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Encyclopedia > Roermond
Roermond
Official flag of Roermond
Flag
Coat of arms of Roermond
Coat of arms
Country Netherlands
Province Limburg
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 46.87 km²  (18.1 sq mi)
 - Land 38.59 km² (14.9 sq mi)
 - Water 8.28 km² (3.2 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 - Municipality 54,211
 - Density 1,405/km² (3,638.9/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Roermond: Logo.

Roermond (pronunciation (help· info)) is a municipality, a diocese and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,131,938 (6th) 526/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Statistics Netherlands is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links 155_Roermond. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... The Diocese of Roermond is one of seven Roman-Catholic dioceses suffragan to the Archdiocese of Utrecht. ...

Contents

Population centres

Asenray ( ) is a town in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Maasniel is a neighbourhood of Roermond in the Dutch province of Limburg. ...

The city of Roermond

Roermond received city rights in 1231. City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. ...


Roermond is a historically important town situated on the banks of the river Maas (Meuse). Contrary to popular belief its name does not come from the "mond of the Roer", which means "mouth of the river Roer" in Dutch. The name is much older and since Dutch was not widely spoken in Limburg until the 1900s its origin is older. The name comes from "Ruramonde". Rura was an old Celtic-Germanic goddess associated with water. After Rura the river Roer which flows through Roermond is named. It did not flow into the river Maas until 1338-1342, when the flow of the river Maas was altered to pass the city. "Monde" is an old Celtic-Germanic word meaning "bridge". Roermond therefore means "bridge of Rura". The Meuse(Maas) at Maastricht Length 925 km Elevation of the source 409 m Average discharge 230 m³/s Area watershed 36 000 km² Origin France Mouth Hollands Diep Basin countries France - Belgium - Netherlands The Meuse (Dutch Maas) is a large European river rising in France, flowing through Belgium and... Meuse is a département in northeast France, named after the Meuse River. ... Rur (-German, in Dutch: Roer, not to be confused with the Ruhr) is a river in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. ... Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,131,938 (6th) 526/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 46. ... Celtic polytheism refers to the religious beliefs and practices of ancient Celts until the Christianization of Celtic-speaking lands. ... The Meuse(Maas) at Maastricht Length 925 km Elevation of the source 409 m Average discharge 230 m³/s Area watershed 36 000 km² Origin France Mouth Hollands Diep Basin countries France - Belgium - Netherlands The Meuse (Dutch Maas) is a large European river rising in France, flowing through Belgium and... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, spoken by ancient and modern Celts alike. ...

Painting of a gallow by Pieter Brueghel the Elder
Painting of a gallow by Pieter Brueghel the Elder

The Galgeberg is a small hill in Roermond. It is in the Kapel in 't Zand-area of Roermond. Galgeberg means "mountain of the gallow" in Dutch. It is called "mountain of the gallow" because criminals in Roermond were hanged or burned there. In 1613, 64 witches were burned on the Galgeberg in the Kapel in het Zand in Roermond, the biggest witchtrial in the Netherlands ever. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 669 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (3176 × 2846 pixel, file size: 575 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 669 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (3176 × 2846 pixel, file size: 575 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Bruegels The Painter and The Connoisseur drawn c. ... Events January - Galileo observes Neptune, but mistakes it for a star and so is not credited with its discovery. ...


History

Due to its impressive architecture and charming skyline, Roermond town centre has been designated as a conservation area. Through the centuries the town has filled the role of commercial centre, principal town in the duchy of Guelders and since 1559 it has served as the seat of the bishop. In addition to important churches, the town centre boasts many listed buildings and monuments. The skyline of the historic town is dominated by the towers of two churches: St. Christopher Cathedral and Munster Church. A conservation area is a tract of land that has been awarded protected status in order to ensure that natural features or biota are safeguarded. ... A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. ... Original coat of arms of the county and duchy of Guelders This article deals with the historical county and duchy of Guelders, for other meanings see Gelderland. ... This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ...


Villa Optima was the Roman name for the municipality and city of Roermond. When Julius Caesar reached the location of Roermond he found the location so ideal that he called it "Villa Optima", which translates into "ideal location". The original town of Roermond was in Roman times based around the area of the Roer quays. The bridge, the Steene Brök', is on the spot where the Celtic inhabitants of this region used to live. It is now a suburb of Roermond called Faubourg Saint Jacques (or Voorstad Sint Jacob in Dutch). Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Gaius Julius Caesar [1] (Latin pronunciation ; English pronunciation ; July 12 or July 13, 100 BC or 102 BC–March 15, 44 BC), was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men of classical antiquity. ... This article is about the European people. ...


