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Encyclopedia > Roger Hollis

Sir Roger Henry Hollis, KBE, CB (1905 - 1973) was a British journalist, secret-service agent and director general (DG) of MI5. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... Badge of a Companion of the Order of the Bath (Military Division) The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath)[1] is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ... The Director-General of MI5 is the head of the Security Service (MI5), the United Kingdoms internal counter terrorism and counter espionage service. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


His father was Bishop of Taunton. He was educated at Clifton College and Worcester College, Oxford. After a pre-war career as reporter for the Shanghai Post, and with British American Tobacco in China, Hollis developed tuberculosis and returned to England in 1939. He joined MI5 shortly before World War II and rose quickly through the ranks, replacing Sir Dick White in 1956 as head of MI5 until 1965. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about... Taunton is the county town of Somerset, England. ... An 1898 etching of the College Close Clifton College (grid reference ST569737) is a major coeducational public school in Clifton, Bristol, England. ... College name Worcester College Collegium Vigorniense Named after Sir Thomas Cookes, Worcestershire Established 1714 Sister College St Catharines College Provost Richard Smethurst JCR President Minesh Tanna Undergraduates 408 MCR President Tom Marshall Graduates 167 Homepage Worcester College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for Tubercle Bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease that is caused by mycobacteria, primarily Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Sir Richard White was Head of the British Secret Intelligence Service from 1956 – 1968. ...


Mole suspicions

After Kim Philby's flight to Moscow in 1963 rumours began to circulate that Hollis had alerted him to his impending arrest. He was also criticised for not alerting John Profumo to the fact that he might have been involved with a Soviet spy ring through his friendship with Stephen Ward, and his affair with Christine Keeler. Harold Adrian Russell Kim Philby or H.A.R. Philby (OBE: 1946-1965), (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a high-ranking member of British intelligence, a communist, and spy for the Soviet Unions NKVD and KGB. In 1963, Philby was revealed as a member of the spy... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... John Dennis Profumo, CBE (January 30, 1915 – March 9, 2006), informally known as Jack Profumo, was a British politician and the central figure in the Profumo Affair of 1963, which caused severe damage to the Conservative government of Harold Macmillan and is held to have contributed to its defeat in... Soviet redirects here. ... Dr Stephen Ward ( - 3 August 1963), the son of Canon Arthur Evelyn Ward, Canon of Rochester Cathedral, was a fashionable London osteopath and talented portrait artist. ... Christine Keeler, the woman that shook the British government Christine Keeler (born February 22, 1942) was a British model and showgirl. ...


During the 1950s and 1960s, a large number of MI5 operations failed in circumstances that suggested the Russians had been pre-warned. Although many such failures were subsequently blamed on the actions of self-confessed agents Burgess, Philby and Blunt, so many occurred after all three had lost their access to secret information that some in MI5 concluded that the Russians must have an agent in a very senior position within the organisation. Peter Wright, Arthur S. Martin and others became convinced that either Hollis or his deputy, Graham Mitchell, could be the only ones responsible, eventually confiding their suspicions to their former DG, Dick White, by now DG of MI6. Guy Francis De Moncy Burgess (16 April 1911 – 30 August 1963) was a British-born intelligence officer and double agent who worked for the Soviet Union and was part of the Cambridge Five spy ring that betrayed allied secrets to the Soviets before and during the Cold War. ... Harold Adrian Russell Kim Philby or H.A.R. Philby (OBE: 1946-1965), (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a high-ranking member of British intelligence, a communist, and spy for the Soviet Unions NKVD and KGB. In 1963, Philby was revealed as a member of the spy... Anthony Frederick Blunt (26 September 1907 – 26 March 1983) was an English art historian and the Fourth Man of the Cambridge Five, a group of spies working for the Soviet Union during the Cold War. ... See also Peter Wright (rugby player) and Pete Wright (musician) Peter Wright (born on August 9, 1916 in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, United Kingdom - died April 27, 1995 in Tasmania, Australia) was a former MI5 counterintelligence officer noted for writing the controversial book Spycatcher (ISBN 0670820555), which was part memoir, part expos... Arthur Martin, a member of the intelligence community in Britain in the early to middle 20th century, was a primary investigator in the spy scandals in Britain in the post-war era. ... Sir Richard White was Head of the British Secret Intelligence Service from 1956 – 1968. ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ...


