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Encyclopedia > Roger Fry
River with Poplars, circa 1912, Tate Gallery.

Roger Eliot Fry (14 December 18669 September 1934) was an English artist and critic, and a member of the Bloomsbury group. Despite establishing his reputation as a scholar of the Old Masters, as he matured as a critic he became an advocate of more recent developments in French painting, to which he gave the name Post-Impressionism. The first figure to raise public awareness of modern art in Britain, he was described by the art historian Kenneth Clark as "incomparably the greatest influence on taste since Ruskin... In so far as taste can be changed by one man, it was changed by Roger Fry". Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Tate Gallery in the United Kingdom is a network of four galleries: Tate Britain (opened 1897), Tate Liverpool (1988), Tate St Ives (1993), Tate Modern (2000), with a complementary website Tate Online (1998). ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Bloomsbury Group or Bloomsbury Set or just Bloomsbury, as its adherents would generally refer to it, was an English group of artists and scholars that existed from around 1905 until around World War II. // History The group began as an informal socialwe have been great to society assembly of... An Old Master (or old master) is one of the great European painters who lived 1500 through 1800, or a painting by one of these painters. ... The visual arts and plastic arts in France. ... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ... Art history usually refers to the history of the visual arts. ... Kenneth Clark presenting the BBC TV series Civilisation. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ...

Contents

Life

Born in London, the son of the judge Edward Fry, he grew up in a wealthy Quaker family. Fry studied at King's College, Cambridge, where he was a member of the Cambridge Apostles. After taking a first in the Natural Science tripos, he went to Paris and then Italy to study art and eventually he specialised in landscape painting. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Sir Edward Fry (1827-1918), a judge on the British Court of Appeal (1883-1892) and also an arbitrator on the International Permanent Court of Arbitration. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... Full name The King’s College of Our Lady and St Nicholas in Cambridge Motto Veritas et Utilitas Truth and usefulness Named after Henry VI Previous names - Established 1441 Sister College(s) New College, Oxford Provost Prof. ... Trinity College Great Court. ... The University of Cambridge, England, divides the different kinds of honours bachelors degree by Tripos, a word which has an obscure etymology, but which may be traced to the three-legged stool candidates once used to sit on when taking oral examinations. ... It has been suggested that List of visitor attractions in Paris be merged into this article or section. ... Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests. ...


In 1896, he married the artist Helen Coombe and they subsequently had two children, Pamela and Julian. However, Helen soon became seriously mentally ill. In 1910, she was committed to a mental institution, where she remained for the rest of her life. Fry took over the care of their children on his own.


In 1911, Fry began an affair with Vanessa Bell, who was then experiencing a difficult recovery from the birth of her son Quentin. Fry offered her the tenderness and care she felt was lacking from her husband, Clive Bell. They remained lifelong close friends, even though Roger's heart was broken in 1913 when Vanessa fell in love with Duncan Grant and decided to live permanently with him. Vanessa Bell Vanessa Bell (May 28, 1879 – April 7, 1961), was an English painter and interior designer and a member of the Bloomsbury group. ... Quentin Claudian Stephen Bell (19 August 1910 – 16 December 1996) was an English art historian and author. ... Arthur Clive Howard Bell (September 16, 1881 – September 18, 1964) was an English critic, associated with the Bloomsbury group. ... Self Portrait, 1920, National Gallery of Scotland. ...


After short affairs with such artists as Nina Hammett and Josette Coatmellec, Roger too found happiness with Helen Maitland Anrep. She became his emotional anchor for the rest of his life, although they never married (she too had had an unhappy first marriage, to the mosaicist Boris Anrep). Boris Anrep (27 September 1883 – 7 June 1969) was a Russian artist and mosaicist, active in Britain. ...


