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Encyclopedia > Robin Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon

The Right Honourable Robin Brunskill Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon of Wellington in New Zealand and of Cambridge in the County of Cambridgeshire., ONZ, KBE, PC, Ph.D, LL.M is a member of the British House of Lords. Prior to reaching the age of 75 he was a Lord of Appeal and a member of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, however he is now beyond statutory retirement age for judicial work. he is widely considered New Zealand's greatest jurist, and is the only New Zealand judge to have sat in the House of Lords. The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt Hon. ... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest locally awarded honour in the New Zealand Honours System. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in decreasing order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... Doctor of Philosophy, or Ph. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ... The House of Lords, in addition to having a legislative function, has a judicial function as a court of last resort within the United Kingdom. ... The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the highest courts in the United Kingdom. ... A mandatory retirement age is the age at which persons who hold certain jobs or offices are required by statute to step down, or retire. ...

Contents


Education

Lord Cooke of Thorndon was educated at the Wanganui Collegiate School. His university education was at the Victoria University College, New Zealand from where he graduated with a Master of laws degree. He subsequently studied at Clare College as a Research Fellow, and at Gonville and Caius College at Cambridge (on a travelling scholarship) where he was awarded a Master of Arts degree in 1954 and, subsequently, a Ph.D in 1955. // Introduction The Wanganui Collegiate School is a coeducational, mixed day and boarding secondary school in Wanganui, New Zealand. ... Victoria University of Wellington was established in 1897 as the fifth constituent college of the University of New Zealand by an Act of Parliament. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... Full name Clare College Motto - Named after Elizabeth de Clare Previous names University Hall (1326), Clare Hall (1338), Clare College (1856) Established 1326 Sister College Oriel College St Hughs College Master Prof. ... Full name Gonville and Caius College Motto Named after Edmund Gonville & John Caius Previous names Gonville Hall (1348), Gonville & Caius (1557) Established 1348 Sister College(s) Brasenose College Master Neil McKendrick (Lent 2006: Sir Christopher Hum) Location Trinity St Undergraduates 468 Postgraduates 291 Homepage Boatclub Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with one of the most selective sets of entry requirements in the United Kingdom. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Doctor of Philosophy, or Ph. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Legal Career

Cooke was admitted to the New Zealand bar in 1950, and was also admitted to the English bar as a barrister of Inner Temple in 1954. He practised law in New Zealand as a barrister for for almost twenty years, and was appointed as a Queen's Counsel in 1964. In 1972 he was appointed as a Judge of the (former) New Zealand Supreme Court (now High Court). He held this position until 1976 when he was elevated to the New Zealand Court of Appeal (at that time the highest local court in that country). In 1986, he was appointed as President of that Court - a position he was to hold for the next 10 years. On his retirement from the Court of Appeal in 1996 he was granted a British Life Peerage, becoming a member of the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords where he sat as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary (Law Lord) until his retirement in 2001. He has also sat (from time to time) as President in the Courts of Appeal of Samoa, the Cook Islands and Kiribati; as well as being a Non-Permanent Judge on the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal and a Judge of the Fijian Supreme Court. He was the first Commonwealth judge to sit in the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords on United Kingdom appeals and adjudicated on nearly a hundred cases in the House of Lords and the Privy Council. A barrister (advocate in Scotland and the Channel Islands, barrister-at-law in Ireland and elsewhere) is a lawyer found in Common law jurisdictions who principally, but not exclusively, represents litigants as their advocate before the courts of that jurisdiction. ... The Inner Temple is one of the four Inns of Court around the Royal Courts of Justice in London, England, to which barristers belong and where they are called to the bar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Queens Counsel (postnominal QC), during the reign of a male Sovereign known as Kings Counsel (KC), are barristers or, in Scotland, advocates appointed by letters patent to be one of Her Majestys Counsel learned in the law. They do not constitute a separate order or degree of... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Court of Appeal of New Zealand, located in Wellington, is New Zealand’s principal intermediate appellate court. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the United Kingdom, Life Peers are appointed members of the Peerage whose titles may not be inherited (those whose titles are inheritable are known as hereditary peers). ... Lords of Appeal in Ordinary are Life peers entrusted since the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 with carrying out the judicial functions of the House of Lords. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... A court of final appeal is the court with the final adjudication power on the local laws in a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire. ...


