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Encyclopedia > Robeson County, North Carolina
Robeson County, North Carolina
Seal of Robeson County, North Carolina
Seal
Map
Map of North Carolina highlighting Robeson County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Statistics
Formed 1787
Seat Lumberton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,463 km² (951 mi²)
2,457 km² (949 mi²)
6 km² (2 mi²), 0.23%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

123,339
50/km² 
Website: www.co.robeson.nc.us

Robeson County is the largest county in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2004, the county had a population of 126,469-- an increase of 2.54% from the 2000 census. Robeson County was incorporated in 1787 from Bladen County, and was named in honor of Col. Thomas Robeson of Tar Heel, North Carolina for his Revolutionary War service. While Col. Robeson never lived in the county that now bears his name, toward the end of the war in 1781, he and 70 colonial rebels defeated an army of 400 loyalists at the Battle of Elizabethtown. Image File history File links Robeson_County_nc_seal. ... Image File history File links Map_of_North_Carolina_highlighting_Robeson_County. ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Lumberton is a city located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Bladen County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Tar Heel is a town located in Bladen County, North Carolina. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...


Lumberton6 is the county seat. Lumberton is a city located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ...

Contents


Geography

Robeson County is bounded by the state of South Carolina, and the North Carolina counties of Bladen, Columbus, Cumberland, Hoke, and Scotland. Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... Bladen County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Columbus County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Cumberland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Hoke County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Scotland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ...


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,463 km² (951 mi²), making it the largest in North Carolina. 2,457 km² (949 mi²) of it is land and 6 km² (2 mi²) of it (0.23%) is water. Thus, the topography is mostly level to undulating coastal plain, largely comprised of sandhills and coastal dunes with elevations above mean sea level that vary from 60 feet in the extreme southeastern portion of the county to 250 feet in the north, to the west of Parkton, North Carolina. Moreover, numerous swamps that generally flow in a northwest to southeast course, characterize the area and eventually drain into the Lumbee, or Lumber River. The highest density of swamps is in that part of the county that is most populated by the Lumbee Indian Tribe of North Carolina. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... In geography, a coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. ... A hiking trail snakes through Weymouth Woods in the sandhills region of North Carolina. ... Parkton is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ...


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 123,339 people, 43,677 households, and 32,015 families residing in the county. The population density was 50/km² (130/mi²). There were 47,779 housing units at an average density of 19/km² (50/mi²). 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...


As of 2000, the racial makeup of the county was:

The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... 2000 density of European Americans (reported as White) European Americans as percent of population (reported as White), 2000 A European American, or a Euro-American, is an American of European descent, otherwise referred to White or Caucasian. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...

Native Americans

The Lumbee Indian Tribe of North Carolina comprises more than one-half the state of North Carolina's indigenous population of 84,000. With a population of 58,443, reflecting a 34.5% increase from the 1980 population of 43,465 members, the Lumbee reside primarily in Robeson, Hoke, Cumberland, and Scotland counties. In Robeson County alone, there are currently 46,869 Lumbee Indians out of a total county population of 123,339, and thus, the Lumbee make up 38.02%, or a majority of Robeson County's population. In fact, the Lumbee are also the largest tribal nation east of the Mississippi River, the ninth largest tribal nation, and the largest non-reservation, non-federally recognized tribe of Native Americans in the United States. The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Hoke County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Cumberland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Scotland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ...


Several Lumbee communities are located within Robeson County, including Prospect, New Hope, Back Swamp, Pembroke, Saddletree, Raft Swamp, Deep Branch, Union Chapel, Evan's Cross Roads, and Red Banks. These Native American settlements are, for the most part, separated from one another by populations of non-Indian people. Prospect is a census-designated place located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Pembroke is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ...


