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Encyclopedia > Romain Gary

Romain Gary (May 8, 1914December 2, 1980) was a French novelist, film director, World War II pilot, and diplomat. May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... An aviator is a person who flies aircraft for pleasure or as a profession. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ...

Contents

Biography

Born Roman Kacew (Hebrew: קצב, Russian: Кацев) in Vilna (now Vilnius, Lithuania), Gary grew up there, and later in Warsaw, Poland to Jewish parents. The father, Arieh-Leib Kacew, abandoned his family in 1925 and remarried. From this time Gary was raised by his mother, Nina Owczinski. When he was fourteen, he and his mother moved to Nice, France. In his books and interviews, he presented many different versions of his father's origin, parents, occupation and childhood. Hebrew redirects here. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Vilnius County Municipality Vilnius city municipality Coordinates Number of elderates 20 General Information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population 540,318 in 2005 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Vilna redirects here. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Vilnius County Municipality Vilnius city municipality Coordinates Number of elderates 20 General Information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population 540,318 in 2005 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Vilna redirects here. ... Warsaw (Polish: , , in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... City flag City coat of arms Motto: [1] (Latin: Nice the city) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Département Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat  (UMP) (since 1995...


He later studied law, first in Aix-en-Provence and then in Paris. He learned to pilot an aircraft in the French Air Force in Salon-de-Provence and in Avord Air Base, near Bourges. Following the Nazi occupation of France in World War II, he fled to England and under Charles de Gaulle served with the Free French Forces in Europe and North Africa. Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... Salon-de-Provence is a town and commune of the Bouches-du-Rhône département in southeastern France, 43°38N, 5°06E. Its principal claim to fame is as the place where Nostradamus died and is buried. ... Avord Air Base, or BA 702, named after Captain Georges Madon, is a base of the French Air Force located near Avord at in central France. ... Bourges is a town and commune in central France. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle ( ) (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970), in France commonly referred to as Général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ... Free French Forces under review during the Battle of Normandy. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent. ...


After the war, he worked in the French diplomatic service and in 1945 published his first novel. He would become one of France's most popular and prolific writers, authoring more than thirty novels, essays and memoirs, some of which he wrote under the pseudonym of Émile Ajar. He also wrote one novel under the pseudonym of Fosco Sinibaldi and another as Shatan Bogat. 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... A pseudonym (Greek pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons true name. ...


In 1952, he became secretary of the French Delegation to the United Nations in New York, and later in London (in 1955). 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of the United Kingdom and the largest city of England (strangely, England has no constitutional existence within the United Kingdom, and therefore cannot be said to have a capital). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1956, he became General Consul of France in Los Angeles. 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: City of Angels Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa Area    - City 1,290. ...


He is the only person to win the Prix Goncourt twice. This prize for French language literature is awarded only once to an author. Gary, who had already received the prize in 1956 for Les racines du ciel, published La vie devant soi under the pseudonym of Émile Ajar in 1975. The Académie Goncourt awarded the prize to the author of this book without knowing his real identity. A period of literary intrigue followed. Gary's cousin Paul Pavlowitch posed as the author for a time. Gary later revealed the truth in his posthumous book Vie et mort d'Émile Ajar. The Prix Goncourt is the most prestigious prize in French language literature, given to the author of the best imaginary prose work of the year. Edmond de Goncourt, a successful author, critic, and publisher, bequeathed his entire estate for the foundation and maintenance of the Académie Goncourt. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Madame Rosa (La Vie devant soi) (1977) is a French film directed by Moshé Mizrahi. ... A pseudonym (Greek pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons true name. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Edmond de Goncourt (May 26, 1822 – July 16, 1896), writer, critic, book publisher and the founder of the Académie Goncourt. ...


Gary's first wife was the British writer, journalist, and Vogue editor Lesley Blanch (author of The Wilder Shores of Love). They married in 1944 and divorced in 1961. From 1962 to 1970, Gary was married to the American actress Jean Seberg, with whom he had a son, Alexandre Diego Gary. Journalism is a discipline of collecting, analyzing, verifying, and presenting news regarding current events, trends, issues and people. ... For other meanings, see vogue. ... Lesley Blanch (born London, 6 June 1904) is an English writer, fashion editor and writer of history. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jean Seberg (November 13, 1938 – September 8, 1979) was an American actress who spent an important part of her career in France. ...