Around 1180-1543, Roermond belonged to the duchy of Guelders. In 1213 Roermond was destroyed by Otto IV of Brunswick, the Holy Roman Emperor and German King. By 1232 the city had been rebuilt, and was given its own seal, own reign, own mint, and its own court. A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. ... Original coat of arms of the county and duchy of Guelders This article deals with the historical county and duchy of Guelders, for other meanings see Gelderland. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ...


The first mention of Minderbroederklooster, the monastery of the Franciscan Friars Minor, was in 1309. In 1361, the Chapter of the Holy Spirit is moved from St. Odiliënberg to Roermond. The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... This article incorporates text from the Catholic Encyclopedia, which is in the public domain. ... Sint Odiliënberg is a small village in central Limburg, in the Netherlands, east of the river Maas in the Roer valley. ...


Around 1350, Roermond became the capital of the "Overkwartier van Gelre" (Overquarter of Gelre). In 1388 a siege by the French occurred. Battle of the pre-city fortifications Buiten Op and destruction of the pre-city fortifications Buiten Op and the old parish church by the French. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Roermond. ...


In 1441, Roermond became a member of the Hanseatic League, and by 1472 acquired the right to mint its own coins. Between 1543-1702 the area was under Spanish rule. Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ...


On 23 April 1568 the Battle of Rheindalen occurred near Roermond, which signaled the start of the "Tachtigjarige Oorlog" (Eighty Years' War). In 1632 the Dutch Stadhouder conquered Venlo, Roermond and Maastricht during his famous "March along the Meuse". Attempts in the next years to annexe Antwerp and Brussels failed, however. The Dutch were disappointed by the lack of support they received from the local population in Limburg who were fighting on the Spanish side. It was clear that, by this time, a new generation had grown up in Flanders and the Brabant and the areas now forming Limburg, that had thoroughly reconverted to Roman Catholicism and now distrusted the Calvinist Dutch even more than they loathed the Spanish occupiers. April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt from 1568 to 1648 was the secession war in which the proto-Netherlands first became an independent country and in which the region now known as Belgium became established. ... Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ... Venlo ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) is a large historical region overlapping Belgium, France and the Netherlands. ... Brabant is a former duchy in the Low Countries, and a former province of Belgium. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church... In an unadorned church, the 17th century congregation stands to hear the sermon. ...


In 1572, Roermond was occupied by Willem de Zwijger, a Dutch prince, by 1580 it was transferred from Arnhem to Roermond. William I (William the Silent) William I, Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau (April 24, 1533 – July 10, 1584) was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish that set off the Eighty Years War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648. ... Arnhem is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, located on the Lower Rhine, and the capital of the Gelderland province. ...


1613 marked the year when 64 presumed witches were burnt on the Galgeberg hill in the Kapel in het Zand in Roermond; The biggest witch trial in the Netherlands ever.


Between 1632-1637, Roermond was part of the Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden - Republic of the 7 United Netherlands, and later in 1702-1716 is part of the Republic again. Between 1716-1794, it is part of the Habsburg empire. Map of the Dutch Republic Capital None, de facto The Hague (seat of the federal parliament) Language(s) Dutch Government Republic Legislature Dutch States-General History  - Oath of Abjuration 1581  - Disestablished 1795 United Netherlands redirects here. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ...


On 11 December 1792, the French under General De Miranda conquer Roermond, but by 5 March 1793, is under Habsburg control again. The city is again occupied by the French on 5 April 1794 and officially becomes part of France from 1795 to 1814. In 1814, Roermond is liberated by the Russians. After the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 Roermond becomes Dutch. In 1814, with the formation of the new Kingdom of the Netherlands, one of the new provinces was to receive the name Maastricht, after its capital. King William, who did not want the name Limburg to be lost, insisted that the name be changed to Limburg. As such, the name of the new province derived from the old duchy of Limburg that had existed until 1648 within the triangle Maastricht - Liège - Aachen. December 11 is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the day. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, also known as the Convention of London (one of several) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces in London on August 13, 1814. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... King William I of the Netherlands, born William Frederik of Orange-Nassau (The Hague, 24 August 1772 - Berlin, 12 December 1843), was the second King of the Netherlands (the first king was Louis I Napoleon Bonaparte). ... Limburg was one of the provinces of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. ... The Duchy of Limburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, located between the river Meuse and the city of Aachen. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Liège (Dutch: Luik, German: Lüttich; before 1946, the citys name was written Liége, with the acute accent) is a major city located in the Belgian province of Liège, of which it is the capital. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ...