According to Nigel West (Mole Hunt, chapter 2, "Operation PETERS") White instructed Martin to inform Hollis that Mitchell was a suspect and Hollis told Martin (after due consideration) to keep Mitchell under surveillance. Nigel West implies that this was a deliberate ploy to keep tabs on both Mitchell and Hollis.


Martin eventually became so disgruntled and outspoken about Hollis's attitude toward the investigation (Hollis had, for example, reduced the size of the department and had sent one of Martin's best men on an overseas assignment) that Hollis suspended Martin for a fortnight and the case was turned over to Peter Wright. Much of the investigation was centred around the interviews with Anthony Blunt at that time and Peter Wright had amassed a sizable amount of taped evidence from Blunt when Martin returned from suspension. Anthony Frederick Blunt (26 September 1907 – 26 March 1983) was an English art historian and the Fourth Man of the Cambridge Five, a group of spies working for the Soviet Union during the Cold War. ...


Eventually the PETERS operation wound down. By then, suspicion had lifted from Mitchell and focused solely on Hollis himself. However, the then Director-General, Martin Furnival Jones refused to sanction an investigation into Hollis. (Mole Hunt, Chapter 3, page 45, "Operation Fluency") noted that the investigative team known as FLUENCY (chapter 3 of Mole Hunt) had been disbanded before any conclusions had been reached.


Martin and Wright and the team were unable to convince anyone else in MI5 or MI6 that they were right about Hollis. Wright retired, by his own account (in Spycatcher) enraged at being denied a pension for his 30 years of service, on highly legalistic and technical grounds. He emigrated to Australia, and there wrote an account of his work at MI5. Despite attempts by Margaret Thatcher and her government to suppress the publication and distribution of the book, Spycatcher, it was finally published in 1987. In the book Wright claimed that Hollis had been a Soviet agent. (Among the evidence for this claim is the Igor Gouzenko defection. Hollis was sent to Canada to interview Gouzenko. Gouzenko had provided Hollis with clear information about Alan Nunn May's meetings with his handlers; all these meetings were immediately cancelled. Gouzenko also noted that the man who met him seemed to be in disguise, not interested in his revelations and discouraged him from further disclosures. In face of this circumstantial evidence, Wright became convinced that Hollis was a traitor. Wright alleges in Spycatcher that Gouzenko himself deduced later that his interviewer might have been a Soviet double agent and was probably afraid that he might recognize him from case photos that Gouzenko might have seen in KGB files—the reason for the disguise.) Peter Wright had given a televised interview during the dispute with Thatcher's government. Following Peter Wright's TV interview in 1984, Arthur Martin wrote a letter to the Times and it was published July 19, 1984. Martin stated that while Wright exaggerated the certainty with which they regarded Hollis's guilt, Peter Wright was justified in saying that Hollis was the most likely candidate for the reasons Wright had given. Spycatcher cover Spycatcher is a book by the former MI5 secret service operative and Assistant Director Peter Wright. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (born October 13, 1925), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ... Spycatcher cover Spycatcher is a book by the former MI5 secret service operative and Assistant Director Peter Wright. ... Gouzenko wearing his white hood for anonymity Igor Sergeyevich Gouzenko (January 13, 1919, Rogachev, Soviet Union – June 28, 1982, Mississauga, Canada) was a cipher clerk for the Soviet Embassy to Canada in Ottawa, Ontario. ...


Under his successor Sir Martin Furnival Jones, the higher management of MI5 expressed indignation and loss of morale about the Hollis affair. Hollis was asked to come in and clear up the allegations. Having been the director, Hollis knew all about the procedures of the interrogation and investigation. He remained calm and composed throughout, denying all allegations. He was a very secretive man and MI5 had very little information about his past. Later, in the 1970s, the Trend Committee under Lord Trend was entrusted the matter of investigating Hollis. After a long enquiry it reported the allegations inconclusive, neither denying nor confirming them. Sir Martin Furnival Jones was Director General of MI5, the United Kingdoms internal security service, from 1965 to 1972. ... Burke St John Trend, Baron Trend, GCB, CVO, PC (1914–21 July 1987) was a British civil servant and later Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford. ...


