FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rocco Buttiglione
Rocco Buttiglione.
Rocco Buttiglione.

Rocco Buttiglione (born on June 6, 1948) is an Italian Christian Democrat politician and an academic philosopher. He attracted controversy when he was proposed as a European Commissioner, because some of his views on morality were said to be too conservative—although he claims that they are merely statements of Catholic social teaching. Official picture of Rocco Buttiglione, from the Italian Parliaments Website. ... Official picture of Rocco Buttiglione, from the Italian Parliaments Website. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (Italian: Unione dei Democratici Cristiani e Democratici di Centro) is a political party in Italy formed by a merger of the former Centro Cristiano Democratico and Christiani Democratici Uniti parties. ... Philosopher in Meditation (detail), by Rembrandt. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive of the European Union. ...


He studied law in Turin and Rome, and is Professor of political science at Saint Pius V University in Rome. He was elected a Parliamentary Deputy for Milan in May 2001, and was the European Union Policy Minister in the government of Silvio Berlusconi. Turin (Italian: ; Piedmontese: Türín) is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC (mythical), early 1st millennium BC (archaeological) Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... Political science is an academic and research discipline that deals with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. ... Chamber of Deputies or Camera dei Deputati, one house of the bicameral parliamentary system, seats 630 members of which 475 are directly elected and 155 by regional proportional representation. ... Milan (Italian: Milano; Milanese: Milán) is the main city of northern Italy, and is located in the plains of Lombardy, the most populated and developed region in Italy. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ...


In May 2006, he was an unsuccesful candidate for the House of Freedoms for the city of Turin, polling just 29%, less than half the votes of incumbent mayor Sergio Chiamparino (The Union), who was confirmed. [1] Casa delle Libertà, or House of Freedoms in English, is an Italian right of center party alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Sergio Chiamparino (born September 1, 1948 in Moncalieri) is the current mayor of Turin, Italy. ... LUnione (The Union in English) is an Italian left-wing coalition of parties. ...

Contents


Previous political experience

Rocco Buttiglione was born in Gallipoli, Puglia. Satellite image of the Gallipoli peninsula and surrounding area Gallipoli, called Gelibolu in modern Turkish, (Greek: Καλλίπολις), is a town in northwestern Turkey. ... Apulia is a region of Italy (called Puglia in Italian), bordering on Molise to the north-west, Campania to the south-west, Basilicata to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the south-east. ...


Rocco Buttiglione first attained attention on the Italian political stage when he became secretary of the Popular party, the largest of the parties that emerged from the Democrazia Cristiana, formerly the largest party in Italy since World War II after the Tangentopoli corruption scandals, in 1994. Christian Democracy, (Democrazia Cristiana), the christian democratic party of Italy, commonly called the democristiani or DC, dominated government for nearly half a century until its demise amid a welter of corruption allegations in 1992-94. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... Bettino Craxi, viewed by many as the symbol of Tangentopoli, leader of the Italian Socialist Party, is greeted by a salvo of coins as a sign of loathing by protesters contesting him. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated like the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ...


The Popular party had presented itself along with Mario Segni in a centre alliance, in which came third after Silvio Berlusconi's and the left-wing coalition. In December 1994 the Berlusconi government came to an end as the Lega Nord left the coalition to a temporary coalition with the left wing and the Popular party; Buttiglione was then leading it. Silvio Berlusconi, outraged that he had been ousted by the Parliament, claimed that he had been chosen by the people and requested new elections; however, Lamberto Dini, a former minister of his government, was appointed by the president of the Republic, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro. Berlusconi had tense relationships with Lega Nord's leader, Umberto Bossi, and all involved in what he called the "ribaltone" for many years, but eventually both Bossi and Buttiglione would join forces with him to win the 2001 elections. (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ... The Northern League (Italian: Lega Nord) is an Italian political party that advocates autonomy for a part of Northern Italy called Padania. It is a personality-driven party led by Umberto Bossi. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in orange and red—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... Lamberto Dini (right) with William Cohen Lamberto Dini (born in Florence, March 1, 1931), is a former Italian Prime Minister (1995-1996) and Foreign Minister (1996-2001). ... Oscar Luigi Scalfaro [skalfaro] (born September 9, 1918) is an Italian politician and magistrate, member of the Catholic Democratic Party and President of the Italian Republic from 1992 to 1999, and lifetime senator. ... Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Since 2001, Buttiglione served as a minister for EU policies in Silvio Berlusconi's government.


