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Encyclopedia > Rockstar North
Rockstar North Limited
Type Private
Founded 1988
Headquarters Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Industry Game development
Products Grand Theft Auto, Manhunt, Lemmings
Parent Rockstar Games

Rockstar North Limited (formerly DMA Design Limited) is a Scottish developer of computer and video games founded by David Jones in Dundee and presently located in Leith Street, Edinburgh, Scotland. The company is a part of Rockstar Games which is owned by Take Two Interactive. It is the primary developer of the Grand Theft Auto series, including Grand Theft Auto III, Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, and Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, which are three of the best-selling games on sixth-generation consoles; in its earlier guise as DMA, it was responsible for originating the Lemmings franchise. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOVD Articles that have been linked to this page are the subject of an NPOV dispute (NPOV stands for Neutral Point Of View; see below). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The term privately held company refers to ownership of a business company in two different ways—first, referring to ownership by non-governmental organizations; and second, referring to ownership of the companys stock by a relatively small number of holders who do not trade the stock publicly. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Game development - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a video game series created and primarily developed by Scottish developer Rockstar North (formerly DMA Design), published by Rockstar Games and debuted in 1998. ... Manhunter: New York and Manhunter 2: San Francisco Manhunt is a controversial video game released by Rockstar Games in November, 2003. ... Lemmings is a puzzle computer game, developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by Psygnosis in 1991, originally for the Commodore Amiga. ... For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ... R* redirects here. ... This article is about the country. ... A video game developer is a software developer (a business or an individual) that creates video games. ... This article is about computer and video games. ... David Jones founded the computer game company Real Time Worlds in 2002. ... For other uses, see Dundee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... R* redirects here. ... Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. ... Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a video game series created and primarily developed by Scottish developer Rockstar North (formerly DMA Design), published by Rockstar Games and debuted in 1998. ... Grand Theft Auto III (sometimes abbreviated as GTA III or GTA3) is an action computer and video game developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North), published by Rockstar Games in October 2001 for the PlayStation 2 video game console, May 2002 for Windows-based personal computers, and in November 2003... Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (released in October 2002) is the fourth video game in the hit Grand Theft Auto series. ... Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is the fifth video game in the Grand Theft Auto series. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... Lemmings is a puzzle computer game, developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by Psygnosis in 1991, originally for the Commodore Amiga. ...

Contents

History

Late 1980s

The name DMA was taken from the Amiga programming manuals and the initials were later 'retrofitted' so that they briefly stood for Direct Mind Access. In 1988 DMA signed with UK label Psygnosis and developed Menace and Blood Money -- side-scrolling space shooters which gained attention from gamers and critics for both their high-quality presentation and difficulty. As with all the company's early games, Menace and Blood Money debuted on the Amiga, leading platform for videogames in Europe between the late 1980s and the early 1990s. A Commodore 64 port was published immediately after, later followed by DOS and Atari ST versions. This article is about the family of home computers. ... A backronym (or bacronym) is a phrase that is constructed after the fact from a previously existing abbreviation, the abbreviation being an initialism or an acronym. ... The logo that introduced most Psygnosis games was designed by fantasy artist Roger Dean. ... Blood Money is a scrolling shooter game developed by DMA Design for the Amiga, Commodore 64 and Atari ST. It was released on January 6, 1989 and published by Psygnosis. ... Scrolling shooters are a type of video game, a subgenre of shoot em up . ... This article is about the family of home computers. ... C-64 redirects here. ... This article is about the family of closely related operating systems for the IBM PC compatible platform. ... The Atari ST is a home/personal computer that was commercially popular from 1985 to the early 1990s. ...


