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Encyclopedia > Romantic poetry

Romanticism largely began as a reaction against the prevailing Enlightenment ideals of the day. Inevitably, the characterization of a broad range of contemporaneous poets and poetry under the single unifying name can be viewed more as an exercise in historical compartmentalization than an actual attempt to capture the essence of the actual ‘movement’. Indeed, the term “Romanticism” did not arise until the Victorian period. Nonetheless, poets such as William Wordsworth were actively engaged in trying to create a new kind of poetry that emphasized intuition over reason and the pastoral over the urban, often eschewing classical forms and language in an effort to use ‘real’ language. Look up enlightenment, Enlightenment in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Wordsworth redirects here. ... For other uses, see Pastoral (disambiguation). ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ...


Wordsworth himself in the Preface to his Lyrical Ballads defined good poetry as “the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings,” though in the same sentence he goes on to clarify this statement by asserting that nonetheless any poem of value must still be composed by a man “possessed of more than usual organic sensibility [who has] also thought long and deeply”. Thus, though many people seize unfairly upon the notion of spontaneity in Romantic Poetry, one must realize that the movement was still greatly concerned with the pain us of composition, of translating these emotive responses into the form of Poetry. Indeed, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another prominent Romantic poet and critic in his On Poesy or Art sees art as “the mediatress between, and reconciler of nature and man”. Such an attitude reflects what might be called the dominant theme of Romantic Poetry: the filtering of natural emotion through the human mind in order to create art, coupled with an awareness of the duality created by such a process. Lyrical Ballads, 1798, was the flame that lit the English Romantic movement, its spark being that of the somewhat earlier William Blake. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ...

Contents

Early to Late Romanticism

The first period of British Romanticism, beginning around 1790, was mainly defined by the works of William Wordsworth, William Blake, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. The movement was, in a sense, formalized with the joint publication by Wordsworth and Coleridge of Lyrical Ballads in 1798. The work emphasized what would become the key tenets of Romanticism, namely the reconciliation of man and nature, along with an attempt to abandon the high language of 18th century English poetry and to attempt to convey poetic ideas via a common vernacular. Romantics redirects here. ... Wordsworth redirects here. ... William Blake (November 28, 1757 – August 12, 1827) was an English poet, visionary, painter, and printmaker. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... Lyrical Ballads, 1798, was the flame that lit the English Romantic movement, its spark being that of the somewhat earlier William Blake. ... Year 1798 (MDCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The term English literature refers to literature written in the English language, including literature composed in English by writers not necessarily from England; Joseph Conrad was Polish, Robert Burns was Scottish, James Joyce was Irish, Dylan Thomas was Welsh, Edgar Allan Poe was American, Salman Rushdie is Indian, V.S... This article is about the art form. ...


John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and Lord Byron then comprised the latter half of the movement, largely continuing in the same tradition, though deviating slightly into more metaphysical matters. Keats redirects here. ... Percy Bysshe Shelley (August 4, 1792 – July 8, 1822; pronounced ) was one of the major English Romantic poets and is widely considered to be among the finest lyric poets of the English language. ... Lord Byron, English poet Lord Byron (1803), as painted by Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, (January 22, 1788 – April 19, 1824) was the most widely read English language poet of his day. ...


Cult of Personality

Perhaps due to the perceived personal nature of Romantic poetry (one which the Romantic Poets themselves are not entirely innocent of encouraging), there has often been a fascination with the lives of the Romantic poets. This view is often reinforced by the imagery conjured up in contemporary discourse due to the fact that a number of them died before reaching thirty, notably Percy Bysshe Shelley (29) and John Keats (26). This has led to a conflation of the lives of the Romantic poets with the poetry itself.... Percy Bysshe Shelley (August 4, 1792 – July 8, 1822; pronounced ) was one of the major English Romantic poets and is widely considered to be among the finest lyric poets of the English language. ... Keats redirects here. ...


