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Encyclopedia > Robert Stephenson
Statue of Robert Stephenson at Euston Station, London
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Statue of Robert Stephenson at Euston Station, London

Robert Stephenson FRS (October 16, 1803October 12, 1859) was an English civil engineer. He was the only son of George Stephenson, the famed railway and locomotive engineer; many of the achievements popularly credited to his father were actually joint efforts of father and son. Download high resolution version (634x1192, 130 KB)Robert Stephenson - Statue - Euston Railway Station - London - 020504 Photo taken by and copyright Tagishsimon 2nd May 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (634x1192, 130 KB)Robert Stephenson - Statue - Euston Railway Station - London - 020504 Photo taken by and copyright Tagishsimon 2nd May 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Fellowship of the Royal Society was founded in 1660. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The term civil engineer refers to an individual who practices civil engineering. ... George Stephenson George Stephenson For the British politician, see George Stevenson. ... A locomotive (from Latin loco motivus) is a railway vehicle that provides the motive power for a train, and has no payload capacity of its own; its sole purpose is to move the train along the tracks. ...


Overview

After a private education at the Bruce Academy in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, an apprenticeship to Nicolas Wood, the manager of Killingworth Colliery, and a period at the University of Edinburgh, Robert went to work with his father on his railway projects, the first being the Stockton and Darlington. In 1823 Robert set up a company in partnership with his father and Edward Pease to build railway locomotives; the firm, Robert Stephenson and Company, built a large proportion of the world's early locomotives and survived into the mid-20th century. The original factory building still exists, at Forth Street in Newcastle, as the Robert Stephenson Centre. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The Stockton and Darlington railway (S&DR) was the worlds first railway to successfully use steam locomotives and carry passengers, and is considered the worlds first modern railway. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Edward Pease (31 May 1767 - 31 July 1858) was an English railway owner. ... Robert Stephenson and Company was set up in 1823 in Forth Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne in England by George Stephenson, his son Robert, with Edward Pease and Michael Longridge (the owner of the ironworks at Bedlington ). It was the first company set up specifically to build railway engines, as part... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Robert did a good deal of the work for the Rainhill Trials-winning Rocket; following its success, the company built further locomotives for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway and other newly-established railways, including the Leicester and Swannington Railway. The Rainhill Trials were an important competition in the early days of steam locomotive railways, run in October of 1829 near Rainhill (just outside Liverpool). ... A contemporary drawing of Rocket Rocket as preserved in the Science Museum, London. ... The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was the worlds first intercity passenger railway in which all the trains were timetabled and operated for most of the distance solely by steam locomotives. ... The Leicester and Swannington Railway (L&S) was one of Englands first railways, being opened in July 1832 to bring coal from pits in west Leicestershire to Leicester. ...


In 1833 Robert was given the post of Chief Engineer for the London and Birmingham Railway, the first main-line railway to enter London, and the initial section of the West Coast Main Line. The line posed a number of difficult civil engineering challenges, most notably Kilsby Tunnel, and was completed in 1838. Stephenson was directly responsible for the tunnel under Primrose Hill, which required excavation by shafts. Early locomotives could not manage the climb from Euston Station to Chalk Farm, requiring Stephenson to devise a system that would be draw them up the hill by chains using a steam engine near The Roundhouse. This impressive structure remains in use today as an Arts Centre. 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) was an early railway company in the United Kingdom, which existed between 1833 and 1846 when it becam a constituent part of the London and North Western Railway. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... The WCML running alongside the M1 motorway at Watford Gap in Northamptonshire A Virgin Pendolino and freight train on the WCML The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important intercity railway lines in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system. ... The Kilsby Tunnel is a railway tunnel on the West Coast Main Line railway in England. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Primrose Hill. ... Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. ... Chalk Farm is the name of a place in the London Borough of Camden. ... For other uses of the term Roundhouse see Roundhouse (disambiguation). ...


