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Encyclopedia > Rolla, Missouri
The old Phelps County Courthouse, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, in Rolla

Rolla is a city in Phelps County, Missouri, United States. The population was 16,367 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Phelps CountyGR6. The Rolla Micropolitan Statistical Area consists of Phelps County. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 1. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Phelps County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and according to the U.S. Census Bureau it includes the mean center of U.S. population in 2000. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Phelps County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and according to the U.S. Census Bureau it includes the mean center of U.S. population in 2000. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into United States micropolitan area. ...


Rolla is the home of the University of Missouri–Rolla. It was formerly known as the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy. Royal Canin, a significant manufacturer, makes dog and cat food in Rolla. The University of Missouri–Rolla (abbreviated UMR) is an institution of higher learning located in Rolla, Missouri and part of the University of Missouri System. ... La Société Royal Canin is a French manufacturer and worldwide supplier of extremely high quality, specialized dog and cat foods. ...

Contents

History

The first settlers in Phelps County came in the early 1800s, as farmers and iron workers along the local rivers, such as the Meramec, the Gasconade, and the Little Piney. The first settlement in the City of Rolla proper was the home of John Webber, built in 1844. Nine years later, railroad contractor Edward Bishop, considered to be the founder of Rolla, settled in this area. Rolla was officially set aside as a town in 1858. The Meramec River Looking North from Route 66 State Park Canoers enjoy a float trip on the Meramec below Leasburg The Meramec River is the longest free-flowing waterway in Missouri -- it wanders some 350 kilometers (220 miles) through six Missouri Ozark Highland counties: Dent, Phelps, Crawford, Franklin, Jefferson, and... The Gasconade River is a tributary of the Missouri River, about 265 mi (425 km) long[1], in south-central and central Missouri in the United States. ... Edward Stanley Bishop, Baron Bishopston (3 October 1920 - 19 April 1984) was a British Labour Party politician. ...


There are two stories on how the town of Rolla received its name. One, widely regarded as a folk legend, and acknowledged as such by the Phelps County Historical Society, comes from the battle to become county seat with neighboring Dillon, Missouri. When Rolla was made the county seat in 1861, the residents of Dillon, losing the chance to be the home to the county seat, were allowed to choose the name of the new city, and named it Rolla, after a good-for-nothing hunting dog.


The other, more widely accepted story, came from a citizens' meeting. Webber preferred the name Hardscrabble, for the unfarmable clay dirt in the region, and Bishop pushed for the name Phelps Center; however, the name for the town came from new settlers originally from North Carolina, who missed their hometown of Raleigh, but chose to spell it phonetically. Nickname: City of Oaks Motto: You Can See the Whole State from Here Map of Wake County, North Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State North Carolina County Wake County Founded 1792 Government  - Mayor Charles Meeker (D) Area  - City  115. ...


Rolla's original affiliation during the American Civil War was Confederate. However, the town was taken by Union forces in June, 1861. Two minor forts were built: Fort Wyman and Fort Dette. This article is becoming very long. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (traditional) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Government Republic President...


In most of its history, Rolla has served as a transportation center. Rolla was the original terminus of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad, colloquially known as the "Frisco Line". Today the BNSF Railway runs directly through the town. Rolla was a major town in Missouri along U.S. Route 66, being located almost exactly halfway between the larger towns of St. Louis and Springfield. Today, Interstate 44, U.S. Highway 63, and Route 72 run through Rolla.[1] The St. ... The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting marks BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is larger in size). ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: Gateway City, Gateway to the West, or Mound City Motto: Official website: http://stlouis. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Interstate 44 (abbreviated I-44) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... United States Highway 63 is an north-south United States highway that runs for 1,286 miles (2,070 km) from northern Wisconsin to northern Louisiana. ... Route 72 is a highway in southern Missouri. ...


Geography

Rolla is located at 37°56′56″N, 91°45′47″W (37.948831, -91.763048)GR1. Image File history File links MOMap-doton-Rolla. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.3 km² (11.3 mi²). 29.3 km² (11.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.09% is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 16,367 people, 6,514 households, and 3,543 families residing in the city. The population density was 559.2/km² (1,448.7/mi²). There were 7,221 housing units at an average density of 246.7/km² (639.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.2% White, 2.92% African American, 0.46% Native American, 4.6% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 6,514 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.6% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.88. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 25.3% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 112.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $26,479, and the median income for a family was $38,975. Males had a median income of $31,861 versus $19,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,916. About 13.8% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Notable places

Phelps County Jail
Phelps County Jail
  • National Bank of Rolla Building
  • Phelps County Courthouse
  • Phelps County Jail
  • Rolla Ranger Station Historic District
  • The University of Missouri–Rolla has a half-scale Stonehenge replica built from solid granite located on campus.[2]

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 687 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1100 × 960 pixel, file size: 976 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rolla, Missouri User:Rklawton/Galleries List... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 687 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1100 × 960 pixel, file size: 976 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rolla, Missouri User:Rklawton/Galleries List... Phelps County Jail Phelps County Jail, located on Park Street between Second and Third Streets, Rolla, Missouri, was built in 1860 for USD 3,000. ... The University of Missouri–Rolla (abbreviated UMR) is an institution of higher learning located in Rolla, Missouri and part of the University of Missouri System. ... Detail of Carhenge, a Stonehenge replica constructed from vintage American cars. ... Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ...

Notable people

Melvin Eugene Mel Carnahan (February 11, 1934 – October 16, 2000) was an American politician who was Governor of Missouri from 1993 to 2000. ... Robin Carnahan Robin Carnahan is an American politician and the current Missouri Secretary of State. ... Samuel R. Curtis (1805 - December 26, 1866) was an American military officer, most famous for his role in the American Civil War. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Sarah Steelman is an American politician from Missouri. ... Tom Shipley (born Mineral Ridge, Ohio in 1942) with Mike Brewer were the popular music duo Brewer & Shipley. ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media. ... Brewer & Shipley were a folk rock duo comprised of Mike Brewer and Tom Shipley. ...

See also

Missouri, a state near the geographical center of the United States, has three distinct physiographic divisions: a north-western upland plain or prairie region part of the Interior Plains Central Lowland (areas Osage Plain 12f and Dissected Til Plains 12e) known as the northern plains a lowland in the extreme...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rolla, Missouri - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (434 words)
Rolla is a city located in Phelps County, Missouri.
Rolla is the home of the University of Missouri - Rolla, part of the University of Missouri system.
It was formerly known as the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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