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Encyclopedia > Rocket vessel
A ship firing Congreve rockets
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A ship firing Congreve rockets

A rocket vessel was a ship equipped with rockets as a weapon. The most famous ship of this type was HMS Erebus (1807), which at the Battle of Baltimore in 1814 provided the "rockets' red glare" that was memorialized by Francis Scott Key in The Star-Spangled Banner. This article needs to be wikified. ... A Redstone rocket, part of the Mercury program A rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving exhaust gas from within a rocket engine. ... HMS Erebus was a Royal Navy rocket vessel built in 1807, converted to an 18-gun sloop in 1808, to a fire ship in 1809, and to a 24-gun sixth-rate in 1810. ... The American defense of Baltimores Fort McHenry in this battle inspired Francis Scott Key to compose the poem which would become the national anthem of the United States, The Star Spangled Banner. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Francis Scott Key (August 1, 1779 - January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer and amateur poet. ... Nicholson took the copy Key gave him to a printer, where it was published as a broadside on September 17 under the title The Defence of Fort McHenry, with an explanatory note explaining the circumstances of its writing. ...


Rocket vessels were also used by the Royal Navy in the attack on the French fleet at Boulogne-sur-Mer in 1806 and at the second Battle of Copenhagen in 1807. At the Battle of the Basque Roads in 1809, there were no less than three vessels participating that had been fitted to throw rockets: King George, Nimrod, and Whiting. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Boulogne-sur-Mer is a city and commune in northern France, in the Pas-de-Calais département of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The second Battle of Copenhagen, which lasted from 16 August to 5 September 1807, was, like the first battle of Copenhagen, an attack by the British on the Danish capital of Copenhagen. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas Cochrane already had a distinguished career in the British Navy when he destroyed much of the French fleet in 1809 at The Battle Of Basque Roads. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The Congreve rockets of this period were highly inaccurate and unreliable, and were primarily used as a pyschological weapon of terror in conjunction with other, more effective, weapons, such as mortar shells thrown by bomb vessels. This article needs to be wikified. ...


The Erebus was equipped with a 32-pound rocket battery installed below the main deck, which fired through portholes or scuttles pierced in the ship's side. Some of the other rocket vessels used by the Royal Navy were small boats, rather than ships. These carried a rocket launcher frame supported by a mast and raised and lowered by means of halyards. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... In sailing, a halyard is a line (rope) that is used to hoist (pull up) a sail or a yard to which a sail has been attached (bent on). ...


In World War II, Royal Navy destroyers carried an anti-submarine rocket weapon called the hedgehog. Modern warships carry a variety of rocket-powered missile weapons. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: Immense human sacrifice, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons - the atom bomb being the ultimate. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... An anti-submarine weapon is any weapon system designed for anti-submarine warfare (ASW), that is to attack and destroy enemy submarines and other underwater devices. ... An anti-submarine weapon developed by the Royal Navy during World War II, the Hedgehog was deployed on convoy escort warships such as destroyers to supplement the depth charge. ... A missile (British English: miss-isle; U.S. English: missl) is, in general, a projectile—that is, something thrown or otherwise propelled. ...


External links

  • British Rockets at Fort McHenry

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rocket - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3034 words)
rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving exhaust gas from within a rocket engine.
At the Battle of Baltimore in 1814, the rockets fired on Fort McHenry by the rocket vessel HMS Erebus were the source of the rockets' red glare described by Francis Scott Key in The Star-Spangled Banner.
Rockets became extremely military important in the form of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) when it was realised that nuclear weapons carried on a rocket vehicle were essentially not defensible against once launched, and they became the delivery platform of choice for these weapons.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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