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Encyclopedia > Rock of Cashel
An old view of the Rock of Cashel from the town.
An old view of the Rock of Cashel from the town.

The Rock of Cashel, also known as Cashel of the Kings, is an historic site in Ireland's province of Munster, located at Cashel, County Tipperary.The Rock of Cashel served as the traditional seat of the Kings of Munster for several hundred years prior to the Norman invasion, though few remnants if any of the early structures survive. The majority of buildings on the current site date from the 12th and 13th centuries. Cashel is reputed to be the site of the conversion of the King of Munster by St. Patrick in the 5th century A.D. The buildings which crown the Rock of Cashel present a mass and outline of great complexity, rivalling other sites in western Europe. The complex has a character of its own, unique and native, and is one of the most remarkable collections of Celtic art and medieval architecture to be found anywhere in Europe.
Rock of Cashel This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Rock of Cashel This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... During late Gaelic and early historic times Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the tuatha. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... Cashel (An Caisleán in Irish, meaning the castle) is a town in County Tipperary, in the southern midlands of Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: North: Nenagh South: Clonmel Code: North: TN South: TS Area: 4,303 km² Population (2006) 149,040[[1]] County Tipperary (Contae Thiobraid Árann in Irish) is a county in the Republic of Ireland, and situated in the province of Munster. ... Norman may refer to: M.E. Norman, a steamboat that capsized in Memphis in 1925 Normans, a people who colonized Normandy and conquered England Norman architecture, styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans Norman dynasty, a series of monarchs who ruled England and/or Normandy Norman language, a Romance... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Muiredacha Cross. ... Church of the Intercession on the Nerl(1165) - an archetypal example of early Russian architecture. ...


Buildings on the Rock

The round tower and cathedral stand out on top of the site.
The round tower and cathedral stand out on top of the site.

The earliest and most lofty of the Cashel edifices is the round tower, a very perfectly preserved 28 metre (90 feet) high example, which dates from c.1100. Its entrance is 12 feet from the ground, suggesting that it was occasionally used as a refuge. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 170 KB) Description: The exterior of the Rock of Cashel in Ireland. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 170 KB) Description: The exterior of the Rock of Cashel in Ireland. ... The round tower at Glendalough, Ireland, is approximately thirty metres tall A round tower was primarily a bell tower, or belfry, as the Irish form of the name cloictheach clearly indicates, and as was proved by George Petrie as long ago as 1845 and never seriously challenged since. ... A cathedral is a religious building for worship, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican and some Lutheran churches, which serves as a bishops seat, and thus as the central church of a diocese. ... The round tower at Glendalough, Ireland, is approximately thirty metres tall A round tower was primarily a bell tower, or belfry, as the Irish form of the name cloictheach clearly indicates, and as was proved by George Petrie as long ago as 1845 and never seriously challenged since. ... Events William II of England dies in a hunting accident - Henry I becomes King of England King Henry I proclaims the Charter of Liberties, one of the first examples of a constitution. ...


The Chapel of King Cormac, Cormac's Chapel, consecrated in 1134, is the most important building from the point of view of the modern visitor. Begun in 1127, it is a very sophisticated structure, unlike most Irish Romanesque churches which are simple in plan with isolated decorated features. The Abbot of Regensburg sent two of his carpenters to help in the work and the twin towers on either side of the junction of the nave and chancel are strongly suggestive of their Germanic influence, as this feature is otherwise unknown in Ireland. Other notable features of the building include, interior and exterior arcading, a barrel-vaulted roof, a carved tympanum over both doorways, the magnificent North Doorway and Chancel Arch. It also contains one of the best preserved Irish frescos from this time period. Events Baalbeck taken by Genghis Khan House of Brandenburg begins when Albrecht the Bear is made head of the Nordmark St. ... Conrad III establishes the Hohenstaufen dynasty when he is crowned antiking to the Holy Roman Emperor, Lothair II. First coalition of the Norman princes against Roger II of Sicily. ... Romanesque St. ... Abbots coat of arms The word abbot, meaning father, has been used as a Christian clerical title in various, mainly monastic, meanings. ... Schottenportal The Benedictine abbey of St James (Jakobskirche) in Regensburg, Germany, was founded by Hiberno-Scottish missionaries and for most of its history was in the hands of first Irish, then Scottish monks. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... Barrel vault In architecture, a barrel vault is an extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance. ... A pediment is a classical architectural element consisting of a triangular section or gable found above the horizontal superstructure (entablature) which lies immediately upon the columns. ...