Early 1990s

DMA's major breakthrough came with 1990's Lemmings, a simple puzzle game that sold over 20 million copies on 21 different systems. It debuted on the Amiga and it was available on other major platforms like the NES and Macintosh and obscure formats as the FM Towns and the CD-i). Much of DMA's time over the next few years was devoted to Lemmings follow-ups (Oh No! More Lemmings, Lemmings 2: The Tribes, All New World of Lemmings, and two Christmas-themed Holiday Lemmings special editions). They also released two original titles: 1993's Walker (a side-scrolling mech shooter) and 1994's Hired Guns (a first-person tactical shooter game with a four-way split screen). Other Lemmings sequels and spinoffs, such as Lemmings Paintball and Lemmings 3D, have appeared over the years, but these were produced without DMA. Lemmings is a puzzle computer game, developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by Psygnosis in 1991, originally for the Commodore Amiga. ... This article is about the family of home computers. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The first Macintosh computer, introduced in 1984, upgraded to a 512K Fat Mac. The Macintosh or Mac, is a line of personal computers designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer. ... The FM TOWNS (also spelled FM-TOWNS, FM Towns and FM-Towns) system is a Japanese PC variant, built by Fujitsu from February 1989 to Summer 1997. ... CD-i or Compact Disc Interactive is the name of an interactive multimedia CD player developed and marketed by Royal Philips Electronics N.V. CD-i also refers to the multimedia Compact Disc standard utilized by the CD-i console, also known as Green Book, which was co-developed by... Oh No! More Lemmings is a computer game expansion to the Psygnosis game Lemmings. ... All New World of Lemmings (ANWoL) is a computer game released in 1994, as the third game in the popular Lemmings puzzle game series. ... Xmas Lemmings is a series of short computer games released in 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1994, as additional level packs to the original Lemmings game. ... Walker was a computer game released for the Amiga system in the early 1990s. ... Is a last name. ... Screenshot from Hired Guns The Satellite Map of the Graveyard Moon. ... Lemmings Paintball is a game from the Lemmings franchise made by Visual Science and published by Psygnosis. ... 3D Lemmings is a computer game released in 1995, developed by Clockwork Games and published by Psygnosis. ...


1994's Uniracers, a 2D platform racer featuring riderless unicycles was the company's first game to debut on a console (the Super Nintendo). Published by Nintendo, it also marked DMA's first game without Psygnosis, which got bought out by Sony in 1993. This was the beginning of what would be a long and often bumpy relationship with the Japanese console giant. After spending some time experimenting with various next-generation consoles (particularly the 3DO), DMA was asked by Nintendo to join their "Dream Team" of developers for the upcoming Ultra 64 system (later renamed Nintendo 64), alongside such other developers as Rare, Paradigm, Midway Games, and LucasArts. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A simple platform sequence from the game Wonder Boy Platform game, or platformer, is a video game genre characterized by jumping to and from suspended platforms or over obstacles. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... The logo that introduced most Psygnosis games was designed by fantasy artist Roger Dean. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) is a line of video game consoles which were released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... The Nintendo 64 ), often abbreviated as N64, is Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ... Rare, Ltd is a United Kingdom-based video game development company. ... Midway Games (NYSE: MWY) is an American video game publisher. ... LucasArts is an American video game developer and publisher. ...


Under this arrangement, DMA would produce an N64-exclusive title that Nintendo would publish. The result of this collaboration was Body Harvest, a third-person 3D vehicular action game with a storyline about aliens arriving on Earth to harvest mankind for food. Nintendo requested a number of major overhauls, such as the addition of puzzle and role-playing elements, to make the game more appealing to the Japanese market. The game underwent numerous delays, and Nintendo finally decided to drop their publishing plans. Midway picked up the rights and finally released it in 1998, almost three years after the game was first shown. Reaction was mostly favourable, in particular for the game's innovation and free-roaming gameplay, although a few gamers criticized the graphics. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


In the interim, the company released (through the short-lived BMG Interactive label) Grand Theft Auto for the PC and PlayStation, which applied the Body Harvest play mechanism of allowing control of any vehicle in the environment to a top-down 2D game of cops-and-robbers. The game put the player in the role of a petty hood who works his way up through the criminal ranks in three fictional US cities; Liberty City, Vice City, and San Andreas. Despite its undetailed retro graphics and tongue-in-cheek humour, GTA (as it was soon known) attracted controversy for its violence, with the Daily Mail calling for an outright ban. The uproar no doubt contributed in some part to making GTA a success. Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a computer and video game created by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by ASC Games in 1998. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... The Daily Mail is a British newspaper and the oldest tabloid, first published in 1896. ...


Its given the player vast, fully explorable cities and dozens of optional missions. DMA's second N64 title, Space Station Silicon Valley, was yet another take on the multiple vehicles concept, this time in a 3D platforming environment and with robotic animals such as hovering sheep and turret-equipped turtles -- instead of cars and trucks. Space Station Silicon Valley is a platform game released on October 01,1998 by Scottish developer DMA Design (now known as Rockstar North, creator of the Grand Theft Auto series). ... A simple platform sequence from the game Wonder Boy Platform game, or platformer, is a video game genre characterized by jumping to and from suspended platforms or over obstacles. ... Species See text. ... For other uses, see Turtle (disambiguation). ...


