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Encyclopedia > Roberto Viaux

General Roberto Viaux Marambio (born 1917- dead 2005) was the primary planner of the failed coup d'état attempt in Chile on October 22, 1970, aimed at preventing Socialist Salvador Allende's election. An important aspect of his plot involved the kidnapping of constitutionalist Chilean Army Commander-in-Chief General René Schneider, who was adamantly opposed to any prospect of a coup. 1917 was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A coup détat (pronounced /ku de ta/), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Politics of Chile Political parties in Chile Elections in Chile: President: 1925 - 1927 - 1931 - 1932 - 1938 - 1941 - 1946 - 1952 - 1958 - 1964 - 1970 - 1989 - 1993 - 1999 - 2005 The Socialist Party of Chile (Spanish: Partido Socialista de Chile, PSC) is a political party in Chile, and part of the ruling Coalition of... Salvador Allende Gossens (July 26, 1908–September 11, 1973) was President of Chile from 1970 until 1973, when he died of a gunshot wound, under circumstances that remain a matter of dispute, during the violent Chilean coup of 1973. ... General is a military rank used by nearly every country in the world. ... Generals C. Prats and R. Schneider (right) General René Schneider Chereau (1913-1970) was the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army at the time of the 1970 Chilean presidential election, when he was assassinated during a kidnapping attempt. ...


In the botched kidnapping attempt, Viaux's subordinates shot Schneider in four vital areas once he drew a gun to defend himself. He was to die three days later in a military hospital in Santiago, and garnered national sympathy. Viaux was later convicted of involvement with the plot and imprisoned. In August of 1973, he was released and sent to Paraguay. He was not involved in General Augusto Pinochet's successful 1973 coup. Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... General Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte[1] (born November 25, 1915) was head of the military government that ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990. ... The Chilean coup détat of September 11, 1973 was a watershed event in the history of Chile and the Cold War. ...


Critics of U.S. policy in Chile at the time, particularly contrarian journalist Christopher Hitchens, have accused former U.S. National Security Advisor and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger of conspiring with Viaux in the murder of Schneider. Christopher Hitchens Christopher Eric Hitchens (born April 13, 1949) is a British journalist, author, and literary critic. ... The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. ... The Seal of the United States Secretary of State The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... Henry Kissinger Henry Alfred Kissinger (born May 27, 1923 as Heinz Alfred Kissinger) is a German-born American diplomat and statesman. ... Generals C. Prats and R. Schneider (right) General René Schneider Chereau (1913-1970) was the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army at the time of the 1970 Chilean presidential election, when he was assassinated during a kidnapping attempt. ...


It should be noted that the coup-plotters did not intend to kill Schneider; his death severely weakened the chance of a successful coup, as Chilean opinion was almost entirely sympathetic toward him. As far as Kissinger's role in the coup, declassified U.S. documents show that while the Central Intelligence Agency had explored the possibility of supporting a Viaux coup, they later decided that his ideology was "far out" and, while maintaining contact with him, did not provide him with direct support. In a declassified October 15th conversation with President Richard Nixon about the matter, Kissinger said, "This looks hopeless. I turned it off. Nothing could be worse than an abortive coup." [1] The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the thirty-seventh President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Henry Kissinger Henry Alfred Kissinger (born May 27, 1923 as Heinz Alfred Kissinger) is a German-born American diplomat and statesman. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chile The Trial of Henry Kissinger by Christopher Hitchins (3469 words)
On 15 October 1970, Kissinger was told of an extremist right-wing officer named General Roberto Viaux, who had ties to Patria y Libertad and who was willing to accept the secret US commission to remove General Schneider from the chessboard.
Then Mr Karamessines provided a run-down on Viaux, the Canales meeting with Tirado, the latter's new position [after Porta was relieved of command "for health reasons"] and, in some detail, the general situation in Chile from the coup possibility viewpoint.
Viaux was convicted on charges of kidnapping and of conspiring to cause a coup.
Roberto Viaux - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (474 words)
General Roberto Viaux Marambio (born 1917- September 5, 2005) was a Chilean Army General and the primary planner of a failed coup d'état attempt in Chile in 1970, aimed at preventing Socialist Salvador Allende's election.
General Viaux was later convicted of involvement with the plot and imprisoned.
In August of 1973, General Viaux was released and exiled to Paraguay.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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