The cathedral has a tower at the centre of its cruciform layout.
The cathedral has a tower at the centre of its cruciform layout.

The Cathedral, built between 1235 and 1270, is an aisle-less building of cruciform plan, having a central tower and terminating westwards in a massive residential castle. The Hall of the Vicars Choral was built in the fifteenth century. The vicars choral were laymen (sometimes minor canons) appointed to assist in chanting the cathedral services. At Cashel there were originally eight vicars choral with their own seal. This was later reduced to five honorary vicars choral who appointed singing-men as their deputies, a practice which continued until 1836. The restoration of the Hall was undertaken by the Office of Public Works as a project in connection with the European Architectural Heritage Year, 1975. It is now the building through which visitors enter the site. Download high resolution version (768x1024, 182 KB)Inside the Rock of Cashel. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 182 KB)Inside the Rock of Cashel. ... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... The Vicars Choral are the men of the Cathedral Choir. ... Seal on envelope A seal is an impression printed on, embossed upon, or affixed to a document (or any other object) in order to authenticate it, in lieu of or in addition to a signature. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Office of Public Works (OPW) is responsible for Irish Government and historic buildings in the Republic of Ireland. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...

An exterior view of the site.
An exterior view of the site.

In 1647, during the Irish Confederate Wars, Cashel was sacked by English Parliamentarian troops under Murrough O'Brien, Earl of Inchiquin. The Irish Confederate troops there were massacred, as were the Roman Catholic clergy, including Theobald Stapleton. Inchiquin's troops also looted or destroyed many important religious artifacts.
Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 447 pixel Image in higher resolution (2619 × 1463 pixel, file size: 631 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of the Rock of Cashel from the outside (not sure which direction). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 447 pixel Image in higher resolution (2619 × 1463 pixel, file size: 631 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of the Rock of Cashel from the outside (not sure which direction). ... 1647 (MDCXLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Irish Confederate Wars were fought in Ireland between 1641 and 1653. ... Theobald Stapleton, alias Teabóid Gallduf or Gallduff (1589 - 13 September 1647), was an Irish Roman Catholic priest born in County Kilkenny, Ireland. ...


Other features

High Cross at the Rock of Cashel.
High Cross at the Rock of Cashel.
High Cross at the Rock of Cashel.
High Cross at the Rock of Cashel.

The grounds around the buildings are home to an extensive graveyard, which includes a number of high crosses, such as those pictured. The entire plateau atop the rock, on which the buildings and graveyard lie, is walled. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (939x1280, 408 KB) Edited by Fir0002 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Christian cross Rock of Cashel Wikipedia:List of images/Architecture Wikipedia:Featured pictures thumbs 01... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (939x1280, 408 KB) Edited by Fir0002 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Christian cross Rock of Cashel Wikipedia:List of images/Architecture Wikipedia:Featured pictures thumbs 01... Download high resolution version (768x1025, 115 KB)High Cross at the Rock of Cashel. ... Download high resolution version (768x1025, 115 KB)High Cross at the Rock of Cashel. ... High Cross, Dysert, Co. ...


External links

  • Rock of Cashel - official site
  • Website with a large amount of photos of Cashel and the Rock of Cashel
  • Site About Tipperary with information and images of Cashel

Coordinates: 52°31′05″N, 7°54′41″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Historic Irish Houses and Castles

