FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Romney, West Virginia during the American Civil War

The city of Romney, Virginia (now West Virginia) traded hands between the Union Army and Confederate States Army dozens of times during the American Civil War. The story of the small town is emblematic of the many military campaigns that swept through western Virginia and, later, the new state of West Virginia. Romney is a city in Hampshire County, West Virginia, United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February 1861 to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when seven Southern states seceded from the United States (four more states soon followed). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...

Contents

1861

  • Confederate Col. John C. Vaughn of the 3rd Tennessee was apparently stationed in Romney, from which, under orders of A.P. Hill of the 13th Virginia, he attacked Federal forces at New Creek on June 18.
  • Confederate Col. Angus McDonald was in command at Romney when it was attacked by Federals on September 23; McDonald had been advised by General Robert E. Lee on September 18 that the Federals were withdrawing from Romney. After feigning an attack through Mechanicsburg Gap, the Federals launched their main attack from Hanging Rock. On September 24, McDonald gave way before the stronger Federal force, but retook the town the next day as the disorganized enemy retreated across the South Branch bridge toward Keyser. Federal forces consisted of the 4th Ohio and 8th Ohio Infantry and some members of the Ringgold Cavalry under Capt. John Keys; Confederate forces were the 114th and 77th Virginia militia regiments.
  • On October 24, Federal Ohio and Virginia infantry (with some light artillery and Ringgold Cavalry) attacked through Mechanicsburg Gap; on October 26 the Confederate defenders fled. There was a skirmish at Wire Bridge as part of this assault. It was as a result of this Federal success that Col. Benjamin F. Kelley issued his "Address to the People of Hampshire County and the Upper Potomac". For a time after this, Federals under the command of Col. Samuel H. Dunning of the 5th Ohio Volunteer Infantry occupied Romney.

Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Lew Wallace Lewis Lew Wallace (April 10, 1827–February 15, 1905) was an American Civil War general, U.S. statesman and author, who is probably best remembered for his historical novel Ben-Hur. ... A zouave from 1886. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... Ambrose Powell Hill Ambrose Powell Hill (November 9, 1825 – April 2, 1865), was a Confederate States of America general in the American Civil War. ... New Creek lies in Mineral County, West Virginia and Grant County, West Virginia, it is the 3rd major tributary to the Potomac Rivers north branch. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Turner Ashby (October 23, 1828 - June 6, 1862) was a Confederate cavalry commander, enlisting at rank of Capitan, then attaining rank of Colonel, and finally the rank of Brigadier General. ... Hanging Rock, West Virginia, is an unincorporated community in Hampshire County in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... Head: source near Hightown, Highland County, VA. Mouth: junction with North Branch Potomac River to form Potomac River near Green Spring, Hampshire County, WV. Topo Map (http://www. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... For the 1960s country music artist, see Stonewall Jackson (musician); for the submarine, see USS Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634). ... First Battle of Bull Run Conflict American Civil War Date July 21, 1861 Place Fairfax County and Prince William County Result Confederate victory The First Battle of Bull Run, referred to as the First Battle of Manassas in the South, (July 21, 1861) was the first major land battle of... Angus McDonald has been the name of several notable figures: Angus McDonald, Roman Catholic bishop in Scotland, Angus McDonald, Canadian independent MP for Timiskaming, Angus Peter McDonald, Canadian Conservative MP for Middlesex West. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was a career U.S. Army officer and the most celebrated general of the Confederate forces during the American Civil War. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Mechanicsburg Gap (also known as Mill Creek Gap) is a mountain pass in Mill Creek Mountain in Hampshire County in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Keyser is a city in and the county seat of Mineral CountyGR6, West Virginia, United States. ... The 4th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 4th OVI) was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... The 8th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 8th OVI) was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker Militia is the activity of one or more citizens organized to provide defense or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - - commanded by a colonel. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... Mechanicsburg Gap (also known as Mill Creek Gap) is a mountain pass in Mill Creek Mountain in Hampshire County in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ...

1862

  • On January 7, an advance guard of Confederates was defeated by about 2,000 Federals under Colonel Dunning at Blue's Gap.
  • On January 10, Federal troopss under Frederick W. Lander evacuated Romney and Confederate cavalry under the command of Captains George F. Sheetz and E. H. Shans occupied the town; Brig. Gen. William W. Loring was placed in command and "Stonewall" Jackson returned to Winchester. This set the stage for General Jackson's resignation, which was declined.
  • On February 24 Confederate General Loring evacuated Romney.
  • On February 7, after General Jackson had been forced to withdraw his units to Winchester, Federal forces under General Lander reoccupied the town and later broke up "the rebel nest at Bloomery Gap."
  • Following apparent occupation by Confederates in the spring, Union Lt. Col. Stephen W. Downey of the 3rd Maryland Militia (the Potomac Home Brigade) took command of Federal troops at Romney on March 3; in early May, Downey left his troops there and received a new command in Pendleton County.
  • From April 2428, the Federal Ringgold and Washington Cavalry were stationed in Romney.
  • During early 1862, Blenker's Federal division marched through Romney.
  • From September 1315, Confederate Col. John D. Imboden occupied Romney for several days after a Federal withdrawal; he used the opportunity to set a successful ambush for Federal troops about two miles out of town.
  • On October 2 the 1st New York Cavalry passed through Romney.
  • On December 1 the Ringgold Cavalry skirmished with Confederates in Romney.
  • Captain Keys of the Ringgold cavalry was reported to have left Romney on December 22 for Winchester.
  • One week later, Brig. Gen. Robert H. Milroy and his cavalry escort passed through on his way to take command of Federal forces in Winchester.