When the Netherlands and Belgium separated in 1830, there was support for adding Limburg to Belgium, but in the end (1839) the province was divided in two, with the eastern part going to the Netherlands and the western part to Belgium. From that time, Dutch Limburg was, as the Duchy Limburg, also part of the German Confederation. The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ...


Between 1940 to 1945, during World War II, the Germans occupied Roermond. The city was liberated on 1 March 1945 by the Recce Troop of the 35th US Infantry Division during Operation Grenade. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Operation Grenade was the plan for The US Ninth Army to cross the Roer (Rur) river in February 1945. ...


IRA bombings

On 01 May 1988 the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) killed three British Airmen and injured three others in a double attack. At the market in Roermond, near the border between Germany and the Netherlands, IRA Terrorists opened fire on a vehicle in which three men from the Royal Air Force from the base near Wildenrath were sleeping. SAC Ian Shinner was killed and his two companions were wounded. Half an hour later, the second attack killed two British Airmen and injured an other, who had spent a few hours in a Dutch disco, around fifty kilometers from the border shared with Germany. May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Provisional Irish Republican Army (Irish name: Óglaigh na hÉireann) (PIRA; more commonly referred to as the IRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the Army or the RA) is an Irish Republican left-wing paramilitary organisation that, until the Belfast Agreement, sought to end Northern Ireland... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


In a separate attack two years later two Australian nationals were killed. The two men were lawyers on holiday while the IRA claimed they were working for the British Army. It is believed that the killings led to a drop in support for the IRA in Australia to which Prime Minister John Howard refused to meet Gerry Adams from Sein Fein on a visit there in 2000. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939), Australian politician, is the Prime Minister of Australia. ... Gerard Adams (Irish Gearóid Mac Ádhaimh[1]; born 6 October 1948) is an Irish Republican politician and abstentionist Westminster Member of Parliament for Belfast West. ...

British national. Murdered after a night out, while sleeping in his car with two friends, Market Square, Roermond, Netherlands. Off duty British RAF Regiment member. May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...

  • 27 May 1990 Stephen Melrose (24).Civilian.Australian national. Shot shortly after getting out of car, Market Square, Roermond, Netherlands. Assumed to have been an off duty British Army member.
  • 27 May 1990 Nicholas Spanos (28).Civilian.Australian national. Shot shortly after getting out of car, Market Square, Roermond, Netherlands. Assumed to have been an off duty British Army member.

It was not uncommon for British soldiers based in this area to be attacked: is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...

  • On 2 June 1990.A British Army Artillery Officer was shot and killed by three attackers in nearby Dortmund while returning from a social event with his wife. The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) issued a statement in Dublin claiming responsibility.
  • On 9 July 1989. PIRA shot the West German wife of a British soldier while she sat in a parked car in nearby Dortmund. This was the first time a non-British citizen was killed by the PIRA in West Germany.
  • On 26 October 1989 a British Airman and his 6 month old daughter were shot and killed by the PIRA in nearby Mönchengladbach.

June 2 is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Provisional Irish Republican Army (Irish name: Óglaigh na hÉireann) (PIRA; more commonly referred to as the IRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the Army or the RA) is an Irish Republican left-wing paramilitary organisation that, until the Belfast Agreement, sought to end Northern Ireland... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... West Germany was the informal but almost universally used name for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 until 1990, during which years the Federal Republic did not yet include East Germany. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

The Roermond earthquake

On April 13, 1992, a MW 5.4 earthquake occurred near the city of Roermond in a focal depth of about 17 km. This so-called Roermond earthquake was the strongest event in Central Europe since 1756. Following this earthquake, the water levels of numerous wells located in the Lower Rhine Embayment showed significant coseismic anomalies. The Roer Valley, which crosses three countries (Belgium, The Netherlands, and Germany), is bounded by two north-northwest, south-southeast trending Quaternary normal fault systems. The eastern boundary is defined by the Peel boundary fault, along which the 1992 Roermond earthquake occurred (Camelbeeck and van Eck, 1994), and the western boundary is defined by the Feldbiss fault zone, which is partly located in Belgium. Evidence of recent tectonic activity along the Feldbiss fault zone is visible on seismic profiles that show more than 600 m of offset in Neogene deposits (Demyttenaere and Laga, 1988). Although Ahorner demonstrated the existence of the ... Rhenish seismoactive zones.... and recommended a comprehensive analysis of Quaternary structures and background seismicity, coseismic movements were considered to be improbable, and active faults remain largely unidentified. April 13 is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ...