Áras an Uachtaráin | Allenstown House | Ardbraccan House | Ardgillan Castle | Ashford Castle | Ashtown Castle | Avondale House | Ballymore Castle | Bantry House | Barberstown Castle | Birr Castle | Black Castle | Blarney Castle | Bourchier's Castle | Bunratty Castle | Cahir Castle | Carrickmines Castle | Carton House | Castleknock Castle | Castle Durrow | Castletown House | Chichester House | Clonalis House | Clontarf Castle | Darver Castle | Deerfield |Desmond Castle | Donegal castle | Doonagore Castle | Drimnagh Castle | Dromoland Castle | Dublin Castle | Dunboy Castle | Dunguaire Castle | Durhamstown Castle | Emo Court | Farmleigh | Frescati House | Foulksrath Castle | Grianan of Aileach | Howth Castle | Iveagh House | Kilkea Castle | Kilkenny Castle | King John's Castle | Kinnitty Castle | Knappogue Castle | Leap Castle | Leinster House | Lismore Castle | Malahide Castle | Maynooth Castle | Mansion House | Middleton Park House | Mornington House | Muckross House | O'Dea Castle | Ormonde Castle | Parkavonear Castle | Powerscourt House | Rathfarnham Castle | Redwood Castle | Rock of Cashel | Rock of Dunamase | Ross Castle | Russborough House | Slane Castle | Swords Castle | Trim Castle | Tyrone House Áras an Uachtaráin (formerly the Viceregal Lodge) is the official residence of the President of Ireland, located in the Phoenix Park on the Northside of Dublin1. ... Allenstown House was a large 5-bay, 4 storey Georgian mansion in County Meath, Ireland. ... Ardbraccan House (known sometimes historically as Ardbraccan Palace) is a large Palladian county house in County Meath in the Republic of Ireland. ... Ardgillan Castle (Ardgillan Demesne) is a large country house in Balbriggan Dublin with castellated embellishments. ... Ashford Castle, viewed from Lough Corrib. ... Astown Castle is a 16th Century fortfied house in the Phoenix Park in Dublin. ... Avondale House, Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland is the birthplace and home of Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-1891) one of the greatest political leaders of Irish history. ... Ballymore Castle in Lawrencetown, County Galway, Ireland was originally a Madden tower house of the 15th century, to which a house was added in 1620 and much altered since. ... Bantry House is a historic house with gardens in Bantry, County Cork, Ireland. ... The castle. ... Lough Gur reaches up to a maintained lawn at the visitor area at the lake. ... View from the top of the castle of the surrounding grounds Kissing the Blarney Stone See Also Blarney Stone of Eloquence External Links Official Blarney Castle Website Categories: Ireland geography stubs | Europe buildings and structures stubs | Castles in Ireland ... Lough Gur reaches up to a maintained lawn at the visitor area at the lake. ... Bunratty Castle Bunratty Castle,Newmarket-on-Fergus,County Clare, Ireland is of Norman Architecture. ... Categories: Ireland-place stubs | Castles in Ireland ... Carrickmines Castle is a controversial archeological site in County Dublin, in eastern Ireland. ... Carton House is one of Irelands greatest stately homes and one time ancestral seat of the Earls of Kildare and Dukes of Leinster. ... Castleknock Castle is the ruins of a Norman castle in the grounds of Castleknock College in Castleknock, Dublin, Ireland. ... Castle Durrow is a country house in Ireland, built between 1712-1716 by Colonel William Flower (later to become Viscount Ashbrook) as a family home. ... Castletown House, Irelands finest Palladian country house, is an imposing building built in 1722 for William Connolly, the Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. ... Chichester House or Carews House was a building in College Green (formerly Hoggen Green), Dublin, Ireland used in the 17th Century to house the Irish Parliament. ... Clontarf Castle was built in 1172. ... Deerfield is currently the official residence of the United States Ambassador to Ireland and was formerly the official residence of the Chief Secretary in Ireland before Irish independence. ... Desmond Castle is an example of an urban tower house located in the town of Kinsale in County Cork, Ireland. ... Donegal Castle showing keep, on right, and Jacobean wing. ... Doonagore Castle, overlooking Doolin and the Atlantic Ocean Doonagore Castle is a 14th Century round tower house with a small walled enclosure, located on the outskirts of the small, coastal town of Doolin in County Clare, Ireland. ... Drimnagh Castle is a Norman castle located in Drimnagh, a suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... A large castle and five star hotel in County Clare, Ireland. ... Dublin Castle. ... Remains of Dunboy castle Alternative view of the castle View inland from Dunboy castle View across the bay Translation: In memory of the heroes who fell in Dunboy on behalf of country and faith in May 1602. ... Dunguaire Castle (Irish: Dún Guaire) is a 16th century tower house on the southeastern shore of Galway Bay in County Galway, Ireland, near Kinvara. ... 