He constructed a number of well-known bridges, including the High Level Bridge at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the wrought-iron box-section Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait, the Conwy railway bridge between Llandudno Junction and Conwy, Arnside Viaduct in Cumbria, the Royal Border Bridge at Berwick-upon-Tweed and a joint road and rail bridge in 1850 over the River Nene at Sutton Bridge in Lincolnshire. The High Level Bridge, towering above the Swing Bridge across the River Tyne; photograph facing Newcastle The High Level Bridge is a notable road and railway bridge spanning the River Tyne between Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead, in North East England. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Britannia Bridge from the east along the Menai Strait Section of the original wrought-iron tubular bridge standing in front of the modern bridge Monumental lion, one of four guarding each corner of Britannia Bridge Britannia Bridge (Pont Britannia) is a bridge across the Menai Strait between the island of... The Menai Strait (in Welsh Afon Menai, the River Menai) is a narrow stretch of shallow tidal water about 14 miles (23 km) long, which separates the island of Anglesey from the mainland of Wales. ... The western end of Stephenson‘s bridge across the Conwy right next to the castle. ... Llandudno Junction (Welsh: Cyffordd Llandudno), once known as Tremarl, is a small town in the county borough of Conwy. ... Conwy (formerly anglicised as Conway) is a town in Conwy county borough in North Wales, which faces Deganwy across the river Conwy. ... Cumbria is a county in the North West region of England. ... Map sources for Berwick-upon-Tweed at grid reference NT9952 Berwick-upon-Tweed from across the river Berwick-upon-Tweed, (pronounced Berrick) situated in the county of Northumberland, is the northernmost town in England, situated on the east coast on the mouth of the river Tweed. ... The River Nene is a river in the east of England. ... Sutton Bridge is a location in south-eastern Lincolnshire, England close to the borders with Norfolk and Cambridgeshire. ... Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the east of England. ...


One of Stephenson's few failures was his design of the Dee bridge, which collapsed under a train. He was heavily criticized for the design, even before the collapse, particularly for the poor choice of materials. Dee bridge disaster A new bridge across the river Dee in Chester was needed for the Chester-Holyhead railway, a project planned in the 1840s for the expanding British railway system. ... The Dee bridge after its collapse The Dee bridge disaster was a rail accident that occurred in 1847. ...


He served as Conservative Member of Parliament for Whitby from 1847 until his death. He was a commissioner of the short-lived London Metropolitan Commission of Sewers from 1848. He was President of the Institution of Civil Engineers for two years from 1855. His remains are interred at Westminster Abbey. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative & Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), and the largest in terms of public membership. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Metropolitan Commission of Sewers was one of Londons first steps towards bringing its sewer and drainage infrastructure under the control of a single public body. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Institutions headquarters Founded on 2 January 1818, the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) is an independent professional association, based in central London, representing civil engineers. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Abbeys western façade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often considered one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ...


Despite being rivals, Stephenson shared a friendship with Isambard Kingdom Brunel and they would often help each other on various projects. Brunel before the launching of the Great Eastern. ...


The Stephenson Railway Museum in North Shields is named after George and Robert Stephenson. The Stephenson Railway Museum [SRM] was opened in 1986 to house the railway collections of Tyne & Wear Museums. ... Map sources for North Shields at grid reference NZ3568 North Shields is a town on the north bank of the River Tyne, in the metropolitan borough of North Tyneside, in North East England. ...


In fiction

Stephenson appears as a character in the anime film Steamboy, in that world having apparently lived until 1866. In the English dub of the film his character also speaks with a rather posh stereotypical English accent and not the northern tones Stephenson used. The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) Anime ) (IPA pronunciation: in Japanese, but typically or in English) is an abbreviation of the word animation. Outside Japan, the term most popularly refers to animation... Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... Steamboy ) is a Japanese anime film, directed by Katsuhiro Otomo, his second major anime release, following Akira. ... Parallel universe or alternate reality in science fiction and fantasy is a self-contained separate reality coexisting with our own. ...


External links

  • Portuguese written article about Robert Stephenson

  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert Stephenson life timeline (2067 words)
Robert’s parents were George and Frances Stephenson (George also played a major role in the development of railways and the, often overlapping, achievements of George and Robert Stephenson are frequently confused).
Robert gave evidence in favour of the narrower gauge.
Robert was chief mourner at George’s funeral on the 17
Trakkies | History Zone | Robert Stephenson (346 words)
Robert Stephenson was born on 16 October 1803.
Robert left school in 1819 when he was 16, and went to work at the Killingworth Colliery, where his father also worked.
Robert Stephenson became the MP for Whitby in the 1847 General Election, but in 1859 he was told to retire from business and politics because he was ill.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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