In her 2001 autobiography, Christine Keeler (Profumo's mistress), alleged, without supporting evidence, that Hollis and Ward were part of a spy ring with Sir Anthony Blunt. He has also been accused by Arthur S. Martin (head of MI5's Soviet counter-intelligence section at the time), and Chapman Pincher (investigative journalist who produced several exposés of failures in British counter-intelligence) of being a Soviet agent, though entirely separate from the famous Cambridge Five spy ring. Again, no evidence has been advanced to support these assertions. Christine Keeler, the woman that shook the British government Christine Keeler (born February 22, 1942) was a British model and showgirl. ... John Dennis Profumo, CBE (January 30, 1915 – March 10, 2006), often called Jack Profumo, was a British politician and the central figure in the Profumo Affair of 1963, which caused severe damage to the Conservative government of Harold Macmillan and is held to have contributed to its defeat the following... Anthony Frederick Blunt (26 September 1907 – 26 March 1983) was an English art historian and the Fourth Man of the Cambridge Five, a group of spies working for the Soviet Union during the Cold War. ... Arthur Martin, a member of the intelligence community in Britain in the early to middle 20th century, was a primary investigator in the spy scandals in Britain in the post-war era. ... Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... Henry Chapman Pincher (born March 29, 1914) is a British journalist and novelist whose writing mainly focuses on espionage and related matters. ... The Cambridge Five (also sometimes known as the Cambridge Four) was a ring of British spies who passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and into the early 1950s. ...


His son, Adrian Swayne Hollis (born August 2, 1940 in Bristol), is a chess grandmaster and was British Correspondence Chess Champion in 1966, 1967, and 1971. Philosopher James Martin Hollis (1938-1998) was his nephew. August 2 is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the English city. ...


The Yes, Prime Minister storyline in which former MI5 chief John Halsted is exposed as a Soviet spy was based on the rumours about Hollis. Yes, (prime) minister: Sir Humphrey Appleby, James Jim Hacker, Bernard Woolley Yes, Minister and its sequel Yes, Prime Minister are British sitcoms about the struggle between (Dr) James Jim Hacker (played by Paul Eddington), the government minister of the (fictional) Department of Administrative Affairs (and later as Prime Minister) and...

Government Offices
Preceded by
Sir Dick White
Director-General of MI5
1956 – 1965
Succeeded by
Sir Martin Furnival Jones

Sir Dick Goldsmith White was director-general of MI5 1953-1956 and Head of the British Secret Intelligence Service from 1956 - 1968. ... Link titleThe head of the Security Service (MI5), the U.Ks internal counter terrorism and counter espionage service. ... Sir Martin Furnival Jones was Director General of MI5, the United Kingdoms internal security service, from 1965 to 1972. ...

External Links

  • "BBC '1988: Government loses Spycatcher battle'"

Sources

Wright, Peter (1987) Spycatcher, Viking Penguin Inc. New York and London


West, Nigel (1987) Mole Hunt, Wiedenfeld and Nicolson, London


[Note: Nigel West is the pen-name of Rupert William Simon Allason ] Rupert William Simon Allason is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... Rupert William Simon Allason is a politician in the United Kingdom. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Roger Hollis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (565 words)
Having been the director, Hollis knew all about the procedures of the interrogation and investigation, in fact he was expecting to be called in anyday.
At the very least, Hollis was one of the most incompetent men that had ever directed a security organization of such a scale as MI5 in the cold war era.
In her 2001 autobiography, Keeler alleged, without supporting evidence, that Hollis and Ward were part of a spy ring with Sir Anthony Blunt.
Roger Hollis (1416 words)
Roger Hollis, the son of the Bishop of Taunton, was born in 1905.
Hollis believed that M15 should remain a small security support organization, collecting files, maintaining efficient vetting and protective security, without straying too far into areas like counterespionage, where active measures needed to be taken to get results, and where choices had to be confronted and mistakes could be made.
Hollis became deputy in 1953 and moved up in 1956 to be director general until his retirement, in 1965.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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