Late 1990s

In 1997, DMA was bought by British publisher Gremlin Interactive, with Jones becoming Creative Director of both companies. Gremlin published two DMA titles -- the UK release of Body Harvest and the PC version of Wild Metal Country, a tank combat game with a complex control scheme and realistic physics. In 1999 Gremlin was acquired by French publisher Infogrames for £24 million. Complicating this sale was the pre-existing deal between DMA and BMG Interactive, which had published the first version of Grand Theft Auto, and by 1999 itself had gone through some complex financial moves, becoming Rockstar Games, an internal label of publisher Take-Two Interactive. Gremlin Interactive was a British software house based in Sheffield and working mostly on the personal computer and Amiga market. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) is an international holding company headquartered in Lyon, France. ... R* redirects here. ... Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. ...


Infogrames sold DMA Design to Take Two. Rockstar published the Dreamcast version of Wild Metal Country (retitled simply Wild Metal) and Grand Theft Auto 2 for the PC, PlayStation and Dreamcast. Prior to DMA becoming part of Rockstar, Jones left, setting up a new development studio in Dundee as a subsidiary of Rage Software. Through a management buy-out, this later became Real Time Worlds. The Dreamcast , code-named White Belt, Black Belt, Dural, Dricas, Vortex, Katana, Shark and Guppy during development) is Segas last video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... Grand Theft Auto 2, otherwise known as GTA2, is a video game released worldwide on October 22, 1999, by developers DMA Designs (now Rockstar North); initially for the Windows operating system and the PlayStation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Real Time Worlds is a computer game developer based in Dundee, Scotland. ...


DMA had several announced projects that were subsequently cancelled in mid-development: Nintendo 64 ports of Wild Metal Country and the original GTA; Clan Wars (a real-time 3D castle building and siege game set in medieval Scotland); Attack! (a caveman-themed platformer for the N64); and a port of Epic Games' PC hit Unreal for the Nintendo 64 disk drive. Epic Games, also known as Epic and formerly as Epic MegaGames, is a computer game development company based in Cary, North Carolina, United States. ... For other uses, see Unreal (disambiguation). ... The Nintendo 64DD is an expansion system for the Nintendo 64. ...


2000s

Whereas GTA2 had been an incremental improvement on the original, keeping the top-down 2D perspective and adding a few new features, 2001's Grand Theft Auto III brought the series into 3D. It was the first high profile game to use middleware technology; in this case Criterion Software's RenderWare graphics engine. It became the PlayStation 2's biggest system seller in both the U.S. and Europe; Sony, realising that the game was a sure-fire success, paid Rockstar to keep it a PS2 exclusive for some time. Rockstar bought DMA outright, renaming the company "Rockstar North" in early 2002. Grand Theft Auto III (sometimes abbreviated as GTA III or GTA3) is an action computer and video game developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North), published by Rockstar Games in October 2001 for the PlayStation 2 video game console, May 2002 for Windows-based personal computers, and in November 2003... A game engine is the core software component of a computer video game or other interactive application with real-time graphics. ... // RenderWare (RW) is computer and video game middleware from Criterion Software. ... PS2 redirects here. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ...


That same year a PC version of GTA III was released, as well as Grand Theft Auto: Vice City for the PS2, which retained the engine and core gameplay of GTA3 while adding a number of refinements (plus a roster of top Hollywood voice talent). In 2003, the company released a PC port of Vice City, as well as a two-pack of both GTA III and Vice City for Microsoft's Xbox console (ported by Rockstar Vienna). Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (released in October 2002) is the fourth video game in the hit Grand Theft Auto series. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... Rockstar Vienna (fomerly neo Software Produktions GmbH) was a developer of Computer and video games, and a sub-division of Rockstar Games. ...