Influence

The scope of influence exerted by Romantic Poetry is often hard to quantify, despite certain obvious instances such as in the Modernist poetry of William Butler Yeats, who even went so far as to call his generation “the last romantics”. Certainly, the cultural idea of Romanticism still persists very much today, as an evocative term that is often as much associated with the lives of the Romantic Poets as the poetry itself. Mountebanks ... William Butler Yeats, 1933. ... Romantics redirects here. ...


Major Romantic poets

Manuel Antônio Álvares de Azevedo (São Paulo, SP, September 12 of 1831 - Rio de Janeiro, April 25 of 1852) - Writer of brazilians romantic second generation, Author of short stories, dramas, poetry and essays brazilian, son of Inácio Manuel Álvares de Azevedo and Maria Luísa Mota... Antônio de Castro Alves, more commonly known as Castro Alves, was born on March 14, 1847, in the town of Cachoeira, Bahia, Brazil. ... Casimiro José Marques de Abreu is an famous Brazilian writer, who was born in Barra de São João, state of Rio de Janeiro, on January 4, 1839 and died in Nova Friburgo, state of Rio de Janeiro, on October 18, 1860. ... Antônio Gonçalves Dias (1823–1864), was a Brazilian lyric poet. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... (Bengali: , IPA: ) (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), also known by the sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali poet, Brahmo Samaj philosopher, visual artist, playwright, novelist, and composer whose works reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Big Six Citation needed of English romantic literature pertains to the six figures who contributed to the Romantic movement of late 18th-19th century England. ... William Blake (November 28, 1757 – August 12, 1827) was an English poet, visionary, painter, and printmaker. ... Lord Byron, English poet Lord Byron (1803), as painted by Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, (January 22, 1788 – April 19, 1824) was the most widely read English language poet of his day. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... Percy Bysshe Shelley Percy Bysshe Shelley (August 4, 1792 - July 8, 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets. ... Wordsworth redirects here. ... Keats redirects here. ... Portrait of Alphonse de Lamartine Lamartine in front of the Hôtel de Ville de Paris, on the 25 February 1848, by Philippoteaux Alphonse Marie Louise Prat de Lamartine (Alphonse-Marie-Louis de Prat de Lamartine) (October 21, 1790 - February 28, 1869) was a French writer, poet and politician, born... Victor-Marie Hugo (pronounced ) (February 26, 1802 — May 22, 1885) was a French poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France. ... Pierre Jules Théophile Gautier (August 30, 1811 – October 23, 1872) was a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and literary critic. ... Tomb of Alfred de Musset in Le Père Lachaise cemetery. ... For the German rock band, see Novalis (band). ... Clemens Brentano, or Klemens Brentano (September 8, 1778 – July 28, 1842) was a German poet and novelist. ... Freiherr Joseph von Eichendorff (March 10, 1788 - November 26, 1857), German lyricist and narrator. ... Ludwig Achim (or Joachim) von Arnim (January 26, 1781 – January 21, 1831), German poet and novelist, was born at Berlin. ... The poet Arany. ... For other persons named Thomas Moore, see Thomas Moore (disambiguation). ... Giacomo Leopardi, Count (June 29, 1798 – June 14, 1837) is generally considered, along with such figures as Dante, Petrarca, Ariosto and Tasso, to be among Italys greatest poets and one of its greatest thinkers. ... Ugo Foscolo (1778-1827), Italian writer, was born at Zakynthos in the Ionian Isles on 6 Febraury 1778. ... Adam Mickiewicz. ... Juliusz SÅ‚owacki. ... Noble Family KrasiÅ„ski Coat of Arms Åšlepowron Parents Wincenty KrasiÅ„ski Maria Urszula RadziwiÅ‚Å‚. Consorts Eliza Branicka Children with Eliza Branicka Wladyslaw KrasiÅ„ski Zygmunt Jerzy Krasinski Maria Beatrix Krasinska Eliza Krasinska Date of Birth February 19, 1812 Place of Birth Paris Date of Death February 23, 1859 Place... Mihai Eminescu (pronunciation in Romanian: ) (January 15, 1850 – June 15, 1889), born Mihail Eminovici, was a late Romantic poet, the best-known and most influential Romanian poet celebrated in both Romania and Moldova. ... Golden Age of Russian Poetry is the name traditionally applied by Russian philologists to the first half of the 19th century. ... Aleksandr Pushkin by Vasily Tropinin Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин, Aleksandr Sergeevič PuÅ¡kin,  ) (June 6, 1799 [O.S. May 26] – February 10, 1837 [O.S. January 29]) was a Russian Romantic author who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet[1] [2][3] and the founder of modern Russian... Mikhail Lermontov in 1837 Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (Михаил Юрьевич Лермонтов), (October 15, 1814–July 27, 1841), a Russian Romantic writer and poet, sometimes called the poet of the Caucasus, was the most important presence in the Russian poetry from Alexander Pushkins death until his own four years later, at the age... Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev (Russian: Фёдор Иванович Тютчев) (December 5 [O.S. November 23] 1803 - July 27 [O.S. July 15] 1873) is generally considered the last of three great Romantic poets of Russia, following Alexander Pushkin and Mikhail Lermontov. ... Evgeny Baratynsky (1800-1844) was a Russian Romantic and symbolic poet. ... This article is about the country. ... For the chain gang fugitive and author from Georgia, see Robert Elliott Burns. ... Joanna Baillie (1762-1851), poetess and dramatist. ... Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (February 17, 1836-December 22, 1870) was an Spanish poet and tale writer, one of the most important in Spanish literature, associated to the romanticism movement. ... José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnacion de Espronceda y Delgado (March 25, 1808-May 23, 1842) was among the most important Spanish poets of the 19th century. ... Walter Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882) was an American poet whose works include Paul Reveres Ride, A Psalm of Life, The Song of Hiawatha and Evangeline. He also wrote the first American translation of Dante Alighieris Divine Comedy and was one of the five members... Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ...