Legal Philosophy and Influence on the Law

Cooke is regarded as one of the most influential jurists in New Zealand in the latter quarter of the 20th century. He took what could be considered a liberal viewpoint in many areas, often seeking to assert a right for the courts to intervene where none was prescribed in legislation. In his extra-judicial writings, he also speculated that, in the most exceptional circumstances, an Act of Parliament that egregiously violated fundamental rights might be void at common law. This view contradicted the dominant parliamentary supremacy theories of A. V. Dicey, which had guided common law courts since the late 19th century. However, Cooke's view recalled a similar opinion expressed by the famous 17th century English jurist (and Cooke's namesake), Sir Edward Coke. Parliamentary sovereignty or Parliamentary supremacy is the concept in British constitutional law that a parliament has sovereignty. ... Albert Venn Dicey (February 4, 1835 – April 7, 1922) was a British jurist and constitutional theorist who wrote An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (1885). ... Sir Edward Coke Sir Edward Coke (pronounced cook) (1 February 1552 - 3 September 1634) was an early English colonial entrepreneur and jurist whose writings on the English common law were the definitive legal texts for some 300 years. ...


Cooke, not uncontroversially, asserted and developed his views in a number of judgments issued throughout his time on the bench. He is credited with having contributed considerably to the development of administrative law in New Zealand and internationally, and was also recognised for his contribution to the law relating to the Treaty of Waitangi. Administrative law is the body of law that arises from the activities of administrative agencies of government. ... The Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Te Tiriti o Waitangi) was signed on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. ...


Honours and Awards

The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... The honours system of the United Kingdom is a means of rewarding personal bravery, achievement or service to the country. ... Legum Doctor (English: Doctor of Laws; abbreviated to LL.D.) In the UK, Australia and New Zealand, the LL.D. is a higher doctorate usually awarded on the basis of exceptionally insightful and distinctive publications, containing significant and original contributions to the science or study of law. ... Legum Doctor (English: Doctor of Laws; abbreviated to LL.D.) In the UK, Australia and New Zealand, the LL.D. is a higher doctorate usually awarded on the basis of exceptionally insightful and distinctive publications, containing significant and original contributions to the science or study of law. ... Legum Doctor (English: Doctor of Laws; abbreviated to LL.D.) In the UK, Australia and New Zealand, the LL.D. is a higher doctorate usually awarded on the basis of exceptionally insightful and distinctive publications, containing significant and original contributions to the science or study of law. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) is an international human rights non-government organisation. ...

External Links

  • Interview with the Listener magazine (2003)
Preceded by:
Sir Owen Woodhouse
President of the Court of Appeal of New Zealand
1976-1996
Succeeded by:
Sir Ivor Richardson
Preceded by:
New Court
Justice of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong
1997-
Incumbent

  Results from FactBites:
 
Deep Lying Rights - A Constitutional Conversation Continues, 25 November 2004 (9873 words)
Robin Cooke, whom I should more reverentially call Baron Cooke of Thorndon of Wellington, New Zealand and of Cambridge in the County of Cambridgeshire[1], is for me a kindred spirit.
Later, I was to be encouraged by Robin Cooke's example[10], in invoking international human rights law for the development of the Australian common law and the interpretation of ambiguous legislation[11].
Lord Cooke's majority and dissenting opinions, with their numerous references to basic rights and to the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights[16], herald a new time when this source will be an unremarkable font of sound legal principle.
BIGpedia - Robin Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (264 words)
Robin Brunskill Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon, ONZ, KBE, PC, is a member of the British House of Lords.
Prior to his peerage, Robin Cooke was a senior Jurist in New Zealand.
Cooke is regarded as one of the most influential jurists in New Zealand in the latter quarter of the 20th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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