Households

There were 43,677 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.60% were married couples living together, 20.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.20. A marriage is a committed relationship between or among individuals, recognized by civil authority and/or bound by the religious beliefs of the participants. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $28,202, and the median income for a family was $32,514. Males had a median income of $26,646 versus $20,599 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,224. About 19.60% of families and 22.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.00% of those under age 18 and 25.30% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

Archaeological excavation performed in Robeson County reveals a long and rich history of widespread and consistent occupation of the region, most especially near the Lumbee, or Lumber River since the end of the last Ice Age. Local excavations indicate that Native American peoples made stone tools using materials brought into present-day Robeson County from the Carolina Piedmont. The large amounts of ancient pottery found at some Robeson County sites have been dated to the early Woodland period, and suggest that Native American settlements around the river were part of an extensive trade network with other regions. If anything, portions of the river basin show that Robeson County was a "zone of cultural interactions." After colonial contact, European-made items, such as kaolin tobacco pipes, were traded by the Spanish, French, and the English to Native American peoples of the coast, and found their way to the Robeson County region long before Europeans established permanent settlements along the Lumbee, or Lumber River. Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... The Woodland period of North American pre-Columbian cultures lasted roughly from 1000 BCE to 1000 CE. The term Woodland was coined in the 1930s and refers to prehistoric sites between the Archaic period and the Mississippian cultures. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Kaolin Kaolinite (Aluminium Silicate Hydroxide) Kaolinite is a mineral with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ...


Swamps, streams, and artesian wells provided an excellent supply of water for Native peoples. Fish was plentiful, and the regions lush vegetation included numerous food crops. "Carolina bays" continue to dot the landscape, and, if the shear number of 10,000 year old Clovis points found along their banks are any indication, Native peoples found these unique depressions filled with water to be ideal campsites. Carolina Bay which made up of small oval shape wetlands. ... Clovis points are the oldest flint tools associated with the North American Clovis culture. ...


Colonial Incursions

Early written sources specific to the Robeson County region are few for the post-contact period of European colonization. Surveyors for the Wineau factory charted a village of Waccamaw Indians on the Lumber River, a few miles west of the present-day town of Pembroke, North Carolina on a map in 1725. In 1754, North Carolina Governor Arthur Dobbs received a report from his agent, Col. Rutherford, the head of a Bladen County militia, that a "mixed crew" of 50 Indian families were living along Drowning Creek. The communication also reported the shooting of a surveyor who entered the area "to view vacant lands." These are the first written account of the Native peoples from whom the Lumbee descend. The Waccamaw tribe, from which the Waccamaw River and many other local place names were given, inhabited the territory of present northeastern South Carolina and southeastern North Carolina. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Pembroke is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Bladen County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ...


Refugees

Bladen County encompassed a portion of what is today Robeson County, and the Lumbee, or Lumber River was at this time called by English colonials, "Drowning Creek." After the violent upheavals of the Yamasee War in 1712, and the Tuscarora War in 1715, families of Waccamaw Indians had left South Carolina Colony in 1718, and had very likely established a village west of present-day Pembroke, North Carolina by 1725. The “mixed crew” that Rutherford observed in 1754 were located in the same locale as the earlier Waccamaw settlement. Bladen County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Tuscarora War was fought in North Carolina during the autumn of 1711 until 11 February 1715 between the British, Dutch, and German settlers and the Tuscarora, a local Native American tribe. ... The Waccamaw tribe, from which the Waccamaw River and many other local place names were given, inhabited the territory of present northeastern South Carolina and southeastern North Carolina. ... The South Carolina Colony was originally part of the Province of Carolina, which was chartered in 1663. ... Pembroke is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ...


The research of the noted anthropologist, John R. Swanton of the Smithsonian Institution corroborates much of the oral tradition of the Lumbee Indians of Robeson County. Swanton posited that the Lumbee were the descendants of Siouan peoples of which the most prominent were the Cheraw and Keyauwee. These communities that would later comprise the Lumbee would also have included Siouan refugee groups of the Eno, Shakori, as well as coastal groups such as the Waccamaw and Cape Fear Indians. Interestingly, colonial migrants to the present-day Robeson County Lumber River basin came into contact with an acculturated population of Native Americans who reportedly spoke some English, owned European trade goods, and used primitive English-style farm tools in their agricultural pursuits. By then, English, Gaelic speaking highland Scots, and Welsh colonials had begun to make their way from present-day Fayetteville, North Carolina, to Laurinburg, North Carolina, and eventually, to Drowning Creek, or the present-day Lumbee, or Lumber River. Critical to keep in mind is that at the same time that Native peoples were fleeing into the Robeson County region and seeking refuge from the incalculable destruction of warfare and disease, European colonials were in pursuit, attempting to gain a foothold, then wrest control of the resessed region of Robeson County. John R. Swanton was an American anthropologist who worked among a number of Pacific Northwest coastal tribes in the United States and Canada in the early 20th century. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Siouan is a family of related Native American languages in North America. ... Cheraw may refer to: Cheraw, South Carolina Cheraw, Colorado This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Siouan is a family of related Native American languages in North America. ... The Waccamaw tribe, from which the Waccamaw River and many other local place names were given, inhabited the territory of present northeastern South Carolina and southeastern North Carolina. ... Cape Fear Indians. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Gaelic as an adjective means pertaining to the Gaels, whether to their language or their culture. ... The Scottish Highlands are considered to be the mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault. ... Fayetteville is a city located in Cumberland County, North Carolina. ... Laurinburg is a city located in Scotland County, North Carolina. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ...