Nominee for the European Commission

Reasons for the nomination

Following an increase of support for his Catholic, centrist political party, Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC), in a difficult period for Silvio Berlusconi's government, the party's leader, Marco Follini, could ask for more influence in the government. In particular, the UDC was lobbying against the powerful economy minister Giulio Tremonti, supported by Umberto Bossi's Lega Nord; Tremonti was later put out of office and replaced with the politically more neutral Domenico Siniscalco. The Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (Italian: Unione dei Democratici Cristiani e Democratici di Centro) is a political party in Italy formed by a merger of the former Centro Cristiano Democratico and Christiani Democratici Uniti parties. ... (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ... Marco Follini (born on 26 September 1954 in Rome, Italy) is a Italian politician, and National Secretary of the Democrats Centre Union party. ... ÁÁGiulio Tremonti (August 18, 1947, Sondrio, Lombardy) is an Italian politician and economist, and the current Italian minister of Economy and Finance under the government of Silvio Berlusconi. ... Umberto Bossi, with a green Padania-inspired handkerchief. ... The Northern League (Italian: Lega Nord) is an Italian political party that advocates autonomy for a part of Northern Italy called Padania. It is a personality-driven party led by Umberto Bossi. ...


Furthermore, according to the new balance of power inside the ruling coalition, the UDC was still entitled to more benefits, and it was decided that Rocco Buttiglione, already a minister in the government, would be Italy's member of the European Commission, and his place in the Italian government would be taken by another member of UDC. The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ...


Rocco Buttiglione was also indicated as qualified because he spoke foreign languages, among others English, German, French , Portuguese, Spanish and Polish. He certainly speaks German and English fluently. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Critics pointed out that proposing Buttiglione instead of the more prestigious Mario Monti, who had built himself a good reputation in the previous two commissions (and who was initially put in that office by Silvio Berlusconi himself in 1994), was hardly a good bargain for society, and was mostly aimed at solving short-term political issues. This was also perceived as a lack of respect of the authority of the European Commission by some. Mario Monti Mario Monti (nicknamed Super Mario) was born in Varese, Italy on March 19, 1943. ... (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ...


In 2004, José Manuel Durão Barroso included him on his list of nominees for the European Commission, with a designated portfolio of Justice, Freedom and Security. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs to be updated. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... Lady Justice - allegory of Justice as woman with sword and with book - statue at court building. ... Political freedom is the right, or the capacity, of self-determination as an expression of the individual will. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The Speech at the European Parliament and its consequences

The nomination proved controversial. As a Roman Catholic, Prof. Buttiglione believes that homosexuality is a sin, and that "The family exists in order to allow women to have children and to have the protection of a male who takes care of them" [2]. He has also defended his country's decision to return many of the thousands of illegal immigrants arriving each year. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholicism. ... The word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings over time. ... A family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family consists of a domestic group of people (or a number of domestic groups), typically affiliated by birth or marriage, or by comparable legal relationships — including domestic partnership, adoption, surname and (in some cases) ownership (as occurred in the Roman Empire). ... A woman is an adult female human, as contrasted with a man (an adult male), and a girl, (a female child). ... A child (plural: children) is a young human. ... Photograph of a nude man by Wilhelm von Gloeden, ca. ...


When he, albeit very carefully, stated these opinions in front of the European Parliament, reactions came from the parlamentarians and public opinion in many European countries.


In the tactful terminology of the EU, the PSE and Green/EFA groups "expressed reservations" regarding his ability to take positive political action in the area of citizens' rights, in particular as regards combating discrimination. On October 11 the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice And Home Affairs of the European Parliament voted by 27-26 not to endorse the nomination. After it became clear that a vote on October 27 in the European Parliament, to approve the Commission, would not succeed, José Manuel Durão Barroso withdrew his proposed commission. The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... The European Greens - European Free Alliance (The Greens/European Free Alliance; Greens/EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts/Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts/ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the European Parliament. ... This article is about discrimination in the social science sense. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years). ... The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The inside of the building The European Parliament (formerly European Parliamentary Assembly) is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... This article needs to be updated. ...


Italian Catholic politicians and church leaders have rallied to defend Prof. Buttiglione's views. "This decision shows the real face of Europe, a face which we don't like. It's fundamentalist, which is absolutely not on," said Justice Minister Roberto Castelli [3]. Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... In comparative religion, fundamentalism has come to refer to several different understandings of religious thought and practice, including literal interpretation of sacred texts such as the Bible or the Quran and sometimes also anti-modernist movements in various religions. ... Roberto Castelli (Lecco 12Th of July 1946) is the current Minister of Justice in italian Government, Senator and a preeminent exponent of Lega Nord party. ...


On October 21 José Manuel Durão Barroso attempted to defuse the row by indicating that civil liberties, human rights and discrimination issues would be handled by a special panel that would include Buttiglione but that Barroso himself would chair it. "The new commission will be absolutely opposed to any kind of discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender, or religious beliefs", he stated. October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... This article is about discrimination in the social science sense. ...


On October 30 Silvio Berlusconi announced that the Italian government would withdraw Buttiglione from the nomination, keeping him in his office of minister in the Italian government; however, he did not mention who would be the Italian candidate to be a member of the European Commission. October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ...


