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Encyclopedia > Roger de Moulins

Roger de Moulins was Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller from 1177 to his death in 1187.


The Hospitallers were rivals of the Knights Templar, but Pope Alexander III persuaded Roger to make a truce with them in 1179. In 1184 he toured Europe with Arnold de Toroga, the Grand Master of the Templars, and Heraclius, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, and established the Hospitaller order in England, France and Germany. On his way back he helped the Normans attack Thessalonica in 1185.


During his time as Grand Master the Hospitallers became more involved in the politics of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Roger opposed Raynald of Chatillon and Guy of Lusignan, and at first refused to hand over his key to the royal treasury when Guy was crowned in 1186. He took part in the raid against Saladin at Cresson near Nazareth on May 1, 1187, where he may have been killed; however, he may have survived to fight at the Battle of Hattin on July 4. If he survived Cresson, he was certainly captured and executed at Hattin by Saladin, who considered the Hospitallers and Templars his deadliest enemies.


Roger was succeeded by William Borrel, who served as custodian of the Hospitallers for a brief time in 1187, and then by Hermangard d'Asp, who served as custodian until 1190. A new Grand Master was not chosen until Garnier de Naplous was elected in 1190 during the Third Crusade.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Joseph Xavier Saintine - LoveToKnow 1911 (12651 words)
On the ist of May 1187 occurred the defeat of Tiberias, in which the grand master Gilbert des Moulins fell riddled with arrows, and this was followed on the 4th of July by the still more disastrous battle of Hittin.
In 1557 Jean Parisot de la Vallette (1494-1548) was elected grand master, and under his vigorous rule strenuous efforts were made to put the defences of Malta into a fit state to resist the expected 1 There is a reduction of a photograph of the castle in Bedford and Holbeche's Order of the Hospital, p.
Cottoner, grand master from 1665 to 1680; and, during the grand mastership of Gregorio Caraffa (1680-1690), a campaign (1683) with John Sobieski, king of Poland, against the Turks in Hungary, and the attack in alliance with Venice on the Morea in 1687, which involved the Hospitallers in the defeat at Negropont in 1689.
Roger De Moulins (264 words)
Roger opposed Raynald of Chatillon and Guy of Lusignan, and at first refused to hand over his key to the royal treasury when Guy was crowned in 1186.
Roger was succeeded by William Borrel, who served as custodian of the Hospitallers for a brief time in 1187, and then by Hermangard d'Asp, who served as custodian until 1190.
A new Grand Master was not chosen until Garnier de Naplous was elected in 1190 during the Third Crusade.
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