January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Frederick West Lander (1821 - 1862) was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1802 Mayor Elizabeth Minor Area    - City 24. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... Pendleton County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... John D. Imboden John Daniel Imboden (February 16, 1823 – August 15, 1895) was a lawyer, teacher, Virginia legislator, coal mine operator, and a Confederate cavalry general and partisan fighter in the American Civil War. ... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Robert H. Milroy during the war Robert Huston Milroy (June 11, 1816 – March 29, 1890) was a lawyer, judge, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War, most noted for his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester in 1863. ...

1863

  • On January 8 (or 11), Col. James Washburn had been ordered by General Kelley to fall back to Romney with his entire Union force; by January 20, Washburn was in Romney with a force of about 1,400 men. Some remained until the middle of March.
  • On April 7, Federals attacked Confederate partisan cavalry commander "Hans" McNeil near Purgitsville, one day after his successful action at Burlington when he had captured Lt. William F. Speer and eleven of the Ringgold Cavalry's foraging party. Romney was securely in Federal hands at that time and remained so until the Confederates moved into the Shenandoah Valley as part of their second invasion of the North (the Gettysburg Campaign).
  • On June 7, General Lee commanded Imboden's cavalry to move against Romney in order "to attract the enemy's attention in Hampshire County." It is not clear exactly when Imboden took Romney again, for a Federal communication of June 13 implies that Romney was then being abandoned. Local tradition places Captain McNeil's Rangers in Romney around that time.
  • On June 19, the Ringgold Cavalry moved through Romney in one day.
  • On June 21, the Lafayette Cavalry came through Romney.
  • On July 22, Confederate scouts were reported to be moving in the direction of Romney following the assignment of General Imboden to the Valley District. After the retreat from Gettysburg, Confederates occupied the Shenandoah and South Branch valleys for a month or two until the Federals began to move in the area in large numbers. During the following months, Romney may have changed hands several times without official record.
  • On August 4, the Ringgold Cavalry again occupied the town. On August 6 or 7, General Kelley passed through Romney as he moved his headquarters from Hedgesville to New Creek.
  • On November 6, Campbell's Federal brigade left Romney.
  • On November 16, Confederate Captain McNeil with 170 cavalry captured 25 prisoners, 80 wagons, and 255 horses near Burlington; this occurred during a time when General Lee felt that Romney, Petersburg, and Martinsburg were too strongly held for a direct Confederate attack. Lt. Col. John P. Linton and his Federals passed through Romney several times on his way to and from Springfield.

January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Look up Partisan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Purgitsville, West Virginia, is an unincorporated community in Hampshire County in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... Burlington, WV is located along US 50 also known as the Northwestern Turnpike where it crosses Pattersons Creek The zip code for Burlington, WV: 26710 This article is a stub. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Canoeing on the Shenandoah River near Winchester, VA. The Shenandoah Valley region of western Virginia, from Winchester to Staunton, is bounded by the Blue Ridge mountains to the East and the Allegheny mountains to the West. ... Meade and Lee of Gettysburg Gettysburg Campaign (through July 3); cavalry movements shown with dashed lines. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America Commanders George G. Meade Robert E. Lee Strength 93,921 71,699 Casualties 23,055 (3,155 killed, 14,531 wounded, 5,369 captured/missing) 23,231 (4,708 killed, 12,693 wounded, 5,830 captured/missing) The Battle of... Shenandoah River Watershed Canoeing on the Shenandoah River, near Winchester, Virginia This article is about the river in Virginia in the United States. ... Head: source near Hightown, Highland County, VA. Mouth: junction with North Branch Potomac River to form Potomac River near Green Spring, Hampshire County, WV. Topo Map (http://www. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... Hedgesville is a town in Berkeley County in the U.S. state of West Virginias Eastern Panhandle. ... New Creek lies in Mineral County, West Virginia and Grant County, West Virginia, it is the 3rd major tributary to the Potomac Rivers north branch. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... Burlington, WV is located along US 50 also known as the Northwestern Turnpike where it crosses Pattersons Creek The zip code for Burlington, WV: 26710 This article is a stub. ... Petersburg is a city located in Grant County, West Virginia. ... Martinsburg is a city located in Berkeley County, West Virginia. ... Springfield is an unincorporated town in Hampshire County, West Virginia, USA. It is located north of Romney along West Virginia State Route 28 at its junction with Green Spring Road (County Route 1) and Springfield Pike (County Route 3). ...

