily Lilium lancifolium - Tiger lily Lilium longiflorum - Easter lily Lilium martagon - Martagon...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Whole Foods Market : Produce : Root Vegetable Primer (1410 words)
From the exotic fl radish to the sweet red beet, root vegetables are warming, rich in flavor and economical.
In general, root vegetables are low in calories, with about 10 to 60 per half-cup serving, and virtually no fat.
Depending on the vegetable — and whether it has an edible peel — they are fair to moderate sources of fiber, generally with 1 to 2.5 grams per half-cup serving.
root crop - Answers.com (400 words)
root crop, vegetable cultivated chiefly for its edible roots, e.g., the beet, turnip, mangel-wurzel, carrot, and parsnip.
They are called root vegetables for lack of a better generic term, but include both true roots such as tuberous roots and taproots, as well as non-roots such as tubers, rhizomes, corms, and bulbs.
Root and tuber crops at the University of Georgia
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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