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Encyclopedia > Roland Ratzenberger
Roland Ratzenberger
Nationality Flag of Austria Austrian
Formula One World Championship Career
Active years 1994
Team(s) Simtek
Races 3
Championships 0
Wins 0
Podium finishes    0
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
First race 1994 Brazilian Grand Prix (DNQ)
First win -
Last win -
Last race 1994 San Marino Grand Prix (DNS)

Roland Ratzenberger (July 4, 1960April 30, 1994) was an Austrian Formula One driver who died during qualifying for the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, the same event that saw the death of three-time world champion Ayrton Senna. Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Simtek (Simulation Technology) was an F1 car constructor and racing team, founded in 1989 by Max Mosley and Nick Wirth. ... The Formula One World Drivers Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In motorsport the quickest lap during the whole race is called the Fatest Lap. ... The 1994 Brazilian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on March 27, 1994 at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo. ... The Brazilian Grand Prix (Portuguese: Grande Prêmio do Brasil) is a Formula One championship race which occurs at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos, Brazil. ... The 1994 San Marino Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on May 1, 1994 at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in Imola, Italy. ... The San Marino Grand Prix is a Formula One championship race which has been run at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in the small town of Imola, near the Apennine mountains in Italy, since 1981. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The 1994 San Marino Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on May 1, 1994 at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in Imola, Italy. ... The Formula One World Drivers Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... Ayrton Senna da Silva (IPA: ) (March 21, 1960–May 1, 1994), better known as Ayrton Senna, was a Brazilian Formula One triple world champion. ...

Contents

Biography

Born in Salzburg, Austria, Ratzenberger often claimed 1962 (rather than 1960) as his birth year, wanting to appear younger to extend his racing career. He began racing in German Formula Ford in 1983, and in 1985 won both the Austrian and Central European Formula Ford championships[1]. This page is for the city of Salzburg. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... A year is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... Formula Ford is a single seater, open wheel class in motorsport which exists in some form in many countries around the world. ...


Racing in Britain

That year he also entered the prestigious Brands Hatch Formula Ford Festival, finishing second. He returned in 1986 and won it before graduating to British Formula Three the following season[1]. While in the UK he briefly gained fame for the similarity of his name to that of TV puppet Roland Rat, which he appeared alongside in an edition of TV-am. Brands Hatch is a British motor racing circuit. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Formula Three, also called Formula 3 or, in abbreviated form, F3, is a type of formula racing and a class of open-wheeler motor racing. ... Roland Rat (also Roland Rat Superstar) is a British television puppet character. ... TV-am was a breakfast television station that broadcast in the United Kingdom from 1983 to 1992. ...


Two years in British F3 yielded two twelfth places in the championship with West Surrey Racing and Madgwick Motorsport respectively. He also moved into forms of racing besides single seaters, finishing second twice in the 1987 World Touring Car Championship in a Team Schnitzer BMW M3[1]. History WSR Headquarters in Sunbury-on-Thames, England Founded in 1981, West Surrey Racing is run by New Zealander Dick Bennetts. ... Schnitzer Motorsport is a successful Motorsport Team based in Freilassing near Munich, Germany It was founded in 1967 by the brothers Josef and Herbert Schnitzer, born in 1939 and 1941. ... BMW (abbreviation of Bayerische Motoren Werke, or in English, Bavarian Motor Works), is an independent German company and manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. ... The BMW M3 is a sports version of the popular compact BMW 3-Series automobile, made by BMW M. M3 models have been derived from the E30, E36 and E46 models. ...


In 1989 he entered the British Formula 3000 series, finishing third overall[1]. Formula 3000 is a type of formula racing. ...


Le Mans

The same year he raced in the Le Mans 24 Hours for the first time. The Brun Porsche 962 he shared with Maurizio Sandro Sala and Walter Lechner retired in the third hour. 24 hours of Le Mans (24 heures du Mans) is a famous sports car endurance race held at Circuit de la Sarthe near Le Mans, France, near river La Sarthe. ...


He raced in the next four Le Mans, with Brun again in 1991 and with the SARD team in 1990, 1992 and 1993. His highest finish came in 1993, when he, Mauro Martini and Naoki Nagasaka finished fifth in a Toyota 93 C-V[1]. Toyota Motor Corporation ), or Toyota is a Japanese multinational corporation and the worlds second largest[3] automaker making automobiles, trucks, buses, robots and providing financial services through its division Toyota Financial Services. ...