1864

  • On January 5, Fitzhugh Lee passed through Romney, which Maj. Harry Gilmor and Captain McNeil had occupied a few days before; following their departure, Capt. Henry A. Meyers occupied Romney on January 8. Later in the month it was yet again recaptured by Confederates.
  • On February 3, a detachment of Thomas L. Rosser's unit (part of Jubal A. Early's command) entered Romney. In a complicated set of circumstances, Romney was occupied once or twice daily between February 1 and 3 inclusive. A detachment of the 8th New York Heavy Artillery was among the units involved.
  • Sometime after the middle of March, Union cavalry moved through Romney.
  • On May 10, Col. Jacob Higgins, commanding about 500 Federal cavalry, was surprised by detachments of Imboden's cavalry; he tried to rally his men "on the plains of Romney" but was pushed out of town. On May 11 Imboden departed.
  • About two weeks later, the Ringgold Cavalry again passed through town on a scouting mission.
  • About the middle of June, the Ringgolds passed through again.
  • On June 26, part of the Union 6th West Virginia Cavalry scouted Romney.
  • On July 3, the 6th West Virginia Cavalry returned to Romney.
  • On July 4, Confederates rang the courthouse bell in Romney to announce the approach of Federal scouts. During most of the month of July, McNeil and Harness were in the vicinity of Romney.
  • On July 10, Confederates again briefly occupied Romney.
  • On July 14, McNeil was again in Romney.
  • On July 20, the Federal 6th West Virginia Cavalry again was in town.
  • On August 6, Confederate scouts stationed at Romney warned McCausland of an impending attack upon his forces by General Averell who came through Romney that day. Averell successfully attacked McCausland at Moorefield and took approximately 420 prisoners.
  • On August 28 McNeil was said to yet again be in Romney.
  • On November 6, Union scouts passed through town.
  • On November 26, members of the 6th West Virginia Cavalry camped in Romney.
  • On December 25 scouts from 22nd Pennsylvania Cavalry passed through town.

January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Fitzhugh Lee in the Civil War Fitzhugh Lee (November 19, 1835 – April 18, 1905), nephew of Robert E. Lee, was a Confederate cavalry general in the American Civil War, Governor of Virginia, diplomat, and U.S. Army general in the Spanish-American War. ... Harry W. Gilmor (January 24, 1838 – March 4, 1883) served as Baltimore City Police Commissioner in the 1870s, but he was most noted as a Confederate cavalry officer during the American Civil War. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Thomas Lafayette Rosser (October 15, 1836 – March 29, 1910) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and later an officer in the Spanish American War and railroad construction engineer. ... Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 – March 2, 1894) was a lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... A Brigadier-General in the Confederate Army famous for the ransom of Hagerstown, Maryland and the razing of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. ... Chambersburg is a borough in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, 52 miles (84 km) southwest of Harrisburg in the Cumberland Valley, part of the Great Appalachian Valley. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... Moorefield is a town in Hardy County, West Virginia, USA. Moorefield is the county seat of Hardy County. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ...

1865

  • On February 5, Union cavalry passed through Romney.
  • On February 21, the Confederate McNeil's Rangers, now under the command of Captain McNeil's younger brother, a lieutenant, passed through Romney going to and from Cumberland, where they carried out the daring kidnap of Generals George Crook and Benjamin Kelley.
  • Maxwell and Swisher's History of Hampshire County states that Romney was held for the last time by Confederate forces on April 15, when parts of the companies line(?) and Harness were in the vicinity of Romney. Local tradition states that McNeil's Rangers surrendered at Sycamore Dale near the Romney bridge in May.
  • Edward H. McDonald and George F. Sheetz (two members of the "Laurel Brigade") came through town, escaping from Virginia after General Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House.

February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Nickname: The Queen City Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Allegany County State Maryland Country United States founded 1787 incorporated 1815 Mayor Lee N. Fiedler Area    - City 23. ... Portrait of George Crook George Crook (September 8, 1828 – March 21, 1890) was a career U.S. Army officer, most noted for his distinguished service during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... McLean house, April 1865. ...

1866–1867

June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Indian Mound Cemetery Indian Mound Cemetery is a cemetery located along the Northwestern Turnpike (US 50) on a bluff overlooking the South Branch Potomac River in Romney. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Background The Confederate Memorial in Indian Mound Cemetery at Romney, West Virginia is considered the first official memorial to Confederate dead to be erected anywhere. ...

References

  • Official Records
  • Maxwell, Hu, and Swisher, H.L., History of Hampshire County, West Virginia : from its earliest settlement to the present. Parsons, West Virginia: McClain Printing Co., 1897.

The Official Records of the American Civil War or often more simply the Official Records or ORs, constitute a unique, authentic, and comprehensive collection of first-hand accounts, orders, reports, and correspondence drawn from War and Navy Department records of both Confederate and Union governments during the American Civil War. ...

See also


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m