By the mid-eighteenth century, Indians continued to populate the Lumber River basin area and its numerous tributaries. whites slowly moved into and established settlements, but overall, they initially lived on the periphery of those lands to which the ancestors of the Lumbee had managed to secure title with the colonial administration of North Carolina. The main Indian settlements during the late eighteenth century were Prospect and Red Banks. Individual land ownership by Native Americans had far-reaching consequences for the history of Robeson County in that Native peoples were less subject to the political and economic dominance of whites, managing to live in a homogeneous network of settlements that provided social and cultural security. Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Prospect is a census-designated place located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Nineteenth Century

By the middle of the nineteenth century however, settlement patterns had shifted: now ancestral Lumbee settlements were interspersed among faster growing white communities, and the name of the region's river was changed again. A lottery was used to dispose of lots with which to establish Lumberton. The town was later incorporated in 1788, and John Willis proposed the name "Lumberton" for the site, the name of which derives from either the Lumbee, or Lumber River, or is a reference to the lumber and naval stores industry that began to dominate, and continued to dominate the economy of Robeson County throughout the nineteenth century. The section of the Lumbee, or Lumber River where Lumberton is located was known throughout that century as "Drowning Creek", a name by which portions of the river are still known. But then, in 1809, Drowning Creek was renamed the Lumber River. The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Lumberton is a city located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Lumberton is a city located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ...


The first Robeson County courthouse was erected on land which formed a part of the "Red Bluff Plantation" owned by Lumberton founder, John Willis. Robeson County's post office was established in 1794, and much like today, from the end of the eighteenth- to the mid-nineteenth centuries, numerous languages could be heard throughout Robeson County: the Gaelic of the highland Scots and the Welsh, English, and one can speculate, remnant Siouan, Algonkian, and Iroquoian languages of the ancestral Lumbee. Robeson County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Lumberton is a city located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Gaelic as an adjective means pertaining to the Gaels, whether to their language or their culture. ... Look up Welsh in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Siouan is a family of related Native American languages in North America. ... The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... The Iroquoian languages are a Native American language family. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ...


The Civil War

By the beginning of the American Civil War, most Native Americans attempted to eke out an impoverished existence. Their status had continued to decline. Since 1790, Native Americans in the southern states were enumerated as "free persons of color" on the local and federal census. By 1835, and in the wake of the convergence of three historical events, Nat Turner's Rebellion, the ratification of the North Carolina Constitutional Convention, and Indian Removal, they were summarily stripped of their previously held right to vote, serve on juries, own and use firearms, and to learn to read and write. The gradual dispossession of tribal lands accelerated, and Robeson County's Native Americans regarded the local white slave-owning elite as robbers and oppressors. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Nat Turner preaches religion. ... Indian Removal was a nineteenth century policy of the government of the United States that sought to relocate American Indian (or Native American) tribes living east of the Mississippi River to lands west of the river. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Henry Berry Lowrie's War on Robeson County

Robeson County entered the American Civil War in 1861. After a major yellow fever epidemic the following year wherein 10 percent of the Cape Fear region's population succumbed to the disease, and free labor either joined the war effort or fled the region, Indians, along with African-American slaves, were forcibly conscripted to build a system of forts intended to defend the Gibralter of the South, Fort Fisher, near Wilmington, North Carolina. North Carolina's adjutant general, John C. Gorman noted in his reports that Robeson County's conscription of several years duration especially impacted, "Scuffletown [which] was included in the impressment and almost ever able-bodied male in the [Indian] settlements was dragged from home and railroaded to the coast." Pembroke was then known as "Scuffletown," and three of the "able-bodied" Indians to which Gorman referred were the cousins of Henry Berry Lowrie who, after escaping from the disease-ridden conditions of Fort Fisher, were murdered by a local member of Robeson County's home guard. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... This article is about the geographical feature on the coast of North Carolina. ... An African American is a United States citizen who is socially perceived as being of black ancestry, especially one with ancestors imported to America during slavery. ... The Pulpit after capture, Fort Fisher, North Carolina, January 1865. ... For other places called Wilmington, see Wilmington Wilmington is a city located in New Hanover County, North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... Pembroke is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Henry Berry Lowrie was one of the most notable Lumbee Indians. ... The Pulpit after capture, Fort Fisher, North Carolina, January 1865. ...


