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Encyclopedia > Roch
Saints Portal
Saint Roch

Saint Roch
Pilgram
Born c.1295, Montpellier, France
Died 1327
Feast August 16
Attributes Wound of thigh, dog offering bread
Patronage pilgrims, against diseases (especially the plague), gravediggers, second-hand dealers
Saints Portal

Saint Roch (Latin: Rochus; Italian: Rocco; French: Roch; Spanish and Portuguese: Roque; c. 129516 August 1327) was a Christian Saint, a confessor whose death is commemorated on 16 August; he is specially invoked against the plague. Image File history File links Gloriole. ... Image File history File links Saint_Roch. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint symbology was important to people who couldnt read because they can figure out what symbols mean. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - Edward III becomes King of England. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christianity. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ... The title confessor is used in the Christian Church in two separate ways. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411) The Black Death, or Black Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history. ...

Contents

Biography

According to his Acta and his vita in Legenda Aurea, he was born at Montpellier, France, about 1295, the son of the noble governor of that city (French Father, Italian Mother). Even his birth was accounted a miracle for his mother had been barren until she prayed to the Virgin Mary. Miraculously marked from birth with a red cross on his breast that grew as he did, he early began to manifest strict asceticism and great devoutness; on days when his "devout mother fasted twice in the week, and the blessed child Rocke abstained him twice also, when his mother fasted in the week, and would suck his mother but once that day" (Legenda Aurea). The story of St George and the dragon is one of many stories of the saints preserved in the Golden Legend. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... Ascetic redirects here. ...


On the death of his parents in his twentieth year he distributed all his worldly goods among the poor like Francis of Assisi— though his father on his deathbed had ordained him governor of Montpellier— and set out as a mendicant pilgrim (a habit in which he is generally portrayed). Coming to Italy during an epidemic of plague, he was very diligent in tending the sick in the public hospitals at Acquapendente, Cesena and Rome, and is said to have effected many miraculous cures by prayer and the sign of the cross and the touch of his hand. At Rome he preserved the cardinal of Angleria in Lombardy (perhaps Angera) by making the mark of the cross on his forehead, which miraculously remained (Legenda Aurea). Ministering at Piacenza he himself fell ill. He was expelled from the town; and withdrew into the forest, where he made himself a hut of boughs and leaves, which was miraculously supplied with water by a spring that arose in the place; he would have perished had not a dog belonging to a nobleman named Gothard supplied him with bread. The lord Gothard, following his hunting dog that carried the bread, discovered Saint Roch and became his acolyte. Saint Francis of Assisi (1182—October 3, 1226) was a Roman Catholic friar and the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans. ... Bubonic plague is the best-known variant of the deadly infectious disease plague, which is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. ... A city and historical diocese in Italy. ... Cesena (ancient Caesena) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, south of Ravenna and west of Rimini, on the Savio River, co-chief of the Province of Forlì-Cesena. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban... The Sign of the Cross is performed mainly within Latin and Eastern Rite Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, and Lutheranism. ... Piacenza (Placentia in Latin and old-fashioned English, Piasëinsa in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy. ...


On his return incognito to Montpellier he was arrested as a spy (by orders of his own uncle) and thrown into prison, where he languished five years and died on 16 August 1327, without revealing his name, to avoid worldly glory. After his death, according to Legenda Aurea" August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - Edward III becomes King of England. ...

"anon an angel brought from heaven a table divinely written with letters of gold into the prison, which he laid under the head of S. Rocke. And in that table was written that God had granted to him his prayer, that is to wit, that who that calleth meekly to S. Rocke he shall not be hurt with any hurt of pestilence."

The townspeople recognized him as well by his birthmark; he was soon canonized, and a great church erected in veneration


When the Council of Constance was threatened with plague in 1414, public processions and prayers for the intercession of Roch were ordered, and the outbreak ceased. The Council of Constance was an ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, called by the Emperor Sigismund, a supporter of Antipope John XXIII, the pope recently elected at Pisa. ...

Statue of St Roch in Prague (1751)
Statue of St Roch in Prague (1751)
Saint-Roch, Paris, by Lemercier, begun 1653: pen-and-ink drawing by Charles Norry, 1787
Saint-Roch, Paris, by Lemercier, begun 1653: pen-and-ink drawing by Charles Norry, 1787