Fry died very unexpectedly due to a fall at his home. His death caused great sorrow among the members of the Bloomsbury Group, who loved him for his generosity and warmth. Vanessa Bell decorated his casket before he was buried at Kings College Chapel in Cambridge. Virginia Woolf, Vanessa's sister, novelist and a close friend of Roger as well, was entrusted with writing his biography, that was published in 1940. The Bloomsbury Group or Bloomsbury Set or just Bloomsbury, as its adherents would generally refer to it, was an English group of artists and scholars that existed from around 1905 until around World War II. // History The group began as an informal socialwe have been great to society assembly of... Vanessa Bell Vanessa Bell (May 28, 1879 – April 7, 1961), was an English painter and interior designer and a member of the Bloomsbury group. ... For the American childrens writer, see Virginia Euwer Wolff Virginia Woolf (née Stephen) (January 25, 1882 – March 28, 1941) was an English novelist and essayist regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Career

In the 1900s, Fry started to teach art history at the Slade School of Fine Art, University College London. In 1906 Fry was appointed Curator of Paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. This was also the year in which he "discovered" the art of Paul Cézanne, beginning the shift in his scholarly interests away from the Italian Old Masters and towards modern French art. In 1910, Fry organised the exhibition Manet and the Post-Impressionists (a term which he coined) at the Grafton Galleries, London. Despite the derision with which the exhibition was met, Fry followed it up with the Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition in 1912. It was patronised by Lady Ottoline Morrell, with whom Fry had a fleeting romantic attachment. In 1913 he founded the Omega Workshops, a design workshop whose members included Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant. In 1933, he was later made the Slade Professor at Cambridge, a position that Fry had much desired. Part of the University College London, the Slade School of Art was founded in 1868 as the result of an endowment by Felix Slade. ... Affiliations University of London Russell Group LERU EUA ACU Golden Triangle G5 Website http://www. ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Paul Cézanne (IPA: , January 19, 1839 – October 22, 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. ... Articles with similar titles include Claude Monet, another painter of the same era. ... Lady Ottoline Morrell [1] (June 16, 1873 - April 21, 1938) was an English socialite, friend and patron of many artistic people, including Aldous Huxley, Siegfried Sassoon and D. H. Lawrence. ... The Omega Workshops were a design enterprise by members of the Bloomsbury group, set up as a company by the critic Roger Fry. ... Self Portrait, 1920, National Gallery of Scotland. ... The Slade Professorship of Fine Art is the senior professorship of art at the universities of Cambridge, Oxford and London. ... Geography Status City (1951) Region East of England Admin. ...


Works

  • Vision and Design (1920)
  • Transformations (1926)
  • Cézanne. A Study of His Development (1927)
  • Henri Matisse (1930)
  • French Art (1932)
  • Reflections on British Painting (1934)

Vase of Flowers (1876) Oil on canvas Paul Cézanne (January 19, 1839 – October 22, 1906) was a French painter who represents the bridge from impressionism to cubism. ... Henri Matisse, Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt 1906, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse (December 31, 1869 – November 3, 1954) was a French artist, noted for his use of color and his fluid, brilliant and original draughtsmanship. ...

References

  • Virginia Woolf, Roger Fry: a biography (1940) ISBN 0-15-678520-X
  • Frances Spalding, Roger Fry, art and life (1980) ISBN 0-520-04126-7

For the American childrens writer, see Virginia Euwer Wolff Virginia Woolf (née Stephen) (January 25, 1882 – March 28, 1941) was an English novelist and essayist regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. ...

External links

  • Roger Fry at artcyclopedia.com
Persondata
NAME Fry, Roger
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Fry, Roger Eliot
SHORT DESCRIPTION Art critic and painter
DATE OF BIRTH 14 December 1866
PLACE OF BIRTH London, England, United Kingdom
DATE OF DEATH 9 September 1934
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Notebook (3563 words)
Fry was selective and he chose those exotic forms which seemed to him to have a bearing on the visual sensibility of the modern mind.
Fry was not an aesthetician nor a philosopher; nor was he a psychologist or an art-historian.
Fry, like Reynolds before him, stressed the notion that art was primarily concerned with the selection of types and not with imitation and that a painting was a structured artifact and not a random impression.
Vision and Design: Roger Fry (530 words)
From 1905 to 1910, Fry was the Curator of Paintings for the Metropolitan Museum in New York.
Fry’s paintings are true to nature and visions of the everyday, and favoured the landscape as subject (many have commented on the influence of Cézanne).
Fry’s interest in the relationship of art and life can be seen in his painting of a French provincial market interior (1926-28) and the lithographs of church interiors produced in 1930.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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