At this same time, William Tecumseh Sherman and his army began to push their way toward Robeson County. After his army sacked and burned Columbia, South Carolina on February 17, 1865, Robesonians to the north held their breath. Washington Chaffin, a prominant white Methodist minister in Lumberton nervously speculated in his diary about what the county could expect from Sherman and the Yankees. At the same time, Chaffin made reference to the young Indian, Henry Berry Lowrie and his guerilla band's campaign against those local Robeson County white elites who were "doing much mischief in this country." Moreover, they had "torn up and destroyed" elite white homesteads. Paranoid about Sherman's imminent approach, and fearful of Yankees in their midst, Robeson County's home guard, which included county magistrates, clergymen, and lawyers who largely represented the interests of the county's planter class, raided the farmstead of Allen Lowrie, Henry Berry Lowrie's father, and murdered the old man and one of his sons. Henry Berry Lowrie swore revenge, and two days after Allen and William Lowrie's funerals, local Lumbee guides helped Sherman's army cross the Lumber River through torrential rains and into North Carolina. According to Sherman, the trek across the Lumber River, and through the swamps, pocosins, and creeks of Robeson County "was the damnest marching I ever saw." And for the next ten years, Robeson County was at war with Henry Berry Lowrie, the Lumbee community, and its poor black and white residents. William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Capital of Southern Hospitality, The Metro Location Location in Richland County, South Carolina Government Country State Counties United States South Carolina Richland Lexington Mayor Bob Coble, (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 339. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Lumberton is a city located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... The term Yankee has a variety of meanings. ... Henry Berry Lowrie was one of the most notable Lumbee Indians. ... Guerrilla (also called a partisan) is a term borrowed from Spanish (from guerra meaning war) used to describe small combat groups. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The term Yankee has a variety of meanings. ... Henry Berry Lowrie was one of the most notable Lumbee Indians. ... Henry Berry Lowrie was one of the most notable Lumbee Indians. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... Lumber River (originally Drowning Creek), is a tributary of the Pee Dee River flowing through Robeson County, North Carolina. ... A freshwater swamp This article is about the wetland type (a landform). ... Henry Berry Lowrie was one of the most notable Lumbee Indians. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... The term Blacks is often used in the West to denote race for persons whose progenitors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Twentieth Century

Until late in the 20th Century, Robeson County was a center of Ku Klux Klan activity and support in North Carolina. On January 18, 1958, armed Lumbee Native Americans chased off an estimated 50 Klansmen and supporters led by grand wizard James W. "Catfish" Cole at the town of Maxton in the Battle of Hayes Pond. Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... KKK redirects here. ... James W. Catfish Cole was a leader of the Ku Klux Klan of South Carolina. ... Maxton is a town located in North Carolina. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Law and government

Robeson County is a member of the regional Lumber River Council of Governments. Categories: Government stubs | North Carolina Councils of Governments ...


Townships

The county is divided into twenty-nine townships: Alfordsville, Back Swamp, Britts, Burnt Swamp, East Howellsville, Fairmont, Gaddy, Lumber Bridge, Lumberton, Maxton, Orrum, Parkton, Pembroke, Philadelphus, Raft Swamp, Red Springs, Rennert, Rowland, Saddletree, Shannon, Smiths, Smyrna, St. Pauls, Sterlings, Thompson, Union, West Howellsville, Whitehouse, and Wishart. A township in the United States refers to a small geographic area, ranging in size from 6 to 54 square miles (15. ...


Adjacent Counties

Cumberland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Bladen County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Columbus County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Dillon County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Marlboro County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Scotland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Hoke County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ...

