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Encyclopedia > Rockland, Massachusetts
Rockland, Massachusetts
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°07′50″N 70°55′00″W / 42.13056, -70.916667
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Plymouth
Settled 1673
Incorporated 1874
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
Area
 - Total 10.1 sq mi (26.2 km²)
 - Land 10.0 sq mi (26.0 km²)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km²)
Elevation 140 ft (43 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 17,670
 - Density 1,763.1/sq mi (680.7/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02370
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-57775
GNIS feature ID 0618351
Website: http://www.rockland-ma.gov/

Rockland is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 17,670 at the 2000 census. with 10,199 total registered voters as of December 31, 2005. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Plymouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 339 is an overlay of parts of area code 781. ... Under the North American Numbering Plan for telephone area codes, area code 781 covers suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Plymouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Contents

History

Rockland was settled by European settlers, led by Timothy Hatherly, as a northeastern region of neighboring Abington in 1673. The town separated and incorporated as Rockland on March 9, 1874. It is named for the town's rocky nature, which was better suited for mills and industry than for farming. During King Philip's War, the town was the site of an encampment during his raids on the town of Scituate.[1] Nickname: Motto: †Land of many Beavers† Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth Settled 1668 Incorporated 1712 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 10. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Attack King Philips War, sometimes called Metacoms War or Metacoms Rebellion,[1] was an armed conflict between Indian inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Indian allies from 1675–1676. ...


During the twentieth century, the town was the site of a portion of the landing strips of the South Weymouth Naval Air Station. The airstrip closed in 1996 as a part of the fourth round of closures under the Base Realignment and Closure Act. Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) is a process of the United States federal government directed at the administration and operation of the US Armed Forces, used by the United States Department of Defense and Congress to close excess military installations and realign the total asset inventory in order to save...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.2 km²), of which, 10.0 square miles (26.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.79%) is water. Rockland ranks 307th out of 351 communities in the Commonwealth. Rockland is bordered by Weymouth to the northwest, Hingham to the northeast, Norwell to the northeast, Hanover to the east, Hanson to the south, Whitman to the southwest, and Abington to the west. Rockland is eight miles northeast of Brockton, and twenty-two miles south of Boston. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk Settled 1630 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Sue Kay (D) Area  - Total 21. ... Hingham is a town in Plymouth County on the South Shore of Massachusetts. ... Norwell is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth Settled 1649 Incorporated 1727 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 15. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Plymouth County Settled 1632 Incorporated 1820 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  15. ... Whitman is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Nickname: Motto: †Land of many Beavers† Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth Settled 1668 Incorporated 1712 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 10. ... Nickname: Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth County Settled 1700 Incorporated 1821 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor James E. Harrington (D) Area  - City  21. ... Boston redirects here. ...


Rockland, as its name suggests, is dominated by rocky lands. There are several ponds throughout the town, including Accord Pond at the junction with Hingham and Norwell, and Studleys Pond just south of Rockland Center. There are several brooks throughout town, one of which is sourced at the Abington-Rockland Reservoir near the northeast corner of town. Beech Hill lies at the south of town, and Wyman Fields lies to the north of it. There are several parks throughout the town, as well as a small town forest just south of the Naval Air Station.


A short stretch (2/3 of a mile long) of Massachusetts Route 3 crosses the northeast corner of town, granting access to Route 228, which terminates just south of the highway. Route 123 and Route 139 pass from west to east just south of the center of town, running coextensively for roughly 2/3 of a mile. Massachusetts Route 3 is a southward continuation of U.S. Highway 3, connecting Boston, Massachusetts with Cape Cod. ... Route 228 is a south-north state highway in Massachusetts that, northbound, runs from Route 3 in Rockland to Hull. ... Route 123 is a southwest-northeast state highway in Massachusetts that runs from the Massachusetts-Rhode Island state line in Attleboro northeastward to Scituate. ... Route 139 is a west-east state highway in Massachusetts. ...


A spur of the Old Colony Line formerly ran through the town; that line is now abandoned. The Old colony line does, however, pass through neighboring Weymouth, Abington and Whitman, as part of the Kingston-Route 3 line of the MBTA's commuter rail. There are stops in South Weymouth (alongside the Naval Air Station) and Abington (just south of Route 123), not far from the town line. There is no commercial air service in town; the nearest national and international air service can be reached at Logan International Airport in Boston. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [2] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts area. ... For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ...


Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 17,670 people, 6,539 households, and 4,583 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,763.1 people per square mile (680.9/km²). There were 6,649 housing units at an average density of 663.4/sq mi (256.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.81% White, 5.71% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.79% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 6,539 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.23. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $50,613, and the median income for a family was $60,088. Males had a median income of $41,361 versus $31,907 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,068. About 6.1% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Statistically, Rockland is the 103rd most populaced community in the Commonwealth, just below the state average. Rockland is the 62nd most densely populated community in the Commonwealth, and the fourth most densely populated in Plymouth County.


Government

On the national level, Rockland is a part of Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, and has been represented since 1997 by Bill Delahunt. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Ted Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, up for re-election in 2008, is John Kerry. The 10th District includes the South Shore of Massachusetts, running from Quincy to Weymouth and Abington and includes all of Cape Cod, Nantucket and Marthas Vineyard. ... William D. (Bill) Delahunt (born July 18, 1941), has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1997, representing the 10th District of Massachusetts. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... For other persons named Ted Kennedy, see Ted Kennedy (disambiguation). ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ...


On the state level, Rockland is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Fifth Plymouth district, which includes the towns of Hanover and Norwell. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Norfolk and Plymouth District, which includes Abington, Holbrook, Quincy, and part of Braintree.[3] The town is patrolled by the First (Norwell) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[4] The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... Massachusettes State Police patch The Massachusetts State Police (MSP) is an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety responsible for criminal law enforcement and traffic vehicle regulation across the state. ...


Rockland is governed by the open town meeting form of government, and is led by an executive secretary and a board of selectmen. The town has its own police and fire department; the police department is located near the eastern junction of Routes 123 and 139 and the fire department is located along Union Street, the town's main street. The fire department also has its own ambulance service, which brings emergency cases to South Shore Hospital in Weymouth or Brockton Hospital in Brockton. The town's post office is located off of that street, around the corner from the fire station. The Rockland Memorial Library is located on Union Street, and is a member of the Old Colony Library Network (OCLN) and the Southeastern Massachusetts Library System (SEMLS). An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ...


The current Board of Selectmen is as follows:

  • James Simpson 2010[Chairman]
  • Lawrence J. Chaffee 2009 [Vice-Chairman]
  • Michael E. Zupkofska 2010
  • Michael Johnson 2011
  • Deborah O'Brien 2011

Education

Rockland operates its own school system for the town's approximately 2,500 students. There are three elementary schools (Jefferson, Memorial Park and R. Stewart Esten) which serve students from first through fifth grades; only Jefferson houses kindergarten students. The John W. Rogers Middle School is located adjacent to Memorial Park, in the former high school building, and serves sixth through eight grades. Rockland High School is located around the corner from the park, and serves ninth through twelfth grade students. Rockland High's athletics teams are known as the Bulldogs, and their colors are navy blue and white. They compete in the Patriot League, and their rivals are Duxbury, Abington and Hingham.


In addition to the high school, students may attend South Shore Vocational Technical High School in Hanover free of charge. The town also has two private schools, Calvary Chapel Academy and Holy Family School. Calvary Chapel Academy is a growing Christian school currently serving from kindergarten through ninth grade, currently expanding towards a full grade range. The Holy Family Church is a Catholic parochial school which extends to eighth grade, and is associated with the Holy Family Church of Rockland. There are also other private schools in the nearby towns.


Notable residents

For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ... Brian Duffy Brian Duffy (Colonel, USAF, Ret. ... Jonathan Frederick Togo (born August 25, 1977) is an American actor. ... CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ... George V. Higgins (13 November 1939 – 6 November 1999) was a United States author, lawyer, newspaper columnist, and college professor. ... Louis Sergio Antonelli (Lou Antonelli) (born January 6, 1957 in Medford, Massachusetts) is an American science fiction and fantasy writer who resides in Hooks, Texas. ... Patrick John Ladd[1], professionally referred to as PJ Ladd, (born January 11, 1983, Rockland, Massachusetts) is a professional skateboarder who rides for Plan B Skateboards, éS Footwear, Venture Trucks, Hubba Wheels, Jessup Griptape. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...

References

  1. ^ Rockland Historical Commission - Chronology
  2. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  4. ^ Station D-1, SP Norwell

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