Racing in Japan

In the nineties Ratzenberger switched to Japanese racing. He won one race each in 1990 and 1991 in the Japanese Sports Prototype Championship with the same SARD team he drove for at Le Mans. He also returned to touring car racing in the Japanese Touring Car Championship, finishing seventh in 1990 and 1991 in an M3[1].


This paved the way for a return to Formula 3000 in the Japanese championship with the Stellar team. The year began poorly but, when the team upgraded their two year-old car for a new model, Ratzenberger won twice to finish seventh overall. He remained in the series in 1993, finishing eleventh[1].


Formula One

In 1994 he finally achieved his ambition of becoming a Formula One driver, signing a five-race deal with the new Simtek team[1] run by Nick Wirth. The 1994 Formula One season was the 45th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Simtek (Simulation Technology) was an F1 car constructor and racing team, founded in 1989 by Max Mosley and Nick Wirth. ... Founder of the Simtek Grand Prix team, was also (chief) designer for Benetton from 1996 untill 1999. ...


His campaign got off to a poor start at the Brazilian Grand Prix in Interlagos where he failed to qualify. But he got onto the grid for the next round at the TI Circuit in Aida, Japan, as his experience of the track from his touring car days meant he was the only driver in the race who had driven at the venue before. He finished eleventh[1]. The 1994 Brazilian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on March 27, 1994 at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo. ... Autódromo José Carlos Pace is the venue of the Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix, located in a suburb of the city of São Paulo, named after José Carlos Pace, a Brazilian Formula One driver, who had died prior to its naming. ... The Tanaka International Circuit (TI Circuit) is a 2. ... Aida (英田町; -cho) is a town located in Aida District, Okayama, Japan. ...


Death

Roland Ratzenberger was killed during qualifying for the San Marino Grand Prix at the Imola circuit on Saturday 30th April, 1994. He struck a wall at the Villeneuve corner at around 300 km/h. After the car carried on down the track, spinning around and stopping at the next corner, Ratzenberger's lolling head was revealed; he had clearly received massive head injuries. Data from the car suggested he had had an off-track excursion on the previous lap and it was widely suggested that a front wing failure linked to this caused the crash. The 1994 San Marino Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on May 1, 1994 at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in Imola, Italy. ... The Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari is an auto racing circuit near the Italian town of Imola, 40 km east of Bologna and 80 km east of the Ferrari factory in Maranello. ... For other members of the family, see Jacques Villeneuve and Jacques Villeneuve (elder). ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ...


He was the first racing driver to die at a Grand Prix weekend since the 1982 season, when Riccardo Paletti was killed at the Canadian Grand Prix, coincidentally at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve. He was the first driver to die in an F1 car since Elio de Angelis during testing in 1986. The 1982 Formula One season was the 33th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Riccardo Paletti (June 15, 1958 - June 13, 1982) was an Italian Formula 1 driver, born in Milan. ... Results from the 1982 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 13, 1982 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Didier Pironi 128. ... The Gilles Villeneuve Circuit is the venue for the Formula One Canadian Grand Prix and, as of 2007, a NASCAR Busch Series race. ... Elio de Angelis (26 March 1958 – 15 May 1986) was a Formula One driver who participated between 1979 and 1986, racing for the Shadow, Lotus and Brabham teams. ... This article recaps the Formula One season of 1986. ...


The day after Ratzenberger's death, three-time world champion Ayrton Senna was killed in another accident that brought the sport of Formula One under international scrutiny. The double tragedy was marked before the start of the next race in Monaco, with the front row of the grid left empty and the two slots painted with a Brazilian and Austrian flag. Ayrton Senna da Silva (IPA: ) (March 21, 1960–May 1, 1994), better known as Ayrton Senna, was a Brazilian Formula One triple world champion. ...


While Roland's death was overshadowed to some extent by Senna's loss barely 24 hours later, his tragic accident nonetheless had one lasting legacy. On 1st May 1994, during the customary drivers' briefing, the remaining drivers agreed to the reformation of the Grand Prix Drivers' Association, with Senna, Gerhard Berger and Michael Schumacher as its first directors. The Association subsequently pressed for improvements to car and circuit safety in the wake of Imola and other serious crashes during the 1994 season. The Grand Prix Drivers Association or GPDA is effectively the union of Formula One drivers. ... Gerhard Berger, born August 27, 1959 in Wörgl is a popular Austrian ex-Grand Prix racing driver who owns 50% of Formula One team Scuderia Toro Rosso. ... Michael Schumacher (pronounced / /, born January 3, 1969, in Hürth Hermülheim, Germany)[1] is a former Formula One driver, and seven-time world champion. ...