Cities and towns

Barker Ten Mile is a census-designated place located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Elrod is a census-designated place located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Fairmont is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Lumber Bridge is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Lumberton is a city located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Marietta is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Maxton is a town located in North Carolina. ... McDonald is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Orrum is a town in Robeson County, North Carolina, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 79. ... Parkton is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Pembroke is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Proctorville is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Prospect is a census-designated place located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Raemon is a census-designated place located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Raynham is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Red Springs is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Rennert is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Rex is a census-designated place located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Rowland is a town located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... Shannon is a census-designated place located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... St. ...

Notable Robesonians

Afeni Shakur (born 22 January 1947), mother of the famous American rapper Tupac Shakur, was an important member of the Black Panther Party. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Logo of the Black Panther Party. ... Rep. ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... Sean Locklear (born May 29, 1981 in Lumberton, South Carolina) is an American football guard for the Seattle Seahawks of the NFL. He was selected with the 21st pick of the third round of the 2004 NFL Draft out of North Carolina State University. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Lumberton is a city located in Robeson County, North Carolina. ... City Seattle, Washington Other nicknames The Hawks Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz Local radio Flagship stations: KIRO (710 AM) Announcers: Warren Moon and Steve Raible League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976-present... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Henry Berry Lowrie was one of the most notable Lumbee Indians. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... Joseph Mitchell (July 27, 1908 - May 24, 1996) was a American writer who wrote for The New Yorker. ... New Yorker may refer to: the magazine, The New Yorker a resident of New York City the hotel New Yorker a named passenger train operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad between Detroit, MI and New York, NY This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... Wake Forest may refer to: Wake Forest, North Carolina, a town of about 12,000 near Raleigh, North Carolina. ... Kelvin Sampson Kelvin Sampson (October 5, 1955 – ), a Lumbee Indian, is the mens basketball coach of the Indiana Hoosiers at Indiana University. ... The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina is one of eight state recognized tribes of Native Americans in North Carolina. ... Indiana University, founded in 1820, is a nine-campus university system in the state of Indiana. ... Montana Tech is a university located in Butte, Montana. ... For the state of Washington in the United States, please see Washington. ... The University of Oklahoma, often called OU or Oklahoma, is a coeducational public research university located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. ... Tatanka (born Christopher Chavis on June 8, 1961 in Pembroke, North Carolina), is a Native American professional wrestler currently working for World Wrestling Entertainments WWE SmackDown! brand. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ...

External links

Sources

  • Chaffin, Washington Sandford. "February 25 - March 1, 1865," in Diary. Durham, NC: Duke University Archives.
  • Evans, William McKee. To Die Game: The Story of the Lowry Band: Indian Guerillas of Reconstruction. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1971.
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. The March to the Sea and Beyond: Sherman's Troops in the Savannah and Carolinas Campaigns. New York: New York University Press, 1985.
  • Gorman, John C. "Recollections." Thomas A. Norment affidavit, December 8, 1865. Superior Court of North Carolina Records: Criminal action papers concerning Henry Berry Lowry, Robeson County, 1862-1865.
  • Gragg, Rod. Confederate Goliath: The Battle of Fort Fisher. New York: Harper Collins, 1991.
  • Hauptman, Lawrence M. "River Pilots and Swamp Guerillas: Pamunkee and Lumbee Unionists." In Between Two Fires: American Indians in the Civil War. New York: Free Press, 1995.
  • McKinnon, Henry A. Jr. Historical Sketches of Robeson County. N.P.: Historic Robeson, Inc., 2001.
  • "North Carolina: Indian raid." Newsweek 51 (27 Jan. 1958): 27.
  • Swanton, John R. "Probable Identity of the 'Croatan' Indians." [National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. MS 4126].
  • Taukchiray, Wesley D., "American Indian References in the South Carolina Gazette and Country Journal, Royal South Carolina Gazette, South Carolina Gazette and Public Advertiser, and State Gazette of South Carolina, 1766–1792," South Carolina Historical Magazine 100 (Oct. 1999), pp. 319–27.
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census. The First Census of the U.S.: 1790. Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States: North Carolina. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1908.
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census. We the People: http://www.census.gov/main/www/cen2000.html
Flag of North Carolina

State of North Carolina Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Carolina. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ...