Manhunt was released for the PS2 in 2003. The game is a violent stealth adventure in which a death-row inmate must flee killers. Rockstar North released Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas for the PS2 in October 2004, and ports to Xbox and PC followed in 2005. The studio is currently working on Grand Theft Auto IV for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. It was due to be released on the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in October 2007, but on August 2, 2007, the game's release was delayed until early 2008. Manhunter: New York and Manhunter 2: San Francisco Manhunt is a controversial video game released by Rockstar Games in November, 2003. ... Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is the fifth video game in the Grand Theft Auto series. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Grand Theft Auto IV (also known as GTA IV or GTA 4) will be the eleventh game, and first in the fourth generation, of the Grand Theft Auto video game franchise, announced for release by Rockstar Games within February–April of 2008 for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories, a new installment for PlayStation Portable, was released in October 2005. It was developed by Rockstar Leeds, under Rockstar North's supervision. It has been ported to the PlayStation 2 and features a slightly better framerate and draw distance than its PSP counterpart. A second PSP Grand Theft Auto title, Vice City Stories, was also developed by Rockstar Leeds, under Rockstar North's supervision for PSP, and released in October 2006. It was also ported to the PlayStation 2. The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... Rockstar Leeds (formerly Mobius Entertainment) is a video game developer. ... PS2 redirects here. ... PS2 redirects here. ...


Games

As DMA Design:

As Rockstar North: Blood Money is a scrolling shooter game developed by DMA Design for the Amiga, Commodore 64 and Atari ST. It was released on January 6, 1989 and published by Psygnosis. ... Lemmings is a puzzle computer game, developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by Psygnosis in 1991, originally for the Commodore Amiga. ... Oh No! More Lemmings is a computer game expansion to the Psygnosis game Lemmings. ... Walker was a computer game released for the Amiga system in the early 1990s. ... Screenshot from Hired Guns The Satellite Map of the Graveyard Moon. ... All New World of Lemmings (ANWoL) is a computer game released in 1994, as the third game in the popular Lemmings puzzle game series. ... All New World of Lemmings (ANWoL) is a computer game released in 1994, as the third game in the popular Lemmings puzzle game series. ... Uniracers (Unirally in Europe) was a video game released for the SNES in 1994 by DMA Design (Now Rockstar North). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a computer and video game created by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by ASC Games in 1998. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Space Station Silicon Valley is a platform game released on October 01,1998 by Scottish developer DMA Design (now known as Rockstar North, creator of the Grand Theft Auto series). ... Grand Theft Auto Mission Pack #1: London, 1969 is a mission pack, or expansion pack, to Grand Theft Auto. ... Grand Theft Auto 2, otherwise known as GTA2, is a video game released worldwide on October 22, 1999, by developers DMA Designs (now Rockstar North); initially for the Windows operating system and the PlayStation. ... Tanktics was a game published by Rockstar North in 1999. ... Grand Theft Auto III (sometimes abbreviated as GTA III or GTA3) is an action computer and video game developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North), published by Rockstar Games in October 2001 for the PlayStation 2 video game console, May 2002 for Windows-based personal computers, and in November 2003...

Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (released in October 2002) is the fourth video game in the hit Grand Theft Auto series. ... Manhunter: New York and Manhunter 2: San Francisco Manhunt is a controversial video game released by Rockstar Games in November, 2003. ... Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is the fifth video game in the Grand Theft Auto series. ... Rockstar Leeds (formerly Mobius Entertainment) is a video game developer. ... Rockstar Leeds (formerly Mobius Entertainment) is a video game developer. ... Manhunt 2 is a video game developed by Rockstar Games, and the sequel to 2003s Manhunt. ... Rockstar London is the European publishing headquarters of Rockstar Games, setting up a new development studio in the heart of London. ... Rockstar Leeds (formerly Mobius Entertainment) is a video game developer. ... Rockstar Toronto (formerly Rockstar Canada) is an in-house game development team for Rockstar Games and Take-Two Interactive, located in Oakville, Ontario, Canada (A city on the outskirts of Toronto). ... Grand Theft Auto IV (also known as GTA IV or GTA 4) will be the eleventh game, and first in the fourth generation, of the Grand Theft Auto video game franchise, announced for release by Rockstar Games within February–April of 2008 for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. ... The three letter abbreviation TBD may be/mean, depending on context: an  acronym for To Be Determined (...at a later point in time. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rockstar North - Jobs (271 words)
ROCKSTAR NORTH, the award winning developer behind Grand Theft Auto, is looking to expand their experienced and talented teams working out of the studio in Edinburgh.
Rockstar North is looking for enthusiastic and passionate game testers to join its QA teams.
Rockstar are only interested in direct applications for this position and will not be inviting agencies to forward candidates.
Rockstar Games - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (465 words)
Rockstar Leeds was previously known as Mobius Entertainment and are based in Stanningley, Leeds.
Rockstar San Diego was previously known as Angel Studios of Midnight Club and Red Dead Revolver fame.
Rockstar Vienna was previously known as neo Software; closed on May 11th, 2006 [1].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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