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Encyclopedia > Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape)
Location: District of Columbia, USA
Nearest city: Washington, D.C.
Coordinates: 38°57′10″N, 77°2′30″W
Area: 2,820.34 acres (11.41 km²)
Established: September 27, 1890
Visitation: 2,115,516 (in 2004)
Governing body: National Park Service

Rock Creek Park is an urban natural area with public park facilities which bisects Washington, D.C. East of the park, except for a few enclaves, the city has a decidedly urban character. To the west, the city is more bucolic. A majority of foreign embassies are located to the west, as well as the colonial town of Georgetown. The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links US_Locator_Blank. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 95 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... For the Korean family name Park, see Korean name. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Georgetown is a neighborhood of Washington, DC, the capital of the United States. ...

Contents


Resources

There are many areas administered by the park.


Rock Creek Park

The park itself contains 1755 acres (7 km²) along the Rock Creek Valley — more than twice the size of Central Park in New York City. The major portion of the area lies north of the National Zoo, and was established by act of Congress made law by President Benjamin Harrison on September 27, 1890, the same year that Yosemite National Park was established. A later addition of the Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway extended the park along a narrow corridor from the zoo to the mouth of Rock Creek at the Potomac River. In 1933, Rock Creek Park, along with other National Capital Parks, was transferred to the jurisdiction of the National Park Service. Legislative language from its establishment, and the character of the park itself, suggests that it is among the oldest of America's national parks. An acre is an English unit of area, which is also frequently used in the United States and some Commonwealth countries. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A Central Park landscape Central Park (, ) is a large public, urban park (843 acres or 3. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... The front entrance to the National Zoo The elephant exhibit at the National Zoo The Smithsonian National Zoological Park, commonly known in the United States as the National Zoo, is a zoo located in Washington, D.C. Founded in 1889, it consists of two distinct installations: a 163 acre (0. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Benjamin Harrison VI (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was the 23rd President of the United States. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 95 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Yosemite redirects here. ... Rock Creek is also the name of several cities in the United States: Rock Creek, Alabama, Rock Creek, Minnesota, Rock Creek, Ohio, and Rock Creek, Wisconsin. ... The Potomac River at Great Falls, MD from Olmsted Island, water relatively low The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ...


Recreation facilities include equestrian trails; sport venues, including a tennis stadium which hosts major professional events; a nature center and planetarium; an outdoor concert venue; and picnic and playground facilities. Rock Creek Park also maintains cultural exhibits, including the Peirce Mill and Civil War fortifications, such as Fort Stevens. Rock Creek is a popular venue for jogging and cycling, as well as the path of a major traffic throughfare, the Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway, especially along the portion south of the zoo. Combatants Union (remaining U.S. states) Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 94,000 Total dead: 258,000 Wounded: 137,000+  The... Fort Stevens is a decommisioned American military fort in the state of Oregon that guarded the mouth of the Columbia River. ...


The parklands follow the course of Rock Creek across the D.C.-Maryland border to connect with Rock Creek Stream Valley Park and Rock Creek Regional Park in Montgomery County. The Maryland parks are operated by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. Official language(s) None Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 42nd 32,160 km² 145 km 400 km 21 37°53N to 39°43N 75°4W to 79°33W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 19th 5,296,486 165... Montgomery County is a suburban county located in the state of Maryland north of Washington, D.C.. The county, sometimes referred to informally as MoCo, is the most populous and affluent jurisidiction in Maryland. ... The Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (M-NCPPC) is bi-county agency that administers parks and planning in Montgomery and Prince Georges Counties in Maryland. ...


"Rock Creek Historic District" was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 23, 1991. The National Register of Historic Places is the USAs official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In May of 2002, the remains of missing Federal Bureau of Prisons intern Chandra Levy were found in Rock Creek Park. Police had been searching for her for over a year. The Federal Bureau of Prisons is a subdivision of the United States Department of Justice, and is responsible for the administration of the federal prison system. ... Chandra Levy Chandra Ann Levy (April 14, 1977– probably May 1, 2001) was an intern who worked at the Federal Bureau of Prisons in Washington, D.C., and is notable for disappearing after allegedly having an affair with then-U.S. Representative Gary Condit, a Democrat representing Californias 18th...