State capital Raleigh
Regions

Coastal Plain | Land of the Sky | Metro Charlotte | Piedmont | Piedmont Triad | Blue Ridge Mountains | Outer Banks | Smoky Mountains | The Triangle This is a list of United States state capitals: Trivia - Jefferson City (Missouri) has the longest name of the U.S. state capitals - Only two of the U.S. state capitals are named for their state: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Indianapolis, Indiana retard See also List of current and former... Nickname: The City of Oaks Map Political Statistics Founded 1792 County Wake County Mayor Charles Meeker Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 299. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Atlantic Coastal Plain is the rather flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean (including the Gulf of Mexico). ... The Land of the Sky is a book by Christian Reid. ... The Charlotte Metropolitan area, formally known as the Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), is composed of five counties in North Carolina and one county in South Carolina. ... The James River winds its way among piedmont hills in central Virginia. ... The Piedmont Triad region of North Carolina (locally known simply as The Triad) consists of the area surrounding the cities of Greensboro, Winston-Salem, and High Point. ... Blue Ridge Mountains, Shinning Rock Wilderness Area Blue Ridge Mountains (NPS) Most of the rocks that form the Blue Ridge Mountains, United States, are ancient granitic and metamorphosed volcanic formations, some exceeding one billion years in age. ... North Carolinas Outer Banks separating the Atlantic Ocean (east) from Albemarle Sound (north) and Pamlico Sound (south). ... Main Entrance to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, from Gatlinburg The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a United States National Park that straddles the ridgeline of the Great Smoky Mountains portion of the Appalachian Mountains. ... The Research Triangle, commonly referred to as The Triangle, is a region in the piedmont of North Carolina in the United States, anchored by the cities of Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill. ...

Major cities

Asheville | Burlington | Cary | Chapel Hill | Charlotte | Concord | Durham | Fayetteville | Gastonia | Goldsboro | Greensboro | Greenville | Hickory | High Point | Jacksonville | Raleigh | Rocky Mount | Wilmington | Wilson | Winston-Salem List of incorporated municipalities (cities, towns, and village) in the United States state of North Carolina: Largest Cities Municipalities in North Carolina larger than 5,000 in population (according to the 2000 U.S. Census): Charlotte - 558,549 Raleigh - 281,915 Greensboro - 224,035 Durham - 187,364 Winston-Salem - 185... Asheville City Hall. ... Burlington is a city located in Alamance County in North Carolina, a state of the United States of America. ... Cary is the second largest city in Wake County, North Carolina. ... City nickname: The Southern Part of Heaven County Orange County Mayor Kevin C. Foy Term Expires: 12/2007 Town Council Laurin Easthom Term Expires: 12/2009 Sally Greene Term Expires: 12/2007 Ed Harrison Term Expires: 12/2009 Cam Hill Term Expires: 12/2007 Mark Kleinschmidt Term Expires: 12/2009... Flag Nickname: The Queen City, The Hornets Nest Location Location in Mecklenburg County in the state of North Carolina Government Country State Counties United States North Carolina Mecklenburg County, North Carolina Mayor Pat McCrory, (R) Geographical characteristics Area    - City 280. ... Concord is a city located in Cabarrus County, North Carolina, a suburb of Charlotte. ... Durham skyline Nickname: City of Medicine Official website: http://www. ... Fayetteville is a city located in Cumberland County, North Carolina. ... Gastonia is a city located in Gaston County in North Carolina, a state of the United States of America. ... Goldsboro is a city located in Wayne County, North Carolina. ... Downtown Greensboro Greensboro, North Carolina, is a city located in Guilford County in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Greenville, one of the fastest growing cities in the State of North Carolina, is the county seat of Pitt County, and is situated on the Tar River. ... Hickory is a city located in Catawba County, North Carolina. ... High Point is a city in Guilford County, North Carolina, United States. ... Jacksonville is a city located in Onslow County, North Carolina. ... Nickname: The City of Oaks Map Political Statistics Founded 1792 County Wake County Mayor Charles Meeker Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 299. ... Rocky Mount is a city located in North Carolina. ... For other places called Wilmington, see Wilmington Wilmington is a city located in New Hanover County, North Carolina. ... Wilson is a city in Wilson County, North Carolina, United States. ... Nickname: Twin City Map Political Statistics Founded 1889 Incorporated 1913 County Forsyth County Mayor Allen Joines Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 283. ...