The floods

As a city near surrounded by water and close to 2 rivers, the Maas and the Roer, Roermond often has to defend itself against floods. The worst floods were in 1993 and 1995. The Meuse(Maas) at Maastricht Length 925 km Elevation of the source 409 m Average discharge 230 m³/s Area watershed 36 000 km² Origin France Mouth Hollands Diep Basin countries France - Belgium - Netherlands The Meuse (Dutch Maas) is a large European river rising in France, flowing through Belgium and... Rur (-German, in Dutch: Roer, not to be confused with the Ruhr) is a river in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. ...

Year Waterlevel (mNAP) At Damage Remarks
  1. Dec 1643
  2. Dec 1880
  3. Mar 1910
  4. Mar 1920
  5. Jan 1926
  6. Jul 1980
  7. 1984
  8. Dec 1993
  9. Jan 1995
  1. 49.7
  2. 20.71
  3. 46.1
  4. 20.6
  5. 42.92
  6. -
  7. -
  8. 45.8
  9. 45.71
  1. Maastricht
  2. Roermond
  3. Maastricht
  4. Roermond
  5. Maastricht
  6. Roermond
  7. Roermond
  8. Borgharen
  9. Borgharen
  1. -
  2. -
  3. -
  4. -
  5. 80 million guilders damage, 14.000 refugees
  6. -
  7. -
  8. 245 million guilders damage
  9. 35 million guilders private damage, 500 million guilders damage, 210.000 evacuated
  1. Highest levels ever in Limburg
  2. -
  3. -
  4. -
  5. largest flood disaster in Limburg.Breakthrough of dikes.
  6. In Summer instead of Winter.
  7. Belgians build/raise dikes, Dutch make plans but never execute them.
  8. -
  9. Longest high water ever inLimburg.

After the 1993 and 1995 floods the damage is so high and the people of Limburg make so many claims that the Dutch government decides to finally execute De Maaswerken, a series of water management works that should prevent this disasters from happening again. The plans for these works were in preparation since 1980 but never executed which angered people living on the banks of the river. Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Borgharen ( ) is a town in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Borgharen ( ) is a town in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... The guilder (Dutch gulden), represented by the symbol ƒ, was the name of the currency used in the Netherlands from the 15th century until 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (coins and notes were not introduced until 2002). ... The guilder (Dutch gulden), represented by the symbol ƒ, was the name of the currency used in the Netherlands from the 15th century until 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (coins and notes were not introduced until 2002). ... The guilder (Dutch gulden), represented by the symbol ƒ, was the name of the currency used in the Netherlands from the 15th century until 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (coins and notes were not introduced until 2002). ... The guilder (Dutch gulden), represented by the symbol ƒ, was the name of the currency used in the Netherlands from the 15th century until 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (coins and notes were not introduced until 2002). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


As a direct result of these floods the national government and the province of Limburg in collaboration initiated the co-ordinating project "De Maaswerken". This integrated project aims on the one hand to reduce the chance of flooding, and on the other hand to develop natural areas[4] and stimulate economic development by furthering water transport. To this end, the Maas will be deepened and broadened over a length of 200 km. The extracted gravel will be exploited to co-finance the project. Additional measures include the (re-) construction of embankments, sluices and so-called "clay shields" that will drive up groundwater on the riverbanks.


The most important governmental institutions related to the Maaswerken are the project organisation "De Maaswerken", the province of Limburg and the national Ministries of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries (LNV), and Transport and Public Works (V&W). Especially the organisation Rijkswaterstaat, the organ of the Ministry of V&W that is responsible for the execution of public works related to water, plays an important role. The organisation "De Maaswerken" was set up in 1997 taking its employees partly from Rijkswaterstaat, the Province of Limburg, the Ministry of LNV and many other local, provincial and national governmental organisations. The final responsibility for the project lies with the minister of V&W.


