Robeson County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population is 123,339. Its county seat is Lumberton6.
The county was formed in 1787 from Bladen County. It was named for Thomas Robeson, a colonel in the American Revolutionary War.
In 1911 parts of Robeson County and Cumberland County were combined to form Hoke County.
Until late in the 20th Century, Robeson County was a center of KKK activity and support in North Carolina. On January 18, 1958, armed Lumbee Native Americans chased off an estimated 5,000 Klansmen and supporters led by grand wizard Catfish Cole at the town of Maxton.
Robeson County is the largest county in North Carolina by geographical area.
Law and government
Robeson County is a member of the regional Lumber River Council of Governments.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,463 km˛ (951 mi˛), making it the largest in North Carolina. 2,457 km˛ (949 mi˛) of it is land and 6 km˛ (2 mi˛) of it is water. The total area is 0.23% water.
The county is divided into twenty-nine townships: Alfordsville, Back Swamp, Britts, Burnt Swamp, East Howellsville, Fairmont, Gaddy, Lumber Bridge, Lumberton, Maxton, Orrum, Parkton, Pembroke, Philadelphus, Raft Swamp, Red Springs, Rennert, Rowland, Saddletree, Shannon, Smiths, Smyrna, St. Pauls, Sterlings, Thompson, Union, West Howellsville, Whitehouse, and Wishart.
- Cumberland County, North Carolina - north-northeast
- Bladen County, North Carolina - east
- Columbus County, North Carolina - southeast
- Dillon County, South Carolina - southwest
- Marlboro County, South Carolina - west
- Scotland County, North Carolina - northwest
- Hoke County, North Carolina - north-northwest
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 123,339 people, 43,677 households, and 32,015 families residing in the county. The population density is 50/km˛ (130/mi˛). There are 47,779 housing units at an average density of 19/km˛ (50/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county is 32.80% White, 25.11% Black or African American, 38.02% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.26% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. 4.86% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 43,677 households out of which 37.00% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.60% are married couples living together, 20.60% have a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% are non-families. 22.70% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.30% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.75 and the average family size is 3.20.
In the county the population is spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $28,202, and the median income for a family is $32,514. Males have a median income of $26,646 versus $20,599 for females. The per capita income for the county is $13,224. 22.80% of the population and 19.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 30.00% of those under the age of 18 and 25.30% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Cities and towns
- Barker Ten Mile
- Lumber Bridge
- St. Pauls
- Robeson County government official website (http://www.co.robeson.nc.us)
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