He also co-wrote the screenplay for the motion picture, The Longest Day and co-wrote and directed the 1971 film Kill!, starring his now ex-wife Jean Seberg. DVD cover The Longest Day is a 180-minute 1962 war film, based on the 1959 book The Longest Day by Cornelius Ryan, about D-Day, the invasion of Normandy on 6 June 1944. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...


Suffering from depression after Seberg's 1979 suicide, Gary died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound on December 2, 1980 in Paris, France. Depression, or a depressed mood, may in everyday English refer to a state of melancholia, unhappiness or sadness, or to a relatively minor downturn in mood that may last only a few hours or days. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


Selected bibliography

As Romain Gary

  • Education européenne (1945); translated as A European Education
  • Tulipe (1946)
  • Le grand vestiaire (1949)
  • Les couleurs du jour (1952); translated as The Colors of the Day
  • Les racines du ciel1956 Prix Goncourt; translated (and filmed) as The Roots of Heaven
  • La promesse de l'aube (1960); translated as Promise at Dawn
  • Johnie Coeur (1961)
  • Gloire à nos illustres pionniers (1962, short stories)
  • Lady L. (1963)
  • The ski bum (1965)
  • Pour Sganarelle (1965, literary essay)
  • Les mangeurs d'étoiles (1966)
  • La danse de Gengis Cohn (1967); translated as The Dance of Genghis Cohn
  • La tête coupable (1968); translated as The Guilty Head
  • Adieu Gary Cooper (1969)
  • Chien blanc (1970); translated as White Dog, the basis for the 1982 film White Dog
  • Les trésors de la Mer Rouge (1971)
  • Europa (1972)
  • Les enchanteurs (1973); translated as The Enchanters
  • La nuit sera calme (1974, interview)
  • Au-delà de cette limite votre ticket n'est plus valable (1975)
  • Clair de femme (1977)
  • Charge d'âme (1977); translated as The Gasp (1973)
  • La bonne moitié (1979)
  • Les clowns lyriques (1979)
  • Les cerfs-volants (1980)
  • Vie et mort d'Émile Ajar (1981, posthumous)
  • L'homme à la colombe (1984, definitive posthumous version)

Roots of Heaven is a film based on the novel by Romain Gary. ... adieu Gary Cooper is one of the most famous masterpieces of Roamin Gary lithuanian/french author(1914-180). ... Chien Blanc (White Dog) is a memoir by the French author Romain Gary. ... White Dog is a 1982 movie directed by Samuel Fuller. ...

As Émile Ajar

  • Gros câlin (1974)
  • La vie devant soi1975 Prix Goncourt; translated as Momo and filmed as Madame Rosa
  • Pseudo (1976)
  • L'Angoisse du roi Salomon (1979)

Madame Rosa (La Vie devant soi) (1977) is a French film directed by Moshé Mizrahi. ... Madame Rosa (La Vie devant soi) (1977) is a French film directed by Moshé Mizrahi and produced by Daniel Pomerantz. ...

As Fosco Sinibaldi

  • L'homme à la colombe (1958)

As Shatan Bogat

  • Les têtes de Stéphanie (1974)

Filmography

As director:

  • Les oiseaux vont mourir au Pérou (1968)
  • Kill! (1971)

As Screewriter

Roots of Heaven is a film based on the novel by Romain Gary. ...

Reference

  • Myriam Anissimov, Romain Gary, le caméléon (Denoël 2004)

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Romain Gary

  Results from FactBites:
 
Romain Gary - definition of Romain Gary in Encyclopedia (518 words)
Romain Gary (May 8, 1914 - December 2, 1980) was a novelist, a film director and a diplomat.
Romain Gary, who had already received the prize in 1956 for Les racines du ciel, published La vie devant soi under the pseudonym of Emile Ajar in 1975.
Romain Gary's first wife was the British writer, journalist, and Vogue editor Lesley Blanch (author of The Wilder Shores of Love).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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