1885 Map showing the location of Durhamstown Castle Durhamstown Castle is a 500 year old towerhouse in County Meath in Ireland. ... Emo Court, located in the village of Emo in County Laois, Ireland, is a large neo-classical mansion, formal and symmetrical in its design and with beautifully proportioned rooms inside. ... Farmleigh was formerly one of the Dublin residences of the Guinness brewing family. ... Impression of Frescati. ... Foulksrath Castle (Irish: Caislean Ratha) is a 15th century Norman tower house located in Jenkinstown in County Kilkenny, Ireland. ... Exterior view of Grianan of Aileach situated in County Donegal. ... Howth Castle lies close to the village of Howth, north of the city of Dublin in Ireland. ... Iveagh House is now the Department of Foreign Affairs as it was donated to the Irish State by the Guinness family in 1939. ... Kilkea Castle is located 5km northwest of Castledermot, co. ... Kilkenny Castle Kilkenny Castle is a castle in Kilkenny, Ireland. ... King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... The Knappogue Castle & Walled Garden, built in 1467, is located in County Clare, Ireland. ... Leap Castle Leap Castle is an Irish castle near the town of Birr in County Offaly. ... Leinster House The former palace of the Duke of Leinster. ... Lismore Castle, Co. ... Malahide Castle lies close to the village of Malahide 9 miles north of Dublin in Ireland. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Mansion House on Dawson Street, Dublin, is the official residence of the Lord Mayor of Dublin and has been since 1715. ... Mornington House was the Dublin social season georgian residence of the Earls of Mornington. ... Muckross House, Killarney, County Kerry Muckross House is located in Killarney, County Kerry, Ireland. ... ODea Castle near Corofin, Co. ... Ormonde Castle was the seat of the Butler family—Earls and later Dukes of Ormonde, who acquired the castle in 1315. ... Parkavonear Castle is a 13th Century Norman castle ruin, situated at Aghadoe, overlooking the lakes of Killarney, Ireland. ... Irish Palladianism. ... // Origins Rathfarnham Castle Rathfarnham Castle was originally an Anglo-Norman castle built to defend the Pale from the Irish clans in the nearby Wicklow Mountains. ... Redwood Castle (also known as Egan Castle or Caislean Choillte Rua in Irish) is in Lorrha, County Tipperary, Ireland. ... Dun Masc or the fort of Masc, as it was known by the Celts, is one of the most historic sites in Ireland. ... Ross Castle Ross Castle Ross Castle is the ancestral home of the ODonoghue clan. ... Irish Palladianism. ... Slane Castle is a castle located in Slane village, County Meath, in the Republic of Ireland. ... Swords Castle was built as the manorial residence of the Archbishops of Dublin around 1200 or a little later. ... Trim Castle (Dublin Side) Trim Castle, [[Trim] (Baile Atha Troim in Irish)], Ireland has an area of 30,000 m². It is the remains of the largest castle in Europe, which was Norman in origin, built primarily by Hugh de Lacy and his son Walter. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rock of Cashel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (550 words)
The Rock of Cashel, also known as Cashel of the Kings, is an historic site in Ireland's province of Munster, located at Cashel, County Tipperary.
The earliest and most lofty of the Cashel edifices is the round tower, a very perfectly preserved 28 metre (90 feet) high example, which dates from c.
In 1647, during the Irish Confederate Wars, Cashel was sacked by English Parliamentarian troops under Murrough O'Brien, Earl of Inchiquinn.
Rock of Cashel, Cashel, Tipperary, Ireland - VisitClonmel (603 words)
Rock of Cashel, Cashel, Tipperary, Ireland - VisitClonmel
The Rock of Cashel is composed of four structures which are the Hall of the Vicars Choral, the cathedral, the round tower, and Cormac's Chapel.
In the 4th century, the Rock of Cashel was chosen as a abse of power by the Eoghanachta clan from Wales.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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