"The new soft totalitarianism that is advancing on the left wants to have a state religion It is an atheist, nihilistic religion - but it is a religion that is obligatory for all" complained Buttiglione in subsequent comments.


Foreign minister Franco Frattini was later indicated as a possible alternative, with the implicit promise that his ministry would then go to Gianfranco Fini, whose party had recently increased its influence in the government coalition. However, there were still rumors that Giulio Tremonti might be picked for the job. Tremonti would be supported by Lega Nord, but his proposal would create imbalance and tensions in the government coalition. Franco Frattini Franco Frattini (born 14 March 1957 in Rome) is an Italian politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security. ... Gianfranco Fini Gianfranco Fini (born January 3, 1952 in Bologna) is an Italian politician, currently Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister in the Government led by Silvio Berlusconi. ... ÁÁGiulio Tremonti (August 18, 1947, Sondrio, Lombardy) is an Italian politician and economist, and the current Italian minister of Economy and Finance under the government of Silvio Berlusconi. ... The Northern League (Italian: Lega Nord) is an Italian political party that advocates autonomy for a part of Northern Italy called Padania. It is a personality-driven party led by Umberto Bossi. ...


Eventually, Frattini was officially appointed.


Turin Administrative Election

Rocco Buttiglione partecipated as the candidate for his coalition, the House of Freedom, for the office of Mayor in Turin. His opponent was the incumbent Sergio Chiamparino, member of the Union. Turin had been a left-wing stronghold in the previous general elections and the city hosted successfully the 2006 Winter Olympics, making Buttiglione's challenge very difficult. Adding to that, some wondered why such a hard-line conservative, who had never lived in Turin before, was proposed for the office, calling Buttiglione's move as a political suicide. After a poor campaign results were disastrous, Sergio Chiamparino, who had been elected in the previous elections with 52.8% of the votes, scored 66.6% of the votes against Buttiglione, and became the first Turin mayor to be elected at the first turn. Turin (Italian: ; Piedmontese: Türín) is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... Sergio Chiamparino (born September 1, 1948 in Moncalieri) is the current mayor of Turin, Italy. ... LUnione (The Union in English) is a Italian left-wing coalition of parties. ... A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ... Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were held in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ...


Financial investigations

It has also emerged that Prof. Buttiglione was investigated by the authorities in Monaco in 2002 over possible illegal money laundering in favour of his political party. At the end no evidence was found that any crime had been committed. Giampiero Catone, a senior aide of Buttiglione, has been charged with "fraudulent bankruptcy" in Italy; and faces inquiries into the disappearance of millions of Euros of Italian and EU funds. At the end also this inquires didn't produce any result .[4] For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. ... In the broadest sense, a fraud is a deception made for personal gain, although it has a more specific legal meaning, the exact details varying between jurisdictions. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The euro (plural euro--but note linguistic issues concerning the euro, symbol: €; banking code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union and single currency for over 300 million Europeans in the following twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands...


Publications

  • Rocco Buttiglione: Dialettica e Nostalgia. Jaca Book, Milano 1978
  • Rocco Buttiglione: La crisi dell’economia marxista: Gli inizi della scuola di Francoforte. Ed. Studium, Rom 1979
  • Rocco Buttiglione: Il pensiero di Karol Wojtyla. Jaca Book, Milano 1982
  • Rocco Buttiglione, Hans Thomas (ed.): Ethik der Leistung. Busse Seewald, Herford 1988, ISBN 3-512-00835-6
  • Rocco Buttiglione: La crisi della morale. Dino, Roma 1991
  • Rocco Buttiglione, Radim Palouš, Josef Seifert (ed.): Die Verantwortung des Menschen in einem globalen Weltzeitalter. Winter, Heidelberg 1996, ISBN 3-8253-0453-1
  • Rocco Buttiglione, Josef Seifert (ed.): Wie erkennt man Naturrecht? Winter, Heidelberg 1998, ISBN 3-8253-0675-5

External links

  • Profile: Rocco Buttiglione (BBC)
  • Rocco Buttiglione Responds - The Moral Maze Pt II

  Results from FactBites:
 
The excommunication of Rocco Buttiglione (4042 words)
Buttiglione is a committed Catholic and a close friend of the Pope.
Buttiglione’s insistence that the personal and political can coexist while being at odds is the cornerstone of liberal democracy.
Buttiglione may have been misrepresented unfairly by his critics, he is a philosopher not a 'Moral Majority' type.
Rocco Buttiglione - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1138 words)
Rocco Buttiglione (born June 6, 1948) is an Italian Christian Democrat politician and an academic philosopher.
Buttiglione was elected a Parliamentary Deputy for Milan in May 2001, and joined Berlusconi's new government as the European Union Policy Minister.
Rocco Buttiglione ran as the candidate for his coalition, the House of Freedom, for the office of Mayor in Turin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m