His cult spread through Spain, France, Belgium, Italy and Germany, when he was often interpolated into the roster of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, whose veneration spread in the wake of the Black Death. The magnificent 16th-century Scuola Grande di San Rocco and the adjacent church were dedicated to him by a confraternity at Venice, where his body was said to have been surreptitiously translated; the Scuola Grande is famous for its sequence of paintings by Tintoretto, who painted St Roch in glory on a ceiling canvas (1564). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 369 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (751 × 1219 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Saint Roch (Rochus) statue from 1751 in Prague, Czech Republic located in front of church of Our Lady the Victorious (kostel Panny Marie VítÄ›zn... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 369 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (751 × 1219 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Saint Roch (Rochus) statue from 1751 in Prague, Czech Republic located in front of church of Our Lady the Victorious (kostel Panny Marie VítÄ›zn... Nickname: City of a Hundred Spires Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (512x703, 114 KB) Norry: Croquis de lÉglise de St Roch, 1787 Source: http://gallica. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (512x703, 114 KB) Norry: Croquis de lÉglise de St Roch, 1787 Source: http://gallica. ... Jacques Lemercier (c. ... Fourteen Holy Helpers The Fourteen Holy Helpers are a group of saints venerated together in Roman Catholicism because prayer to them was thought to be particularly effective, especially against various diseases. ... Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411) The Black Death, or Black Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history. ... The Chiesa di San Rocco (Church of St Roch) in Venice was built between 1489 and 1508 by Bartolomeo Bon the Younger, but was substantially altered in 1725. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... Tintoretto (real name Jacopo Comin) September 29, 1518 - May 31, 1594) was one of the greatest painters of the Venetian school and probably the last great painter of the Italian Renaissance. ...


Numerous brotherhoods have been instituted in his honour. He is usually represented in the garb of a pilgrim, with a wound in his thigh, accompanied by a dog carrying a loaf in its mouth. San Rocco became a patron saint of the city of Potenza, Italy along with San Gerardo. San Rocco's Feast day is celebrated by the Potenza Lodge in Denver, Colorado the 3rd weekend in August.


Saint Roch churches

Situation of the municipality of San Roque (Cádiz) Coat of Arms of San Roque San Roque is a small town in the south of Spain. ... There are parishes that have the name São Roque (Portuguese for Saint Roch): // São Roque, a parish in the municipality of Ponta Delgada São Roque do Pico, a parish and a municipality in the west-central part of the Azores São Roque, São Paulo S... Saint Roch Catholic Church in Kahuku is a parish of the Roman Catholic Church of Hawaii in the United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation) George Square and Glasgows City Chambers Glasgow is Scotlands largest city, located on the River Clyde in West Central Scotland. ... For other uses, see Staten Island (disambiguation) Staten Island, shown in an enhanced satellite image Staten Island is one of the five boroughs of New York City, located on an island of the same name on the west side of the Narrows at the entrance of New York Harbor. ... The Chiesa di San Rocco (Church of St Roch) in Venice was built between 1489 and 1508 by Bartolomeo Bon the Younger, but was substantially altered in 1725. ... It has been suggested that venices be merged into this article or section. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... House Tarija or San Bernardo de Tarija is a city in southern Bolivia, located 22. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Image:RI towns Johnston. ... Dunmore is a borough located in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. ... The City of Melbournes coat of arms The central business district of Melbourne, viewed from the north Alternate meanings: Melbourne (disambiguation) Melbourne is the capital and largest city of the state of Victoria, and the second largest city in Australia, with a population of 52,117 in the Central... Santa Barbara is a city in California, United States. ... The Indianapolis skyline Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... Marikina City is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. ... Motto : « Don de Dieu feray valoir Â» (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Quebec Official logo Country  Canada Province Québec Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Constitution date 1833 Geographical code 24 23027 Founder Foundation...

Trivia

  • A popular Spanish tonguetwister is El perro de san Roque no tiene rabo porque Ramón Ramírez se lo ha robado ("Saint Roch's dog has no tail because Ramón Ramírez stole it").
  • In Bolivia his day is celebrated as the "birthday of all dogs", in which the dogs around town can be seen with colourful ribbons tied to them. This is not as celebrated as it once was.
  • The main train station of Montpellier, France is named after St. Roch, as well as a church and many squares and streets.
  • In Bingen, Germany there is a St. Rochus pilgrimage church on top of a hill. Every year in August a one week pilgrimage -the "St. Rochusfest"- is held in memory of a 17th century vow of the city council.
  • Some churches that are named after the saint distribute, as a pietistic practice, the "bread of Saint Rocco" to parishioners on August 16th, his feast day.
  • Saint Rocco's Feast in Chicago was started by Bruno Bertucci, originally from Simbario, Catanzaro, in 1920. [1]. The festival happens every August at Santa Maria Incoronata Church, (now Saint Theresa Chinatown), W. 23rd Street.
  • According to Montague Summers The Vampire in Europe, St. Roch was prayed to in Poland to ward off vampire attacks.

A tongue-twister is a phrase in any language that is designed to be difficult to articulate properly. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Statue of St Roch in Prague (1751) Bruno Bertucci (1881-1933) was born in Simbario, Catanzaro, Calabria, Italy. ... Simbario is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 40 km southwest of Catanzaro and about 20 km east of Vibo Valentia. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ... The Godfather is a three-time Academy Award-winning 1972 crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola based on the best-selling novel of the same name by Mario Puzo — Puzo and Coppola collaborated on the screenplay. ... Augustus Montague Summers (10 April 1880 - 10 August 1948) was an eccentric British author and clergyman. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.sttheresechinatown.org/Saint%20Rocco%20Society.htm Saint Theresa Chinatown
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  • Acta sanctorum, August, iii.
  • Charles Cahier, Les Caracteristiques des saints, Paris, 1867

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links


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