Complete Formula One results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 WDC Points
1994 MTV Simtek Ford Simtek S941 Ford V8 BRA
DNQ
PFC
11
SMR
DNS
MON
ESP
CAN
FRA
GBR
GER
HUN
BEL
ITA
POR
EUR
JPN
AUS
- 0

The 1994 Formula One season was the 45th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Simtek (Simulation Technology) was an F1 car constructor and racing team, founded in 1989 by Max Mosley and Nick Wirth. ... Simtek (Simulation Technology) was an F1 car constructor and racing team, founded in 1989 by Max Mosley and Nick Wirth. ... The Simtek S941 is a Formula One car, designed by Nick Wirth and Paul Crooks for the 1994 season. ... Cosworth Logo Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958 specialising in engines for automobile racing. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration V8 and V-8 redirect here. ... The 1994 Brazilian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on March 27, 1994 at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo. ... The 1994 Pacific Grand Prix was a Formula One race, held on April 17, at the Tanaka International Circuit in Aida, Japan. ... The 1994 San Marino Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on May 1, 1994 at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in Imola, Italy. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 15, 1994. ... The 1994 Spanish Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on May 29, 1994 at the Circuit de Catalunya. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 12, 1994 Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 28. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Magny-Cours on July 3, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Damon Hill 1m 19. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 10, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Damon Hill 1m 27. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 31, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: David Coulthard 1m 46. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 14, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 20. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on August 28, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Damon Hill 1m 57. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 11, 1994 // The controversy surrounding the Benetton team continued with the team going unpunished for its tampering with the refuelling system at the German Grand Prix. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 25, 1994 // The field was as it had been in Italy fortnight earlier but Team Lotus was now in receivership and so pay-driver Philippe Adams was brought back to partner Johnny Herbert. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One European Grand Prix held at Jerez on October 16, 1994 // The entry list had altered somewhat since the Portuguese GP with Michael Schumacher back in action after his two race ban and Nigel Mansell returning to Williams for the final three races of the... Results from the 1994 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on November 6, 1994 // There had been some more changes in the F1 field as Team Lotus now had Mika Salo as Alex Zanardis team mate in place of Eric Bernard. ... The 1994 Australian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on November 13, 1994 at the Adelaide Street Circuit. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Who's Who: Roland Ratzenberger. F1Fanatic.co.uk (2006). Retrieved on 2006-12-21.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Roland Ratzenberger - Memorial website (German)
  • F1 Rejects - a further tribute to Ratzenberger
  • F1 Fanatic Who's Who: Roland Ratzenberger
Preceded by
Elio de Angelis
Formula One fatal accidents
April 30, 1994
Succeeded by
Ayrton Senna

  Results from FactBites:
 
F1News.nl - Specials - De tragische dood van Roland Ratzenberger (1034 words)
Na enkele weken ringt er op een donderdagavond de telefoon in huize Ratzenberger, het is een dolblije Roland, hij belt zijn ouders op om te vertellen dat hij zojuist voor Simtek heeft getekend.
In de kelder van de Ratzenberger's liggen tegewoordig alle spullen van Roland, in deze kelder liggen alle artikelen waarin Ratzenberger wordt vernoemd, ze zijn ingebonden in boeken.
Het is niet gek dat ze mijn zoon vergeten.
Roland Ratzenberger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (350 words)
Roland Ratzenberger (July 4, 1960 – April 30, 1994) was an Austrian Formula One driver who died tragically during qualifying for the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, the same race that took the life of three-time world champion Ayrton Senna, and seriously injured Rubens Barrichello (in practice).
He was killed in qualifying for the third race of the season at the ill-fated Imola circuit, ploughing into a wall at the Villeneuve corner at over 300 km/h after a front wing failure, apparently caused by an off-track excursion on the previous lap.
Ratzenberger was the first driver to perish at a Grand Prix in the twelve years following the 1982 deaths of Riccardo Paletti and Gilles Villeneuve.
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