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Encyclopedia > Robert de Ros
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Robert de Ros or Roos of Fursan (1177December 11, 1226) was the fourth baron by tenure of Hamlake manor (later associated with the barony of de Ros). Events November 25 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births Deaths October 3 Saint Francis of Assisi founder of the Franciscan Order and patron Saint of animals and the environment Canonized by Pope Gregory IX in 1228 November 8 King Louis VIII of France... The title of Baron de Ros (pronounced Roose) is the most ancient baronial title in the Peerage of England. ...


He was the son of Everard de Ros and Rose Trusbut. In 1191, aged fourteen, he paid a thousand marks fine for livery of his lands to King Richard I of England. In 1191, he married Isabella, sister of William the Lion, King of Scotland (Isabella not to be confused with William I's daughter Isabella who married Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk). In 1197, while serving King Richard in Normandy, he was arrested for an unspecified offence, and was committed to the custody of Hugh de Chaumont, but Chaumont entrusted his prisoner to William de Spiney, who allowed him to escape from the castle of Bonville. King Richard thereupon hanged Spiney and collected a fine of twelve hundred marks from Ros' guardian as the price of his continued freedom. Everard de Ros, third Lord of Hamlake, who seems to have been very wealthy, as in 1176 he paid the then large sum of five hundred and twenty-six pounds as a fine for his lands, and other large amounts subsequently. ... A livery is a uniform worn by a civilian person. ... Jump to: navigation, search Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... A number of famous people in history were named Isabella: Queen Isabella of Angouleme (1187-1246), wife of John of England Queen Isabella of Castile (1451-1504), Queen regnant of Castile Queen Isabella of France (1292-1358), wife of Edward II of England Queen Isabella of Jerusalem (1170-1205), Queen... William I (William the Lion, William Leo, William Dunkeld or William Canmore), (1142/1143 - December 4, 1214) reigned as King of Scotland from 1165 to 1214. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament) legislative power. ... Roger Bigod (1212 - 1270), was 4th Earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Amalric II succeeds Henry II of Champagne as king of Jerusalem. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mont Saint Michel is a historic pilgrimage site and a symbol of Normandy Normandy is a geographical region in northern France. ...


When King John came to the throne, he gave Ros the barony of his great-grandmother's father, Walter d’Espec. Soon afterwards he was deputed one of those to escort William the Lion, his brother-in-law, into England, to swear fealty to King John. Some years later, Robert de Ros assumed the habit of a monk, whereupon the custody of all his lands and Castle Werke, in Northumberland, were committed to Philip d'Ulcote, but he soon returned and about a year later he was High Sheriff of County Cumberland. John (December 24, 1166–October 18/19, 1216) reigned as King of England from April 6, 1199, until his death. ... Various rulers or governments of Europe, of Japan bestow or recognise the title of baron. ... For other places with this name, see Northumberland (disambiguation) Northumberland is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in northern England. ... Cumberland is one of the 39 traditional counties of England. ...


When the struggle of the barons for a constitutional government began, de Ros at first sided with King John, and thus obtained some valuable grants from the crown, and was made governor of Carlisle; but he subsequently went over to the barons and became one of the celebrated twenty-five "Sureties" appointed to enforce the observance of Magna Carta, the county of Northumberland being placed under his supervision. He gave his allegiance to King Henry III and, in 1217-18, his manors were restored to him. Although he was witness to the second Great Charter and the Forest Charter, of 1224, he seems to have remained in royal favour. This article is about the English city. ... Jump to: navigation, search Magna Carta placed certain checks on the absolute power of the English Monarchs. ... Henry III (October 1, 1207 – November 16, 1272) is one of the least-known British monarchs, considering the great length of his reign. ...


He erected Helmsley or Hamlake Castle in Yorkshire, and of Werke in Northumberland. Sir Robert is buried at Knight’s Church, London. Among their children was Sir William de Ros. Jump to: navigation, search The White Yorkshire rose. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ...


Editor's Note

There is a difference in genealogies. It is unverified whether Robert was married to William I's (alleged) sister Isabella, or if he was the 2nd husband of William's daughter Isabel. Genealogies provided below.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Quo Warranto (922 words)
The de Ros family was one of the major land holders in Yorkshire at that time.
Robert de Ros was summoned to answer the king concerning the plea by what warrant he claims to have gallows, amends of breach of the assize of bread and of ale at Roos; and by what warrant he claimed to have free warren and his lands free from suit in Storwood.
Robert de Ros claimed the franchise to enforce the law and collect the fines when the law was broken.
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