Counties

Alamance | Alexander | Alleghany | Anson | Ashe | Avery | Beaufort | Bertie | Bladen | Brunswick | Buncombe | Burke | Cabarrus | Caldwell | Camden | Carteret | Caswell | Catawba | Chatham | Cherokee | Chowan | Clay | Cleveland | Columbus | Craven | Cumberland | Currituck | Dare | Davidson | Davie | Duplin | Durham | Edgecombe | Forsyth | Franklin | Gaston | Gates | Graham | Granville | Greene | Guilford | Halifax | Harnett | Haywood | Henderson | Hertford | Hoke | Hyde | Iredell | Jackson | Johnston | Jones | Lee | Lenoir | Lincoln | Macon | Madison | Martin | McDowell | Mecklenburg | Mitchell | Montgomery | Moore | Nash | New Hanover | Northampton | Onslow | Orange | Pamlico | Pasquotank | Pender | Perquimans | Person | Pitt | Polk | Randolph | Richmond | Robeson | Rockingham | Rowan | Rutherford | Sampson | Scotland | Stanly | Stokes | Surry | Swain | Transylvania | Tyrrell | Union | Vance | Wake | Warren | Washington | Watauga | Wayne | Wilkes | Wilson | Yadkin | Yancey List of North Carolina counties: Alamance County Alexander County Alleghany County Anson County Ashe County Avery County Beaufort County Bertie County Bladen County Brunswick County Buncombe County Burke County Cabarrus County Caldwell County Camden County Carteret County Caswell County Catawba County Chatham County Cherokee County Chowan County Clay County Cleveland... Alamance County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Alexander County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Alleghany County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Anson County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Ashe County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Avery County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Location in the state of North Carolina Formed 1712 Seat Washington Area  - Total  - Water 2,483 km² (959 mi²) 339 km² (131 mi²) 13. ... Bertie County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Bladen County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Brunswick County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Buncombe County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Burke County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Cabarrus County is a county located in the south-central part of the state of North Carolina. ... Caldwell County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Camden County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Carteret County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Caswell County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Catawba County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Chatham County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Cherokee County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Chowan County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Cleveland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Columbus County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Craven County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Cumberland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Currituck County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Dare County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Davidson County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Davie County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Duplin County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Durham County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Edgecombe County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Forsyth County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Gaston County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Gates County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Graham County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Granville County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Greene County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Guilford County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Halifax County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Harnett County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Haywood County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Location in the state of North Carolina Formed 1838 Seat Hendersonville Area  - Total  - Water 971 km² (375 mi²) 3 km² (1 mi²) 0. ... Hertford County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Hoke County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Hyde County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Location in the state of North Carolina Formed 1788 Seat Statesville Area  - Total  - Water 1,546 km² (597 mi²) 56 km² (21 mi²) 3. ... Jackson County is a county located in the southwest of the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Johnston County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Jones County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Lee County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Lenoir County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Lincoln County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Macon County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Martin County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Location in the state of North Carolina Formed 1842 Seat Marion Area  - Total  - Water 1,156 km² (446 mi²) 12 km² (5 mi²) 1. ... Mecklenburg County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Mitchell County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... }}}}}} Location in the state of {{{state}}} Formed 1779 Seat Troy Area  - Total  - Water 1,299 km² (502 mi²) 26 km² (10 mi²) 2. ... Moore County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Nash County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Location in the state of North Carolina Formed 1729 Seat Wilmington Area  - Total  - Water 849 km² (328 mi²) 334 km² (129 mi²) 39. ... Northampton County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Onslow County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Pamlico County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Pasquotank County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Pender County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Perquimans County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Person County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Pitt County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Polk County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Location in the state of North Carolina Formed 1779 Seat Asheboro Area  - Total  - Water 2,046 km² (790 mi²) 7 km² (3 mi²) 0. ... Richmond County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Rowan County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Rutherford County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Sampson County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Scotland County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Stanly County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Stokes County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Surry County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Swain County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Transylvania County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Tyrrell County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Union County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Vance County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Wake County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Warren County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Watauga County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Wilkes County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Wilson County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Yadkin County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Yancey County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Robeson County, North Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2291 words)
Robeson County is the largest county in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Robeson County is bounded by the state of South Carolina, and the North Carolina counties of Bladen, Columbus, Cumberland, Hoke, and Scotland.
Robeson County's post office was established in 1794, and much like today, from the end of the eighteenth- to the mid-nineteenth centuries, numerous languages could be heard throughout Robeson County: the Gaelic of the highland Scots and the Welsh, English, and one can speculate, remnant Siouan, Algonkian, and Iroquoian languages of the ancestral Lumbee.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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