FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Roland Garros (aviator)
Roland Garros
Roland Garros

Roland Garros (October 6, 1888October 25, 1918) was an early French aviator and a fighter aircraft pilot during World War I. Roland Garros, French fighter pilot of World War I Template:PG File links The following pages link to this file: Roland Garros Armée de lAir (Part I: From birth to "Torch", 1909-1942) ... Roland Garros, French fighter pilot of World War I Template:PG File links The following pages link to this file: Roland Garros Armée de lAir (Part I: From birth to "Torch", 1909-1942) ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna...


Biography

Garros was born in Saint-Denis, Réunion. Saint-Denis de la Réunion, (or just Saint-Denis or St-Denis for short) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas département Réunion. ...


He was already a noted aviator before World War I; in 1913 he gained fame for making the first nonstop flight across the Mediterranean Sea from Frejus in south of France to Bizerte in Tunisia. The next year he joined the French army at the outbreak of the conflict. After several aerial missions he decided that shooting and flying at the same time was too difficult, so he fitted a machine gun to the front of his plane so the tasks became one and the same. In order to protect the propeller from the bullets, he fitted metal wedges to the prop. Starting from April 1, 1915, he soon shot down three German planes and quickly gained an excellent reputation. Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Roman ruins, aquaduct Fréjus is a French city, in the Var département. ... Bizerte or Bizerta (Arabic: بنزرت; transliterated: Binzart) is a capital city of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...


On April 18, 1915, he was shot down and glided to a landing on the German side of the lines. After examining Garros's plane, Dutch aircraft engineer Anthony Fokker team designed an improved system known as the interrupter gear. Soon the tables were reversed against the Allies due to Fokker's planes shooting down nearly every enemy plane they met, leading to what became known as the Fokker Scourge. April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Anton Herman Gerard Anthony Fokker (April 6, 1890 – December 23, 1939), was born in Kediri (Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia) and became a Dutch aircraft manufacturer. ... The interrupter gear, more properly (and correctly) known as a synchronisation gear, was a triggering device attached to a fighter aircrafts machine gun so that it would fire only at certain times. ... The Fokker Scourge, a term coined by the British press, was a period of time in World War I in the summer of 1915. ...


Garros managed to escape from prisoner-of-war camp in Germany in February 1918 and joined the French army again. On October 5, 1918, he was shot down again and killed near Vouziers, Ardennes, a month shy of the end of the war. A Prisoner-of-war camp is a site for the containment of persons captured by the enemy in time of war. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (279th in leap years). ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Vouziers is a commune of the Ardennes département, in France. ... The Ardennes (pronounced ar-DEN) (Dutch: Ardennen) is a region of extensive forests and rolling hill country, primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching into France (lending its name to the Ardennes département and the Champagne-Ardenne région). ...


Garros is erroneously called the world's first fighter ace. In fact he shot down three aircraft, and the honor of the first ace went to another French airman, Adolphe Pegoud. Nevertheless, Garros was an outstanding aviator and probably the first real fighter pilot in the world[citation needed]. Fighter Ace is an online multiplayer computer game in which one flies World War II fighter and bomber planes in combat against other players and virtual pilots. ... Adolphe Celestin Pegoud (1889-1915) was a well known French aviator who became the first fighter ace. ...


Places named after Roland Garros

In the 1920s, a tennis centre was named after the pilot, Stade de Roland Garros. The stadium accommodates the French Open, one of tennis' Grand Slam tournaments. Consequently, the tournament is officially called Roland Garros. The 1920s is a decade sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... A tennis net Tennis is a game played between either two players (singles) or two teams of two players (doubles). Players use a stringed racquet to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over a net into the opponents court. ... Outside the Philippe Chatrier Court, Roland Garros Stade de Roland Garros (Roland Garros Stadium) is located in southwest Paris, France, and has been the home of the French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament, played every year in May and June. ... The French Open, officially the Tournoi de Roland-Garros (English: Roland Garros Tournament), is a tennis event held over two weeks between mid May and early June in Paris, France, and is the second of the Grand Slam tournaments on the annual tennis calendar. ... A Grand Slam is a term in tennis used to denote winning all four of the following championship titles in the same year: Australian Open French Open Wimbledon U.S. Open These tournaments are therefore also known as the Grand Slam tournaments, and rank as the most important tennis tournaments...


The international airport of La Réunion, Roland Garros Airport, is also named after him. Roland Garros Airport (French: Aéroport de La Réunion Roland Garros) is an airport located in Saint-Denis, Réunion and is eponymous of a French aviator who was born in Saint-Denis. ...


See also

  • Armée de l'Air (Part I: From birth to "Torch", 1909-1942)

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m