Anthem

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Oud en trouw Roermond

Roermond has had its own anthem since 1912. The text was written by A. F. van Beurden, the music is by H. Tijssen, who also composed the Limburg Anthem (Waar in 't bronsgroen eikenhout). Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Dutch Wikisource has original text related to this article: Limburg mijn Vaderland Limburg mijn Vaderland (lit: Limburg my native country) is the anthem of Limburg, a region split up in two parts: Belgian Limburg and Dutch Limburg. ...


In everyday life in Limburg around 1900 the Dutch language was of no importance. Everything was done in Limburgs. Newspapers in the 19th and 20th century were written in German or Limburgs and in most parts of Limburg German was the language used in church and education. In this time Maastricht still had a very strong connection with French-speaking areas around Liege. Van Beurden's poem was used on purpose to force the people of Limburg into speaking Dutch. Proof of this is the very un-Limburg part in the anthem, the reference to the Dutch Royal family, who were (and still are) very unpopular in Limburg. In 1900 the people in Limburg had to swear their allegiance to the Dutch royal family of the House of Orange-Nassau in a "aanhankelijkheidsverklaring aan het Oranjehuis" and had to start using Dutch instead of Limburgs. Limburgish, or Limburgian or Limburgic (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Selfkant regions, near the common Dutch/Flemish(Belgium)/German border. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Liège (Dutch: Luik, German: Lüttich; before 1946, the citys name was written Liége, with the acute accent) is a major city located in the Belgian province of Liège, of which it is the capital. ... The House of Orange-Nassau (in Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the German House of Nassau, has played a central role in the political life of the Netherlands - and at times in Europe - since William I of Orange (also known as William the Silent and Father of...


Shopping area

The town centre with its medieval street pattern has an attractive shopping area. In addition to department stores, you will find a variety of small shops which, together with an abundance of cafes and restaurants, contribute to the bustling atmosphere in Roermond. About 5 minutes walking distance from the centre of town you will find the McArthur Glen Designer Outlet, made up of around 100 shops selling designer fashion and other goods at discount prices. The McArthur Glen company logo McArthur Glen Designer Outlets operate designer shopping centres across Europe, partnering with a variety of retailers to bring shoppers discounted quality goods and designer labels. ...


Green belt

Roermond is encircled by a green belt, which offers many opportunities for hiking and cycling. Nature reserves, such as the Meinweg National Park, the valley of the Leu (Leudal) and the Swalm and Roer rivers, provide an interesting variety of woodlands, heath and meadows. For good reason, the region around Roermond has been designated as an area of scenic interest. Leu (plural: lei) is the name shared by the currencies of Romania and Moldova. ... Leudal is a municipality in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Swalm (-Dutch, in German: Schwalm) is a small river in Germany and the Netherlands, tributary to the river Meuse. ... Rur (-German, in Dutch: Roer, not to be confused with the Ruhr) is a river in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. ...


Monuments

As an old city , Roermond is rich in monuments. Here are a few of them:

  • Minster church (Munsterkerk)
  • Stateroom of city hall
  • The old cemetery
  • Kapel in 't Zand
  • Roermond City Hall
  • St. Christopher Cathedral
  • Carolus chapel
  • National Indiëmonument
  • Kasteeltje Hattem
  • Rattentoren

Notable natives

Prime Minister of the Netherlands Louis Joseph Maria Beel (April 12, 1902 - February 11, 1977) was Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1946 to 1948 and again from 1958 to 1959. ... Jozef Maria Laurens Theo Jo Cals (July 18, 1914-December 30, 1971) was a Dutch politician. ... Petrus Josephus Hubertus (Pierre) Cuypers (May 16, 1827, Roermond – March 3, 1921, Roermond) was a Dutch architect. ... Jhr. ...

External links

  • Official website

Literature

  • Johnston, A. C., "Seismic moment assessment of earthquakes in stable continental regions", II, Historical seismicity, Geophys. J. Int., 125, 639, 1996.
  • Geluk, M. C., E. J. T. Duin, M. Dusar, R. H. B. Rijkers, M. W. van Den Berg, and P. van Rooijen, "Stratigraphy and tectonics of the Roer Valley Graben", Geol. Mijnbouw, 73, 129, 1994.
  • Paulissen, E., J. Vandenberghe, and F. Gullentops, "The Feldbiss fault in the Maas Valley bottom (Limburg, Belgium)", Geol. Mijnbouw, 64, 79, 1985.
  • Rosenhauer, W., and L. Ahorner, "Seismic hazard assessment for the Lower Rhine Embayment before and after the 1992 Roermond earthquake", Geol. Mijnbouw, 73, 415, 1994.
  • van den Berg, M.W., "Neotectonics of the Roer Valley rift system. Style and rate of crustal deformation inferred from syn-tectonic sedimentation", Geol. Mijnbouw, 73, 143, 1994.
  • van den Berg, M.W., et al., "Patterns and velocities of recent crustal movements in the Dutch part of the Roer Valley rift system", Geol. Mijnbouw, 73, 157, 1994.
Limburg Province

