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Encyclopedia > Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
image:Justice.gif
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Opened for signature June 17, 1998[1] (http://www.un.org/law/icc/general/overview.htm) at Rome
Entered into force July 1, 2002
Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications
Parties 99[2] (http://untreaty.un.org/ENGLISH/bible/englishinternetbible/partI/chapterXVIII/treaty10.asp)

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (or Rome Statute) is the treaty which established the International Criminal Court (ICC). It sets out the Court's jurisdiction, structure and functions and it provides for its entry into force 60 days after 60 States have become Party to it. It was opened for signature on July 17, 1998 and entered into force on July 1, 2002 as the 60th instrument of ratification was deposited with the Secretary General on 11 April 2002, when 10 countries simultaneously deposited their instruments of ratification. Any perpetrator of a crime within the jurisdiction of the Court, committed after this date, is liable to prosecution. As of today, 99 States are party to the Statute. [3] (http://untreaty.un.org/ENGLISH/bible/englishinternetbible/partI/chapterXVIII/treaty10.asp) Lady Justice, courtesy U.S. military This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Location within Italy The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma) is the capital city of Italy and of its Latium region. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ...


Since it is a treaty that establishes an international court, it is called a Statute (note this is a different usage of the word "statute" from that commonly used in law.) A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ...


The Statute provides for the ICC to have jurisdiction over three main classes of offences: genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The treaty establishing the court gives a specific definition of genocide in Article 6, a list of crimes against humanity in Article 7, a lengthy and detailed list of war crimes in Article 8. The Statute also provides for the court to have jurisdiction over the crime of aggression, but only once a definition for that crime has been adopted by an amendment to the Statute. (source) (http://www.un.org/law/icc/statute/99_corr/2.htm) According to an ICC press release, the Assembly of States Parties of the ICC may adopt such a definition at a review conference scheduled for 2009. [4] (http://www.icc-cpi.int/library/press/mediaalert/160703press_conf_presentation.pdf) Wiktionary has a definition of: Genocide Genocide has been defined as the deliberate killing of people based on their ethnicity, nationality, race, religion, or (sometimes) politics, as well as other deliberate actions leading to the physical elimination of any of the above categories. ... This article is in need of attention. ... A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... A crime against peace, in international law, consists of illegally starting a war. ... 2009 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Only 7 nations (China, Iraq, Israel, Libya, Qatar, the United States and Yemen) voted against the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 1998. Israel, the United States and Yemen signed the statute at the end of 2000, but the United States has continued to insist on immunity for American forces.


On May 6, 2002, the Bush Administration informed the United Nations Secretary-General that "the United States does not intend to become a party to the treaty. Accordingly, the United States has no legal obligations arising from its signature on December 31, 2000." This was widely described as "unsigning" the treaty or "withdrawing" the United States' signature, although the United States in its letter did not use that terminology, and the United Nations has not removed the name of the United States from the official list of signatories. May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... Order: 43rd President Vice President: Dick Cheney Term of office: January 20, 2001 – Present Preceded by: Bill Clinton Succeeded by: Incumbent Date of birth: July 6, 1946 Place of birth: New Haven, Connecticut First Lady: Laura Welch Bush Political party: Republican George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the... The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945 and now made up of 191 states. ... The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


See also

The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ...

External links

  • official website (http://www.un.org/law/icc/statute/romefra.htm)

 
 

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