Minor Romantic poets

José Joaquim de Campos Leão, also know as Qorpo-Santo (Triunfo, April 19, 1829 - Porto Alegre May 1, 1883) was a Brazilian writer. ... Karel Hynek Mácha (16 November 1810 - November 5, 1836) was a Czech romantic poet. ... Rainer Maria Rilke (4 December 1875 – 29 December 1926) is considered one of the German languages greatest 20th century poets. ... Pablo Neruda (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973) was the penname and, later, legal name of the Chilean writer and communist politician Ricardo Eliecer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto. ... Statue of Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger in Frederiksberg Gardens (Copenhagen) Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger* (November 14, 1779 - January 20, 1850) was a Danish poet and playwright. ... For other uses, see Hans Christian Andersen (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Robert Southey, English poet Robert Southey (August 12, 1774 – March 21, 1843) was an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called Lake Poets, and Poet Laureate. ... An artists rendering of James Henry Leigh Hunt James Henry Leigh Hunt (October 19, 1784 - August 28, 1859) was an English essayist and writer. ... Thomas Chatterton Thomas Chatterton (November 20, 1752 – August 24, 1770) was an English poet and forger of pseudo-medieval poetry. ... John Clare (13 July 1793 – 20 May 1864) was an English poet, in his time commonly known as the Northamptonshire Peasant Poet, the son of a farm labourer, born at Helpston near Peterborough. ... Anna Laetitia Barbauld (June 20, 1743—March 9, 1825) was an English poet and miscellaneous writer. ... Lady Anne Barnard (12 December 1750–6 May 1825), nee Anne Lindsay, eldest daughter of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres was born at Balcarres House, Fife. ... Charlotte Turner Smith (May 4, 1749 - October 28, 1806) was an English poet and novelist whose works have been credited with influencing Jane Austen and particularly Charles Dickens. ... Alfred de Vigny, 1832 Alfred Victor de Vigny (March 27, 1797 – September 17, 1863) was a French poet, playwright, and novelist. ... Gérard de Nerval (May 22, 1808 - January 26, 1855) was the nom-de-plume of the French poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie, the most essentially Romantic among French poets. ... Charles-Marie-René Leconte de Lisle (October 22, 1818 - July 17, 1894), was a French poet of the Parnassian movement. ... Sándor PetÅ‘fi The native form of this personal name is PetÅ‘fi Sándor. ... The Hungarian poet Vörösmarty Mihály Vörösmarty (December 1, 1800 - November 19, 1855), Hungarian poet, was born at Puszta-Nyék, of a noble Roman Catholic family. ... Portrait of Jónas Hallgrímsson Jónas Hallgrímsson (1807–1845) was an Icelandic author. ... James Clarence Mangan (1803 - 1849), poet, born at Dublin, son of a small grocer, was brought up in poverty, and received most of his education from a priest who instructed him in several modern languages. ... Thomas Osborne Davis (October 14, 1814 - September 16, 1845) was Irish writer and politician who was the chief organizer and poet of the Young Ireland movement. ... Henrik Wergeland Henrik Arnold Wergeland (June 17, 1808–July 12, 1845) was a Norwegian poet and prose writer, born in Kristiansand. ... Johan Sebastian Cammermeyer Welhaven, (December 22, 1807- October 21, 1873), Norwegian poet and critic, was born in Bergen, the son of a pastor, in 1807. ... João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett, 1st Viscount Almeida