Arcen en Velden | Beek | Beesel | Bergen | Brunssum | Echt-Susteren | Eijsden | Gennep | Gulpen-Wittem | Heerlen | Helden | Horst aan de Maas | Kerkrade | Kessel | Landgraaf | Leudal | Maasbree | Maasgouw | Maastricht | Margraten | Meerlo-Wanssum | Meerssen | Meijel | Mook en Middelaar | Nederweert | Nuth | Onderbanken | Roerdalen | Roermond | Schinnen | Sevenum | Simpelveld | Sittard-Geleen | Stein | Vaals | Valkenburg aan de Geul | Venlo | Venray | Voerendaal | Weert Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,131,938 (6th) 526/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... Image File history File links NL-LimburgVlag. ... Arcen en Velden is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Beek is a municipality and a Netherlands. ... Beesel is a municipality and a Netherlands. ... Bergen is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Brunssum is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Echt-Susteren is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Eijsden is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Gennep is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Gulpen-Wittem ( (help· info)) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Heerlen ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands and the fourth largest municipality in the province of Limburg. ... Helden is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands in the province Limburg. ... Horst aan de Maas is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Kerkrade is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... This is about the municipality in the Netherlands. ... Landgraaf is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Leudal is a municipality in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Maasbree is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Baarlo Maasbree External link Official website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Maasgouw is a municipality in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Margraten is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Meerlo-Wanssum is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Blitterswijck Geijsteren Meerlo Swolgen Tienray Wanssum External links Official Website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Meerssen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Bunde Geulle Meerssen/Rothem Ulestraten. ... Meijel is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands External link Official website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Mook en Middelaar is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Middelaar Molenhoek Mook Plasmolen. ... Nederweert is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Budschop, Leveroy, Nederweert, Nederweert-Eind, Ospel, Ospeldijk and Schoor. ... Nuth is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Onderbanken is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Roerdalen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Schinnen is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Sevenum ( (help· info)) is a Dutch municipality and a town in the province Limburg in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Simpelveld is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Sittard-Geleen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Stein ( (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Vaals is a town in the southeastern Netherlands, in the province of Limburg. ... Valkenburg aan de Geul is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Venlo ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Venray is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Voerendaal is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... This is about the city in the Netherlands. ...

Netherlands | Provinces | Municipalities | map

Coordinates: 51°12′N, 6°00′E The modern day Netherlands are divided into twelve provinces (provincies in Dutch), listed below with their capital city: Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also the ranked list of Dutch provinces // Structure A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the... All provinces of the Netherlands are divided into municipalities (gemeenten), together 467 (2005); among these we can distinguish: those comprising one main city, town or village with the same name as the municipality, and possibly some additional villages; for example Utrecht, comprising the city Utrecht and the villages De Meern... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
:: English :: Gemeente Roermond (857 words)
Roermond plays host to a cosmopolitan programme of cultural events throughout the year, supported by vibrant networks of clubs and associations, as well as being home to many health and education facilities.
The Hanseatic town of Roermond has belonged to the duchy of Guelders for many centuries and remains the seat of the bishop of Limburg to this day.
Roermond is encircled by a broad green belt, offering many opportunities for hiking and cycling.
Roermond (459 words)
The Diocese of Roermond was established in 1559, during the reign of Philip II, when after long and difficult negotiations with the papacy the dioceses of the Netherlands were reorganized.
In Roermond the first bishop, Lindanus, who was consecrated in 1563, could not enter upon his duties until 1569; notwithstanding his zeal and charitableness he was obliged to retire on account of the revolutionary movement; he died Bishop of Ghent.
Upon the re-establishment of the Dutch hierarchy in 1853 the Vicariate-Apostolic of Roermond was raised to a bishopric and made a suffragan of Utrecht.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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