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Encyclopedia > Romanian Army
Romanian Army
Military manpower[1]
Military age All military inductees (including women) are volunteers who contract for an initial five-year term of service; subsequent voluntary service contracts are for successive three-year terms until the age of 36; minimum age for voluntary military service is 18 (2006)
Availability males age 15–49: 5,061,984
females age 20–49: 4,975,427 (2005 est.)
Fit for military service males age 15–49: 3,932,579
females age 20–49: 4,076,288 (2005 est.)
Reaching military age annually males: 172,093
females: 165,547 (2005 est.)
Active personnel 93,619 (ranked 45th)
Military expenditures
Amount 2.21 billion (2007)[2]
Percent of GDP 2.05% (2007)

The Romanian Army (Armata Română) consists of three branches: Image File history File links Statul_Major_General. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (665x919, 223 KB) a scanned picture of both sides of the flag. ... It has been suggested that List of countries by size of armed forces be merged into this article or section. ... EUR is an initialism that may mean: Euro, the currency; Esposizione Universale Roma, a neighbourhood of Rome built for the World Fair Esposizione universale (1942). Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (Erasmus University of Rotterdam, the Netherlands) This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid...

The term "army" is used in Romania when referring to the entire military, while "land forces" deal only with the actual army itself. The coat of arms of the Romanian Land Forces Staff The Flag of the Land Forces The Romanian Land Forces have completely overhauled their equipment and today they are one of the most modernized armies in Eastern Europe. ... The coat of arms of the Romanian Naval Forces Staff Romanian naval jack (N O T) The Romanian Navy is the navy of Romania; it operates in the Black Sea. ... The Romanian Air Force (Romanian: ) has an air force headquarters, an operational command, four air bases and an air defense brigade. ...

Contents

Manpower

Romania joined NATO in 2004. As a consequence, extensive preparations have been made for the abolishment of conscription and the transition to a professional army by 2007, which would include 90,000 men and women. About 75,000 of these are the military personnel, while 15,000 is made up of civilians. 60,000 of the 90,000 will be the active forces, while 30,000 comprise the territorial forces [3]. Out of the 75,000 troops which comprise the actual military, ca. 45,800 make up the Romanian Land Forces, 13,250 are the Romanian Air Force and 6,800 are in the Romanian Naval Forces, while the remaining 8,800 serve in other fields [4]. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... The coat of arms of the Romanian Land Forces Staff The Flag of the Land Forces The Romanian Land Forces have completely overhauled their equipment and today they are one of the most modernized armies in Eastern Europe. ... The Romanian Air Force (Romanian: ) has an air force headquarters, an operational command, four air bases and an air defense brigade. ... The coat of arms of the Romanian Naval Forces Staff Romanian naval jack (N O T) The Romanian Navy is the navy of Romania; it operates in the Black Sea. ...


According to the Romanian Ministry of Defence, the Romanian Military had at the end of 2006 about 93,600 men and women[5]. Coat of arms of the Ministry of National Defence The Ministry of National Defence of Romania (Romanian: ) is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Romanian troops in Afghanistan

Romanian troops from the 151st Romanian Infantry take a break from their post in the village of Haji Lalay Kalacha, Afghanistan, to converse, Sept. ... Romanian troops from the 151st Romanian Infantry take a break from their post in the village of Haji Lalay Kalacha, Afghanistan, to converse, Sept. ...

Modernization

The Romanian Military has essentially undergone a three-stage restructuring. As of 2007, the first short-term stage will be completed. 2015 marks the end of the second stage when the armed forces will reach a manpower of about 80,000, whereby more than about 75,000 will comprise the actual military, while the rest will be civilians. [6] [7]. 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... 2015 (MMXV) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...



In 2025, the long-term stage is to be completed. The stages aim at modernizing the structure of the armed forces, reducing the personnel as well as acquiring newer and more improved technology that is compatible with NATO standards[8]. 2025 (MMXXV) will be a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian Calendar. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ...

A sign in front of the Cercul Militar Naţional (May 2006) counts down to the "complete professionalization" of the Romanian Army.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 748 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Constitution of Romania Romanian Army Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 748 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Constitution of Romania Romanian Army Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or...

Other militarized institutions

The following Romanian institutions have military status but are not part of the Army:

  • Romanian Gendarmerie (Jandarmeria Română), subordinated to the Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform
  • Inspectoratul General al Corpului Pompierilor Militari (Military Firefighters) and Comandamentul Protecţiei Civile (Civil Defense), merged into the Romanian Inspectorate for Emergency Situations within the Ministry of the Interior
  • Serviciul Român de Informaţii (Romanian Intelligence Service)
  • Serviciul de Protecţie şi Pază (provides protection to Romanian and foreign officials)
  • Serviciul de Telecomunicaţii Speciale (Special Telecommunications Service)
  • Serviciul de Informaţii Externe (Foreign Intelligence Service)

Jandarmeria Română is the military branch of the Romanian police force. ... The Coat of Arms of the Ministry of Administration and Interior The Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform of Romania (Romanian: ) is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania. ... Coat of Arms of The Romanian Inspectorate for Emergency Situations The Romanian Inspectorate for Emergency Situations (Romanian: Inspectoratul General pentru Situaţii de Urgenţă) is a structure of the Ministry of Administration and Interior of Romania created on the 15th of December 2004 by merging the Civil Defense Command (Comandamentul... Serviciul Român de Informaţii (SRI) is the Romanian domestic intelligence service and it is considered the descendant of the former Departamentul Securităţii Statului (also called Securitate), of the Romanian Communist Republic. ... Coat of Arms of SPP Serviciul de Protecţie şi Pază (SPP, Protection and Security Service) is an institution of the Romanian state. ... Coat of Arms Serviciul de Telecomunicaţii Speciale (Special Telecommunications Service) is one of the Romanian secret services. ... Coat of Arms Serviciul de Informaţii Externe (External Intelligence Service, SIE) is Romanias foreign intelligence agency. ...

See also

This is a list of the Chiefs of the General Staff of Romania. ... It has been suggested that List of countries by size of armed forces be merged into this article or section. ...

Notes

  1. ^ CIA World Factbook, Military of Romania
  2. ^ (MoND Budget as of 2007)
  3. ^ Ministry of National Defence, Press conference
  4. ^ Adevărul, România, cel mai important dintre viitorii membri ai NATO ("Romania, the most important among the future NATO members"), November 20, 2002
  5. ^ Gazeta de Vâlcea, Ultima încorporare obligatorie, primele recrutări de militari profesionişti ("The last conscription, the first recruitment of military professionals"), October 23, 2006
  6. ^ Gazeta de Vâlcea, Ultima încorporare obligatorie, primele recrutări de militari profesionişti ("The last conscription, the first recruitment of military professionals"), October 23, 2006
  7. ^ Ministry of National Defence, Strategia de transformare a Armatei României ("Strategy for the transformation of the Romanian Army")
  8. ^ Ministry of National Defence, Strategia de transformare a Armatei României ("Strategy for the transformation of the Romanian Army")

World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... Coat of arms of the Ministry of National Defense The Ministry of National Defense of Romania (Romanian: ) is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania. ... Adevărul (The Truth) is a Romanian broadsheet newspaper, based in Bucharest. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Coat of arms of the Ministry of National Defense The Ministry of National Defense of Romania (Romanian: ) is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania. ... Coat of arms of the Ministry of National Defense The Ministry of National Defense of Romania (Romanian: ) is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania. ...

External links

  • (English) Official site of the Romanian Ministry of National Defence (MoND)

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