Rock Creek Park is home to at least one urban legend, The Bunnyman, or the rabbitman. There is reported to be a humanoid type figure, that is either dressed in a bunny suit, or is half rabbit, that kills people in the wooded areas of the park. The legend is orally circulated among residents of D.C.


Battleground National Cemetery

Battleground National Cemetery, located at 6625 Georgia Avenue, NW, was established shortly after the Battle of Fort Stevens in the summer of 1864. The battle marked the defeat of General Jubal A. Early's Confederate campaign to launch an offensive action against the poorly defended Nation's Capital. The Battle of Fort Stevens was also to gain notoriety as being the only military action in which a sitting President of the United States (Abraham Lincoln) came under direct fire from an enemy force. Georgia Avenue is a major through north-south artery in Washington, DC. It begins as 7th Street, S.W., at Maine Avenue SW, at the Waterfront. ... Battle of Fort Stevens Conflict American Civil War Date July 11-12, 1864 Place District of Columbia Result Union victory The Battle of Fort Stevens was fought in Washington D.C. in Jubal Earlys attempt to seize the city of Washington. ... Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 – March 2, 1894) was a lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. ... The presidential seal was used by president Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president from the Republican Party. ...


The cemetery was administratively listed on the National Register on October 15, 1966. October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ...


Meridian Hill Park

Further information: Meridian Hill Park

A thirteen-basin cascade fountain is one of the most dramatic features of Meridian Hill Park. ...

Montrose and Dumbarton Oaks Parks

Montrose Park occupies land that belonged to Robert Parrott. Adjacent to it is Dumbarton Oak Park, which preserves the grounds of the former Dumbarton Oaks estate. The house is not part of the park. Dumbarton Oaks is a nineteenth-century mansion located in the Georgetown section of Washington, DC. It houses the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, a leading center for scholarship in Byzantine studies, Pre-Columbian studies and the history of landscape architecture. ...


Both parks were listed on the National Register on May 28, 1967. May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


Old Stone House

The Old Stone House, one of the oldest known structures remaining in the nation's capital, is a simple 18th century dwelling built and inhabited by common people. Its beautiful English garden is a popular and tranquil oasis in the busy shopping district of Georgetown. The house itself is a popular museum to everyday life of middle class colonial America.


The house was listed on the National Register on November 30, 1973. November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining, as the final day of November. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


Peirce Mill

Peirce Mill is a water powered grist mill in Rock Creek Park. There were at least eight mills along Rock Creek within what is now Washington D.C., and many more further upstream in Montgomery County, Maryland. Of those eight, only Peirce Mill is still standing. A grist mill is a place where grains are ground into flour. ... Montgomery County is a suburban county located in the state of Maryland north of Washington, D.C.. The county, sometimes referred to informally as MoCo, is the most populous and affluent jurisidiction in Maryland. ...


It was built in the 1820s by Isaac Peirce along with a house, barn, and other buildings. It was later owned by a son, Joshua Peirce, and a nephew Peirce Shoemaker. It became part of Rock Creek Park when the park was created in the 1890s.


The family consistently spelled their name "Peirce" (except for some of Isaac Peirce ancestors who went by Pearce). Others often use "Pierce" but not the family. Evidence includes family gravestones, family bible and estate book from Joshua Peirce, and living descendants who still use the old spelling.


The mill was listed on the National Register on March 24, 1969. March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ...


The mill is currently not open for tours because of repair work.


Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway

Further information: Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway

The parkway as seen from the Pennsylvania avenue bridge looking north. ...

Administrative history

Congressional authorizations:

September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 95 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... -1... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
IA DNR: State Parks (414 words)
Rock Creek is a popular picnic spot and the open picnic shelter may be reserved for a fee.
Rock Creek is one of central Iowa's camping hotspots.
Rock Creek is one of central Iowa's major state parks and was officially dedicated on August 24, 1952.
Washington, DC--Rock Creek Park (501 words)
Rock Creek Park is a natural reserve within a heavily urbanized area and in this respect it is unusual.
The Park is located along Rock Creek and tributaries from the National Zoo to the DC boundary.
Rock Creek Parkway is a public parkway accessible to the public during all hours of the day.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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