Garrett, pron. ... Alexandre Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo (1810 - 1877), Portuguese historian, was born in Lisbon of humble stock, his grandfather having been a foreman stonemason in the royal employ. ... On the publication of Pushkins first major work in 1820, Zhukovsky presented the younger poet with this famous portrait of himself, over the inscription: To the victorious disciple from his vanquished tutor Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky (b. ... Konstantin Batyushkov Konstantin Nikolayevich Batyushkov (1787, Vologda - 1855, Vologda) was an important precursor of Alexander Pushkin in the Russian poetry. ... José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnacion de Espronceda y Delgado (March 25, 1808-May 23, 1842) was among the most important Spanish poets of the 19th century. ... This article is about the country. ... James Macpherson (October 27, 1736–February 17, 1796), was a Scottish poet, known as the translator of the Ossian cycle of poems (also known as the Oisín cycle). ... Raeburns portrait of Sir Walter Scott in 1822. ... France PreÅ¡eren, a portrait by Božidar Jakac, 1940. ... Rashad Boulder Fist Hashim is a famous Sudanese Romantic Poet. ... This drawing is often used to depict Stagnelius peculiar appereance, although it may be exagerrated. ... Taras Shevchenko Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (Ukrainian: ) (March 9, 1814 [O.S. February 25] – March 10, 1861 [O.S. February 26]) was a Ukrainian poet, also an artist and a humanist. ...

See also

Romantics redirects here. ... As a literary genre, romance or chivalric romance refers to a style of heroic prose and verse narrative current in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. ...

Bibliography

  • Wordsworth, William. The Poetical Works of Wordsworth. Oxford University Press. London, 1960.
  • Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. On Poesy or Art. Harvard Classics, 1914.
  • British Theory and Criticism 3: Romantic Period and Early Nineteenth Century. The John Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism. http://litguide.press.jhu.edu.proxy.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/view.cgi?eid=40&query=British%20Romanticism

External links

  • Article on Romantic Poetry
  • Romantic Poetry in the Styles of Old with Contemporary Rhythms

  Results from FactBites:
 
Romantic poetry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (319 words)
Romantic poetry was part of the Romantic movement of European literature during the 18th-19th centuries.
Romantic poetry displays a return to nature by man, which is strongly seen in the works of Wordsworth.
The specific use of the term romantic poetry varies, but the most common definition is a movement in poetry seeking formal freedom, increased emotional effect and use of ancient and folk sources for poetry.
Romanticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2827 words)
Romantic nationalism, the argument that each nation had a unique individual quality that would be expressed in laws, customs, language, logic, and the arts, found an increasing following after 1848.
In the 20th Century Russian-American writer Ayn Rand called herself a romantic, and thought she might be a 'bridge' from the romantic era to an eventual esthetic rebirth of the movement.
Early Romantic nationalism was strongly inspired by Rousseau, and by the ideas of Johann Gottfried von Herder, who in 1784 argued that the geography formed the natural economy of a people, and shaped their customs and society.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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